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Journal : Asian Journal of Aquatic Sciences

THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT LIGHT COLORS ON THE BIOMASS GROWTH OF Spirulina platensis Hanryani, Putri; Efriyeldi, Efriyeldi; Effendi, Irwan
Asian Journal of Aquatic Sciences Vol 2 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (581.419 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/ajoas.2.2.132-137

Abstract

Spirulina is microalgae that spreads widely in nature and can be found in various types of environments, both in brackish, sea and fresh water. Spirulina is photoautotrophic, so it requires light as an energy source for cell growth and synthesis of various important substances involved in it. Lack of light can cause photosynthesis to not take place normally so that it will affect the growth of S. platensis. This study aims to determine the effect of different light colors on the biomass growth of S. platensis. This research was conducted from March to April 2019 at the Marine Microbiology Laboratory and the Marine Chemistry Laboratory, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine, Universitas Riau. The method used in this research was the experimental method. The study design used was a completely randomized design (CRD) with four treatments (red, yellow, blue and control colors) and three replications. The results showed that the light colors had a significant effect on the biomass growth of S. platensis. Yellow light gave the best biomass growth, followed by red and blue light.
DENSITY AND COVERAGE OF SEAGRASS ON DIFFERENT TYPE OF SEDIMENT AT PANDARATAN BEACH TAPANULI TENGAH REGENCY NORTH SUMATERA PROVINCE Lianov, Dea; Efriyeldi, Efriyeldi; Zulkifli, Zulkifli
Asian Journal of Aquatic Sciences Vol 2 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (580.956 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/ajoas.2.2.138-144

Abstract

Seagrass ecosystem is one of shallow sea ecosystems that plays an important role to maintain stability of the sea. Density and coverage of seagrass depend on characteristic of sediment, include mean size and the type of sediment. The purpose of this study was to find out how density and coverage of seagrass on different type of sediment at Pandaratan Beach Tapanuli Tengah Regency North Sumatera Province. This research was conducted in April 2019. From the results can be discovered that there are two species of seagrass that found in Pandaratan Beach, Cymodocea rotundata and Enhalus acoroides. In the type of muddy sand sediment has the heighest density of seagrass which is 309 ind/m2 and categorized into very tight. In the type of sandy gravel sediment has the lowest density of seagrass which is 49 ind/m2 and categorized into very rare. And in the type of gravely sand sediment has the density of seagrass that is 234 ind/m2 and categorized into very tight. In the type of muddy sand sediment has the heighest coverage of seagrass which is 50.18% and categorized into good. In the type of sandy gravel sediment has the lowest coverage which is 17.72%. And in the type of gravely sand sediment has the coverage of seagrass which is 26.95% and categorize into moderately.
SPECIES DIVERSITY AND DISTRIBUTION OF SPONGES IN THE COASTAL AREA OF KASIAK ISLAND PARIAMAN REGENCY SUMATERA BARAT PROVINCE Nasri Ananda, Nahdya; Efriyeldi, Efriyeldi; Thamrin, Thamrin
Asian Journal of Aquatic Sciences Vol 2 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (477.716 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/ajoas.2.2.162-169

Abstract

Sponges are the most primitive multicellular animals that live in various types of waters from freshwater, brackish and sea. Sponges live in bottom waters that typically stick themselves on hard substrate such as rock or coral and compete with other tacks organism to obtain a food hall. The research was conducted in Kasiak Island Pariaman regency West Sumatera in February-March 2019, aims to find outthe type, density, frequency of occurrence, diversity index, dominance index, the distribution pattern of sponge, To support the research data is also observed the characteristics of the environment such as water quality. The method used is survey method, where sampling using belt transect method performed on three stations. The research found 14 genus / species of sponge consisting of 11 families in island waters Kasiak with sponge density values obtained in each research station ranges from 1458-4208 ind / ha. The highest frequency of occurrence of the type Jaspis sp. with the frequency of occurrence of 100%. Diversity index values ranged from 1.8921 to 1.9488, dominance index value obtained was from 0.3163 to 0.3396, and the value of the distribution pattern of the sponge ranges from 0.2941 to 0.3015.
ABUNDANCE AND DISTRIBUTION OF BLOOD CLAMS (Anadara granosa) IN COASTAL WATERS OF MEKARBARU VILLAGE KEPULAUAN MERANTI Hendra; efriyeldi, Efriyeldi; Galib, Musrifin
Asian Journal of Aquatic Sciences Vol 3 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31258/ajoas.3.1.11-19

