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MAKNA KEHIDUPAN KLIEN DENGAN DIABETES MELITUS KRONIS DI KELURAHAN BANDARHARJO SEMARANG SEBUAH STUDI FENOMENOLOGI Rochmawati, Dwi Heppy; Hamid, Achir Yani S.; Helena CD, Novy
Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa
Publisher : Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa

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Penelitian ini membahas bagaimana klien Diabetes Melitus memberikan makna kehidupan dalam kondisi sakitnya. Tujuan dalam penelitian ini menguraikan persepsi, respon psikososial, kebutuhan penatalaksanaan,harapan dan makna kehidupan klien. Penelitian kualitatif dengan desain deskriptif . Hasil penelitian menemukan tujuh tema besar yang sesuai dengan tujuan penelitian dan satu tema tambahan yaitu beban yang dihadapi klien. Kesimpulannya makna kehidupan klien didapatkan dalam kondisi penderitaan dan pendalaman nilai spiritual. Penelitian ini menyarankan penggunaan model Adaptasi Roy dalam pengembangan teori keperawatan khususnya masalah psikososial; tersusunnya format pengkajian psikososial sebagai panduan mengidentifikasi masalah psikososial di keluarga, rumah sakit maupun masyarakat. Kata Kunci : makna kehidupan, diabetes melitus, kualitatif.
PENERAPAN TERAPI LATIHAN KETRAMPILAN SOSIAL PADA KLIEN ISOLASI SOSIAL DAN HARGA DIRI RENDAH DENGAN PENDEKATAN MODEL HUBUNGAN INTERPERSONAL PEPLAU DI RS DR MARZOEKI MAHDI BOGOR Wakhid, Abdul; Hamid, Achir Yani S.; Helena CD, Novy
Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa
Publisher : Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa

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Application of social skills training therapy to client with social isolation and low self esteem disturbance with Interpersonal relationship Peplau Model Approach in RS Dr Marzoeki Mahdi Bogor. Social skills training was designed to improve communication and social skills for someone was experienced difficulties in their interaction skills include giving reinforcement, complain because they do not agree, reject the request of other, exchange experience, demanding personal rights, give advice to others, problem solving and working with people, sharing experience, ask for privacy (Michelson, 1985). Objective this final assignment was to founddescribing result of Application of social skills training therapy management on Social isolation and low self esteem client with interpersonal relationship Peplau Model approach in RS Dr Marzoeki Mahdi Bogor. Application of social skills therapy was done to 18 clients since 10 September-9 November 2012. Finding was revealed social skills training exactly effective may used for client with social isolation and low self esteem, where all of clients who have done social skills therapy. Base on this finding, recommended social skills training become to specialist standard therapy in psychiatric nursing and may used for social isolation and low self esteem clients.   Key word : social skills training, social isolation, low self esteem, Peplau interpersonal model
PENERAPAN TERAPI KOGNITIF DAN PSIKOEDUKASI KELUARGA PADA KLIEN HARGA DIRI RENDAH DI RUANG YUDISTIRA RUMAH SAKIT Dr. H. MARZOEKI MAHDI BOGOR TAHUN 2013 Suerni, Titik; Keliat, Budi Anna; C.D, Novy Helena
Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa Vol 1, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa
Publisher : Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa

