Dimarti, Safira Chairani
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Journal : Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology

PHYCOCYANIN FROM SPIRULINA PLATENSIS INDUCES CYTOTOXICITY AND APOPTOSIS IN T47D CELLS Dimarti, Safira Chairani; Susilaningsih, Neni; Yuniati, Renni
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 12, No 1 (2020): April 2020 Article-in-Press
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (568.167 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v12i1.22992

Abstract

Breast cancer cases in Indonesia have risen in alarming rate. Herbal medicines have been developed to complement conventional cancer therapy and to lessen the negative effects of the therapies. Phycocyanin, blue-green photosynthetic pigment from Spirulina platensis, becomes a potential candidate of herbal medicine for cancer therapy due to its capability to eliminate various cancer cell line on in vitro level. This research aimed to analyse the effectivity of phycocyanin to induce cytotoxic and apoptotic activity of T47D cells (breast cancer cell line). MTT assay was perform to measure IC50 value. Double-staining assay and flow cytometry were applied to visualize the appearance of apoptotic cells and to measure the percentage of apoptotic and necrotic cells. Result showed that the IC50 value of phycocyanin towards T47D cells is 1650 ?g/mL. Phycocyanin was also proven to induce apoptosis at IC50 with the apoptosis percentage of 45.93%. This research presented different results from previous researches that used phycocyanin from saltwater Spirulina platensis. Based on the results of this study, phycocyanin has the potential to be developed as anticancer agent by inducing apoptosis.
CYTOTOXICITY AND ANTIPROLIFERATION OF PHYCOCYANIN FROM SPIRULINA PLATENSIS EXTRACT ON WIDR COLON CANCER CELL LINE Putri, Ajeng Kurniasari; Dimarti, Safira Chairani; Susilaningsih, Neni; Yuniati, Renni
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 12, No 1 (2020): April 2020 Article-in-Press
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v12i1.22881

Abstract

Phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis extract has anticancer activity against various types of cancer cell cultures. However study about its effect on colon cancer cell lines, especially the WiDr, has not been reported before. This study aimed to reveal the anticancer activity of phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis extract on WiDr cells. The research was an in vitro experimental study, with the investigation on cytotoxicity also antiproliferation as the anticancer parameters. Both cytotoxicity and antiproliferation test was conducted through MTT assay to observe the visualization and inhibition of proliferation of different concentrations of phycocyanin in several incubation times on the WiDr colon cancer cell line. The obtained data were then processed statistically with the Two Way ANOVA test at a significance value of p <0.05 and followed with the Post Hoc test since there were significant differences. Based on the results, it could be postulated that phycocyanin extracted from freshwater Spirulina platensis was classified as non-toxic (IC50 of 855 µg/ml). Consequently, it is less potential to be used as the treatment for colon cancer. However, phycocyanin could inhibit the proliferation of the WiDr cell for approximately 47.4%, specifically at the concentration of 1710 µg/ml for 72 hours. It could be concluded that freshwater phycocyanin is less effective as an anticancer substance. The benefit of this study is to provide the new scientific evidence of the contrary results of freshwater phycocyanin activity from Spirulina platensis as an anticancer agent of colon cancer.
Cytotoxicity and Antiproliferation of Phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis Extract on WiDr Colon Cancer Cell Line Putri, Ajeng Kurniasari; Dimarti, Safira Chairani; Yuniati, Renni; Susilaningsih, Neni
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 12, No 1 (2020): April 2020
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v12i1.22881

Abstract

Phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis extract has anticancer activity against various types of cancer cell cultures. However study about its effect on colon cancer cell lines, especially the WiDr, has not been reported before. This study aimed to reveal the anticancer activity of phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis extract on WiDr cells. The research was an in vitro experimental study, with the investigation on cytotoxicity also antiproliferation as the anticancer parameters. Both cytotoxicity and antiproliferation test was conducted through MTT assay to observe the visualization and inhibition of proliferation of different concentrations of phycocyanin in several incubation times on the WiDr colon cancer cell line. The obtained data were then processed statistically with the Two Way ANOVA test at a significance value of p 0.05 and followed with the Post Hoc test since there were significant differences. Based on the results, it could be postulated that phycocyanin extracted from freshwater Spirulina platensis was classified as non-toxic (IC50 of 855 µg/ml). Consequently, it is less potential to be used as the treatment for colon cancer. However, phycocyanin could inhibit the proliferation of the WiDr cell for approximately 47.4%, specifically at the concentration of 1710 µg/ml for 72 hours. It could be concluded that freshwater phycocyanin is less effective as an anticancer substance. The benefit of this study is to provide the new scientific evidence of the contrary results of freshwater phycocyanin activity from Spirulina platensis as an anticancer agent of colon cancer.
Phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis Induces Cytotoxicity and Apoptosis in T47D Cells Dimarti, Safira Chairani; Susilaningsih, Neni; Yuniati, Renni
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 12, No 1 (2020): April 2020
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v12i1.22992

Abstract

Breast cancer cases in Indonesia have risen in alarming rate. Herbal medicines have been developed to complement conventional cancer therapy and to lessen the negative effects of the therapies. Phycocyanin, blue-green photosynthetic pigment from Spirulina platensis, becomes a potential candidate of herbal medicine for cancer therapy due to its capability to eliminate various cancer cell line on in vitro level. This research aimed to analyse the effectivity of phycocyanin to induce cytotoxic and apoptotic activity of T47D cells (breast cancer cell line). MTT assay was perform to measure IC50 value. Double-staining assay and flow cytometry were applied to visualize the appearance of apoptotic cells and to measure the percentage of apoptotic and necrotic cells. Result showed that the IC50 value of phycocyanin towards T47D cells is 1650 μg/mL. Phycocyanin was also proven to induce apoptosis at IC50 with the apoptosis percentage of 45.93%. This research presented different results from previous researches that used phycocyanin from saltwater Spirulina platensis. Based on the results of this study, phycocyanin has the potential to be developed as anticancer agent by inducing apoptosis.