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KONSEP HERMENEUTIKA SEBAGAI METODOLOGI INTERPRETASI TEKS AL-QUR’AN Dozan, Wely; Turmudzi, Muhammad
MAGHZA Vol 4 No 2 (2019): Juli-Desember 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin Adab dan Humaniora (FUAH), Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (389.407 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/maghza.v4i2.3470

Abstract

Lately, the concept of the methodology of interpreting the texts of the Qur?an is not only struggling from the history of the Companions and the Tabi'in but in understanding the Word of God it is necessary to have dialectics with the interpretation of the text with the term hermeneutics. Some contemporary interpretations make a new study of the Qur?an using the hermeneutic approach. Specifically, this paper seeks to contribute to providing concepts related to hermeneutics as a textual interpretation methodology. There are some things that are very urgent to be studied in this discussion, including, First, hermeneutics as a dialectic of text interpretation. Second, the methodology of the hermeneutic approach in understanding texts. Third, the application of hermeneutics as a text interpretation. Thus, the concept of hermeneutics in the texts is to find the Qur'anic values ??contextually behind the meaning of the text of the verse. 
ANALISIS PERGESERAN SHIFTING PARADIGM PENAFSIRAN: STUDI KOMPARATIF TAFSIR ERA KLASIK DAN KONTEMPORER Dozan, Wely
At-Tibyan: Jurnal Ilmu Alqur`an dan Tafsir Vol 5 No 1 (2020): Volume 5 No. 1, Juni 2020
Publisher : Department of Alquran Science and Interpretation of the Faculty of Ushuluddin, Adab, and Da'wah of IAIN Langsa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32505/tibyan.v5i1.1631

Abstract

This paper aims to explore the paradigm shift in the interpretation of the Qur'an in the classical and contemporary eras in the path of interpretation of Ibn Kathir and Fazlur Rahman. The focus in this study examines the causes of shifts in interpretation and contextualization of the interpretation model. The type of research is library research so that in this study using qualitative (descriptive-analytical) research, it is research that describes the object to be critically examined, and looks for the roots of the character's thoughts. The approach that I want to use in this study is historical-analytical, that is, according to historical roots analytically the shift in interpretation occurs. The results of this study indicate that, the interpretation of interpretation in the classical and contemporary era of interpretation is caused by the shifting paradigm, namely the birth of a new methodological concept to prove the suitability between text and social relaity. The argumentation of Ibn Katsir's interpretation of the "Classical Era" The main characteristic of his interpretation model is the textual pattern based on the interpretation of bil ma'tsur. Second, the interpretation of Ar-ra'yi. While Fazlur Rahman "Contemporary Era" can prove interpretation as an effort to solve problems in answering various challenges of the times. This is due to the emergence of a variety of interpretive approaches including: contextual orientation in interpretation, interpretation as social transformation, and gender analysis as an effort to seek justice.
Membangun Karakter Anak Usia Dini Melalui Nilai-Nilai Islam Dalam Tradisi Perang Timbung Dozan, Wely; Fitriani, Laily
Murhum : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini Vol. 1 No. 1 Juli 2020
Publisher : Perkumpulan Pengelola Jurnal (PPJ) PAUD Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37985/murhum.v1i1.2

Abstract

Salah satu tradisi yang sangat mengakar dalam perspektif masyarakat suku sasak yaitu tradisi perang timbung sebagai salah satu pembentukan nilai-nilai solidaritas mulai sejak dewasa, remaja, bahkan sampai anak-anak. Tradisi perang timbung merupakan tradisi yang lahir secara turun temurun dari nenek moyang terdahulu untuk dilakukan sebagai kegiatan masyarakat untuk mewujudkan persatuan dan persaudaraan mulai dari para kyai, tokoh-tokoh agama, dan sekaligus semua masyarakat khususnya di Desa Pejanggik. Tulisan ini, berusaha untuk mengungkapkan nilai-nilai keIslaman yang terkandung pada anak-anak usia dini sekaligus menelaah karakteristik ketika kegiatan terus menerus dilakukan melalui berbagai ritual-ritual. Fokus Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membahas beberapa pertanyaan mendasar: Pertama, mengapa tradisi Perang Timbung mampu membangun karakteristik anak khususnya di Anak Usia Dini. Kedua, bagaimana masyarakat Desa Pejanggik dalam melaksanakan tradisi perang timbung dapat membangun nilai-nilai keIslaman yang relevan dalam konteks kekinan. Tulisan ini berangkat dari sebuah penelitian kualitatif dan pendekatan deskriptif dimana data-datanya diperoleh dari wawancara dan analisis literasi yang dilakukan secara mendalam di lokasi penelitian tersebut.
Dekonstruksi Tafsir Ayat-Ayat Berbasis Gender Dalam Perspektif Pemikiran Feminisme Barat Dan Islam Dozan, Wely; Wadi, Hopizal; Jaswadi, Jaswadi
AL-WARDAH: Jurnal Kajian Perempuan, Gender dan Agama Vol 15, No 1 (2021): Edisi Juni 2021
Publisher : IAIN TERNATE