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Klien dengan harga diri rendah kronis di Ruang Yudistira Rumah Sakit Dr. H. Marzoeki Mahdi Bogor sebanyak 58,33% dari 60 klien yang dirawat. Tujuan Karya Ilmiah Akhir ini untuk menggambarkan penerapan terapi kognitif dan psikoedukasi keluarga pada  klien harga diri rendah. Metode yang dipakai adalah studi kasus. Pada 15 klien diberikan tindakan keperawatan generalis dan terapi kognitif serta pada 20 klien diberikan tindakan keperawatan generalis, terapi kognitif dan psikoedukasi keluarga. Hasil penerapan pada kelompok klien dengan tindakan keperawatan generalis dan terapi kognitif menunjukkan penurunan tanda dan gejala rata-rata 54,94%; peningkatan kemampuan rata-rata 89,57%; lama rawat ratarata 37 hari.Hasil penerapan pada kelompok klien dengan tindakan keperawatan generalis, terapi kognitif dan psikoedukasi keluarga menunjukkan penurunan tanda dan gejala rata-rata  71,2%; peningkatan kemampuanklien rata-rata 100%; peningkatan kemampuan keluarga rata-rata 98%;lama rawat rata-rata 26 hari. Berdasarkan penurunan tanda dan gejala,peningkatan kemampuan klien dan keluarga serta lama hari rawat makaterapi kognitif dan psikoedukasi keluarga direkomendasikan pada klien dengan harga diri rendah.
STUDI FENOMENOLOGI: PENGALAMAN KELUARGA MENCEGAH KEKAMBUHAN PERILAKU KEKERASAN PASIEN PASCA HOSPITALISASI RSJ Wuryaningsih, Emi Wuri; Hamid, Achir Yani S.; C.D, Novy Helena
Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa Vol 1, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa
Publisher : Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa

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erilaku kekerasan merupakan masalah yang sering muncul pada pasien gangguan jiwa berat termasuk skizofrenia. Alasan keluarga membawa pasien ke RSJ adalah ketidakmampuan mengatasi perilaku kekerasan pasien di rumah. Keluarga berusaha mencegah kekambuhan perilaku kekerasan pasien pasca rawat inap karena perilaku kekerasan menimbulkan beban bagi keluarga. Penelitian ini bertujuan menggambarkan pengalaman keluarga mencegah kekambuhan pasien dengan riwayat risiko perilaku kekerasan pasca rawat inap di RSJ. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif fenomenologideskriptif. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 8 partisipan dengan purposive sampling. Analisis data menggunakan metode Collaizi. Hasil penelitian yaitu terdapat 5 tema yang menggambarkan pengalaman keluarga tersebut yaitu: 1) pengetahuan keluarga terhadap adanya riwayat perilaku kekerasan; 2) kepekaan keluarga terhadap pencetus kekambuhan, 3) cara pengendalian pasien untuk mencegah kekambuhan; 4) kepedulian keluarga sebagai upaya pencegah kekambuhan, 5) kepasrahan dalammenerima kondisi pasien. Perawat jiwa dapat memberikan pendidikan kesehatan pencegahan dan manajemen perilaku kekerasan kepada pasien dan keluarga. Pelatihan perawat tentang terapi supportif sehingga dapat memfasilitasi terapi supportif pada pasien dan keluarga.
PENERAPAN TERAPI LATIHAN KETRAMPILAN SOSIAL PADA KLIEN ISOLASI SOSIAL DENGAN PENDEKATAN MODEL HUBUNGAN INTERPERSONAL PEPLAU DI RS DR MARZOEKI MAHDI BOGOR Abdul Wakhid; Achir Yani S. Hamid; Novy Helena CD
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2013: PROSIDING KONFERENSI NASIONAL PPNI JAWA TENGAH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Application of social skills training therapy to client with social isolation and low self esteem disturbance with Interpersonal relationship Peplau Model Approach in RS Dr Marzoeki Mahdi Bogor. Social skills training wasdesigned to improve communication and social skills for someone was experienced difficulties in their interaction skills include giving reinforcement, complain because they do not agree, reject the request of other, exchange experience, demanding personal rights, give advice to others, problem solving and working with people, sharing experience, ask for privacy (Michelson, 1985). Objective this final assignment was to founddescribing result of Application of social skills training therapy management on Social isolation and low self esteem client with interpersonal relationship Peplau Model approach in RS Dr Marzoeki Mahdi Bogor. Application of social skills therapy was done to 18 clients since 10 September-9 November 2012. Finding was revealed social skills training exactly effective may used for client with social isolation and low self esteem, where all of clients who have done social skills therapy. Base on this finding, recommended social skills training become to specialist standard therapy in psychiatric nursing and may used for social isolation and low self esteem clients.Key word : social skills training, social isolation, low self esteem, Peplau interpersonal model
Masalah yang Dialami Perawat Dalam Menangani Remaja Penyalahguna NAPZA: A Systematic Review Dwi Suratmini; Novy Helena Catharina Daulima
Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan SUARA FORIKES Vol 11 (2020): Nomor Khusus Mei-Juni 2020
Publisher : FORIKES

