Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

Found 9 Documents
Search
Journal : Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research

Biomolecular Aspects of Schizophrenia Patricia Wulandari
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol. 3 No. 2 (2019): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/bsm.v3i2.88

Abstract

Abstract Schizophrenia is a common psychiatric disorder, which is characterized by severe distortion of reality; disturbances in thoughts, feelings and behavior; according to DSM V is a disorder form deviations fundamentals and characteristics of thought and perception, and by the innapropriate or blunted affect. The influence of genetics is believed to have a role in psychiatric disorders, especially if the disorder has occurred in young adults or adolescents. The pathophysiology of schizophrenia is closely related to disorders of the biomolecular aspects of the central nervous system. Dopamine activity in the striatal area and prefrontal cortex is a mechanism believed to be the cause of the emergence of positive and negative symptoms in schizophrenia. Meanwhile, neuronal cell apoptosis and increased oxidants, especially in the basal ganglia and prefrontal cortex areas cause worsening of negative symptoms experienced by schizophrenic patients.
Methods of Selection and Maintenance of Experimental Animals for Biomedical Research Rachmat Hidayat; Patricia Wulandari
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol. 5 No. 1 (2021): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine & Translational Research
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/bsm.v5i2.227

Abstract

A B S T R A C TResearch is an activity carried out based on scientific principles and methodssystematically to obtain information, data, and information from relatedsubjects, with understanding the theory and proving assumptions and / orhypotheses. The results obtained are conclusions that can be applied orbecome additional knowledge for the progress of science. However, researchactivities must still respect the rights and dignity of research subjects.Health research includes biomedical, epidemiological, social, and behavioralresearch. Some health research can be done in vitro, using mathematicalmodels, or computer simulations. If the research results are to be used forhumans, further research is needed using living materials (in vivo) such ascell lines and tissue cultures. However, to observe, study, and conclude alloccurrences in living things as a whole, experimental animals are neededbecause experimental animals have a value for each part of the body andthere are interactions between these body parts.
Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Technique Guideline Rachmat Hidayat; Patricia Wulandari
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol. 5 No. 5 (2021): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine & Translational Research
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/bsm.v5i5.228

Abstract

ELISA (Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is a technique used to assess the quantification of peptide, protein, antibody and hormone levels, based on the principle of antigen-antibody binding. In the ELISA technique, antigen immobilization will be carried out on a solid surface, then bound with antibodies to form an antigen-antibody bond complex, where the antigen-antibody complex is bound to the enzyme. The detection signal in the form of a color change will be formed due to the reaction between the enzyme and the substrate.
Western Blotting (WB) Technique Guideline for Separation and Isolation of Protein Rachmat Hidayat; Patricia Wulandari
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol. 5 No. 4 (2021): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine & Translational Research
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

A B S T R A C TWestern blotting is an important technique used in cell and molecularbiology. Using the western blot, researchers can identify specific proteinsfrom the complex mixture of proteins extracted from cells. This techniqueuses three elements to accomplish this task: (1) separation by size, (2)transfer to a solid support, and (3) marking target proteins using appropriateprimary and secondary antibodies to visualize. This paper will attempt toexplain the techniques and theory behind western blot, and offer severalways to solve the problem
Preclinical Test Methods with Animal Mouse and Rats Biomedical Research: Technical Guideline Rachmat Hidayat; Patricia Wulandari
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol. 5 No. 2 (2021): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine & Translational Research
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/bsm.v5i2.232

Abstract

A B S T R A C TTrials in pre-clinical trials are very complex multidisciplinary studies. Extrapolatingdata from animals to humans requires information from many fields of science. Frompre-clinical trials, more detailed information and data on efficacy and safety wereobtained, especially at doses equivalent to doses in humans, and the presence orabsence of cumulative effects and whether these effects could return to normal(reversible) after the administration of the test material was stopped. This test canbe used to predict the negative impact on humans if he is exposed to the materialfor a long time.
Euthanasia Procedure of Animal Model in Biomedical Research Rachmat Hidayat; Patricia Wulandari
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol. 5 No. 6 (2021): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine & Translational Research
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/bsm.v5i6.310

Abstract

Regardless of the method, it is essential to induce unconsciousness as rapidly as possible if euthanasia is to be aesthetically and scientifically successful. Criteria that have been considered in recommending the methods of euthanasia include: time required to produce unconsciousness, time required to produce death, purposes, research results and compliance with the AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia. There are special considerations for euthanizing rodent embryos, fetuses and neonates.
Protocol for Anesthesia Animal Model in Biomedical Study Rachmat Hidayat; Patricia Wulandari
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol. 5 No. 7 (2021): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine & Translational Research
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/bsm.v5i7.311

Abstract

Recognition of pain depends upon intact pathways from pain receptors to thethalamus and cerebral cortex, as well as functional cerebral cortex and subcorticalstructures. Thus any means that renders the cerebral cortex nonfunctional, suchas hypoxia or drug depression, prevents pain. When this happens, stimuli thatevoke motor nerve reflexes that may be painful to the conscious animal are notpainful in the unconscious animal. Equally painful stimuli administered toanimals chemically paralyzed by curare or succinylcholine will not evoke a motorreflex simply because of paralysis, but will cause pain because of the consciousstate. Hence, it is possible that unconscious animals may feel no pain but respondto certain stimuli, and paralyzed animals may feel pain but cannot respond.
Fluid and Drug Administration Procedure Animal Model in Biomedical Research Rachmat Hidayat; Patricia Wulandari
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol. 5 No. 8 (2021): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine & Translational Research
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/bsm.v5i8.312

Abstract

Drugs, vaccines, injectable anesthetics or other agents are to be administered, oneor more of several different routes may be selected. The routes selected aregoverned by the nature of the agent being administered, the animal, the purposeof the administration and other factors.
Handling of Common Laboratory Animals in Biomedical Study Rachmat Hidayat; Patricia Wulandari
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol. 5 No. 9 (2021): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine & Translational Research
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/bsm.v5i9.313

Abstract

Mice are usually caught and lifted by the tail. The tail should be grasped abouttwo-thirds of the way down. With this simple method of holding, they may betransferred to another cage or a balance, identified or sexed; but such restraint isnot sufficient for treatment and close examination. For more effective control, themouse may be held by the tail and placed on a table or other surface, preferablyone that the mouse can grasp, and the loose skin over the neck and shouldersgrasped with thumb and fingers.