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The effectiveness of peat water media that is fermented slaughterhouse liquid waste for growing Spirullina sp. Ersyam, Taslima Fauzanah; Budijono, Budijono; Harahap, Sampe
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 7, No 1 (2020): Edisi 1 Januari - Juni 2020
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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ABSTRACTSlaughterhouse liquid waste contains fair organic materials that can be used as nutrient source for growing  Spirulina sp. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of fermented slaughterhouse waste as alternative nutrients for the growth of Spirulina sp. This study was conducted in September-October 2019. RAL method was applied with 5 different concentrations, there were 0 ml/4L (P0), 400 ml/4L (P1), 800 ml/4L (P2), 1,200 ml/4L (P3) and 1,600 ml/4L (P4), with 3 repetitions. Parameters measured were Spirulina sp. abundance, nitrate and phosphate content. Results shown that Spirulina sp. grow well in all treatments, except in control. The best result was provided by P3 (4,907 x 103cells/ml) that was achieved on the 9th day. Nitrate and phosphate content   decreased during the experiment, the nitrate was reduced by 5.2091 mg/L or 87.2 %, while the phosphate was reduced by 18.784 mg/L or 84.1 %. Based on data obtained, it can be concluded that the peat water can be enriched by addition of fermented slaughterhouse waste and it can be used as nutrients for growing Spirulina sp. Keywords: nutrient, liquid waste, microalgae, algae culture
MORPHOMETRIC AND MERISTIC ANALYSIS OF ASIAN KNIFEFISH (Notopterus notopterus) IN SAIL RIVER, PEKANBARU RIAU PROVINCE Mulyani, Isma; Budijono, Budijono
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Eksperimen dan Keanekaragaman Hayati Vol. 7 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Department of Biology Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences Universitas Lampung in collaboration with The Indonesian Association of Biology (PBI) Lampung Branch.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jbekh.v7i2.156

Abstract

This study was conducted from January-April 2017 located in Sail River, Pekanbaru City, Riau Province. The aim of this study was to investigate morphometric and meristic characters of Asian knifefish (Notopterus notopterus) besides as the most accurate initial identification of certain species. Fish samples were collected using sero (traditional setnet) to be further observed for their morphometric and meristic characters using ruler of 50 cm. Morphometric analysis applied to the Asian knifefish resulted in 23 characteristics. The highest value was found in the total length (TL) of female fish which reached 135-270 mm, while the lowest was in the characteristic of snout length (SNL) in male fish of 1,3-1,8 mm. A total of 8 meristic characteristics were observed, included: Dorsal fin rays (D), Pectoral fin rays (P), Ventral fin rays (V), Anal fin rays (A), Scales before dorsal fins, Circumference scales, Scales at caudal peduncle, and Scales along lateral line. According to its morphological characters, Asian knifefish has a flat body with sideways-elongated oval shaped and a humpback appearance. The shape of head near the back is relatively straight and scaly. The mouth of this species has protractile structure (able to protrude) with a terminal position and no tentacles. Asian knifefish has a large size of mouth opening as they are carnivorous fish. Adult fish has an evenly brown color, slightly concave dorsal shape, dark bands all over the body; and white-silver head color with enormous small gray spots. The fish body is covered with cycloid scales.