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33846/sf11nk307

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Nurse’s efforts in adolescent as the most drug-abusing population have not been able to run optimally as indicated by the increase in prevalence and relapse rates, so further studies are needed regarding the problems experienced by nurses during the handling process. The aim of this systematic review was to find out the problems experienced by nurses while dealing in adolescent drug users. The database were used EBSCOhost, ProQuest, Sage Publication, and Springerlink identified and published from 2016-2020, in English, and in the nurse population both in hospitals or other rehabilitation. The keywords were "adolescent * OR youth * OR teen *" AND "nursing intervention" OR "nursing care" AND "drug abuse" OR "drug misuse" OR "drug addiction. Article identification was carried out using the PRISMA guidelines. Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria there were 9 relevant articles. Analysis illustrated the existence of internal and external problems experienced by nurses. Internal problems consisted of values, morals, and perceptions. External problems consisted of the characteristics of youth development tasks, agency policies, and socio-cultural conditions. These problems affected the interaction of nurses with clients, family, peers, and other professions. Increased knowledge and ability of nurses as well as a review of policies in providing nursing care can be done to overcome internal and external problems experienced by nurses to optimize their duties and roles in dealing with adolescent drug users. Keywords: problems; nursing care; adolescent drug abusers ABSTRAK Upaya perawat dalam mengatasi masalah remaja sebagai populasi terbanyak penyalahguna NAPZA hingga saat ini belum dapat berjalan optimal ditunjukkan dengan meningkatnya angka prevalensi dan kekambuhan, sehingga diperlukan kajian lebih lanjut mengenai masalah yang dialami perawat selama proses penanganan. Systematic review ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui masalah yang dialami perawat selama menangani remaja penyalahguna NAPZA. Penelusuran literatur secara sistematis melalui database EBSCOhost, ProQuest, Sage Publication, dan Springerlink. Artikel yang digunakan berada pada tahun 2016-2020 dan berbahasa Inggris pada populasi perawat baik di rumah sakit atau lembaga rehabilitasi lainnya. Kata kunci yang digunakan adalah “adolescent* OR youth* OR teen*” AND "nursing intervention" OR "nursing care" AND "drug abuse" OR "drug misuse" OR "drug addiction”. Identifikasi artikel dilakukan menggunakan pedoman PRISMA. Berdasarkan kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi terdapat 9 artikel relevan. Analisa artikel menggambarkan adanya masalah internal dan eksternal yang dialami perawat dalam menangani remaja penyalahguna NAPZA. Masalah internal terdiri dari nilai, moral, dan persepsi. Masalah eksternal terdiri dari karakteristik tugas perkembangan remaja, kebijakan instansi, dan kondisi sosial budaya. Masalah tersebut mempengaruhi interaksi perawat dengan klien, keluarga, rekan sejawat, dan profesi lain. Peningkatan pengetahuan dan kemampuan perawat serta peninjauan kembali kebijakan dalam pemberian asuhan keperawatan dapat dilakukan untuk mengatasi masalah internal dan eksternal yang dialami perawat untuk mengoptimalkan tugas dan perannya dalam menangani remaja penyalahguna NAPZA. Kata kunci: masalah; penanganan perawat; remaja penyalahguna napza
Hubungan Pola Asuh Orangtua dan Harga Diri Anak Jalanan Usia Remaja Puji Mentari; Novy Helena Catharina Daulima
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 20, No 3 (2017): November
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v20i3.630

