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The Implication of Indonesia’s IUU Fishing Policy in Natuna Territorial Waters towards South China Sea Geopolitics Anggraini, Silvia Dian; Kusumawardhana, Indra; Ramadhan, Iqbal
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 7, No 2 (2018): October
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/hi.72130

Abstract

The agenda of Jokowi’s administration demands a strong measure to protect maritime security and sovereignty of Indonesia; especially its national sovereignty and maritime security in the vast boundary of Indonesian territorial waters. However, the implementation faces challenges related to violations of sovereignty in the territorial waters. One of them was due to the rampant illegal fishing activities that threaten the sufficiency of the fish stock. Exposed to such threat, Indonesia’s commitment to secure its maritime sovereignty was strongly projected by the emergence of a ‘Sink the Vessels’ policy by the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP), chaired by Susi Pudjiastuti since 2014. In the context of the South China Sea polemics which shows the relationship with the territorial waters of Indonesia in Natuna, the policy has significant implication to the South China Sea maritime geopolitics. The question is what the implications of the ‘Sink the Vessels’ policy toward maritime geopolitics in the South China Sea. Using structuration and geopolitics approaches, this article argues that Indonesia’s IUU Fishing policy enhances the complexity of maritime security in the South China Sea which ultimately leads to the strengthening of political realism behaviour among countries whom potential to conflict with Indonesia in the context of IUU Fishing in Natuna waters.
Lesser States And Multinational Companies: Studi Kasus Terhadap Implikasi Keberadaan Perusahaan H&M Di Industri Fast Fashion Bangladesh Ma?sumah, Innesia; Kusumawardhana, Indra
SOSIO DIALEKTIKA Vol 5, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : LP2M

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31942/sd.v5i1.3468

Abstract

Abstract This article probes to understanding the dynamics of multinational companies (MNC) versus least developed countries (LDC). The multinational company that is the object of this study is H&M, which has a base in Sweden as a home country. Then, this study focuses on H&M with its phenomenon of fast fashion, penetrating into Bangladesh and making it a host country to run the clothing production process to meet global consumption. Bangladesh itself is a least developed country whose national economic growth, especially in the export sector, is highly dependent on the garment industry. Therefore, this study will try to answer the phenomenon of the role of H&M in Bangladesh with the research question what are the implications of the growing H&M industry for workers in Bangladesh in 2005-2011? This problem will be seen through the lens of international political economy (IPE) with a focus on the interaction of multinational companies and less developed countries. Keywords: MNCs, LDCs, H&M, Bangladesh, Fast Fashion
The Garuda Strikes Back : Indonesian Economic Diplomacy to Tackle European Union Protectionism on Crude Palm Oil Ichlas El Qudsi, Mohammad; Kusumawardhana, Indra; Kyrychenko, Volodymyr
Journal of International Relations on Energy Affairs Vol 1 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Department of International Relations Universitas Pertamina

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51413/jisea.Vol1.Iss2.2020.110-135

Abstract

This paper analyzes Indonesia's economic diplomacy efforts in overcoming trade barriers to Indonesian palm oil commodities carried out by the European Union. Until now, the Indonesian Crude Palm Oil (CPO) industry has experienced tremendous pressure from the European Union (EU) as one of the main export destinations for Indonesian CPO. In order to secure Indonesia's national interests, instead of taking a cooperative approach, the Indonesian government has responded to the EU's discriminatory attitude towards palm oil commodities with a series of assertive economic diplomacy approaches. This assertive economic diplomacy approach is understood by this paper as a form of the “Power-Play End” strategy articulated by Indonesia to secure its national interests in mainland Europe. The main question in this paper that will be answered is how can Indonesia use this strategy in overcoming trade barriers imposed by the EU on palm oil commodities? Using the concept of Economic Diplomacy which emphasizes three elements, namely the use of political influence and relations, the use of economic assets, the consolidation of the political climate and the international environment - this paper will examine Indonesia's economic diplomacy maneuver in related issues.
STATE AND RIGHT-WING POPULISM: ANALYSIS ON THE KEMENKO POLHUKAM RI PERSUASION APPROACH IN RESPONDING THE WAVE OF “212” MOVEMENT Rizkimawati, Dinda; Kusumawardhana, Indra
Journal of Islamic World and Politics Vol 5, No 1 (2021): JUNE
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/jiwp.v5i1.10017

