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UJI BEBERAPA ZAT PENGATUR TUMBUH ALAMI TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN BIBIT KARET (Hevea brasiliensis Muell Arg) STUM MATA TIDUR Arif, Muhammad; ', Murniati; ', Ardian
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Wisuda Februari 2016
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Rubber plant (Hevea brasiliensis Muell Arg) was one of important plantation commodity as second source of foreign exchange after palm oil. The main result of rubber tree is latex as raw material for manufacture of transport equipment, medical and household appliances. This study aimed to determine the effect of the use some natural plant growth regulators on the growth of budded stump and get the best of natural plant growth regulators for budded stump rubber plant. This research has been carried out in technical services unit  of Agriculture Faculty, Riau University. This research was conducted with completely randomized design (CDR) consisting of 4 treatment namely : without giving PGR, giving coconut water, green bean extract, and young bamboo extract. Each treatment was repeated 4 times with each unit consisting of 3 seedling experiment and total number of seedling was prepare 48 seedling. The data were analyzed used analysis of variance (ANOVA) and continued by least significant difference (LSD) at 5%. The parameters measured were : buds appear time, shoot length, number of petiole, shoot diameter and leaf area. The result showed that provision of coconut water with 750 cc/l concentration showed the best growth of budded stump rubber plant at parameters buds appear time, shoot length, number of petiole and shoot diameter.   Keyword : rubber plant, budded stump, plant growth regulators
Pengaruh Lama Pengomposan Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit (Tkks) Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Perkembangan Bibit Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis jacq) Azlansyah, Boby; Silvina, Fetmi; ', Murniati
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
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The purpose of this research to get the receptable of long composting palm empty fruit bunches as mixed of media to support the growth and development of oil palm seedlings. This research was experiment and used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of 3 treatments with 6 replications, so there are 18 experimental units. Each unit consists of two plants. The treatment were:                 A1 = Composting two weeks, A2 = Composting four weeks, and A3 = Composting six weeks. The result of this research shown that the use of compost empaty fruit bunches with long composting influential to the seedling height and hump diameter, during composting 2, 4, and 6 weeks show indicates the number of leaf midrib, long of leaf, crown root ratio, dry weight of seedlings but during the six weeks long composting show higer vielt to get better growth and development of oil palm seedlings can use empaty fruit bunches.   Keywords: long composting, palm empty fruit bunches, oil palm seedlings.
PENGARUH BEBERAPA DOSIS LIMBAH PADAT PABRIK KELAPA SAWIT (SLUDGE) TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN BIBIT KELAPA SAWIT (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) DI PEMBIBITAN UTAMA. Suciati, Rini; saputra, Sukemi indra; ', Murniati
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Wisuda February 2015
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This research aims to obtain the best sludge dose for growth of oil palm seeds in main nursery. Research was conducted in the field of Technical Implementation Unit (UPT) experimental garden Faculty of Agriculture, University of Riau, from April to August 2014. The research was carried out experimentsaly using Completely Randomized Design (CRD), consists of 5 treatments and 4 replications, then obtain 20 experimental units. Each experimental unit consist of 3 seeds so that there are 60 seeds. Two seeds each experimental unit were sampled. Each treatment without sludge, sludge at a dose of 40 g/polybag equivalent to 10 tonnes/ha, sludge at a dose of 80 g/polybag equivalent to 20 tonnes/ha, sludge at a dose of 120 g/polybag equivalent to 30 tonnes/ha and sludge with a dose of 160 g/polybag equivalent to 40 tonnes/ha. Parameters measured were the increase of seed height, increase of stump diameter, number of leaf sheaths, roots and seed crown ratio dry stools. Data were analyzed statistically using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Analysis of variance result followed by Duncan test at 5% level. The results shows giving some doses of sludge in the oil palm seedlings significant effect on increase of seed height, increase of stump diameter, roots crown ratio and seeds dry weight, but not significant effected on increase of leaf midrib. Giving sludge 120 g/polybag and 160 g/polybag gave the best results for all parameters compared with other treatments. Keywords: Sludge, oil palm, main nursery