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.46339/al-wardah.v15i1.377

Abstract

Akhir-akhir ini, diskursus terhadap kajian gender merupakan persoalan penting untuk digali dalam berbagai perspektif khususnya dalam pemikiran barat dan Islam. Gender selama ini marak berkembang, lebih-lebih mendapatkan perhatian penting sehingga kemudian gender mengalami dinamika yang cukup signifikan untuk dirumuskan melalui upaya kesungguhan para cendekiawan-cendekiawan Muslim dan pemikiran barat untuk menguarikan kembali terhadap isu gender sekaligus pembelaan terhadap perempuan. Fokus penelitian ini melihat beberapa aspek mendasar yang menjadi pokok-pokok permasalahan yang dikaji adalah dekonstruksi tafsir ayat-ayat gender dalam perspektif pemikiran feminisme barat dan Islam yang dianalisis sebagai pembahasan sekaligus menjawab problematika penelitian tersebut. Jenis penelitian adalah pendekatan studi pustaka (library research) yaitu menganalisis data dalam berbagai keragaman yang termuat berbagai jurnal, buku, artikel sebagai bahan mendukung dalam merumuskan jawaban penelitian ini. Secara garis besar yaitu konsep gender merupakan peran penting untuk melindungi perempuan dalam aspek posisi perempuan untuk merealisasikan keadilan berbasis gender. Dekonstruksi tafsir ayat-ayat berbasis gender dilakukan sebagai upaya penting untuk menghilangkan budaya partriarkhi, karena perempuan statusnya sebagai mahluk yang utuh memiliki peran dalam sejarah peradaban manusia. (Objektivis Netral Gender) semata-mata melindungi perempuan baik dari aspek biologis, perbedaan, psikologis, untuk memperjuangkan keadilan dan kesataraan gender. Sehingga feminisme sebagai jalan alternatif untuk berjuang menyuarakan persamaan hak antara laki-laki dan perempuan kemudian tidak menyebabkan ketimpangan dan diskriminasi terhadap perempuan.
SKEPTISISME KEOTENTIKAN HADITS DALAM PERSPEKTIF ORIENTALIS Dozan, Wely
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Raushan Fikr Vol 9 No 2 (2020): Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Raushan Fikr
Publisher : Lembaga Kajian dan Pemberdayaan Mahasiswa UIN Prof. KH. Saifuddin Zuhri Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24090/jimrf.v9i2.4144

Abstract

This paper explains the hadith in an Orientalist perspective. His study of the hadith in his book is known as the projecting back theory which states that, the hadith did not originate from the Prophet but the pathway of narratives made by the companions arbitrarily after the 2nd century Hijri. Specifically, this study aims to analyze the parts that are considered as important points including: First, the basic concept of projecting back theory. Second, the analysis of the Schacht methodology against the Sunnah. Third. trace the path of the Schacht transmission in the theory of Comon Link. Fourth, the contribution of Muslim thought to maintain the authenticity of a hadith. Related to hadith criticism done by Joseph Schact, then what is needed in this study is the literature study approach to trace the theory through the results of the analysis of various references used as reference material to find out the extent of hadith criticism made by the Orientalist who is skeptical about the authenticity of a hadith. So that in the conclusion of the hadith is not the Prophet Qaul but the results projected by the companions.
SENI DALAM PERSPEKTIF HADIS NABI: Kajian Ma’ani al-Hadis Dozan, Wely
RIWAYAH Vol 6, No 2 (2020): Riwayah : Jurnal Studi Hadis
Publisher : ilmu hadis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21043/riwayah.v6i2.7863

