Rambe, Andrina Yunita Murni
PERHATI-KL

Published : 2 Documents Claim Missing Document
Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

Found 2 Documents
Search

Hubungan rinitis alergi dan disfungsi tuba Eustachius dengan menggunakan timpanometri Rambe, Andrina Yunita Murni; -, Fadhlia; Munir, Delfitri; Haryuna, Tengku Siti Hajar; Eyanoer, Putri Chairani
Oto Rhino Laryngologica Indonesiana Vol 43, No 1 (2013): Volume 43, No. 1 January - June 2013
Publisher : PERHATI-KL

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (213.294 KB) | DOI: 10.32637/orli.v43i1.20

Abstract

Latar belakang: Rinitis alergi merupakan masalah kesehatan global dengan prevalensi yang terusmeningkat serta dapat berdampak pada penurunan kualitas hidup penderitanya. Ko-morbiditas rinitis alergi salahsatunya adalah otitis media yang sangat erat hubungannya dengan gangguan fungsi tuba Eustachius yangberkaitan dengan tekanan telinga tengah. Tujuan: Mengetahui hubungan rinitis alergi dengan disfungsi tubaEustachius dengan menggunakan timpanometri. Metode: Satu studi kasus-kontrol. Disfungsi tuba ditentukandengan pemeriksaan timpanometri (MEP negatif/<-25 daPa) dan hasil tes fungsi tuba (ETF) yang tidak baik.Analisis hasil dengan uji Chi-square dan regresi logistik. Hasil: Penelitian ini melibatkan 60 sampel. Tipetimpanogram terbanyak pada kedua kelompok yaitu tipe A, dimana kelompok RA tipe A sebesar 73,3% (rerataMEP -40,8 daPa), tipe As 10%, tipe Ad dan tipe B masing-masing 3,3%, tipe C 10%. Kelompok kontrol tipe Asejumlah 93,3% dan tipe As 6,7%. Pada kelompok kasus 83,3% hasil tes fungsi tuba abnormal dan 16,7%normal, sedangkan kelompok kontrol yaitu 93,3% normal dan 6,7% abnormal. Uji chi-square menunjukkanperbedaan yang signifikan antara klasifikasi RA dan disfungsi tuba Eustachius (p=0,006) dan perbedaan yangsignifikan antara jenis alergen dan disfungsi tuba Eustachius (p=0,041). Hasil uji multivariat terdapat bahwa tiperinitis alergi berpengaruh tiga kali lebih besar terhadap disfungsi tuba Eustachius (OR 2,9; 95% IK: 1,52-241,90dan nilai p=0,022) sedangkan jenis alergen dua kali lebih berpengaruh terhadap disfungsi tuba dengan OR 2,2;95% IK: 0,01-7,31 dan nilai p=0,295. Kesimpulan: Rinitis alergi memiliki kemungkinan 3 kali lebih seringmengalami disfungsi tuba Eustachius dari pada kelompok kontrol OR:2,5 (95% CI 2,36-2,99) P=0,000.Kata kunci: rinitis alergi, disfungsi tuba Eustachius, rerata tekanan telinga.ABSTRACTBackground: Allergic rhinitis is a global health problem with increasing prevalence and can have impacton the quality of life of sufferers. One of co-morbidity of allergic rhinitis is otitis media which is closely relatedto Eustachian tube dysfunction, associated with middle ear pressure. Purpose: To determine the relationshipbetween allergic rhinitis and Eustachian tube dysfunction, using tympanometry. Methods: A case-control study.Tubal dysfunction was determined with tympanometry (MEP negative / <-25 Dapa) and tubal function test resultwas not good (≤15 daPa). Chi-square test and logistic regression analysis used for data analysis. Results: Therewere 60 samples. The most common tympanogram type in both groups were type A, which AR group was 73.3%(mean -40.8 daPa MEP), type As 10%, type ad and type B respectively 3.3%, type C 10.0% and control groupstype A 93.3%, type As 6.7%. In AR group, 83.3% showed abnormal tubal function and 16.7% was normal. As incontrol group, 93.3% was normal and 6.7% was abnormal. Chi-square test showed a significant differencebetween AR classification and Eustachian tube dysfunction (p = 0.006), and also between type of allergens andEustachian tube dysfunction (p= 0.0041). Multivariate test revealed AR classification contributed to Eustachiantube dysfunction OR:2.9 (95% CI 1.52-241.90) p=0.022, not between type of allergens and Eustachian tubedysfunction OR:2.2 (95% CI 0.01-7.31) p=0.295. Conclusion: Allergic rhinitis contributes three times higher toEustachian tube dysfunction than the control group. OR: 2.5 (95% CI 2.36-2.99) p= 0.000.Keywords: allergic rhinitis, Eustachian tube dysfunction, Mean Ear Pressure.
Biofilm bakteri pada penderita rinosinusitis kronis: laporan seri kasus berbasis bukti Silvia, S; Munir, Delfitri; Rambe, Andrina Yunita Murni; Simanjuntak, Amran; Chrestella, Jessy; Ashar, Taufik
Oto Rhino Laryngologica Indonesiana Vol 47, No 2 (2017): Volume 47, No. 2 July - December 2017
Publisher : PERHATI-KL

