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EFEK SAMPING OBAT ANTI TUBERKULOSIS (OAT) DAN PENANGANANNYA PADA PASIEN TUBERKULOSIS (TB) DI PUSKESMAS PERUMNAS KOTA KENDARI Musdalipah, Musdalipah; Nurhikma, Eny; Karmilah, Karmilah; Fakhrurazi, Muh.
Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 4 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : jurnal ilmiah manuntung akademi farmasi samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (321.779 KB)

Abstract

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which mostly (80%) attacks the lungs. Tuberculosis is one of the diseases that attacks people with the relatively high percentage and can effect in death. This study aims to determine how the use of anti-tuberculosis drugs in TB patients cause bad side effects and how the treatment of the side effect.The method of this research is descriptive with cross sectional study design. The sampling techniques are Retrospective and Prospective research. The data tabulation taken by distributed questionnaires and interviews to the TB patients and health worker. The data was collected at the Perumnas public health center of Kendari, which was 21 patients who were undergoing treatment stage and also had fulfilled the inclusion criteria that have been determined. The results showed that 21 tuberculosis patients at the Perumnas public health center of Kendari experienced the side-effects such as nausea and vomiting, hematuria, loss of appetite, fever, joint, itch, and skin redness. The most common side effects were queasy and hematuria with the same percentage of 71,5%. The treatment of side effects done by giving the drugs information and providing the drug therapy in agree with the complaints.   Keywords : Tuberculosis, Side-effects, Anti-Tuberculosis
FORMULASI DAN UJI EFEKTIVITAS MASKER PEEL OFF PATI JAGUNG (Zea mays sacchrata) SEBAGAI PERAWATAN KULIT WAJAH Karmilah, Karmilah; Rusli, Nirwati
Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 4 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : jurnal ilmiah manuntung akademi farmasi samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (445.591 KB)

Abstract

Corn is one ingredient that has been used empirically as a facial skin care. Peel-off facial mask has the advantage over the other types, it can lifted or removed as an elastic membrane easily. The purpose of this research was to formulate a peel-off facial mask of corn starch that qualifed for the evaluation of the preparation and its effectiveness test as skin care. This research is experimental research, that is making 3 formula with variation of corn starch concentration as active substance that is 5%, 10%, and 15% which aim to know optimal concentration as peel-off mask facial skin care. Based on the results of evaluation of formula A preparations with 5% active ingredient that meets the dosage evaluation, the formula that meets the evaluation of the dosage is then tested effectiveness as facial skin care. Effectiveness test using 3 respondents that is acne skin, blackhead skin, and oily skin. Test result conducted for 4 days with a view before and after use, peel-off corn starch mask capable of providing facial skin care effect is characterized by changes in skin becomes brighter, less acne and blackheads.   Keywords : Peel-off facial mask, corn starch, facial skin care
PENGARUH JENIS SEDIAAN TOPIKAL EKSTRAK GONAD LANDAK LAUT (Diadema setosum) SEBAGAI PENYEMBUH LUKA BAKAR PADA KELINCI (Oryctolagus cuniculus) Karmilah, Karmilah; Badia, Esti
Window of Health : Jurnal Kesehatan Vol. 2 No. 1 (Januari, 2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (761.613 KB) | DOI: 10.33368/woh.v0i0.129

Abstract

Burns is a form of tissue damage or loss caused by contact with heat sources such as fire, hot water, chemicals, electricity, and radiation. Sea urchin gonads contain high protein compounds, flavonoids, triterpenoids, steroids, saponins, and alkaloids that can prevent infection, anti-inflammatory, and help regenerate new cells. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the differences in the dosage form of topical preparations of sea urchin gonad 4% gave effect to the healing of burns based on wound healing up to 100%. The materials used in this study were ointments, creams, and gels containing 4% gonad sea urchin extract, ethyl chloride, alcohol. This study used an experimental method consisting of 8 treatment groups, namely 3 treatment groups prepared ointments, creams, and gels, 3 groups of preparations without extract (placebo), and 2 control groups. Each group is repeated three times (replication treatment). Descriptive results, preparations of ointments, creams, and gels provide healing effects of burns up to 100% for 27-30 days. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistical test results obtained p values> 0.05 (0.2) which means that data is normally distributed. The ANOVA test results p <0.05 (0.000) showed that all treatments gave significantly different effects. Based on the BNT test, it shows 4% of sea urchin gonad extract made in the form of ointment is more effective in healing burns.
Efektivitas Pemungutan Pajak Reklame terhadap Peningkatan Pendapatan Asli Daerah Kota Makassar Karmilah, Karmilah; Hasrillah, Hasrillah
YUME : Journal of Management Vol 4, No 3 (2021)
Publisher : Pascasarjana STIE Amkop Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.2568/yum.v4i3.1132

Abstract

AbstarctThis study aims (1) to find out how the effectiveness of the collection of Advertising Tax on Regional Original Revenue of Makassar City. (2) To find out what are the obstacles to collecting Advertising Tax by the Makassar City Regional Revenue Agency.The type of research used is qualitative research with data collection techniques through observations, interviews and documentation with data analysis using Data Reduction, Data Presentation and Conclusion Drawing and Verification techniques. The results of the study indicate that the collection of Advertising Tax is quite effective in increasing Makassar City's Original Regional Revenue. The effectiveness of advertising tax collection has increased from year to year. In 2017, the level of effectiveness of collecting advertisement tax from the realization received experienced a significant increase of 160.25% (very effective). Likewise, in 2018 the level of effectiveness of collecting advertisement tax from the realization received was 118.11% (very effective). And in 2019 the level of effectiveness of collecting advertisement tax from realization was 101.21% (very effective). And in 2020 the level of effectiveness of collecting Advertising Tax from realization is 113.68%. Keywords: Effectiveness, Collection, Advertising Tax, Local Revenue.
THE INFLUENCE OF THE AUDIT COMMITTEE AND FRAUD DIAMOND ON FRAUDULENT FINANCIAL STATEMENT IN MANUFACTURING COMPANIES OF VARIOUS INDUSTRIES SECTOR LISTED ON THE INDONESIA STOCK EXCHANGE Suripto, Suripto -; Karmilah, Karmilah
International Journal of Economics, Business and Accounting Research (IJEBAR) Vol 5, No 3 (2021): IJEBAR : Vol. 05, Issue 03, September 2021
Publisher : LPPM ITB AAS INDONESIA (d.h STIE AAS Surakarta)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29040/ijebar.v5i3.2721

Abstract

Fraudulend financial statement are generally difficult to detect, due to the various motivations behind the actions taken. The purpose of this study is to prove the effect of the audit committee and the fraud diamond on the fraudulent financial statement by looking at the effect of the variables that are proxies in this study. The population in this study were manufacturing companies in the various industrial sectors in 2015-2019. The sampling technique in this research is purposive sampling. The type of data used is secondary data from the Indonesia Stock Exchange in the form of an annual report. The sample in this study were 22 companies, with 110 observational data. The type of research method used is panel data regression analysis method. The results of the analysis of this study indicate that simultaneously the audit committee and the fraud command element have an effect on the fraudulent financial statement and partially show that only financial stability and financial targets have an effect on the fraudulent financial statement. While the financial target variables, nature of industry, ineffective monitoring, change in auditors, change of directors and audit committees have no effect on fraudulent financial statement. Keywords: Audit Committee, Fraud Diamond, Fraudulent Financial Statements, Manufacturing Companies of Various Industries Sector