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In Vitro Culture Technology for the Production of Secondary Metabolites and the Development of Plants That are Resistant to Climate Change Sutini; Widiwurjani; Augustien, Nora; Guniarti; Pribadi, Didik Huswo; Purwanto, Djoko Agus; Muslihatin, Wirda
Nusantara Science and Technology Proceedings Seminar Nasional Magister Agroteknologi Fakultas Pertanian UPN “Veteran” Jawa Timur
Publisher : Future Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/nstp.2020.0604

Abstract

Climate change that we are experiencing today is triggered by global warming which causes air temperature to rise, drought-land degradation, fluctuating rainfall, floods, landslides, pollution, and rising sea levels. In the agricultural sector, this results in decreased soil fertility, decreased agricultural yields, physiological effects on plants, weed disturbances and attacks by pests. Therefore, the estimation strategy and the provision of adaptive technology include applying plant-invitro culture technology that can adapt to climate change. The problem of this paper is the decrease in productivity and the stagnation of secondary metabolite biomass production in plants. This problem can be overcome by adapting in vitro culture techniques to produce secondary metabolites and plant development. In vitro culture has advantages including it does not depend on climate, altitude, weather and environmental temperature. The aim of this study was to adapt the in vitro plant culture techniques to obtain secondary metabolites and adaptive plant development. The method used is a review of the literature related to in vitro culture techniques that can produce secondary metabolite biomass and the development of various plant varieties. The conclusion of this research is that in vitro culture techniques can produce a variety of secondary metabolites and adaptive plants. The implication of this paper is to obtain a variety of secondary metabolite biomass and various plants that are resistant to climate change.
The Effect of Kinds of Plant Media Contaminated with Factory Waste on Vegetative Growth of Corn Plant (Zea mays) and Rice Plant (Oriza Sativa) Sousa , David; Mindari, Wanti; Augustien, Nora
Nusantara Science and Technology Proceedings Seminar Nasional Magister Agroteknologi Fakultas Pertanian UPN “Veteran” Jawa Timur
Publisher : Future Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/nstp.2020.0606

Abstract

The fabrication industry plays a large role as a source of agricultural land pollution, especially in areas close to factories. Corn and rice plants are food crops that are needed by the community. Along with increasing environmental pollution, research is needed. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of plant media contaminated with plant waste on the vegetative growth of corn and rice plants. The research was carried out in the greenhouse and laboratory of the Land Resources of the Faculty of Agriculture of the East Java National Veterans Development University. This research uses a completely randomized factorial design with 2 factors. The first factor is the type of plant which consists of 2 factors (corn plants and rice plants). The second factor is the type of media contaminated with factory waste consisting of 6 levels of treatment (paper mills, pharmaceutical factories, trias factories, leather factories, batik factories and garden lands). The results of the treatment were 12 treatment combinations with 3 replications and using the Least Significant Difference test (LSD) of 5%. The results showed that plant media contaminated with factory waste showed a real interaction with the length of the corn plant + paper factory, corn + pharmaceutical factory, corn + trias factory and corn + batric factory at the age of 4 HST. The types of corn plants respond better at the beginning of plant growth, plant length, number of leaves and root length. Rice types give a better response to the number of leaves, tillers, number of tillers and number of roots. The type of pharmaceutical planting media gives a better effect on the parameters of plant length and number of leaves.
The Application of Organic Plant Media Composition on Indian Mustard Crops (Brassica Juncea L) in Polybag Augustien, Nora; Indah, Pawana Nur; Arika , Purnawati; Irsyad, Irsyad; Suhardjono , Hadi
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017)
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v1i1.3

Abstract

Indian mustard plants are the main vegetable crops consumed by urban communities. The need for this vegetable increases along with the increase in culinary tourism in each region and the government's appeal on sustainable food home. One effort made to meet the needs of vegetable mustard in urban areas can be cultivated using polybags. The main problem of vegetable cultivation on polybags is the availability of soil media. To overcome the limitations of soil media it is attempted to substitute it with organic litter enriched with MOL (local microorganisms). The purpose of research is to find the right combination of planting media for mustard plants. The results showed that the composition of K7 = soil: compost: litter of hay: litter of maize (2: 1: 1: 1) best on plant length, number of leaves, length of root leaves and number of roots while the wet weight of mustard plant (g) K7 = soil: compost: litter of maize: litter of corn (2: 1: 1: 1) and K8 = soil: compost: litter of maize: litter of maize: cocopeat (2: 1: 1: 1: 1) or soil: compost + urea. Increased weights of wet mustard by 63% compared to soil media and 20% compared to soil composition: compost + urea. Organic straw in the form of straw: litter of corn stalk: cocopeat enriched with MOL are able to become ready-made planting media on the cultivation of indian mustard plants in polybags.