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Deteksi Dini Kanker Serviks dengan IVA Test pada Kelompok Rentan Terkena HIV Astuti, Dhesi Ari; Kurniati, Nurul
Jurnal Surya Masyarakat Vol 1, No 2 (2019): Mei 2019
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26714/jsm.1.2.2019.111-115

Abstract

Di Indonesia, jumlah kasus baru HIV positif yang dilaporkan pada Tahun 2015 sebanyak 30.935 kasus, menurun dibandingkan tahun sebelumnya. Perkumpulan Ibu-ibu  Dasa Wisma Seruni merupakan perkumpulan ibu-ibu di wilayah Balecatur yang memiliki karakteristik dari segi profesi beragam, meliputi tenaga kesehatan, tenaga kependidikan, dan 70 % adalah IRT. Jenis pekerjaan yang dimiliki jika diperhatikan merupakan jenis pekerjaan yang rentan terhadap penularan HIV/AIDS dan paparan HIV/AIDS ini erat kaitannya dengan Kanker Serviks yaitu sopir truk antar kota, pelayar kapal, tenaga kerja di Arab. Balecatur merupakan wilayah di Kabupaten Sleman yang keberadaannya dekat dengan Jalan Wates sehingga merupakan wilayah yang berisiko dengan akses ke penjaja seks tidak langsung. Tujuan kegiatan adalah transfer informasi dan skrining Ca.Cerviks memlaui pemeriksaan IVA pada ibu rumah tangga di wilayah Dasawisma Dusun Ngaran Balecatur. Metode pelaksanaan kegiatan dengan melakukan skrining pada ibu ibu di perkumpulan Dasawisma Seruni Balecatur, karena skrining ini terutama dilakukan pada kelompok yang rentan terhadap paparan HIV yakni karena telah di ketahui bahwa pada kelompok ini akan lebih mudah terkena paparan HPV penyebab kanker serviks. Skrining dilakukan pada 15 ibu dasawisma yang telah dilakukan anamnesa dan pemeriksaan vtal sign terlebih dahulu. Kegiatan IbM skrining IVA ini hasilnya dari 15 ibu terdapat 13 hasil normal dan 2 ibu perlu rujukan ke puskesmas. Sebagai upaya tindak lanjut dari kegiatn ini diperlukan kerjaam dengan lintas sektor baik itu perangkat desa di masyarakat maupun dengan sektor penyedia layanan kesehatan untuk dapat melakukan kegiatan serupa secara rutin sehingga bisa menjamin kualitas kesehatan masyarakat pada umumnya.Kata kunci: deteksi dini, kanker serviks, IVA.AbstractIn Indonesia, the number of new HIV positive cases reported in 2015 was 30,935 cases, down from the previous year. The Dasawisma Seruni is an association of mothers in the Balecatur region who have various professional characteristics, including health workers, education staff, and 70% are IRTs. The type of work that is owned if it is considered is the type of work that is susceptible to HIV / AIDS transmission and exposure to HIV / AIDS is closely related to Cervical Cancer namely inter-city truck drivers, ship sailors, workers in Arabia. Balecatur is an area in Sleman Regency which is close to  Wates Street, making it a risky area with access to indirect sex workers. The purpose of the activity was the transfer of information and screening of Cervical Cancer through IVA examination in housewives in the Dasawisma area of Ngaran, Balecatur. The method of carrying out activities is by screening mothers in the Dasawisma Seruni Balecatur , because screening is mainly done in groups vulnerable to HIV exposure because it is known that this group will be more susceptible to exposure to HPV causing cervical cancer. Screening was carried out on 15 charismatic mothers who had done anamnesa and vtal sign examination first. The IbM IVA screening activity results from 15 mothers with 13 normal results and 2 mothers needing referral to the puskesmas. As a follow-up effort, these activities require cross-sectoral work, both village officials in the community and with the health care provider sector to be able to carry out similar activities on a regular basis so that they can guarantee the quality of public health in general.
Maternal Age and Length of Work Influencing Breastfeeding Self Efficacy in Primiparous Pregnant Women at Istri Utami Midwifery care Kurniati, Nurul; Nurhidayati, Siti
International Journal of Health Science and Technology Vol 2, No 1 (2020): Juli
Publisher : Universitas 'Aisyiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31101/ijhst.v2i1.1828

