Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

Found 5 Documents
Search
Journal : Jurnal Teknik Mesin

Effect of the Environmentally Friendly Composite Materials on Physical and Thermal Properties of the Natural Composite Syafrul Hadi; Mastariyanto Perdana
Jurnal Teknik Mesin (JTM) Vol 8, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : LP2M - Institut Teknologi Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (821.782 KB)

Abstract

One of the most widely used and applied technics materials today is a composite material based on nature. Natural composites are lightweight and relatively strong and environmentally friendly, so composites based on synthetic fibers are reduced in use. This study uses constituent materials derived from shells and bunches of palm oil plant crops that function as reinforcement. Shells and fibers from empty bunch of oil palm plants are made in the form of powder. Matrix used in this research was polyester resin and epoxy resin. The volume fraction between the reinforcement and the matrix is 50:50. The fabrication process of this environmentally friendly composite is compression molding with a pressure load of 30 kg/cm2. This study aims to determine the effect of the type of composite materials on physical and thermal properties of the natural composite. The results show that natural composites are high density composites. The highest density of palm shell/polyester composite is 1,223 g/cm3 and the lowest density of oil palm empty bunch/epoxy composite is 1,021 g/cm3. The highest thermal conductivity of oil palm shell/polyester composite is 0,28 W/m.K. Thermal conductivity composite value is more influenced by binder/matrix of composites.
Effect of Dynamic Load on the Stiffness of Fiberglass and Coir-Based Hybrid Composite Mastariyanto Perdana
Jurnal Teknik Mesin (JTM) Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : LP2M - Institut Teknologi Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (740.16 KB)

Abstract

The composites made from natural fibers have been widely used in the engineering field because the natural fiber-based composites have lightweight nature, relatively strong and environmentally friendly. The use the synthetic fiber-based composites reduced to obtain the environmentally friendly composites. In this study, the use synthetic fibers (fiberglass) reduced by adding coconut fiber (coir) on the composite mix. Composites in this study using the volume fraction of hybrid fiber 12% fiberglass and 18% coir. The volume fraction of fibers and epoxy hybrid is 30:70. This study aims to determine changes in stiffness of the hybrid composites due to dynamic loads. Hybrid composite loaded by 500, 1000, 1500, and 2000 cycles of the dynamic load. The test results show degradation of the rigidity of the hybrid composite. The stiffness decrease like presented by the ratio of E/Eo. The number of cycles of the dynamic load causes a decrease in stiffness hybrid composites. The stiffness of hybrid composites decrease because of dynamic load treatment reaches 30%.
Toughness and Fracture Surface of Frame of Drone Based on Composite from Waste Materials Mastariyanto Perdana; Rozi Saferi; Putri Pratiwi
Jurnal Teknik Mesin (JTM) Vol 9, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : LP2M - Institut Teknologi Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Application of green composites material is aerial egineering. Advantages of green composites material are lightweight and relatively strong. This reason that makes green composites can be applied in Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). In this study, material of quadcopter frame was composites material that made of waste material from styrofoam, bagasse and eggshell. Styrofoam was used as binder of composite material. Bagasse and eggshell was used as reinforcement in green composite material. The investigation focused on effect of volume fraction on flying time of quadcopter that made of green composites material. This study showed that addition of eggshell powder in composites up 25% by volume fraction, result in decreasing the flying time of quadcopter. Addition of eggshell powder in composites up 25% by volume fraction,  result in decreasing the porous of green composite. Porous structure affect the flying time of quadcopter based on green composite materials that made of waste material from styrofoam, bagasse and eggshell. Green composite based on styrofoam, bagasse and eggshell can be applied in Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) materials.
Experimental Study on Flight Time and Frame Toughness of Quadcopter Based on Waste Polystyrene Paper Mastariyanto Perdana; Meiki Eru Putra; Farid Septio Matrilindo
Jurnal Teknik Mesin (JTM) Vol 10, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : LP2M - Institut Teknologi Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Application of natural composite materials for aerial fields has been widely developed. One of the uses of natural composite materials for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) frame. In this study, waste polystyrene paper, bagasse powder and eggsheel powder was used for material of UAV frame. Type of UAV was made in this study is quadcopter. Addition of volume fraction of waste polystyene paper to 65 % in green composite material.  The aims this study was determine the flight time and toughness frame of quadcopter based on waste materials. This study showed that there was increase of quadcopter flight time with the addition of  waste polystyrene paper in composites up 65% by volume fraction. Addition of  waste polystyrene paper in composites up 65% by volume fraction, the results showed that the toughness frame of quadcopter was decreased. Photomacro was used to show the stucture and porosity of frame quadcopter based on natural composite material.
PENGARUH MOISTURE CONTENT DAN THERMAL SHOCK TERHADAP SIFAT MEKANIK DAN FISIK KOMPOSIT HIBRID BERBASIS SERAT GELAS DAN COIR Mastariyanto Perdana
Jurnal Teknik Mesin (JTM) Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : LP2M - Institut Teknologi Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (192.279 KB)

Abstract

Salah satu pemanfaatan komposit adalah sebagai material blade turbin angin. Ini disebabkan komposit memiliki sifat ringan dan relatif kuat. Namun, komposit yang berbasis serat sintesis dikurangi penggunaannya untuk mendapatkan sifat ramah lingkungan. Sehingga penelitian ini menggunakan serat hibrid yang terdiri dari 60% fiberglass dan 40% coir. Fraksi volume antara serat hibrid dan epoksi adalah 30:70. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui trendline perubahan sifat mekanik dari komposit akibat pengaruh lingkungan (moisture content dan thermal shock) karena komposit akan diaplikasikan sebagai bahan blade turbin angin. Komposit direndam dalam air dengan variasi perendaman 6, 12, 18, dan 24 jam untuk mengetahui pengaruh moisture content. Pengaruh thermal shock diuji dengan pemanasan 800 C dan pendinginan dengan siklus 5, 10, 15, dan 20. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan degradasi kekuatan tarik dan ketangguhan impak komposit. Penurunan kekuatan tarik akibat pengaruh perendaman untuk masing-masing variasi sebesar 6.63%, 15.60%, 22.65% dan 28,61%. Penurunan kekuatan tarik akibat pengaruh siklus thermal shock berturut-turut 3.83%, 9.60%, 17.28%, dan 4.98%. Penurunan ketangguhan impak akibat pengaruh perendaman untuk masing-masing variasi sebesar 40.66%, 44.00%, 47.33% dan 48.00%. Penurunan ketangguhan impak akibat siklus thermal shock berturut-turut 24.67%, 46.67%, 51.33%, dan 51.33%. Degradasi kekuatan komposit disebabkan terjadinya pull-out, delaminasi, dan perubahan struktur komposit menjadi lebih getas (brittle).