THE EFFECT OF BIORAFIA DENSITY ON DECREASING NITRATE ON THE SAIL RIVER Sitompul, Dorlan Rotua; Budijono, Budijono; M.Hasbi, M.Hasbi
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 6 (2019): Edisi 2 Juli s/d Desember 2019
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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ABSTRACT The Sail River has been contaminated with nitrate can be reduced by using biorafia (interweaving of several raffia knot masks that are mashed with shapes resembling duster as a place to attach to microorganisms). This study aimed to determine the effect of the density of biorafia in reducing levels of nitrate contained in the water of the Sail River. The study was conducted in March-April 2019 on the Sail River. This study uses a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with a single factor, namely biorafia. Using three treatments, namely different densities (P1 = infrequent / 50simple, P2 = moderate / 75impul and P3 = meeting / 100impul), and three replications. Sampling was carried out before and after passing biorafia on artificial trenches with a one-month interval. The results showed that biorafia was able to reduce the levels of nitrate with a decrease in average not much different. The decrease in nitrate ranges from 0.1375-0.33473 mg / L to 0.0750-0.1167 mg / L (35-44%). Biorafia can be used in reducing levels of nitrate. Keywords: Biorafia, Nitrate,raffia
The Effectiveness of Biorafia in Reducing Total Suspended Solid Content in the River Sail Water Fradillah.S, Nailul; Budijono, Budijono; M. Hasbi, M. Hasbi
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 6 (2019): Edisi 2 Juli s/d Desember 2019
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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AbstractSail River is one of the Siak watersheds which has high TSS levels. This study aims to determine the decrease in TSS levels using the different density of biorafia (plastic rope that functions as a filter). This research was conducted on the Sail River, from March to April 2019. The method used was CRD with 3 different biorafia densities: P1 (low density), P2 (medium density) and P3 (high density), with 3 replications. Sampling is done before passing the biorafia (inlet) and after passing through the biorafia (outlet). The highest reduction in TSS levels was found at moderate density (190 mg / L) with a decrease in effectiveness (EP) of 96,9%. The density of different biorafia does not significantly influence the decrease in TSS levels in the Sail River water. Keywords : Biocord, Biorafia, Suspended Solid and Bacteria
The effectiveness of fermented restaurant wastes addition on peat water that is used as Spirullina sp. culturemedia Patriodi, Rio; Budijono, Budijono; Harahap, Sampe
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 7, No 1 (2020): Edisi 1 Januari - Juni 2020
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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ABSTRACTWaste pollution One of the distributors that produces liquid waste and has the potential to pollute water is restaurants.Peat water has a low nutrient content, but can be enriched by addition of fermented restaurant waste. This media can be used to grow Spirullina sp. This study aims to determine the effect of the addition of fermented restaurant waste  as an alternative nutrient for the growth of Spirullina sp. This research was conducted in September-October 2019. RAL method was applied with 5 concentrations of fermented restaurant waste solutions, there were 400 ml / 2 L (P1), 800 ml / 2 L (P2), 1,200 ml / 2 L (P3), 1,600 ml / 2 L (P4), 0 ml / 2 L (P0/ control), with 3 repetitions. Each experimental unit was added with 100 ml of Spirullina sp (106 cells/L) and cultured for 10 days.  Results shown that Spirullina sp. grow well in all treatments, except control. The best results were obtained in P3 (5,625 x 106 cells/L and 3.0 g/L dried biomass) thatwas achieved in the 8th day.   Based on the data obtained, it can be concluded that peat water can be enriched by fermented restaurant waste and can be used as nutrition for the growth of Spirullina sp.Keywords :Pollution, Organik Matters, Microalgae, Alternative Nutrient.
PENGHILANGAN POLUTAN ORGANIK DALAM AIR BAKU AIR MINUM (SUNGAI SIAK) DENGAN PROSES BIOFILTER STRUKTUR SARANG TAWON Budijono, Budijono; Hasbi, M.
Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan Vol 12, No 01 (2007)
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31258/jpk.12.01.36-41

Abstract

Recently, raw water pollutions in big cities in Indonesia have become seriousproblems, especially in Pekanbaru, the capital of Riau Province. According to thisreason, it is important to develop appropriate low cost technology to solve thisproblem such as developing pretreatment using biological process such assubmerged biofilter. The present study describes the removal organic matter in theriver of Siak water using submerged biofilter with honeycomb tube plastic media.In this method, the removal efficiency of organic matter were affected byhydraulic retention time of the water in the reactor. The shorter hydraulic retentiontime, the less removal efficiency of organic matter.
