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Uji Efektivitas Ekstrak Jintan Hitam (Nigella Sativa) Terhadap Pertumbuhan Bakteri Staphylococcus Aureus Pada Medium MHA (Mueller Hinton Agar) Makmun, Armanto; Surdam, Zulfiyah; Gunawan, Andi Mufida
Window of Health : Jurnal Kesehatan Vol. 3 No. 1 (Januari, 2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (618.867 KB) | DOI: 10.33368/woh.v0i0.204

Abstract

Indonesia is a developing country facing infectious diseases. Staphylococcus aureus is a major pathogen in humans and almost every person who has been infected with Staphylococcus aureus varies in weight, ranging from snacks to weight that can help people. However, given the antibiotic resistance rates, the use of alternative medicinal plants is a safer choice. This study tries to understand the efficacy of black cumin extract in inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. This research is an experimental post-test study using the disc diffusion method to see how to use Black Cumin Extract (Nigella sativa) as an antimicrobial against Staphylococcus aureus in vitro. Black cumin extract obtained the highest inhibition zone at 100% concentration with a mean inhibition zone of 24 mm, while the lowest inhibition zone at a concentration of 25% with an average inhibition zone of 10 mm. A positive control using chloramphenicol antibiotics used a mean inhibition zone of 30 mm that is sensitive to bacterial growth, whereas in negative controls using distilled zone no inhibition is formed. Compared with Staphylococcus aureus bacteria by giving black cumin extract at all concentrations. It is necessary to test the activity of black cumin seeds (Nigella sativa) against other Gram-negative bacteria. We recommend that in the process of making black cumin extract, use of spectrometry tools with the chromatography method to avoid errors in making extracts.
Beberapa Khasiat Buah Tin (Ficus Carica) Dari Antikonvulsan, Anti Alergik, Anti Inflamasi, Antihiperglikemik, Antitumor, Anti Kanker Hingga Terapi Hati ruslan, fadhilah nur azizah; Makmun, Armanto
Jurnal Kedokteran Vol 9 No 3 (2020): Jurnal Kedokteran volume 9 no 3 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jku.v9i3.409

Abstract

Buah tin (Ficus carica) adalah sumber zat besi, kalsium, fosfor, dan serat. Buah tin telah digunakan di seluruh dunia untuk mengobati berbagai gangguan kesehatan. Ficus carica Berasal dari Timur Tengah dan Asia Barat, tetapi menyebar ke banyak wilayah lain di dunia. Produk dari Ficus carica banyak digunakan sebagai sumber makanan dan obat-obatan untuk mengobati berbagai penyakit. Berdasarkan uraian yang disebutkan, maka peneliti tertarik untuk mengkaji lebih lanjut mengenai manfaat yang terkandung dalam Buah tin.
Profil Mikrobiota Saluran Cerna Pada Anak, Dewasa, Berbagai Suku dan Ras Kurniawan, Dzulfachri; Makmun, Armanto; Zulfahmidah, Zulfahmidah; Aisyah, Windy Nurul
Indonesian Journal of Health Vol.01 No.01 (Oktober 2020)
Publisher : Yayasan Citra Cendekia Celebes

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (226.634 KB) | DOI: 10.33368/inajoh.v0i0.6

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Microbiota is defined as a collection of microorganisms that live in the host's body, which can consist of bacteria, archae, viruses, and other eukaryotes. Microbiota in humans is also found in the skin, lungs, urinary tract, oral cavity, although the digestive tract plays a role in contributing to the highest number of microbiota in humans. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the various profiles of the gastrointestinal microbiota in children, adults, various ethnicities and races. Methods: This study uses a narrative review method. The data sources of this study come from literature obtained via the internet in the form of research results from national and international journals in 2010-2020 such as Elsevier, Clinical Key, Pubmed, Biomed Research International, Nature Journal, PLOS Computational Biology, PNAS Journal dan American Society For Microbiology. Results: From several collections of journals related to microbiota, many studies reveal that the two bacterial phyla Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes are found in a higher proportion in humans in general followed by Prevotella, Actinobacteria and Bifidobacterium. Whereas in children the microbiota is more dominated by Bacteroidetes / Bifidobacterium and not a few studies have found Clostridium in children. It is no different from ethnicities and races from other countries in that the findings of general microbiota are almost the same. Various microbiota also can be built from the environment, geography, ethnicity and culture. Conclusion: The variability of the microbiota in the human tract is very diverse, it is related to various factors, namely age, genetics, metabolic, diet, diet, lifestyle, environment, geography, ethnicity, culture and socio-economy.
Peran Mikrobiota Usus Terhadap kondisi Obesitas Makmun, Armanto; Rodya, Wialda Dwi; Zulfahmidah, Zulfahmidah; Aisyah, Windy Nurul Aisyah
Indonesian Journal of Health Vol.01 No.01 (Oktober 2020)
Publisher : Yayasan Citra Cendekia Celebes

