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The Effectiveness of Biofilter With Used Plastic Media and Aquatic Plants (Echinodorus palaefoliu and Limmnocharis flava) to Reduce the TSS and Amonia in the Rubber Industry’s Liquid Waste Halim, Abdul; Hasbi, M.; ', Budijono
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2016
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Liquid waste from rubber industry is one of environmental issues that shall be handled as it is commonly discharged and potentially contaminate aquatic environment. This waste contain high organic materials and it need to be processed. To understand the effectiveness of combination of used plastic biofilter media and emergent aquatic plant for remediation of that waste, a study has been conducted from January to March 2015. The waste was processed through used plastic biofilter media and then flown to phytoremediation unit that was completed with Limmnocharis flava and Echinodorus palaefoliu. There were 2 sets of processor and each set contain a biofilter and a phytoremediation unit. The processed waste was then used to rear Cyprinus carpio, Pangasius pangasius and Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings, 20 fishes/ aquarium. Water samplings were conducted 3 times, once/ 2 weeks. The water was sampled from the inlet and in the outlets of each biofilter and phytoremediation unit. Survival rate of the fish by the end of the research was noted. Results shown that the use of used plastic biofilter media and emergent plant phytoremediation process was effective to reduce the organic pollutant. Before being treated, the TSS and Ammonia were 538 mg/L and 28 mg/L respectively. After being treated, the TSS reduced into 32 mg/L and the Ammonia reduced into 7 mg/L. The effectiveness of the processor was 94% for the TSS and 75% for the Ammonia. By the end of the research, survival rate of the fish was ranged from 90%- 100%. Based on data obtained, it can be concluded that the use of used plastic and emergent plant processor is effective for reducing organic materials in the rubber industry liquid waste.Keyword : Used plastic, Limmnocharis flava, Echinodorus palaefoliu, rubber industry liquid waste
Remediation of Organic Pollutants Tofu Liquid Waste Anaerobic - Aerobic Biofilter Combination of Media Phytoremediation Plastic Bottle With Fish For Life Media Efendi, Sopian; Hasbi, M.; ', Budijono
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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This study was conducted in September-December 2013 in the tofu factory which is located on Jl . Build Kubang Kingdom Village Tarai Mining District of Kampar district in Riau Province . The purpose of this research is to improve the performance of the biofilter process mediated by a combination of plastic bottles in the phytoremediation of organic pollutants decrease ( BOD and COD ) in waste water out to below the quality standard according PerMenLH No . 15 of 2008 . Results of combination treatment anaerobic - aerobic reactor with fitorediasi of media can reduce BOD levels during the observation with an average of 143.44 mg / l with an average effectiveness of 90.50 % , and for COD can be decreased to 197.46 mg / l with an average effectiveness of 89.74 % . For other parameters also are in accordance with the quality standards that have been established , such as pH 7 , temperature 28 0C , and DO of 3.76 mg / l . While the media processing unit without ( control ) can also reduce levels of BOD and COD , but the effectiveness of processing lower when compared to the unit of media . Where the effectiveness of the average decline during the observation BOD BOD 57.81 % with 661.9 mg / l , and for the effectiveness of COD reached 65.90 % decline in the average COD content of 633.08 mg / l . Tests on fish survival test to know the processed wastewater anaerobic - aerobic reactor combined with phytoremediation of media at the end of the observation has been able to support fish life test . Where to fish monitoring reached 46.67 % , tilapia 70% , and the fish Sepat marsh 86.67 % . While examing to control all kinds of test fish dying until the end of the observation .Keywords : Biofilter, BOD, COD, Waste Water, Plastic Bottle
The Decrease In Ammonia Effluent Tss And Rubber With A Combination Of Anaerobic Biofilter Media And Phytoremediation For Live Fish Putri, Dewinta Nulan; Hasbi, M; ', Budijono
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Research was conducted on Desember 2013 until february 2014 at rubber factory (RICKY) in Meranti Pandak district Rumbai-Pekanbaru City on Riau Province. Analysis waste water parameters was done in laboratory Ekologi and Management faculty marine environment, fisheries and merine science Pekanbaru-Riau Province. Method used in research to experiment without design combined with experiment of media biofilter plant plastic bottle with water to lower value of TSS and Ammonia to be testing treated effluent to fish. One reactor to fitoremidiasi with one reactor plants and without plants as controls fitoremidiasi. TSS and decrease Effectiveness of ammonia in waste water rubber anaerobic biofilter process mediated combination with phytoremediation plastic bottles 89,90% during 92,82% study ranged from average effectiveness is 91,18%. Where, average TSS levels at outlet during observation 144.13 mg/1. While, average for ammonia effectiveness decline reached 88.23%, with average ammonia concentration in outlet of 2.06 mg/1. Thus parameters for TSS and Ammonia has been completed with environment minister’s decision number Kep 51/MENLH/10/1995 effluent quality standard for rubber industry is to ammonia content and latexs is a total wasted of 15 mg/1 and for waste rubber dry form by 5 mg/1. While support for parameters such as Ph, DO, and temperature have appropriate quality standard recommended for rubber industry, and able to support fish life during test observations.Keywords : Total Suspended Solid, Ammonia, waste water, biofilter, plastic bottle, Water hyacinth