RESPON TANAMAN KEDELAI (Glycine max (L) Merril) TERHADAP ETHEPON PADA JARAK TANAM YANG BERBEDA Tondang, Dewi A; Rasyad, Aslim; ', Murniati
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
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The objective of this researchis to determine the response of soybean (Glycine max (L) Merril) on application of ethepon under two planting spaces and to determine the concentration of ethepon application for a specific planting space.A field experiment was conducted by using split plot design, in which four levels of ethepon concentration ie; 100 ppm, 200 ppm, 300 ppm and control were assigned to main plots and two levels of planting spaces ie; 40 cm x 15 cm and   40 cm x 20 cm were assigned as subplot. Parameters observed were plant height 35 days after planting, number of primary branches, internode length of the main stem, plant growth rate, leaf area index, days to flowering, grain yield per plot , and 100-seed weight. The data were analyzed by analysis of variance andfurther investigated by least significant difference atp = 0.05. The result shown thatethepon application tented to shorten plant height and internodes height, lessen the number of primary branches, decreased leaf area and leaf area index, accelerate flowering dates and decreased grain yield per plot, but not for 100-seed weight. The implication drawn from this research was that application of ethepon could not be recommended for soybean.   Keywords: soybean, ethepon, plant spacing
PENGARUH PUPUK N, P, K DAN PUPUK ORGANIK CAIR (POC) TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN, HASIL DAN EFISIENSI PRODUKSI TANAMAN PADI GOGO (Oryza sativa L.) DI MEDIUM TANAH ULTISOL Habibullah, Muhammad; ', Idwar; ', Murniati
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
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The research was conducted in the greenhouse of the Faculty of agriculture, University of Riau, Pekanbaru Campus Binawidya Km 12.5 From April until September 2014. Trial using completely randomized design (CRD) factorial. First factor fertilizer N, P, K consists of 5 levels (0 g/polybag, 0.17 N, 0.09 P2O5,0.11K2O g/polybag, 0.35 N, 0.18P2O5, 0.23K2O g/polybag, 0.52N, 0.27P2O5, 0.34K2O g/polybag and 0.69N, 0.36P2O5,0.45K2O g/polybag) and OLF the second factor consists of 3 levels (0 ml, 350 ml and 700 ml/polybag). Treatment was repeated 3 times. Data results were analyzed statistically operates with anova and Duncan test continued level of 5%. The observed parameters is high plant, tillers maximum term, term productive tillers, harvest, long panicles per clump, clump of grain per time period, weight dry milled grain, percentage of grain pithy, weight of 100 grains, the efficiency of production and the effect of OLF differences efficiency of N, P, K. Results indicate combination of 0.69N, 0.36P2O5, 0.45K2O g/polybagwith OLF 700 ml/polybag increase high plant, tillers maximum term, term productive tillers, age harvest, long panicles per clump, period of grains per panicle, percentage of grain pithy, dry milled grain weight and production efficiency.   Keywords: upland rice, N, P, K, liquid organic fertilizer, production efficiency.
PERTUMBUHAN STEK BATANG TANAMAN BUAH NAGA (Hylocereus costaricensis) DENGAN PEMBERIAN BEBERAPA KONSENTRASI URIN SAPI Yunanda, Jhon; Yoseva, Sri; ', Murniati
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Wisuda February 2015
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Dragon fruit (Hylocereus costaricensis) is a type of cactus plants are relatively new in Indonesian society . Dragon fruit cultivation in Indonesia can develop properly due to the tropical climate in Indonesia which provide appropriate environmental conditions for dragon fruit to growth. The research was conducted at Experimental  Farm  Agricultural Faculty  University  of  Riau, Pekanbaru from December 2013 to March 2014. The research used a completely randomized  design  with  four treatments and five replication. Each experimental unit consisted of 3 plants and 2 plants were sampled. The treatment consist of zero cow urine (U0), cow urine 25% concentration (U1), cow urine 50% concentration (U2) and cow urine 75% concentration (U3). Parameters measured were the time appeared shoots, number of shoots, shoot length, root length increase, increase the number of roots, root volume, fresh weight and dry weight of seedlings. The results showed that the difference in cow urine concentrations give a different effect on the growth of the origin of dragon fruit plant propagating cuttings. Cow urine concentrations of 50% tend to give the best effect at the time appeared shoots, number of shoots, root number, root length, root volume, fresh weight and dry weight of dragon fruit plant propagating material. Keywords : Dragon fruit cutting, cow’s urine, growth.