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (295.162 KB) | DOI: 10.32637/orli.v47i2.227

Abstract

Latar belakang: Rinosinusitis kronis merupakan penyakit yang sering dijumpai pada bagian telinga hidung tenggorok kepala dan leher. Melalui berbagai macam teknik pencitraan, biofilm dijumpai pada mukosa sinonasal dari pasien rinosinusitis kronis. Beberapa peneliti mengemukakan bahwa biofilm adalah penyebab yang umum dari infeksi persisten kronis. Peranan biofilm pada penderita rinosinusitis kronis dapat membantu menjelaskan manifestasi klinis pada penyakit tersebut. Ketersediaan pewarnaan hematoksilin-eosin yang luas dalam laboratorium patologi klinik membuatnya menjadi metode yang sangat praktis untuk mendeteksi biofilm dalam praktik klinis. Tujuan: Mempresentasikan ekspresi biofilm bakteri pada penderita rinosinusitis kronis yang menjalani tindakan bedah sinus endoskopi fungsional. Kasus: Sebanyak 33 pasien rinosinusitis kronis menjalani tindakan bedah sinus endoskopi fungsional di beberapa rumah sakit di Sumatera Utara selama bulan Januari-Desember 2016. Prevalensi biofilm didapati pada 22 pasien (66,7%) penderita rinosinusitis kronis. Pada penderita rinosinusitis kronis dengan biofilm positif dijumpai jenis kelamin pria lebih banyak, umur lebih tua, lama gejala lebih singkat, keberadaan polip lebih sering, dan keluhan hidung tersumbat lebih sering. Metode: Pencarian literatur melalui Pubmed dengan kata kunci: chronic rhinosinusitis and biofilm. Setelah melalui proses skrining didapati 2 literatur yang dianalisis. Hasil: Penatalaksanaan rinosinusitis kronis dengan medikamentosa, meliputi pemberian antibiotik, dekongestan, kortikosteroid dan mukolitik disertai terapi tambahan irigasi hidung, serta pembedahan. Bila dijumpai biofilm, maka regimen pemberian antibiotik memakai protocol Marshall. Kesimpulan: Prevalensi biofilm pada penderita rinosinusitis kronis cukup tinggi, pemeriksaan biofilm dapat dipertimbangkan pada pasien rinosinusitis kronis yang menjalani tindakan bedah sinus endoskopi fungsional. Kata kunci: Biofilm, rinosinusitis kronis, hematoksilin-eosin, bedah sinus endoskopi fungsional ABSTRACT Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis is a disease that often found in otorhinolaryngology. Its pathogenesis is not fully understood. Using variety techniques, biofilms have been found in the mucosa of chronic rhinosinusitis patients. Some researchers have suggested that biofilm is a common cause of chronic persistent infection. The role of biofilms in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis can help explain the clinical manifestations of the disease. The extensive availability of hematoxylin-eosin staining in clinical pathology laboratories makes it a very practical method for detecting biofilms in clinical practice. Purpose: To present bacterial biofilm expression in chronic rhinosinusitis patients who had underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Cases:About 33 chronic rhinosinusitis patients who had underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery in several hospitals in North Sumatera during January-December 2016.Biofilms were found in 22 (66.7%) patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Chronic rhinosinusitis patients with positive biofilms found mostly male, older in age, shorter duration of symptoms, more frequent polyps, and more frequent nasal congestion complaints. Method: Literature study was conducted through Pubmed with keywords chronic rhinosinusitis and biofilm. After screening process, we obtained two articles that were analyzed based on the critical appraisal. Result: Management of chronic rhinosinusitiswas medical treatment with antibiotic, decongestant, corticosteroid and mucolytic, accompanied by additional nasal irrigation therapy, and surgery. If biofilm was found, antibiotic regimen given using Marshal protocol. Conclusion: The prevalence of biofilms in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis was quite high. Biofilm examination should be considered in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis who undergo functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Keywords: Biofilm, chronic rhinosinusitis, hematoxylin-eosin, fungsional endoscopic sinus surgery