The Effectiveness Of Natural Coagulant Made From Averhoa bilimbi L. Juice, CaO and Alum To Improve The Quality Of River Water Nasution, Emelia; Hasbi, M.; ', Budijono
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 3, No 2 (2016): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2016
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Sail river is one of polluted rivers in Pekanbaru, it has low pH and DO and high TDS, TSS, turbidity and colors. The quality of the water can be improved by flocculation – coagulation process. To understand the effectiveness of Averrhoa bilimbi L. juice as natural coagulant, a study has been conducted in January – April 2016. There were 4 treatments applied, P0 (control, no A. bilimbi juice), P1 (25 ml/L), P2 (35 ml/L) and P3 (45 ml/L). The juice was added to 10 L of river water, were stirred for 2 minutes and were sample for water quality study within 2 hours. Parameters measured were TSS, turbidity and colour. The treated water was then used for rearing C. carpio. By the for 4th day the survival rate of the fish was noted. The best treatment was obtained in P2, as the TSS decrease from 1,725 mg/L to 37 mg/L, the turbidity decrease from 906.67 NTU to 26.41 NTU, the color reduced from 1.79 TCU to 0.08 TCU and the survival rate of the fish was 83%. Based on data obtained, it was concluded that the juice of A. bilimbi can be used as a natural coagulants to improve the quality of river water.Keywords : Averrhoa bilimbi, river water, natural coagulant, Cyprinus carpio
The Effectiveness Of Combined Bentonite And Lime In Osmofilter Paper Package For Improving The Quality Of Peat Water Saputra, Dian; Hasbi, M; ', Budijono
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 4, No 2 (2017): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2017
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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The peat water has low pH and it can be improved by adding bentonite and lime. The use of lime, however, produced relatively large amount of sediment. To understand the effectiveness of combined bentonite and lime in osmofilter paper package to increase the pH, a study has been conducted on May- July 2016. Combination of 1,7 g bentonite and 1,7 g lime were wrapped using osmofilter paper and were immersed in 2 L of different pH (2,3,4,5 and 6) peat water. After being kept for 45 minutes, the water quality was checked. Results shown that the package of bentonite and lime was effective to improve the pH. In all treatments, the pH increased, ranged from 7 to 9, but the treated water has relatively high colour and organic matter solid.   The treated water was use to rear Cyprinus carpio seedlings. By the 4th day, the survival rate of these fish was 90%. Based  on data obtained, it can be concluded that the use of combined bentonite, lime and osmofilter paper is effective to improve the quality of peat water, but is may not effective in reducing the colour and organic matter. Keyword : Peat Water, Osmofilter paper, Bentonit and Lime 
Remedition of Organic Pollutan’s in the Wastewater of Rubber by Biosand Filter Media and Water Plants (Echinodorus palaefoliu and Limmnocharis flava) for Media of Fish Life Lestari, Yeni; Hasbi, M.; ', Budijono
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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The research was conducted from February-Apryl 2014 at PT. RiauCrumb Rubber Factory of Pekanbaru, in the road Kelurahan Meranti PandakKecamatan Rumbai. It’s was aims to understand the effectiveness of biosand filtermedia and phytoremediation concept in remediation organic pollutans content inliquid wastewater of rubber for media of fish life. Sampling of BOD5 and CODwere taken in 5 place with interval every 10 days during 2 months for 4 times andanalyzed in departement public of laboratory. Liquid wastewater of rubber usingof 8 reactor units. Each other 2 reactor units to biosand filter media of control andother combined biosand filter with water plants have can reducing organicpollutans. BOD5 of primary Concentration about 387-465,3 mg/l and the end24,3-6,29 mg/l with effectivenesses 89,07-98,73%. While that COD about 710-846,6 mg/l and the end 44,3-45,8 mg/l with effectivenesses 80,39-96,47%.Altough to other parameter such as temperature about 29-310C, pH 6 and DOabout 3,5-3,83 mg/l can support for media of fish life. Percentage of survival ratefor Esomus sp and Pangasius pangasius 100% altough Oreochromis nilothicus93,75-100%. It’s reached standart quality of KEP-51/MENLH/10/1995.Keyword : Biosand filter media, phytoremediation, wastewater
The use of fish pond water for growing Chlorella sp. In Other Places Febryanti, Esra; Dahril, Tengku; ', Budijono
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 3, No 2 (2016): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2016