Abstract

Nutrition Monitoring in 2016 shows that coverage of exclusive breast milk 54.0% below the national target of 80%. Breastfeeding self efficacy score measurement to predict mother's belief in giving brest milk. This research aims to know the influence of maternal age and long work with breastfeeding self efficacy This research used survey method with cross sectional approach , population and sample 64 pregnant women in third trimester, primipara both working and not working, sampling using accidental sampling and questionnaire instrument retrieval data using BSE-SF (Breastfeeding Self Efficacy-Short Form) at Istri Utami Midwifery care. The results of the study proved a statistically significant test showing that there was a relationship between age and length of work with Breastfeeding self efficacy in third trimester of pregnant women with p-value 0.022 0.05 and p-value 0.002 0.05. Multivariate statistical test results obtained for lenght work has the most significant relationship of these two factors. Length works have smallest value of p 0.002 (Exs β = 6,153).  Health Technology Assessment (HTA), use of BSE-SF in health service as maternal readiness screening in breastfeeding, support strategy formation  in  place  works  to  create  an  environment  and  time  support  to  increase  the  duration  of breastfeeding in mothers working.
The experience of adolescents being mothers at a young age scoping review Anggriani, Yunita; Kurniati, Nurul; Mahmudah, Nurul
International Journal of Health Science and Technology Vol 3, No 2 (2021): November
Publisher : Universitas 'Aisyiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31101/ijhst.v3i2.1958

Abstract

Life changes that occur in adolescents who marry at a young age provide challenges for adolescents in living a new life. The period of marriage, pregnancy and childbirth experienced by adolescents at a young age becomes a new transition stage for them to take on a new role to become a mother. The aim of the scoping review is to review evidence related to adolescent experiences of motherhood at a young age. This scoping review used the Arksey and O'Malley framework. Identification of relevant studies used 4 databases. The results of this scoping review consisted of 15 selected articles. The results of the thematic analysis emerged 2 themes, which were the psychological state of adolescents to become mothers at a young age and the support needed by adolescents when they become mothers at a young age. 
Strategy to improve adolescent knowledge on sex education: scoping review Pratami, Yustika Rahmawati; Kurniati, Nurul; Mahmudah, Nurul
International Journal of Health Science and Technology Vol 2, No 3 (2021): April
Publisher : Universitas 'Aisyiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31101/ijhst.v2i3.1957

Abstract

Background : Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) plays an important role in preparing adolescents for safe, productive lives, and understanding about HIV and AIDS, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), unwanted pregnancy, Gender-Based Violence (GBV), and Gender inequality still pose serious risks to their well-being. Study Aim : Determine the method most instrumental in improving adolescents' knowledge about adolescent sex education and teens identify constraints in obtaining information on sex education. Methods : Stage approach to review the literature using framework Arskey and O'Malley. The framework used to manage with PEOS research questions so that the search strategy uses 5 databases, viz. Pubmed, Science Direct, Wiley, Proquest, And Ebsco with the identification of the relevant study according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: Each method has its contribution in providing information and knowledge about sex education to adolescents, however the source of the greatest role in providing sex education information mostly came from digital sources both internet and TV media. The lack of role of parents and teachers to provide enough information about sex education is reflected in the results and the above discussion. Problems in adolescent sexual behavior that negatively due to inaccurate sources such as peer and the internet and added with minimal information from parents and teachers in which teenagers hoping to get information about sex education from parents and teachers.
Risk factors of post-traumatic stress disorder post partum: a scoping review Kutria, Sitti; Nuzuliana, Rosmita; Kurniati, Nurul
International Journal of Health Science and Technology Vol 3, No 2 (2021): November
Publisher : Universitas 'Aisyiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31101/ijhst.v3i2.1968

Abstract

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a condition after giving birth, the situation is the main cause result in psychological stress which is characterized to hallucinate, memory disturbances, avoidance, and excessive alertness. This study, identify scientific and clinical views of the results of previous studies, to provide a baseline in identifying the factors that cause traumatic events after childbirth. The method used is a scoping review which consists of 5 stages, namely: focus review, conducting a literature search, determining several relevant studies, conducting critical assessments, tracing various data, analyzing and reporting results. PRISMA flowchart (Optional Reporting Items for Systematic and Meta-analysis) was used in the literature search. 12 selected literature and graded (A). The results showed that there are several factors that cause symptoms of PTSD after childbirth including cesarean delivery, service by health workers, previous experience of childbirth history and women having a history of psychosocial disorders.
Awareness women of childbearing age on early detection cervical cancer: a scoping review Rukmana, Siti; Rokhanawati, Dewi; Kurniati, Nurul
International Journal of Health Science and Technology Vol 3, No 2 (2021): November
Publisher : Universitas 'Aisyiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31101/ijhst.v3i2.1966

Abstract

Cervical cancer is caused by HPV acquired by sexual intercourse. Women know that screening is done to detect cervical cancer early. The purpose of this review is to determine the awareness of early detection of cervical cancer in women of childbearing age. Scoping Review by Arksey and O'Malley. Date based are Wiley, Pubmed, Proquest and EBSCO. 9 articles were reviewed by  JBI. The results revealed  the factors that influence women for  early detection types of cervical cancer form of knowledges and education, good knowledge can generate women's awareness of early detection, health promotion and socialization from healthcare proffessionals is very influential.