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GEO STRATEGI KEBIJAKAN LUAR NEGERI INDONESIA DI ERA JOKOWI DALAM PERSPEKTIF KONTRUKTIVISME Fathun, Laode Muhamad
Journal of Islamic World and Politics Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/jiwp.2219

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This paper will explain the implementation of geostrategic policy of Indonesian foreign policy in constructivism approach. Constructivism has three basic arguments about identity, norms and language. Another geostrategic position is a way to achieve the objectives of the foreign policy policy of the country.Geostrategy is interpreted by the model of accommodation and corcondance to achieve the desired results. In practice the implementation of Indonesia’s foreign policy in crisis Rohingnya show the result that Indonsia proper use of its identity as, democracy, religion and unity. The argumentation is the constitutional and moral and cultural reasons so that Indonesia wants to get involved in the crisis. In the context of Indonesia’s engagement norm is any violation of the crisis that occurred in Myanmar is violating international norms as well as national norms due to human rights. On the other hand related to the Indonesian language using the approach of communication with the language of women’s diplomacy with women or the diplomacy of heart and heart so as to reduce conflict in Myanmar. The concrete form of Indonesia formulates diplomacy 4 + 1 with assistance such as education, economics, relief etc. Thus, hopefully this paper will add to the repertoire of knowledge related to the analysis of foreign policy
ASEAN Contemporary Security: Maritime Diplomacy in Handling of Maritime Security Threats in Malaka Strait Fathun, Laode Muhamad
Insignia: Journal of International Relations Vol 6 No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Laboratorium Hubungan Internasional, FISIP, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (916.936 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.ins.2019.6.1.1414

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Abstract This paper will explain the consequences of Indonesia's geopolitical location, namely in the Malacca Strait as an international trade route. The Malacca Strait is a crossing route for foreign ships to distribute goods to various regions. However, the strategic channel not only attracts sympathy from international entrepreneurs but also attracts these criminals and hijackers to obtain economic results from this activity. The Malacca Strait strategically makes pirates and pirates criminalize passing ships. On the other hand, the consequences of state legal matters are maintaining security and safety, and the comfort of crossings in the Malacca Strait. With a number of problems, both defense, governance and management infrastructure that cannot be seen in a fixed manner. In addition, its position borders on three countries, namely Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. With a qualitative descriptive analysis method, this paper explains the need for bilateral, trilateral and regional multi-level diplomacy approaches to solve problems. And the purpose of this article is that piracy occurred in the Straits of Malacca because of its strategic geopolitical structure and weak Indonesian defense. So, collaboration is needed, coordination through diplomacy and military projections as an effort to safeguard the sea area, sea control and military defense articulation. Thus, the authors hope that this article can add knowledge to the study of international relations, especially in marine studies. Keywords: Geopolitics, Maritime State, Malacca Strait, Piracy, Multilevel Diplomacy   Abstrak Paper ini akan menjelaskan konsekuensi dari lokasi geopolitik Indonesia, yaitu di Selat Malaka sebagai rute perdagangan internasional. Selat Malaka adalah rute penyeberangan bagi kapal-kapal asing untuk mendistribusikan barang ke berbagai daerah. Namun, saluran strategis tidak hanya menarik simpati dari pengusaha internasional tetapi juga menarik para pelaku kejahatan dan pembajak ini untuk mendapatkan hasil ekonomi dari kegiatan ini. Selat Malaka yang strategis membuat perompak dan pembajak mengkriminalkan kapal yang lewat. Sisi lain, konsekuensi dari urusan hukum negara adalah menjaga keamanan dan keselamatan, dan kenyamanan penyeberangan di Selat Malaka. Dengan sejumlah masalah baik pertahanan, tata kelola, infrastruktur manajemen yang tidak bisa dilihat secara secara terpisa. Selain itu  posisinya berbatasan dengan tiga negara yaitu Indonesia, Malaysia dan Singapura. Dengan metode analisis deskriptif kualitatif, makalah ini menjelaskan perlunya pendekatan diplomasi multi-level bilateral, trilateral dan regional untuk menyelesaikan masalah. Dan tujuan dari artikel ini bahwa pembajakan terjadi di Selat Malaka karena struktur geopolitik yang strategis dan pertahanan Indonesia yang lemah. Jadi, diperlukan kolaborasi, koordinasi melalui diplomasi dan proyeksi militer sebagai upaya untuk menjaga wilayah laut, kontrol laut dan artikulasi pertahanan militer. Dengan demikian, penulis berharap bahwa artikel ini dapat menambah pengetahuan untuk studi hubungan internasional khususnya dalam studi kelautan. Kata kunci: Diplomasi Multilevel, Geopolitik, Negara Maritim, Pembajakan, Selat Malaka
Resensi Buku Fathun, Laode Muhamad
Jurnal Mandala Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Ilmu Politik Pr