Abstract

Fenomena anak jalanan merupakan fokus perhatian banyak kalangan karena jumlahnya yang terus meningkat. Penelitian sebelumnya menyebutkan bahwa anak jalanan memiliki harga diri yang rendah dan identik dengan pola asuh uninvolved. Desain penelitian ini menggunakan deskriptif korelatif yang bertujuan mengidentifikasi hubungan pola asuh orangtua dan harga diri anak jalanan usia remaja. Penelitian ini dilakukan di daerah binaan rumah singgah di Jakarta Timur dengan 98 sampel, diambil menggunakan metode consecutive sampling. Harga diri diukur dengan menggunakan Rosenberg’s Self Esteem Scale dan pola asuh diukur dengan Instrumen Pola Asuh Mashoedi yang dikembangkan dari teori pola asuh orangtua milik Diana Baumrind. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara pola asuh orangtua dengan tingkat harga diri anak jalanan usia remaja di Jakarta Timur (p= 0,04). Untuk menangani masalah anak jalanan, diperlukan kerjasama dari pemerintah, perawat komunitas, pekerja sosial dan pihak rumah singgah untuk bersama-sama melakukan pemberdayaan anak jalanan berbasis keluarga dalam upaya merehabilitasi anak jalanan. Kata kunci: anak jalanan, harga diri, pola asuh orangtua, remaja Abstract  Relationship of Parenting Style and Self-Esteem of Street Children the Teen Years. The phenomenon of street children is a matter that has become the focus by many people because the number of street children itself is always increasing. Previous research stated that the street children have low self-esteem and they are identical with uninvolved parenting style. It is descriptive correlative study which aims to identify the relationship between parenting style and self-esteem on street children at East Jakarta. This research was conducted in the target area of shelter in East Jakarta towards 98 samples recruited using consecutive sampling. Self-esteem is measured using Rosenberg's Self Esteem Scale and parenting style measured using Mashoedi’s Parenting Style which was developed from the theory of Diana Baumrind’s parenting style. The results showed, there is a relationship between parenting style and a level of self-esteem street children in East Jakarta (p= 0.04). To overcome the problem of street children, the cooperation between governments, community nurses, social workers and shelter is needed to do the family-based empowerment together to rehabilitate street children. Keywords: Street children, self-esteem, parenting style, adolescent
ANALISIS FAKTOR – FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEBERHASILAN PELAKSANAAN KEGIATAN COMMUNITY MENTAL HEALTH NURSING DI ACEH Junardi Junardi; Budi Anna Keliat; Novy Helena Chatarina Daulima
Idea Nursing Journal Vol 8, No 1 (2017): Idea Nursing Journal
Publisher : Fakultas Keperawatan-Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (403.164 KB) | DOI: 10.52199/inj.v8i1.8697

