Ahmed, Farhan
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Assessing Implementation of Managerial Accounting Practices: Perspective of Pakistani SMEs Zehra, Iffat; Ahmed, Farhan
Esensi: Jurnal Bisnis dan Manajemen Vol 9, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Economic and Business

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/ess.v9i1.10336

Abstract

With increasing production cost and growing local and international competition, accountants within Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are largely encumbered with the onus of cost control. Through this paper, we empirically examine use and perceived importance of cost management accounting practices within Pakistani manufacturing SMEs. The cross-sectional study is conducted under descriptive research design. Findings from survey questionnaire of 44 manufacturing SMEs indicate that process costing method is widely used and complexity in production process is main difficulty faced by SMEs in product costing. Descriptive analysis indicates that SMEs mainly use product costing information to make pricing decisions of products, profitability calculation and in decision making for new products. SMEs prefer to employ conventional tools like planning and control, budgeting and strategic planning for decision making purposes. Limited sample size under descriptive analysis restricts applicability and generalizability. Our study makes novel contribution in the domain of cost management practices in SMEs since majority of literature is available on cost management practices adopted by only large corporates within Pakistan.
Assessing the Impact of Service Quality on Consumers Satisfaction: A Comparative Study of Commercial vs Islamic Banks in Pakistan Yousuf, Muhammad Waqas; Ahmed, Farhan; Talreja, Suman
IQTISHADIA Vol 11, No 2 (2018): IQTISHADIA
Publisher : Ekonomi Syariah IAIN Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21043/iqtishadia.v11i2.3595

Abstract

This study aims to show the path that Islamic banking follows of Sharia’ h while on the other hand commercial banks obeys commercial regulations and rules for the purpose of banking. The main objective of the Islamic banking is to offer interest free services and products which obeys the path of Sharia’ h and Islamic banking system makes transaction on the foundation of profit and loss, while on the other hand commercial banks are business oriented banks. The sampling method used in this research was convenience sampling with a sample size of 200 which were the customers of the banks and the research design of the questionnaire used was exploratory The questionnaire was distributed in 4 banks 2 commercial and 2 Islamic banks respectively. Dependent variables are ‘customer expectation and perception’ while on the other hand independent variable that are used this research are ‘reliability, assurance, tangibles, empathy and responsiveness. The results which are derived from this research shows a negative or less impact of two service quality dimensions on both banks which are Assurance and Empathy. The highest perceived service dimension is “Reliability,” that refers to the reliability of their products and promise to provide the best service quality to their customers. While the lowest perceived service was observed towards “Empathy,” the other two dimension with highest value are tangibility and responsiveness which means that customers’ of both commercial and Islamic banks like tangible service and the quick responsiveness towards providing them the best service.
Effects of Corporate Governance and Capital Structure on Firms’ Performance: Evidence from Major Sectors of Pakistan Ahmed, Farhan; Talreja, Suman; Kashif, Muhammad
The Indonesian Capital Market Review Vol. 10, No. 2
Publisher : UI Scholars Hub

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Abstract

This study aims to examine the effects of corporate governance and capital structure on firm’s performance. Panel pooled regression method were applied on annual data of two major sectors: automobile & fertilizers from 2006 to 2016. Findings show that board size have positive relationship & audit committee has negative relationship with profitability of automobile sector and vice versa for fertilizers sector. Capital structure is measured by current ratio, debt to equity, short term & long term debt whereas profitability is measured by ROA and ROE. Positive relation of current ratio and profitability of both sectors is observed and the negative relationship of debt to equity of both the sectors has been observed whereas short and long-term debt has no significant relationship in fertil- izers sector. The results should be of great importance to investors, creditors, financial analysts and academicians especially after global financial crisis and collapses of giant organizations worldwide.
Trading Frequency in KSE – 100 Index Using Pastor and Stambaugh Model Ahmed, Farhan; Ali, Mudassir; Raza, Muhammad; Sibghat, Muhammad
The Indonesian Capital Market Review Vol. 11, No. 1
Publisher : UI Scholars Hub

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Abstract

The study aims to asses Pastor & Stambaugh model on Pakistan Stock Exchange (KSE-100 Index) from 2007 to 2017. Four commonly asset pricing factors are tested including market risk, size, value and liquidity premium. Except for the value premium, all factors are statistically found significant. Pertinent to mention that liquidity factor is initially found insignificant since annual returns are calculated. However, after taking most liquid sector during the period (Chemical Sector) the liquidity measure is derived through monthly returns. The result of the study is backed with Utility preference theory because it is observed that investors do prefer more liquid stocks and as a result when pricing securities liquidity factor holds an important position.
How Corporate Political Strategies Are Related to Cost of Debt? Amanat, Aamir; Hunjra, Ahmed Imran; Ahmed, Farhan
The Indonesian Capital Market Review Vol. 12, No. 2
Publisher : UI Scholars Hub

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Abstract

There are many factors, which play a vital role in the financing decisions of firms, and one of the important factors is corporate political strategies. This study examines the impact of corporate political strategies on the cost of debt of non-financial firms listed in the Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX). Corporate political strategies are measured through political connections. We use panel data of 250 firms from 2001 to 2018. Panel regression is applied to analyze the results. This study finds corporate political strategies negatively affect the cost of debt. This study provides useful policy implications for corporate stakeholders to know the importance of political connections while making the financing decision.