Abstract

Basuki Tjahaja Purnama’s blasphemy case reaped various reactions and criticisms. In the “Action of Defending Islam 212”, where Muslims in Indonesia expressed their anger, the masses demanded that religious blasphemers be brought to justice. It caused a series of demonstrations in Indonesia and instability in their domestic security, especially Jakarta as the capital city. This movement was widely known as the wave of right-wing populism in Indonesia. To respond to an extreme right-wing political movement in Indonesian society, the Coordinating Ministry for Political, Legal, and Security made efforts to persuade the community after the movement. This effort was significant in managing the widening of the narrative and reminding those who used the approach anchor base or key people and communities to help spread the message.
DIPLOMASI BUDAYA PEMERINTAH PROVINSI KALIMANTAN SELATAN DALAM FESTIVAL BANJAR 2018-2019 Akil, Salsabila Andi; Kusumawardhana, Indra
WACANA: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Komunikasi Vol 20, No 1 (2021): Accredited by Kemenristekdikti RI SK No. 28/E/KPT/2019
Publisher : Universitas Prof. Dr. Moestopo (Beragama)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32509/wacana.v20i1.1280

Abstract

Indonesia conduct cultural diplomacy activities not only by central government but also regional government, including Provincial Government of South Kalimantan. The purpose of this research is to understand how Provincial Government of South Kalimantan conducted cultural diplomacy in Festival Banjar 2018-2019. The concepts used in this research are Cultural Diplomacy by Gienow-Hecht and Donfried and Paradiplomacy by Duchacek. This research uses constructivist paradigm and qualitative research method with qualitative data analysis techniques by Miles, Huberman and Saldana. The results of this research reveal that Festival Banjar 2018-2019 is a form of cultural diplomacy carried out by sub-national actor, in this case Provincial Government of South Kalimantan. Festival Banjar 2018-2019 is a cultural diplomacy agent practice belongs to mixed model; agenda to promote South Kalimantan culture and tourism; vehicle through South Kalimantan art and floating market simulation; target audience are the diplomatic corps and foreign societies. Provincial Government of South Kalimantan as a sub-national actor also related to paradiplomacy where the implementation involves two main types of paradiplomatic activities, such as lobbying through interactive talk shows with the target audiences; and media exposure during the event.
Cave! Hic Dragones: Understanding Neocolonialism in China’s Economic Diplomacy towards Angola Salsabila, Ghina; Kusumawardhana, Indra
Global: Jurnal Politik Internasional Vol. 23, No. 2
Publisher : UI Scholars Hub

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

China is experiencing a fast and dynamic phase of economic development driven by its fast pace of industrialisation. The vast energy demand has pushed China to import energy from other countries with plentiful natural resources. To this aim, China conducts economic diplomacy worldwide, including Angola, a country with plentiful natural resources in Africa. The main concern of this research is China's economic diplomacy which is considered as a form of neocolonialism in this globalisation era. Therefore, the research question of this research is why China's economic diplomacy towards Angola constitutes neocolonialisation. To this aim, this study utilises the Neocolonialism theory in dissecting China's Economic Diplomacy against Angola. This study uses qualitative method with a case study approach using secondary data. Thus, the basis for this research is the author's interpretation. This research concludes that China's economic diplomacy towards Angola constitutes neocolonialisation since the economic means that China exerts on Angola enables China to indirectly control Angola's politics, economy and natural resources, which in turn leads to Angola's dependence on China.