Aplikasi Kompos Serasah Jagung Degan Bahan Pengkaya Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Tanaman Jagung Manis (Zea mays saccharata Sturt) Syafii, Muhammad; Ariani, Erlida; ', Murniati
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober 2014
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Corn is the second of carbohydrate sources after rice that holding the most important role as a food source. Sweet corn is the one kind of corn that most people liked. This corn lifespan is early-ripening, have a high price and contain a high sugar that resulting as a business with a good prospects. The one ways that we can do to get a good productivity is with fertilizing. Fertilizing with organic compound such as compost can reduce the toxicity, plant nutrient buffer, repairing soil structure, increasing the efficiency of fertilizer, reducing the risk of erosion and helping on increasing supplied of macro and micro nutrient. This research aim is to get the best richer substance for corn manure compost that can support sweet corn (Zea mays saccharata Sturt) growth and productions. This research implementing experimentally used Complete Random Design, contain 5 treatments with 4 replications. The observing parameter is plant high, weight of dry plant, appearing of male flower, appearing of female flower, corn stem diameter, corn stem length, corn stem weight without husk per plot (g), analysis of C-organic, N, P and K contained on compost. The gained data analyzing used random analyzes and continued with Duncan test leveled 5 %. This research result showed that giving a corn manure as richer substance can increasing N, P and K of corn manure compost and give a same response at growth but it can increasing the sweet corn (Zea mays saccharata Sturt) productions. Keywords : Sweet corn, compost, richer substance
Keragaan Karakter Agronomi Beberapa Genotipe Tomat (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) di Dataran Rendah ', Sumiasih; ', Murniati; ', Deviona
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober 2014
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This objective of the study is to determine the performance of some tomato genotypes, agronomic characters in low land. The experiment was conducted from June to October 2013 et experiment yield, Agriculture Faculty University of Riau. The experiment used randomized block design (RBD) with three replications. The treatments were 9 genotype i.e. IPB 13 x IPB 3,IPB 64 x IPB 3,IPB 64 x IPB 13, IPB 78 x IPB 3,IPB 78 x IPB 13, IPB 78 x IPB 64, Permata, Jawara and Fortuna. The parameters are plant height, stem diameter, flowering date, harvesting date, fruit length, fruit diameter, number of fruit cavities, fruit flesh thicness, number of fruit per plant, weight per fruit and total fruit weight per plant. The results showed that genotypes significantly affected all of the parameter except stem diameter. IPB 78 x IPB 64 had the highest fruit length, fruit diameter, fruit flesh thicness, weight per fruit and total fruit weight per plant.   Key word: Performance, tomato, low land
PENGARUH PERBANDINGAN LIMBAH PADAT (SLUDGE) PABRIK KELAPA SAWIT DENGAN TANAH PODSOLIK MERAH KUNING SEBAGAI MEDIA TANAM TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN BIBIT KAKAO (Theobroma cacao L.) Rahmawan, Dwi; Saputra, Sukemi Indra; ', Murniati
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
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This research aimed to determine the effect comparison Red Yellow Podzolic soil and sludge as growing media and get the best comparison that can support the growth and development of cocoa seedlings. The research was carried out experiments with 5 treatments using completely randomized design (CRD), each treatment was repeated four times so that there are 20 experimental units and each unit consists of 6 seed experiment so that the total population are120 seedlings. Treatments are: yellow red podzolic land only, 3 parts yellow red podzolic land: 1 part sludge, 2 parts yellow red podzolic land: 1 part sludge, 1 part yellow red podzolic land: 1 part sludgeand 1 part yellow red podzolic land : 2 part sludge with a ratio of parts by weight. Parameters measured were higher seed, stem diameter, number of leaves, leaf area,roots and crown ratio and dry of weight. Data were analyzed statistically and followed by Duncan's test at 5% level. Comparison of yellow red podzolic land with sludge as a soil media showed significant effect on plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves, leaf area, canopy ratio of dry weight of roots and seeds. Treatment of 1 part ground yellow red podzolic land: 1 part sludge showed the best results for the growth and development of cocoa seedlings. Keywords :cocoa, yellow red podzolic land, sludge
Keragaan Beberapa Genotipe Tomat (Lycopersicum esculentum mill.) di Dataran Rendah Idham, Muhammad Muas; ', Ardian; ', Murniati
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
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The study was conducted from October to March 2013 at Agriculture faculty, University of Riau . The experimental design used was Randomized  Block Design (RBD), consisting of 6 treatments and 3 replications, which is total 18 experimental units. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and tested further by Least Significant Difference (LSD) level of 5 %. The parameters measured were plant height (cm), stem diameter (cm), days to flowering days after sowing (DAS), days to harvesting after sowing (DAS), fruit length (cm), fruit diameter (cm), number of fruit space, fruit flesh thickness (mm), number of seeds per gram, number of fruits per plant, weight per fruit (g) and weight of fruit per plant (g). The results show variability genotypes tested and the results are different in each genotype . Tomato strains tested have the ability to grow and yield better than varieties Ratna and Karina as a comparison . IPB T43-6-8 and IPB T34-7-7 is a strain with high yield . IPB T60- 2-6  and IPB T65-9-2012 is a strain that has a moderate yield, as well as Ratna and Karina is a variety which has the lowest yield. Key words : Lycopersicum esculentum, low plain