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (20.755 KB)

Abstract

"Human Rights in International Relations"
DISASTER DIPLOMACY “How Disaster Affect Peace and Conflict “ Laode Muhamad Fathun, Wirda Sari Bakarekar
Jurnal Mandala Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Edisi Juli- Desember 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Ilmu Politik Pr

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (20.755 KB)

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Disaster Diplomacy ‘How disaster affect peace and conflict’ merupakan sebuah buku yang ditulis oleh Ilan Kelman yang dipublikasikan pertama kali pada tahun 2012. Buku ini memiliki judul yang menarik dengan memberi gambaran sekilas tentang hubungan antara diplomasi dan bencana yang marak terjadi diberbagai penjuru dunia. Buku Disaster Diplomacy memiliki 174 halaman yang terdiri dari 12 bab dalam pembahasannya. Melihat sekilas tentang penulis buku, Ian Kelman adalah Senior Research Fellow di Pusat Internasional Iklim dan Lingkungan Penelitian-Oslo (Cicero). Minat penelitiannya mencakup kelemahan, resiko, pulau-pulau, dan bencana serta mengembangkan solusi praktis untuk permasalahan-permasalahan yang muncul di daerah-daerah tersebut. Dilihat dari tujuan judul buku, Disaster Diplomacy merupakan studi tentang bagaimana dan mengapa bencana menciptakan atau tidak menciptakan perdamaian atau konflik baik sebelum dan sesudah bencana. Dalam hal melihat apa yang terjadi sebelumnya, Disaster Diplomacy  melihat pencegahan, mitigasi, dan mengurangi kerugian, kemudian mencoba untuk berurusan dengan hal-hal yang berada di tempat sebelum kejadian terjadi. Sebaliknya, dalam hal melihat apa yang terjadi setelah itu, hal ini lebih berfokus untuk melihat tanggap darurat, pemulihan dan rekonstruksi. Disaster Diplomacy lebih memandang keadaan di mana perdamaian dan konflik yang terkena dampak bencana. Kemudian bagian lain dari Disaster Diplomacy adalah bahwa jika hasil yang didapat tidak memuaskan, maka kemudian dilihat bagaimana hal tersebut akan mungkin untuk mengubah situasi.
Mental Health Behind Japan’s Economic and Social Productivity Prameswari, Anisa Indira; Darmastuti, Shanti; Fathun, Laode Muhamad
Sospol : Jurnal Sosial Politik Vol 5, No 2 (2019): Juli-Desember (In Press)
Publisher : Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (225.974 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/sospol.v5i2.7977

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This article describes the impacts given by depression as mental health disorder and suicidal behavior towards Japan?s economy and social productivity. Depression and suicide have become one of the main causes of mortality among other health conditions in Japan. Both depression and suicidal behavior are non-communicable, yet both can influence psychological states of other people near the patient. Depression and suicidal behavior are challenging for countries with high mortality caused by suicide, especially towards those who also have ageing population like Japan. Hence, this article will analyze further costs faced by Japan along with reviewing policies taken to overcome their mental health challenges. This study uses qualitative descriptive design with case study method. This study also uses secondary analysis to answer mentioned challenges. Result shows that Japan faces economic loss to sustain their mental health expenses and psychological expenses for the family left by the victims of depression and suicide, as suicide trend is popular among adults and youths in Japan. Depression and suicidal behavior can also affect individual?s productivity. The authors expect that this can be used to give broader knowledge on non-traditional contemporary global issues.
PENGELOLAAN SAMPAH PLASTIK SEBAGAI ANCAMAN KEAMANAN MARITIM DI INDONESIA DI PANDEGLANG Fathun, Laode Muhamad; Suadhana Ray, I Nyoman Aji
Jurnal Keamanan Nasional Vol 5, No 2 (2019): November
Publisher : Pusat Kajian Keamanan Nasional (Puskamnas) Universitas Bhayangkara Jakarta Raya (UBJ)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31599/jkn.v5i2.442