Abstract

ABSTRAKKeperawatan Kesehatan Jiwa Komunitas / CMHN adalah pelayanan keperawatan yang komprehensif, holistik dan paripurna berfokus pada masyarakat sehat jiwa, rentan terhadap stress dan dalam tahap pemulihan serta pencegahan kekambuhan. Perawat bekerja sama dengan klien, keluarga dan tim kesehatan lain dalam melakukan tindakan. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui mengetahui faktor - faktor yang berhubungan dengan keberhasilan pelaksanaan kegiatan CMHN di Kabupaten Aceh Besar dan Kota Banda Aceh. Penelitian dilakukan pada 30 orang perawat CMHN dan 48 orang stakeholder (total sampling) dengan menggunakan desain cross sectional study. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan bermakna (p - value α ≤ 0,05) antara persepsi perawat CMHN dan stakeholder tentang faktor dukungan politik, stabilitas dana, partnership, kapasitas organisasi, evaluasi program, program adaptasi, komunikasi, rencana strategis dan sosial dengan keberhasilan pelaksanaan kegiatan CMHN. Dari hasil penelitian direkomendasikan perlunya evaluasi faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan keberhasilan pelaksanaan kegiatan CMHN secara periodik, penyegaran dan pelatihan CMHN yang terus menerus dan terstruktur.Kata kunci: CMHN, persepsi perawat CMHN, persepsi stakeholder, keberhasilan pelaksanaan kegiatan CMHN.ABSTRACTCommunity Mental Health Nursing (CMHN) is comprehensive nursing care, holistic and adequate, focus in community whose healthy in mentally, far from stressing vulnerability and in the recovery phase also in avoiding to having a relapse. Nurse work together with client, family and other medical team in effort to doing practice. This research aim to know the factors which related with successful implementation of program CMHN in County Aceh Besar and Banda Aceh city. Research design using cross sectional study. Respondents consist of 30 nurse who execute CMHN who work in Central of Community (Puskesmas) and 48 stakeholder, soo its done with total sampling 78 person. Result of this research show that there is significant correlation (p – value α ≤ 0,05) on perception of nurse CMHN and stakeholder about politic support, budget stability, partnership, organization capacity, programs evaluation, adaptation programs, communication, strategic plan and social to successful implementation of program CMHN . Recommendation based on this research result among other : its need to periodically evaluating factors that related to successful of implementation CMHN, continuously updating and training CMHN.Keywords: CMHN, CMHN nurse’s perception, stakeholder’s‘s perception, CMHN program, successful implementation of program CMHN
Efek Terapi Perilaku, Terapi Kognitif Perilaku dan Psikoedukasi Keluarga pada Klien Halusinasi Menggunakan Pendekatan Teori Berubah Kurt Lewin Ricky, Denny Paul; Keliat, Budi Anna; Daulima, Novy Helena C
Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa
Publisher : Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa

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Hallucination is the most nursing diagnose found in mental health hospital. The purpose of this scientific report is to determine the effect of behavioral therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy and family psychoeducation therapy on client’s skill and signs and symptoms of hallucination using Kurt Lewin’s Change Theory Model approach. The method used is the application of behavioral therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy and family psychoeducation to 16 clients with hallucination. Clients are grouped into three groups: 8 clients were given behavioral therapy, 4 clients were given behavioral therapy and family psychoeducation, and 4 clients were given cognitive behavioral therapy. The results showed cognitive behavior therapy increases client’s skills and family’s skills but reduces most signs and symptoms of hallucination than clients who received behavioral therapy and psychoeducation or client who received behavior therapy only. Cognitive behavior therapy is strongly recommended in treating client with hallucination.
Efek Terapi Perilaku, Terapi Kognitif Perilaku dan Psikoedukasi Keluarga pada Klien Halusinasi Menggunakan Pendekatan Teori Berubah Kurt Lewin Daulima, Novy Helena C; Keliat, Budi Anna; Ricky, Denny Paul
Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa Vol 2, No 2 (2014): November 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (438.292 KB)

Abstract

Hallucination is the most nursing diagnose found in mental health hospital. The purpose of this scientific report is to determine the effect of behavioral therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy and family psychoeducation therapy on client’s skill and signs and symptoms of hallucination using Kurt Lewin’s Change Theory Model approach. The method used is the application of behavioral therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy and family psychoeducation to 16 clients with hallucination. Clients are grouped into three groups: 8 clients were given behavioral therapy, 4 clients were given behavioral therapy and family psychoeducation, and 4 clients were given cognitive behavioral therapy. The results showed cognitive behavior therapy increases client’s skills and family’s skills but reduces most signs and symptoms of hallucination than clients who received behavioral therapy and psychoeducation or client who received behavior therapy only. Cognitive behavior therapy is strongly recommended in treating client with hallucination.