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Studi Ekologi Faktor Cuaca, Pencemaran Udara Akibat Kabut Asap Dan Kejadian ISPA di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi, 2015-2016 rinaldi daswito
Jurnal Kesehatan Vol 12 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan
Publisher : UPPM Poltekkes Kemenkes Ternate

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (605.993 KB) | DOI: 10.32763/juke.v12i2.169

Abstract

Bencana asap akibat kebakaraan hutan sangat serius terjadi di Provinsi Jambi. Kabupaten Muaro Jambi merupakan Kabupaten/Kota kedua yang paling parah mengalami bencana kebakaran hutan dan lahan. Angka insidensi ISPA selama masa darurat bencana asap tercatat 900 hingga 1500 kasus per minggu selama bulan September sampai November 2015 di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi. Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui pola hubungan faktor cuaca (curah hujan, kelembaban udara, suhu udara, lama penyinaran matahari dan kecepatan angin), hotspot (titik api) dan PM10 terhadap kejadian ISPA di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi tahun 2015-2016. Penelitian ini menggunakan studi ekologi dengan pendekatan spasial-temporal. Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah wilayah administrasi Kabupaten Muaro Jambi dengan kejadian penderita ISPA selama periode tahun 2015-2016. Keseluruhan kasus ISPA diteliti dalam penelitian ini yang terjadi selama periode tahun 2015-2016. Terdapat hubungan secara statistik antara variabel lama penyinaran matahari dengan kejadian ISPA (p=0,0089, r= -0,0522). Hasil analisis grafik/ analisis time-trend terdapat pola hubungan searah antara PM10 dan hotspot dengan kejadian ISPA sedangkan pola hubungan yang berlawanan cenderung terlihat antara curah hujan dengan, kelembaban udara dan lama penyinaran matahari dengan kejadian ISPA. Perlu peningkatan kesadaran masyarakat akan bahaya yang ditimbulkan akibat prilaku membakar lahan terutama pada musim kemarau serta Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten/Kota maupun Provinsi dapat menggunakan data variabel cuaca dan pencemaran udara serta titik api (hotspot) dalam survailance penyakit ISPA untuk upaya mitigasi dan kewaspadaan dini terhadap peningkatan kejadian ISPA terutama pada musim kemarau setiap tahunnya.
STUDI EKOLOGI FAKTOR CUACA, PENCEMARAN UDARA AKIBAT KABUT ASAP DAN KEJADIAN ISPA DI KABUPATEN MUARO JAMBI, 2015-2016 daswito, rinaldi
Jurnal Kesehatan Vol 12 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Poltekkes Kemenkes Ternate
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Ternate, Maluku Utara, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (605.993 KB) | DOI: 10.32763/jurnal kesehatan.v12i2.169

Abstract

Bencana asap akibat kebakaraan hutan sangat serius terjadi di Provinsi Jambi. Kabupaten Muaro Jambi merupakan Kabupaten/Kota kedua yang paling parah mengalami bencana kebakaran hutan dan lahan. Angka insidensi ISPA selama masa darurat bencana asap tercatat 900 hingga 1500 kasus per minggu selama bulan September sampai November 2015 di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi. Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui pola hubungan faktor cuaca (curah hujan, kelembaban udara, suhu udara, lama penyinaran matahari dan kecepatan angin), hotspot (titik api) dan PM10 terhadap kejadian ISPA di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi tahun 2015-2016. Penelitian ini menggunakan studi ekologi dengan pendekatan spasial-temporal. Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah wilayah administrasi Kabupaten Muaro Jambi dengan kejadian penderita ISPA selama periode tahun 2015-2016. Keseluruhan kasus ISPA diteliti dalam penelitian ini yang terjadi selama periode tahun 2015-2016. Terdapat hubungan secara statistik antara variabel lama penyinaran matahari dengan kejadian ISPA (p=0,0089, r= -0,0522). Hasil analisis grafik/ analisis time-trend terdapat pola hubungan searah antara PM10 dan hotspot dengan kejadian ISPA sedangkan pola hubungan yang berlawanan cenderung terlihat antara curah hujan dengan, kelembaban udara dan lama penyinaran matahari dengan kejadian ISPA. Perlu peningkatan kesadaran masyarakat akan bahaya yang ditimbulkan akibat prilaku membakar lahan terutama pada musim kemarau serta Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten/Kota maupun Provinsi dapat menggunakan data variabel cuaca dan pencemaran udara serta titik api (hotspot) dalam survailance penyakit ISPA untuk upaya mitigasi dan kewaspadaan dini terhadap peningkatan kejadian ISPA terutama pada musim kemarau setiap tahunnya. 
Efektifitas Ekstrak Daun Sirih Hijau (Piper Betle) sebagai Insektisida Nabati terhadap Mortalitas Lalat Rumah (Musca domestica) Rinaldi Daswito; Rima Folentia; M Yusuf M F
Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu (Integrated Health Journal) Vol 10 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu (Integrated Health Journal) November 2019
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Maluku