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This research purpose the issue of maritime security through. One of the maritime security issues in Indonesia is the issue of waste management at sea. As a country that wants to establish itself as the world?s maritime axis, it should make waste at sea an important issue and need serious attention. Research from Ocean Conservancy reports that around 8 million tons of plastic pass into the sea every year. If the condition cannot be controlled, by 2025 about 1 ton of plastic waste will be found in every 3 tons of fish taken from the sea. This research was conducted in Pandelela Region, Banten Province from May to December 2019. This study wanted to look at the marine waste management challenge in Pandeglang District and its completion strategy. With the case study method through a qualitative research paradigm with data collection techniques, field observations, interviews, and literature review, the results were obtained while that waste management in Pandeglang Region has not been a government priority. The government is still focusing on poverty, education and health issues. To 2020 and has been included in the regional strategic plan. Challenges obtained in waste management are problems of policy orientation, economic problems, cultural issues, and resources. For this reason, hopefully this study can be useful for many parties, including government, academia, students and the community
ANALISIS KOMUNIKASI GLOBAL MELALUI FILM DALAM DISKURSUS YANG MENYUDUTKAN ISLAM Laode Muhamad Fathun
Dauliyah Journal of Islamic and International Affairs Vol 3, No 1 (2018): DAULIYAH (JOURNAL OF ISLAMIC AND INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS)
Publisher : UNIDA Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (462.806 KB) | DOI: 10.21111/dauliyah.v3i1.1869

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Globalization brings sovereignty of the country as indefinitely. Glo-balization makes global communication increasingly limited. Communica-tion through diplomacy is the way in mengespresikan kepentinganya any State against another State. Due to the influence of technology in the glo-balization phenomenon makes the instrument of diplomacy was changed as well as the jumlaah actors. Conventional diplomacy that uses Ministry of Foreign Affairs as a single actor has shifted to the public role in the for-mation of international opinion. Reatif diplomatic instruments through the film is one way to India through the representatives of film directors in the form fictional story to make a change on the discourse discourse meaning of Islam as a terrorist religion. The discourse of meaning making psychological blow for followers of the Muslim identity of the adherents of identity that is considered by some countries call it the United States as an actor fundamentalism. Through instrument Indian Bollywood films try to shape public opinion, especially the people of the United States that fact does Islam not as bad as perception shown in US foreign policy.
PROTEKSIONISME SENGKETA DAGANG DALAM PERDAGANGAN INTERNASIONAL: PENDEKATAN NEGOSIASI STUDI KASUS: PROTEKSIONISME AS TERHADAP IMPOR DAGING KANADA Laode Muhamad Fathun
Kajian Asia Pasifik Vol 1 No 1 (2017): Januari - Juni 2017
Publisher : International Relations Study Program of Universitas Kristen Indonesia (UKI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (801.454 KB) | DOI: 10.33541/japs.v1i1.498

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This paper will explain the problem of dispute in international trade and the role of the World Trade Organization (WTO) as a mediator in the dispute. Economic globalization in the form of international trade relations through free market slogan has a positive and negative impact. That condition’s are the consequences of countries that become members of the WTO to create a competitive market. Trade protectionism is an unfair form of anti-free market policy in the international market. This policy is done to protect a country’s domestic market but on the other hand reduces the spirit of the free market. Protection is often done by taking into account administrative documents, quota counts, product certification, health aspect, labor protection as a way where the state protects its domestic market. One of the policy examples has been made by the United States in practice of importing meat from Canada where WTO as a mediator and international trade regime becomes the dominant actor in the negotiation process. As a result, the United States cannot prove the state's allegation against Canadian meat imports after a special panel was conducted in a session at the Dispute Settlement Body (DSB). Therefore the protectionist policy must be rational and accountable so that no country will be harmed by its impact either in the micro scale (consumer) or the macro scale (country). Keywords: Economic Development, Trade Globalization, Free Trade, Trade Barriers, Protectionism, WTO. Abstrak Makalah ini akan menjelaskan masalah perselisihan dalam perdagangan internasional dan peran World Trade Organization (WTO) sebagai mediator dalam perselisihan tersebut. Globalisasi ekonomi dalam bentuk hubungan perdagangan internasional melalui slogan pasar bebas telah memberikan dampak positif maupun negatif. Kondisi itu merupakan konsekuensi dari negara-negara yang menjadi anggota WTO untuk menciptakan pasar yang kompetitif. Proteksionisme perdagangan merupakan bentuk kebijakan anti-pasar bebas yang tidak adil dalam pasar internasional. Kebijakan ini dilakukan untuk melindungi pasar dalam negeri yang di lain pihak mengurangi semangat pasar bebas. Perlindungan sering dilakukan dengan menerapkan aturan dokumen administrasi, jumlah kuota, sertifikasi produk, aspek kesehatan, proteksi tenaga kerja sebagai cara negara melindungi pasar domestiknya. Salah satu contoh adalah kebijakan yang pernah dilakukan oleh Amerika Serikat terhadap impor daging dari Kanada dimana WTO sebagai mediator dan rezim perdagangan internasional menjadi aktor dominan dalam proses negosiasi. Hasilnya Amerika Serikat tidak bisa membuktikan tuduhan terhadap impor daging Kanada setelah dilakukan panel khusus dalam sidang di Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) atau Badan Penyelesaian Persengketaan WTO. Jadi kebijakan proteksionis harus rasional dan bisa dipertanggungjawabkan sehingga tidak ada satu negara pun yang dirugikan oleh dampak kebijakan tersebut baik pada skala mikro (konsumen) maupun skala makro (negara). Kata kunci: Perkembangan Ekonomi, Globalisasi Perdagangan, Perdagangan Bebas, Hambatan Perdagangan, Proteksionisme, WTO
KEPEMIMPINAN RELIGIUS DALAM MEMBANGUN UKHUWAH ISLAMIAH (STUDI KASUS PEMKOT MAKASSAR) Laode Muhamad Fathun
JIPAGS (Journal of Indonesian Public Administration and Governance Studies) Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : http://jurnal.untirta.ac.id/index.php/JIPAGS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31506/jipags.v2i1.4769