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (204.457 KB) | DOI: 10.33368/inajoh.v0i0.10

Abstract

The gut microbiota has been recognized as an important factor in the development of metabolic diseases such as obesity and is considered an endocrine organ involved in the maintenance of energy homeostasis and immunity. Intestinal dysbiosis can alter gastrointestinal peptide production associated with satiety, resulting in increased food intake. In obese people, this dysbiosis appears to be associated with increased gut microbiota has been implicated in the control of food intake and satiety via intestinal peptide signaling, in which bacterial products activate enteroen-docrine cells by modulating enterocyte-produced paracrine signaling molecules. The gut microbiota can increase the production of certain SCFAs, which have been shown to be associated with increased production of YY (PYY) peptides, ghrelin, insulin, and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). The purpose of this study was to Article Review by looking at the topic of the gut microbiota and obesity by using research with quantitative meta-analysis methods based on previous research. This research method uses the article review method. The data source of this research comes from literature obtained via the internet in the form of research results from international journals in 2010-2020. The results of this study from a total of 50 journals, which the authors have reviewed, concluded that the role of the gut microbiota in energy regulation, studies have linked the gut microbiota with the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and inflammation in obesity. It is known that obesity is associated with low-grade chronic inflammation and insulin resistance. The gut microbiota has been implicated in the control of food intake and satiety through intestinal peptide signaling, in which bacterial products activate enteroen-docrine cells by modulating the enterocyte-produced paracrine signaling molecules. The conclusion of this study based on the results of the study found that the effect of intestinal microbiotas on obesity.
Efek Puasa 12 Jam dari Fajar Hingga Terbenam Matahari Terhadap Sistem Imunitas pada Manusia Makmun, Armanto; Noor, Fahirany
Indonesian Journal of Health Vol.02 No.01 (Oktober 2021)
Publisher : Yayasan Citra Cendekia Celebes

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (828.363 KB) | DOI: 10.33368/inajoh.v2i1.14

Abstract

Abstract: Fasting is to refrain from food for a certain period of time voluntarily. The average fasting period is 12 hours. The effect of fasting on the regulation of the immune system is still difficult to understand. However, changes in the immune system, such as modulation of the body's response to various infections, stress, and other dangerous events, are very interesting during fasting. Periodic fasting reprograms T-cell populations, suppressing autoimmunity and enhancing immunity. Purpose: This study aims to Article Review by looking at the topic of fasting especially towards immunity by using research with quantitative meta-analysis methods based on research that has been done before. Methods: This study uses the article review method. The data source of this research comes from the literature obtained through the internet in the form of research results from international journals in 2011-2020. Results: The results of this study from a total of 51 journals, which the authors have reviewed, the conclusion is the effect of fasting on the immune system is very diverse, can be seen in terms of immunomodulators / markers of inflammation, exercise, metabolism, metabolic diseases such as obesity, diabetes mellitus and infectious diseases, like TB and COVID-19. Therefore, the authors hope that with this Article review can add information to the public about the effects of fasting on the body's immune system. The conclusion of this study based on the results of the study found that the many effects of fasting are very beneficial for improving the body's immune system.
Karakteristik pada Obesitas Berdasarkan Rentan Umur di Kelurahan Nganganaumala Kota Bau-Bau Makmun, Armanto; Radisu, Indri Meliawati
Indonesian Journal of Health Vol.01 No.02 (Februari 2021)
Publisher : Yayasan Citra Cendekia Celebes

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (266.008 KB) | DOI: 10.33368/inajoh.v0i0.23

