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SKRINING AWAL AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI DAN ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK SEMUT (INSECTA: FORMICIDAE) DARI GARUT - JAWA BARAT Agusta, Andria; Wulansari, Dewi; Royyani, Mohammad Fathi; Praptiwi, Praptiwi; Efendy, Oscar; Fathoni, Ahmad
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 18, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v18i2.3621

Abstract

Studies on the therapeutic use of insects and insect products have been neglected compared to the use of other animals or plants.This study aims to determine the antibacterial and antioxidant potential of ants extracts. Preliminary study related to antibacterial and antioxidant screeningof 17 extracts of ant colonies that belongs to 8 species were performed by Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC)-Bioautography. Antioxidant activity was measured by DPPH free radical scavenging method. The antibacterial activity was done against three pathogenic bacteria, i.e Bacillus subtilis InaCC B-1, Staphylococcus aureus InaCC B-4 and Escherichia coli InaCC B-5 were performed by non-eluted TLC-autobiography assay. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and IC50 values of DPPH radical scavenging activity of active extracts were determined by microdilution in 96-well microplate. The results showed 6 extracts active against B.subtilis, 5 extracts active against S.aureus. The lowest MIC value was 512 µg/ ml.  Ten extracts had the antioxidant activity with various IC50 values. The extracts of ants might be used as bioactive resources for antibacterial and antioxidant.  
KAJIAN ETNOBOTANI MASYARAKAT DAYAK DI DESA TAU LUMBIS, KABUPATEN NUNUKAN, PROPINSI KALIMANTAN UTARA, INDONESIA Efendy, Oscar; Royyani, Mohammad Fathi
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 14, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v14i2.1852

Abstract

Ethnobotanical research on the utilization of plant species in Tau Lumbis village of North Kalimantan by Tagol and Akolod Dayaks ethnics has been conducted.Seventy seven species of plants have been recorded to be utilized by the people for various purposes from medicinal to magical-supranatural. Some literature reviews suggested that there was correlation of traditional knowledge and modern science in plant utilization by these ethnics.
BERTAHAN DI TENGAH SAMUDRA: PANDANGAN ETNOBOTANI TERHADAP PULAU ENGGANO, ALAM, DAN MANUSIANYA Royyani, Mohammad Fathi; Lestari Sihotang, Vera Budi; Efendy, Oscar
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 14, No 2 (2018): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v14i2.3743

Abstract

 ABSTRACTThe objective of study was to explore Enggano?s people live survival strategy ulilizing plant resources .  To enable living in Enggano, local community utilize plant resources with diverse strategy.  The main argument of their article is social and enviromental changes affect on the utilization of plant resources as the main strategy of survival.  There strategies of data collection were applied to verify the local community survival strategy.  Namely: FGD, questionair and interview. So we observed society change their live strategy on plant resources utilization in accordance with social change. New access on information, migration, to other island influence on society orientaton. From live survival strategy to economic benefit. Keywords: Enggano, plants, social change, survival, useful.