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32695/jkt.v10i2.42

Abstract

One of the diseases that can be transmitted by flies is diarrhea. Green betel leaf contains essential oils, chavicol, arecoline, phenol, and tannins which function as plant-based insecticides. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of green betel leaf extract (Piper betel) as a plant-based insecticide on the number of mortality of house flies (Musca domestica). The research was an experimental study used After Only Design used the One Way Anova test with a 95% confidence level. The samples used were 360 ​​house flies. Each treatment of 30 house flies with 4 repetitions and used three concentrations of green betel leaf extract (25%, 50%, 75%). The study was conducted at the Chemistry and Microbiology Laboratory of Health Polytechnic Tanjungpinang, while the location of the fly collection was at the Tokojo Garbage Collection Station in Bintan Regency. The number of mortality of house flies at a concentration of 25% was 81 heads (67.5%), 50% concentrations were 93 heads (77.5%), and at a concentration of 75% were 103 heads (85.83%). There was an effect of green betel leaf extract on the mortality of house flies (p-value 0.0001 <0.05) with the most effective concentration of 75%. Further research is needed to obtain a finished product utilizing green betel leaf extract as a vegetable insecticide, especially in controlling the fly vector. Need further research on the use of green betel leaf extract as a vegetable insecticide controlling the fly vector by taking into account the amount of spraying and the age of the fly. Keywords: Green betel leaf extract , organic insecticide, houseflies
Studi Ekologi Variabel Cuaca Terhadap Kejadian Campak di Kota Tanjungpinang Tahun 2010-2017 indra - martias; Rinaldi Daswito
Jurnal Kesehatan Vol 12 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Poltekkes Ternate
Publisher : UPPM Poltekkes Kemenkes Ternate

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1040.195 KB) | DOI: 10.32763/juke.v12i1.105

Abstract

Campak merupakan penyakit sangat menular, penyebab utama kematian anak serta masih menjadi masalah global termasuk di Indonesia. Pada kurun waktu 2010-2017 terdapat 129 kasus campak di Kota Tanjungpinang. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pola hubungan variabel cuaca (curah hujan, kelembaban udara, suhu udara, dan kecepatan angin) terhadap kejadian campak di Kota Tanjungpinang Tahun 2010- 2017. Desain penelitian merupakan studi ekologi dengan pendekatan spasial-temporal. Unit analisis adalah kelompok individu (agregat) mengukur paparan/faktor resiko kejadian penyakit dengan pertimbangkan faktor temporal atau waktu ditingkat populasi. Populasi penelitian adalah wilayah administrasi Kota Tanjungpinang dengan kejadian penderita campak selama periode tahun 2010-2017. Data yang digunakan merupakan data sekunder dari instansi terkait. Terdapat hubungan antara variabel curah hujan dan kelembaban udara dengan kejadian campak per tahun di Kota Tanjungpinang periode tahun 2010-2017. Sedangkan variabel suhu udara rata-rata, suhu udara minimum, suhu udara maksimum serta kecepatan angin, tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian campak. Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten/Kota maupun Provinsi perlu menggunakan data variabel cuaca dalam hal upaya survailance penyakit campak untuk upaya mitigasi dan kewaspadaan dini terhadap peningkatan kejadian campak terutama pada musim hujan setiap tahunnya
ANALISIS HUBUNGAN VARIABEL CUACA DENGAN KEJADIAN DBD DI KOTA YOGYAKARTA Rinaldi Daswito; Lutfan Lazuardi; Hera Nirwati
Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu (Integrated Health Journal) Vol 10 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu (Integrated Health Journal) Mei 2019
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Maluku

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (956.943 KB) | DOI: 10.32695/jkt.v10i1.24

Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is the main public health issues in Indonesia, even endemic in all provinces. The incidence of DHF is still fluctuated annually in the city of Yogyakarta. This study aims to determine the pattern of the relationship between weather variables (air temperature, rainfall, humidity, and wind speed) on the incidence of DHF in the city of Yogyakarta for 5 years (2010-2014). This study used the ecological study design with spatial-temporal approach. Population was the incidence of dengue for the period 2010-2014 in the administrative area of Yogyakarta city. Spearman-rho correlation test showed that the pattern of the relationship of DHF incidence was more significant (p <0.05) and had a stronger correlation coefficient with an increase in weather variables in the previous few months. Rainfall in the previous two months (r = 0.5617), air temperature three months earlier (r = 0.4399), and humidity in the previous month (r = 0.6097) had a positive relationship pattern with an increase in the incidence of DHF. Wind speed is negatively related to the incidence of DHF in the same month (r = -0.3743). Based on graph/ time-trend analysis and spatial analysis of weather variables had a relationship with the incidence of DHF in the city of Yogyakarta. The Yogyakarta City Health Office is advised to use weather data from BMKG every year in planning DHF prevention programs and determine the timing of mass mosquito eradication (PSN) activities. Keywords: Dengue, vector-borne disease, climate, temporal
Analisis Penyebaran Penyakit Demam Berdarah Dengue di Kecamatan Tanjungpinang Timur Kholilah Samosir; Rinaldi Daswito
JIK-JURNAL ILMU KESEHATAN Vol 6, No 1 (2022): JIK-April Volume 6 Nomor 1 Tahun 2022
Publisher : STIKes ALIFAH PADANG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33757/jik.v6i1.489

Abstract

Penyakit DBD masih merupakan masalah besar pada kesehatan. Kota Tanjungpinang termasuk daerah endemis penyakit DBD, yang setiap tahunnya terdapat angka kematian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis sebaran penyakit DBD di Kecamatan Tanjungpinang Timur. Metode penelitian merupakan observasional dengan pendekatan deskriptif. Sampel pada penelitian ini adalah keseluruhan kasus DBD yang berada di lima kelurahan yang terdapat di Kecamatan Tanjungpinang Timur Kota Tanjungpinang. Hasil Trend kasus DBD per tahun per kelurahan selama 7 tahun terakhir terdapat pada Kelurahan pinang kencana dan batu 9,Terdapat penyebaran DBD disekitaran rumah-rumah yang dinyatakan terdapat jentik baik pada radius 100 m hingga 500 m dari titik-titik rumah positif jentik.Variabel curah hujan, kelembaban udara, suhu udara rata-rata, suhu udara minimum, suhu udara maksimum tidak terdapat hubungan dengan DBD secara statitik. Namun terdapat hubungan kecepatan angin dengan DBD di Kota Tanjung. Berbeda dengan analisis statistik variabel cuaca dengan kasus DBD di Kecamatan Tanjungpinang Timur menunjukkan variabel curah hujan, kelembaban udara, suhu udara rata-rata, suhu udara maksimum tidak terdapat hubungan, tetapi terdapat hubungan suhu udara minimum dan kecepatan angin dengan kejadian DBD di Kecamatan Tanjungpinang Timur.
The Use of Peanut’s Shells and Sawdust Absorbents for Reduced Iron (Fe) Levels of Dug Well Water Puspitaloka Residence Housing at Tanjungpinang City in 2019 Juliana Juliana; Hevi Horiza; Rinaldi Daswito
Eksakta : Berkala Ilmiah Bidang MIPA (E-ISSN : 2549-7464) Vol. 21 No. 1 (2020): Eksakta : Berkala Ilmiah Bidang MIPA (E-ISSN : 2549-7464)
Publisher : Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences (FMIPA), Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (913.221 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/eksakta/vol21-iss1/215

Abstract

Iron (Fe) levels in the dug well water of the community in Puspitaloka Residence Housing exceeded the quality standard so processing is needed to reduce the levels of iron contained in the dug well water. The purpose of this study was to determine the differences use of peanut's skin and sawdust absorbents to reduce levels of ferrous in dug well water. This study included pre-experimental research using the design of the one group pretest-posttest. The sampling technique was used in a purposive sampling method. Data analysis were Univariate and Bivariate analysis. Statistical tests used the Wilcoxon Signed Rank test and the Mann Whitney Test. The results showed a decrease in ferrous content using them. The presence of cellulose content in its had the potential to absorb iron. The results of the treatment the highest decrease, using peanut's shells absorbents occurred in the addition of 5 grams with a percentage of 54.41%. While the treatment using sawdust absorbent, occurred at the addition of 10 grams with a percentage of 84.43%. There was a difference the used of peanut's shells and sawdust absorbents to reduce iron levels in the water of the Puspitaloka Residence Housing dug well.
BEHAVIORAL PREVENTION OF HEPATITIS A IN PANDAN JAYA HEALTH CENTER AREA, TANJUNG JABUNG TIMUR REGENCY, JAMBI Rumita Ena Sari; Rinaldi Daswito
Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu (Integrated Health Journal) Vol 9 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu (Integrated Health Journal) Mei 2018
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Maluku