Abstract

Seiring lahirnya berbagai pemahaman terhadap hadis-hadis Nabi, pada saat itulah keragaman umat Muslim dalam menyikapi isu-isu tentang seni akan selalu hangat dan tidak pernah usai diperbincangkan dalam pemikiran muslim. Ada yang memandang bahwa seni merupakan suatu hal yang dilarang olah Nabi. Disisi lain, ada yang memandang bahwa seni merupakan salah satu yang dianjurkan oleh Nabi, baik dalam seni musik, seni menggambar, seni melukis, dan seni lainnya. Tujuan penelitian ini akan mengkaji seni dalam sudut pandang ma’ani al-hadis terhadap teks-teks hadis dengan melihat sosio-historis dan implikasinya terhadap Islam. Hal inilah yang harus dibenahi oleh cendekia-cendekia muslim agar hadis-hadis Nabi dimaknai secara objektif dengan tidak meninggalkan teks dan konteks hadis yang disampaikan. Adapun metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu library research dengan cara mengumpulkan data dalam buku, artikel, jurnal, dan berbagai macam literatur-literatur yang terkait dengan permasalahan yang dikaji untuk menemukan hasil. Hasil penelitian ini melalui kajian ma’ani al-hadis adalah bahwa konsep seni merupakan suatu hal yang dicontohkan oleh Nabi, dan seni pada hakikatnya boleh saja dipraktikkan dalam konteks kekinian yang tidak menunjukkan pada sebuah larangan. Bahkan seni dianjurkan dalam Islam. [Art in the Perspective of Prophetic Hadith: the Study of Ma'ani al-Hadith. Through the emergence of various understandings of the Prophet's traditions, at this time the diversity of Muslims in addressing issues regarding art will always be updated and will never finish being discussed in Muslim thought. There are those who think that art is something that was forbidden by the Prophet. On the other hand, there are those who think that art is one of the things that the Prophet likes, such as music, drawing, painting art, and other arts. The purpose of this research is to examine art from the perspective of ma'ani al-hadith towards hadith texts by looking at the socio-historical and its implications for Islam. This is what Muslim scholars need to fix so that the Prophet's traditions are interpreted objectively without leaving the text and context of the hadiths being conveyed. The research method used is library research by collecting data in books, articles, journals, and various kinds of literature related to the problems being studied to find the results. The result of this research through the study of ma'ani al-hadith is that the concept of art is something that was exemplified by the Prophet, and art in essence may be practiced in a contemporary context that does not indicate a prohibition. Even art is recommended in Islam.]
Kesalahan Dalam Tafsir; Ideologis Dan Teologis Dozan, Wely; Turmuzi, Muhamad
HERMENEUTIK Vol 15, No 1 (2021): Hermeneutik: Jurnal Ilmu al-Qur'an dan Tafsir
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Al-Qur`an dan Tafsir, Fakultas Ushuluddin, IAIN Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21043/hermeneutik.v15i1.8927

Abstract

This paper intends to explain several reasons for misinterpretation. The dynamics of interpretation that occurred in the first century of the emergence of Islam occurred in at least three phases: the Prophet Muhammad, the companions, and the tabi'in. The prophet's interpretation of the Qur'anic verses was not carried out thoroughly, thus leaving some empty space for the next generation, namely the companions to understand and interpret verses that were not explained by the prophet. In subsequent periods, interpretation tended to ideology as was done by the Khawarij and al-Zamakhsyari groups in al-Kasysyāf's interpretation. First, the emergence of the interpretation of the Khawarij ideology (the group that left the ranks of 'Ali) stems from the giving of the stigma of being kafir for the perpetrators of grave sins. As a consequence they deny the existence of intercession for perpetrators of grave sins based on the verses of the al-Qur'an. Second, the interpretation of al-Zamakhsyari transparently represents Mu'tazilah in certain cases, especially verses that are theological in nature.
HADITHS SCEPTICISM AUTHENTICITY (Critique to Orientalist Gautier H.A. Juynbool in Common Link Theory) Dozan, Wely; Fahrurazi, Fahrurazi
Hunafa: Jurnal Studia Islamika Vol 17 No 1 (2020): STUDIA ISLAMIKA
Publisher : State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Palu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24239/jsi.v17i1.580.19-37

Abstract

This paper tries to discuss the thought of hadith in the eyes of the Orientalist one of them is Gautier H.A. Juynbool in theory is known as the common link which is the oldest narrator in the level of sanad after the best friend or tabiin who is responsible for spreading the hadith extensively either formally or informally to some students, then these students spread the hadith to several students as well . In other words, the common link is found in the Sanad bundle where the hadith was first spread. There are several terms in the analysis, including: First, Single Strand (Single Track). Second, Partial Common Link. Third, Invertedpartial Common Link. Fourth, Fulan, Fifth, Diving Strand. Sixth, Spider (spider). The approach used is the literature study approach is a search for related data through books, journals, articles and so on. The conclusion is that, the theory (common link) if applied in the hadith still the hadith does not come from the Prophet but the hadith comes from the tabi'in which is transmitted to the next generation.