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This paper aims to explain how the strategy of the Government of Makassar in making the values of Islamiah in shaping ukhuwah in Makassar. By using the concept analisasi Buyda theory and the theory of leadership into a blade analysis the authors analyze the Government's strategy to form the Islamic brotherhood in Makassar. Simply how political intervention against Islamic phenomenon. With this type of analytic and descriptive writing techniques of secondary and primary data collection showed that the Government of Makassar using Islamic values that the dawn prayer with all its usefulness as a strategy to cultivate friendship rope while building morality ukhuwah in Makassar. Attended by thousands of local officials, private, school and university students as well as other public evidence of the seriousness of the government to make the dawn prayer in congregation as an instrument to build Makassar religious brotherhood. In this context when political control of religion done by leaders who transformative natara then there is no separation of Islam and politics, because the guidance of Islam is political, social, economic, and perfect law in society.
Menajemen Intervensi Negosiasi Terhadap Sengketaanti Dumping/Dumping Dalam Perdagangan Internasional Laode Muhamad Fathun
Jurnal PIR : Power in International Relations Vol 1, No 2 (2017): PIR FEBRUARI 2017
Publisher : Universitas Potensi Utama

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (368.225 KB) | DOI: 10.22303/pir.1.2.2017.153-175

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Sejak munculnya rezim ekonomi seperti GATT yang sekarang WTO adalah tujuannya untuk menciptakan pola perdagangan yang kompetitif dan adilserta terbuka.Lembaga tersebut sebagai rule driven yang merumuskan sejumlah kebijakan ekonomi internasional di harapkan bisa meredam terjadinya ketidak adilan pasar.Akan tetapi justru adanya sejumlah kebijakan tersebut memperlihatkan pragmatism aturan yang disatu sisi menjadi insturmen melegalkan prilaku curang dalam perdagangan, disisi lain sebagai pengontrol untuk menciptakan pasar yang lebih baik. Salah satu maasalah yang timbul dalam sengketa dagang adalah prilaku dumping oleh sejumlah negara dalam perdagangan internasional.Data WTO dari tahun 1995-2012 menunjukan prilaku dumping sselalu meningkat dari tahun –ketahun.Dumping adalah aktivitas pasar dimana ekportir melakukan diskriminasi harga dengan menjual barang di pasar domestik atau pasar luar negeri dengan harga di bawah harga normal.Aktivitas melawan dumping disebut anti dumping sebagai tindakan melawan kecurangan prilaku dagang.Dumping dan anti dumping sudah di atur dalam artikel GATT /WTO namun akrivitasnya menjadi sumber sengketa dagang internasional dalam konteks ekonomi politik internasional.Brazil adalah negara yang menerima tuduhan dumping dari AS dalam eksport jus orange.AS menerapkan kebijakan anti dumping zeroing untuk menekan masuknya produk Brazil di AS.Sengketa tersebut kemudian di sidangkan WTO sebagai inetrvensionis peace maker untuk mempertemukan kedua pihak beserta sejumlah anggota lainya sebagai peninjau dalam konteks negosiasi internasional. Dalam interval negosiasi dari tahun 2008 dengan prosedur penyelesaian sengketa sesuai pasal 3 DSB akhirnya pada tahun 2011 sengketa tersebut berakhir dan keputusan bahwa AS bersalah menerapkan anti dumping terhadap ekport jus orange Brazil.