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Fish pond water is rich in micro and macro nutrients originated from feces and fish feed remains and it may be used to grow the microalgae such as Chlorella sp. A study to understand the growth of Chlorella sp in the pond water media and the amount of nutrient used was conducted from January – March 2016. The Chlorella sp. was grown indoor and outdoor. Parameters measured were Chlorella sp. biomass, nitrate and phosphate content. Samplings were conducted once/10 days. Results shown that Chlorella sp. grow well in the pond water. The biomass of indoor Chlorella sp. was higher than that of the outdoor (0.005 g/L and 0.003 g/L respectively). Nitrate and phosphate content was decreased during the experiment, the nitrate was reduced by 7.4 mg/L (indoor) and 9.4 mg/L (outdoor), while the phosphate was reduced by 0.09 mg/L (indoor) and 0.26 mg/L (outdoor). Based on data obtained that the waste can be used to grow microalgae Chlorella sp. Keywords: Fish pond water, Chlorella sp., indoor, outdoor
Remediation of TSS and Ammonia in the Rubber Liquid Waste by the Filter Media and the Water Plants (Limmnocharis flava, Echinodorus palaefolius) For Live Fish Media Lenggo M, Febrizki; Hasbi, M.; ', Budijono
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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The research aims to understand capability of filter media with water plants(Limmnocharis flava, Echinodorus palaefolius) in remediation TSS and Ammoniacontent in the rubber liquid waste. It has conducted from Februari to April in PT.Riau Crumb Rubber Factory Pekanbaru. Sampling of TSS and ammonia weretaken in five point with interval every 10 days for 4 times and analyzed inLaboratory of the Departement of Public Works and then compare with Kep-51/MENLH/1995. Filter media have a capabilility in remediation TSS witheffectivenesses 89,58% and ammonia 89,58%. Filter media with water plantsLimmnocharis flava have a capabilility in remediation TSS with effectivenesses93,51% and ammonia 90,59%. Filter media with water plants Echinodoruspalaefoli have a capabilility in remediation TSS with effectivenesses 94,63% andammonia 92,09 %. And filter media with water plants Limmnocharis flava andEchinodorus palaefolius have a capabilility in remediation TSS witheffectivenesses 95,35% and ammonia 92,82%. Percentage of survival rate forcommon 100%. It’s compliance with quality standard and as good as for fish lifemedia.Keywords : Sand Filter, Phytoremediation, Remediation
The Identification of Potential Microalga as Degradable Agent in the Rubber Waste Water PT. Ricry, Pekanbaru LUBIS, DAME FLORENSIA; M, Hasbi; ', Budijono
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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The identification of potential microalga as  degradable agent in the rubber  waste water PT. Ricry, Pekanbaru has been done on November to Desember 2013. The aims of these research is understand the composition, abundance and type of dominant microalga in the rubber waste water and environment factors. There were four sampling site namely collecting pool, primary sedimentation pool, secondary sedimentation pool and indicator pool.  Beside phytoplankton, water quality parameter were temperature, TSS, BOD,COD, nitrate, phosphate and ammonia. The result shown 9 famili consist 12 spesies there were Navicula sp., Skeletonema costatum, Coscinodiscus granii, Coscinodiscus stelaris, Chaetoceros contricus, Thalassiosira decipiens, Eureptiella gymnastica, Thalassionema nitchiodes, Pleurosigma capense, Rhizosolenia inbricata, Melosira spaerica and Gyrodinium sp. Based the research there was 3 kinds of microalga can degradable in the rubber waste water is Navicula sp. 5738 sel/l, Skeletonema costatum 5098 sel/l and Gyrodinium sp. 5064 sel/l, its means that microalga have high adaptation and microalga can degradable waste water because it was use the nutrient in the rubber waste water. The high abudance was site in cooleting pool because inlet come from Siak river. The water quality shown tremperature range 28 – 29 0C, pH was 6, DO 2,10 – 2,37 mg/l, BOD 39 – 47 mg/l, COD 43,44 – 63,11 mg/l, TSS 20,33 - 55,67 mg/l, nitrate 1,77 – 2,33 mg/l, phosphate 0,80 – 1,07 mg/l and ammonia 0,78 – 1,54 mg/l. Based on the data obtained, that is microalga use the nutrient in water waste for the grwth and its means microalga can degradable the water waste in rubber so that  it can be concluded that rubber waste water of  PT. Ricry still  below standard. Keywords: microalga, degradable, rubber waste water
N, P and K Content in the EM4 Fermented Made From Mixed Fish Market and Tofu Industry Liquid Wastes to the growth of Azolla microphylla Hasibuan, Masna; Harahap, Sampe; ', Budijono
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2015
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Liquid wastes originated from fish market and tofu industries are rich in organic materials and it is potencial as basic materials for liquid fertilizer. To understand the N, P and K content in the liquid fertilizer made from fish market and tofu industries liquid waste, a study has been conducted from February to March 2015. The fertilizer was made by fermented the waste with EM4 for 30 days. There were 5 treatments applied, namely 100% market waste (P1); 100% tofu waste (P2); 50% market waste and 50% tofu waste (P3); 75% market waste and 25% tofu waste (P4) and 25% market waste and 75% tofu waste (P5). Result shown that the P4 shown the highest content of N (1,700 mg/L) and P (395.9 mg/L), but the K content in all treatments was almost the same. Addition of the liquid fertilizer into Azolla microphyla media significantly increase the growth of the plant and the best result was also obtained in the plant that was fertilized by P4. Based on data obtained, it can be concluded that the liquid fertilizer made from combination of the market and tofu liquid wastes provided better performance in N and P content.Keyword: Fish market liquid waste, Tofu liquid waste, Liquid Fertilizer, EM4, Azolla microphylla