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (429.739 KB) | DOI: 10.32695/jkt.v1i9.5

Abstract

Hepatitis A outbreaks were recorded in 2012 and 2014 in Geragai Subdistrict, Tanjung Jabung TimurRegency, Jambi.The highest outbreak occurred in 2014. The purpose of this study was to analyze thebehavior of prevention of Hepatitis A disease including knowledge, attitude, immunization, sharing ofdrinking and eating equipment, eating and drinking practice together, and hand washing with soap atPandan Jaya Health Center Tanjung Jabung Timur Regency. Crossectional study design was performedwith a sample size of 103 respondents, sample was taken by simple random sampling. A total of 53people with Hepatitis A positive in 2016 was observed in this study. There was 61.2% of respondentshad a good knowledge about Hepatitis A, 58.3% of respondents had a positive attitude, 44.7% ofrespondents got Hepatitis A immunization. A total of 45.6% of respondents use cutlery and drinkingtogether, 41.7% of respondents consume food and beverages together and 35% of respondents washedhands with soap. There was a correlation between hand washing with soap with the incidence ofHepatitis A (Pvalue = 0,022, and OR = 0,386), while knowledge, attitude, immunization, sharing anddrinking practices, eating and drinking practice together were not associated with the cases of HepatitisA. Hand washing with soap was a variable having a significant relationship to the incidence ofHepatitis A disease. Pandan Jaya Health Center should make efforts to increase the public knowledgeabout the dangers of Hepatitis A, practice of clean and healthy life behavior, particulary to promote theculture of hand washing with soap. Keywords: Infectious disease, hepatitis A, healthy behaviour, hand wash
Modifikasi Metode Bubble Aerator dan Filtrasi dalam Menurunkan Kadar TSS dan COD pada Limbah Cair Domestik di Jalan Pemuda Kota Tanjungpinang Tahun 2019 Veronika Amelia Simbolon; Razor Armada; Rinaldi Daswito
Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu (Integrated Health Journal) Vol 10 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu (Integrated Health Journal) November 2019
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Maluku

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32695/jkt.v10i2.51

Abstract

Domestic wastewater is wastewater, if not treated it can cause pollution. One of the efforts to reduce levels of Total Suspended Solid (TSS) and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) is to treat domestic waste. This study uses a modified bubble aerator and filtration method with zeolite, beach sand, and activated charcoal as an effort to reduce the levels of COD and TSS in domestic wastewater. This research method is a pre-trial using the One Group Pretest Postest design. Measurement of results is done before and after calculation. The sampling technique uses purposive sampling. Data analysis performed was univariate and bivariate analysis. Paired statistical t-test was used to find out the difference in average TSS and COD levels before completion. Decreased TSS levels after training (79.36%) and COD after administration (13.48%). Paired t test results showed no difference before and after using the bubble aerator and filtration modification methods with p values ​​of 0.342 and 0.448, respectively. Modifications to the bubble aerator and filtration methods can be used to reduce TSS and COD levels in domestic wastewater, although statistics show insignificant results. It is hoped that further researchers will conduct further research to perfect the methods that had been estimated. Keywords: TSS levels, COD, bubble-filtation aeration method
Studi Kualitatif Keberadaan Penyakit Kusta di Desa Dendun Kecamatan Mantang Kabupaten Bintan Harvensica Gunnara; Rian Yuliyana; Rinaldi Daswito; Ratna Juwita; Hendra Dhermawan Sitanggang
Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu (Integrated Health Journal) Vol 11 No 2 (2020): Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu (Integrated Health Journal) November 2020
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Maluku

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32695/jkt.v11i2.105

Abstract

Indonesia is in the third position in the world with the most leprosy sufferers after India and Brazil. Leprosy is commonly found in developing countries, as a result of the country's limited ability to provide adequate services in the fields of health, education, and socioeconomic welfare for the community. Dendun Village in Mantang District had the most cases of leprosy, 5 (five) cases in the Bintan Regency area in 2018. The study was used as a qualitative approach with a case study method. Content analysis was used in the analysis process of this research. Testing the results of research used source triangulation by cross-checking data with facts from other sources (informants) and triangulation methods by collecting data through in-depth interviews with informants and reviewing documents. The level of knowledge, negative stigma, adherence to treatment, history of contact with leprosy sufferers, and access to health services were important factors for the existence of leprosy in Dendun Village, Mantang District, Bintan Regency. Patients are expected to comply with the treatment program seriously to prevent transmission, cure, and recovery due to diseases carried out by the Bintan District Health Office and Mantang Puskesmas.