Abstract

This research is expected to find out how abundance and distribution of blood clams (Anadara Granosa) in coastal waters of Mekarbaru village, Kepulauan Meranti District. In good conditions or during the season in a particular month there is more capture compared to when it is not in season. Analyze using descriptive analysis research methods using survey methods. The materials used in this study were blood clam samples (A.granosa), and aquades for tool rinsing. The results of this study can be concluded that the average abundance of blood clams of A. granosa in the coastal waters of Mekarbaru Village, Kepulauan Meranti District is different. The highest average blood clam abundance was found at station III which was 21.86 Ind / m2 and the lowest was at station II which was 19.63 Ind/m2. The size distribution of blood clams A. granosa can be seen that dominating is the size of <25 mm (small), while the size of 25-30 mm (Medium) is only found at each station. The abundance of small blood clams A. granosa is influenced by the content of sediment organic matter and water quality in the coastal waters of Mekarbaru Village, Kepulauan Meranti Regency.
MANGROVE FOREST EFFECT ON THE COASTLINE IN RANGSANG ISLAND RIAU PROVINCE Paulinus; Mubarak, Mubarak; efriyeldi, Efriyeldi
Asian Journal of Aquatic Sciences Vol 3 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31258/ajoas.3.1.29-37

Abstract

The study was conducted in May-June 2019 on Rangsang Island. This study aims to determine the effect of mangrove forests on coastline found on the island of Rangsang in Riau Province. The sampling location was determined by purposive sampling, namely 3 station points, namely Segomeng Village, Tanjung Kedabu Village, and Sungai Gayung Kiri Village. Landsat image data analyzed at the Oceanographic Physics Laboratory of the Department of Marine Sciences, Faculty of Fisheries and Maritime Affairs, University of Riau. To find out the area of ​​mangroves using Landsad 5 TM satellite imagery and Landsat 8 OLI Tirs imagery and analyzed using Er Mapper Software, Envi 4.5 and Arcgis 10.3. Calculation of the structure of the mangrove community is carried out using the line plot plot method. The results of the analysis of the vast landsat image of mangroves in the coastal areas of Rangsang Island in 1997, 2002, 2007, 2013, 2019 were respectively 11,093 ha, 10,807 ha, 10,393 ha, 10,121 ha and 9,971 ha. Changes in the coastline indicate the occurrence of abrasion and accretion, where the highest abrasion occurs at station three with an average of -7.6 m/year and accretion occurs at station one with an average of 2.68 m / year. Mangrove density at station one is 2266.7 ind / ha and at station two that is 1466.7 ind / ha. Mangrove species found were Rhizophora apiculata, Rhizophora mucronata, Avicennia alba, Sonneratia ovata, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, and Xylocarpus granatum.
RELATIONSHIP OF NITRATE AND PHOSPHATE CONCENTRATION ON PHYTOPLANKTON PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY IN DUMAI RIVERS OF RIAU PROVINCE Syafrizal; Nurrachmi, Irvina; Efriyeldi, Efriyeldi
Asian Journal of Aquatic Sciences Vol 4 No 1 (2021): April 2021
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31258/ajoas.4.1.54-64

Abstract

This research was conducted in January 2020 in the waters of the Sembilan Dumai River which aims to determine the concentration of nitrate and phosphate on the primary productivity of phytoplankton. The research method used in this research is the survey method while the determination of the research station was done by technic purposive sampling. The results showed that the average nitrate concentration ranged from 0.0194 - 0.0749 mg/l and the average phosphate concentration ranged from 0.1452 - 0.8502 mg/l. There are 6 classes of phytoplankton found in the waters of the Sembilan Dumai River, namely Bacillariophyceae, Cocinodiscophyceae, Chroococcophyceae, Cyanophyceae, Cyanobacteria and Xanthophyceae. The results of phytoplankton abundance calculations ranged from 74.07 - 280.09 Ind/L. The primary productivity value of phytoplankton for gross primary productivity ranged from 62.5 - 104.16 mgC/m2/jam, respiration values ​​ranged from 20.83 - 41.66 mgC/m2/jam and the net primary productivity value ranged from 41.67 - 72.91 mgC/m2/jam. The results of the multiple linear regression test for the relationship between nitrate and phosphate on the primary productivity of phytoplankton at each station are shown by the mathematical equation Y = 60.18 + (-233,19,35) x and Y = 60.18 + 30.44x with the coefficient of determination ( R2) = 0.140 and (R2) = 0.226 and the correlation coefficient (r) = 0.631, the mathematical equation states that the relationship between nitrate and phosphate on the primary productivity of phytoplankton is strong.
ANALYSIS OF ORGANIC MATERIAL CONTENT AND ABUNDANCE OF MACROZOOBENTHOS IN THE SOUTH BENGKALIS ISLAND, RIAU PROVINCE Razid, Muhamad; Amin, Bintal; Efriyeldi, Efriyeldi
Asian Journal of Aquatic Sciences Vol 4 No 2 (2021): Agustus 2021
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31258/ajoas.4.2.127-133