Effect Of A Mixture Of Lime, Alum, And Ferrous Chloride With Different Doses To Improve Peat Water Quality Rahmi, Aulia; Budijono, Budijono; Purwanto, Eko
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 8, No 1 (2021): Edisi 1 Januari s/d Juni 2021
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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AbstractPeat water generally has an acidic pH, brownish-red color, and high turbidity. To improve the quality of peat water, coagulation-flocculation processing can be carried out. The types of coagulants used are lime, alum, and ferric chloride. This study aims to determine the effect of a mixture of lime, alum, and ferric chloride at different doses on improving the quality of peat water. Water samples were taken from Kualu Nenas Village, Tambang District, Kampar Regency, and Riau. This study used an experimental method with a completely randomized design. There were 4 treatments and 3 replications. Each treatment has a water volume of 1 liter with a settling time of 20 minutes. The data obtained were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) with SPSS ver 17.0 software. If there is a real effect, then the Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT) level of 5% is carried out. The treatments applied were, P1 (0.50 g lime + 0.41 g alum + 0.45 g ferric chloride), P2 (0.50 g lime + 0.476 g alum + 0.336 g ferric chloride), P3 (0.50 g ferric chloride). g lime + 0.544 g alum + 0.224 g ferric chloride, P4 (0.50 g lime + 0.612 g alum + 0.112 g ferric chloride). Based on the results obtained, it can be concluded that a mixture of lime, alum, and ferric chloride can improve the quality of peat water The best treatment was found in P1 0.50 g lime + 0.41 g alum + 0.45 g ferric chloride with pH measurements of 7.6, turbidity 2.28 NTU, color 44.7 Pt / Co and organic matter 49, 3 mg / L. Keyword: Coagulation, Flocculation, pH, Peat waterand Turbidity   
Content of Lead (Pb) in Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) at the outlet of the Koto Panjang Reservoir, Kampar Regency Yanti, Efrida; Budijono, Budijono; Purwanto, Eko
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 8, No 2 (2021): Edisi 2 Juli s/d Desember 2021
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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ABSTRACT Koto Panjang Reservoir has been contaminated by lead (Pb) and accumulated in fish. The reservoir inundation flow ends at the reservoir outlet inhabited by tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) which can accumulate high amounts of Pb. This study aims to determine the content of Pb in the gills and muscles of tilapia. The fishing survey was conducted in August - September 2021. Samples of gills and muscles of tilapia (O. niloticus) is taken from the catches of local fishermen. Pb content analyzed after acid extraction. The results showed that the lead (Pb) content in the gills was 0.0567 mg/kg higher than in the muscles (0.0049 mg/kg) and the content was still below the threshold so it was suitable for consumption.Keywords: Lead gill,muscles reservoir tilapia
The effectiveness of different dosages of Lime, Alum and Bentonite to improve peat water quality Situngkir, Devi Yanti; Budijono, Budijono; M. Hasbi, M. Hasbi
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 8, No 1 (2021): Edisi 1 Januari s/d Juni 2021
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract The quality of peat water in general is relatively low and it is  needed to be treated by using a coagulation system.  Mixture of lime, alum and bentonite might be used as coagulant agents. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of different dosages of lime, alum and bentonite in improving   the quality of peat water. Peat water samples were obtained from the Kualu Nenas Village, Kampar, Riau. The was CRD method applied and   data  were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) with SPSS version 17.0 software. If there is a significant effect, a   Duncan's Multiple Range Test 5% level of (DMRT) is applied. There were 4 treatments and 3 replications applied namely P1 (0.50 g lime + 1.36 g alum + 0.34 g bentonite), P2 (0.50 g lime + 1.02 g alum + 0.68 g bentonite), P3 (0.50 g lime + 0.68 g alum + 1.02 g bentonite), P4 (0.50 g lime+ 0.34 g alum + 1.36 g bentonite). In each treatment, a liter of peat water was treated with the mixture for 20 minutes. From these results it can be concluded that a mixture of lime, alum and bentonite can improve the quality of peat water. The best treatment was provided by  P2 and the result was pH 7.3, color 32.6 Pt/Co, turbidity 2.10 NTU and organic 37.9 mg / L.Keyword : Alum, Coagulation, Floculation, Turbidity, Organic matters
GROWTH OF Bacillaria sp. AS A PRELIMINARY STEP ON THE METAL TOXICITY TESTING Br Tarigan, Cresentia Karonina; Budijono, Budijono; M.Hasbi, M.Hasbi
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 8, No 2 (2021): Edisi 2 Juli s/d Desember 2021
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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                    ABSTRACTMicroalgae are primary producers for aquatic organisms and have the ability to absorb heavy metals up to a certain concentration. One of the microalgae is Bacillaria sp. This research was conducted to determine the ability of Bacillaria sp. as a biota requirement for heavy metal toxicity tests. Observation of growth of Bacillaria sp. carried out for 17 days in order to see all growth phases of Bacillaria sp. The results of this study indicate that there are 5 life phases of Bacillaria sp. namely the lag phase, acceleration phase, exponential phase, retardation phase and death phase. Bacillaria sp. qualified as test biota for heavy metal toxicity test according to the Asean-Canada Cooperative Program on Marine Science Phase II. The cell density of Bacillaria sp. on day 4 or at the beginning of the exponential phase is 1.36 x 106 cells/ml it can be seen that the cell density of Bacillaria sp. exceeds the minimum limit (1x106 cells/ml).Keywords:Bacillaria sp., Exponential, Density, Phytoplankton, Toxicity test