Abstract

This study was conducted in July-August 2020 by using sediment samples and macrozoobenthos in the southern part of Bengkalis Island, Riau Province. The aim of this study is to find out how much the organic matter content, the abundance of macrozoobenthos, and the correlation between the organic matter content of the sediments to the abundance of macrozoobenthos. This study used a survey method consisting of 3 stations with 3 transects in each station. The organic matter content of sediments revolved from 4.85 to 8.52% in the waters of the southern part of Bengkalis Island. The highest organic matter content was at station III, namely 8.52%, while the lowest organic matter content was at station II namely 4.85%. The abundance of organisms found at the three research stations was 4.04 to 5.96 ind/m2. The abundance average at all macrozoobenthic research stations was 4.93 ind/m2. The results of simple linear regression analysis of organic matter content and abundance of macrozoobenthos showed a very weak correlation
INVENTORY OF SEA CUCUMBER SPECIES (Holothuroidea) IN THE WATERS OF PANDARATAN BEACH SARUDIK DISTRICT, CENTRAL TAPANULI REGENCY, NORTH SUMATRA Panggabean, Iis Apriati; Samiaji, Joko; Efriyeldi, Efriyeldi
Asian Journal of Aquatic Sciences Vol 4 No 3 (2021): December
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31258/ajoas.4.3.178-184

Abstract

Pandaratan Beach is one of the beaches located in Central Tapanuli Regency, North Sumatra. Pandaratan Beach has a diverse potential of biological resources namely mangrove ecosystems, seagrass ecosystems, and coral reef ecosystems. Sea cucumbers are among the potentials in the beach. This research was conducted in February 2021. The purpose of this study is to find out the type, abundance and diversity of sea cucumbers in the waters of Pandaratan Beach. The method used was the survey and for the determination of the observation location was determined by purposive sampling. The results showed that 1 genera and 3 species of sea cucunbers were found, namely Holothuria scabra, Holothuria atra, and Holothuria leucospilota. The abundance of sea cucumbers ranged from 444 – 800 ind/ha. The highest relative abundance was found in the found in the species of Holothuria leucospilota at station I with a percentage of 66.67%. The sea cucumber diversity index ranged from 0.6515 - 1.1955.
STRUCTURE OF THE BENTHIC EPIFAUNA COMMUNITY IN MANGROVE ECOTOURISM AREA IN PANGKALAN JAMBI VILLAGE, BUKIT BATU DISTRICT, BENGKALIS REGENCY Arniati, Dina; Efriyeldi, Efriyeldi; Mubarak, Mubarak
Asian Journal of Aquatic Sciences Vol 4 No 3 (2021): December
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31258/ajoas.4.3.185-190

Abstract

Benthic epifauna are animals that generally live in coastal waters such as sandy/muddy beaches, coral reef ecosystems and mangrove ecosystems. The purpose of this study was to analyze the structure of the benthic epifauna community in Mangrove ecotourism, Pangkalan Jambi Village, Bukit Batu District, Bengkalis Regency. This study uses a survey method. Epifauna community structure parameters taken include species, abundance, diversity, uniformity, and dominance. The environmental parameters measured included water quality, substrate type and total organic matter content of the sediment. The number of species found was 9 species from 2 classes, namely Gastropods and Malacostraca with the most dominant species found, namely the benthic epifauna species Cerithidea quadrata. The highest abundance of benthic epifauna species Cerithidia quadrata was 1.04 Ind/m2. Based on the ANOVA test with a significant value of 0.115> 0.05, it means that the preference of the betik epifauna between stations was not significantly different.
SEDIMENT ORGANIC MATTER CONTENT AND MACROZOOBENTHOS ABUDANCE IN THE ESTUARY OF KAMBANG PESISIR SELATAN DISTRICT WEST SUMATERA Putri, Rahmi Delima; Nedi, Syahril; Efriyeldi, Efriyeldi
Asian Journal of Aquatic Sciences Vol 4 No 3 (2021): December
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31258/ajoas.4.3.191-196

Abstract

Around the Kambang Estuary, there are fish shelters (TPI), fishing boat ports, residential areas, and mangrove ecosystems. This causes a decrease in water quality due to the increase in organic matter, which has an impact on the life of macrozoobenthos. The study conducted in February 2021 aims to analyze the organic matter content of sediments, identify the type and abundance of macrozoobenthos and the relationship between sedimentary organic matter and the abundance of macrozoobenthos. Determination of stations using purposive sampling method. This research was carried out at 4 stations with 4 sampling points. The results showed that the organic matter content found varied from 4.23 to 8.47%. The abundance of macrozoobenthos ranged from 13.89 to 38.89 ind/m2. The species of macrozoobenthos found at the study site consisted of 8 species from 3 classes of bivalves, gastropods and malacostraca. The relationship between the organic matter content in the sediment and the abundance of macrozoobenthos is obtained by the equation Y = 22.734 + 0.319X, where the coefficient of determination (R2) is 0.003 and the correlation coefficient (r) is 0.054, which is a very weak shows correlation.