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Obesity is an imbalance in the amount of food intake compared toenergy expenditure carried out by the body. Some of the factors that cause obesity include lifestyle,diet, and physical activity. Obesity in adulthood has an impact on health, where weight gain andobesity are risk factors for increasing the incidence of non-communicable diseases. The purpose ofthis study was to determine the relationship between age vulnerability and the incidence of obesity.Methods: This study is a descriptive research design. Data collected using a questionnaire. The dataof this study were categorical variables from 2 groups so that it used the Chi-Square test. Referencesearch results are entered into the Mendeley app using the system Vancouver. Results: The totalsample size of 98 people with adolescence 11-19 years 7 people (7.1%), adults 20-60 years 88 people(89.8%), elderly> 60 years 3 people (3.2%) . Based on gender, it was found that 18 men (18.4%) and80 women 81.6%). And based on BMI, it was found that 19 people were underweight (19.4%), normal41 people (41.8%), overweight 12 people (12.2%), obese 1 23 people (23.5%), and obese 2 3 people(3.1%). Conclusion: There is no relationship between age susceptibility to obesity.
Tingkat Kepuasan Pasien terhadap Pelayanan Asuransi BPJS di Puskesmas Pattallassang Saleh, Desi Triutami; Makmun, Armanto
Indonesian Journal of Health Vol.02 No.01 (Oktober 2021)
Publisher : Yayasan Citra Cendekia Celebes

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (698.082 KB) | DOI: 10.33368/inajoh.v2i1.36

Abstract

Pada periode Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional( JKN), segala penduduk Indonesia yang terdaftar di Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial Kesehatan( BPJS) berhak untuk mendapatkan pelayanan kesehatan. Dalam penerapannya, pemberian pelayanan kesehatan pada pasien BPJS memakai sistem rujukan berjenjang sesuai dengan kebutuhan medis. Salah satu penanda keberhasilan pelayanan kesehatan yakni kepuasan pasien. Mengetahui tingkat kepuasan pasien terhadap pelayanan asuransi BPJS di Puskesmas Pattallassang sehingga dapat dijadikan bahan pertimbangan ke depannya. Studi ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kuantitatif dengan desain cross- sectional study. Variabel riset meliputi ukuran pelayanan yang terdiri dari aspek kehandalan, ketanggapan, empati, fasilitas, serta jaminan. Populasi pada studi ini ialah pasien yang berkunjung ke Puskesmas Pattallassang. Cara pengambilan sampel yakni accidental sampling dan diperoleh 46 responden. Hasil penelitian berupa skor penilaian pasien dianalisis dan dikelompokkan sesuai dengan tingkatannya sehingga diperoleh tingkat kepuasan pada aspek kehandalan 73,5%, ketanggapan 73,7%, empati 73,2%, fasilitas 76,2%, dan jaminan 78,38%. Tingkat kepuasan secara keseluruhan termasuk dalam kategori puas.
Hubungan Obesitas dengan Usia, Jenis Kelamin, Genetik, Asupan Makanan dan Kebiasaan di Dusun Bangkan Risdayani, Eka; Makmun, Armanto
Indonesian Journal of Health Vol.02 No.01 (Oktober 2021)
Publisher : Yayasan Citra Cendekia Celebes

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (835.027 KB) | DOI: 10.33368/inajoh.v2i1.38

Abstract

Background: Obesity is a condition of excess fat accumulation in the body's adipose tissue which can be influenced by physical activity, food intake, genetic factors, sleep habits, age and gender. The incidence rate in Indonesia tends to increase as seen from the Riskesdas 2007, 2013 and 2018 data, namely 10.5%, 14.8%, and 21.8%. The aimed of the reaserach is to determine the relationship between obesity and age, gender, level of physical activity, eating habits, genetics and sleep duration. This research is a quantitative study with a cross sectional approach. Data collection was carried out through a questionnaire. The research sample is a sample with overweight and obesity obtained a sample of 80 samples. The data analysis was conducted, namely univariate and bivariate analysis using the chi-square test. The result, 36.3% of respondents are overweight and 63.8% obese. Most of the respondents were> 18 years old. The results showed that obesity was significantly associated with age (p = 0.016), gender (p = 0.010), physical activity (p = 0.025), frequency of eating (p = 0.015), frequency of heavy eating (p = 0.040), drinking- sugary drinks (0.025), fast food (p = 0.025) daily portions of food (p = 0.025) and a family history of obesity (p = 0.007). Conversely, consumption of snacks (p = 0.731), consumption of fibrous foods (p = 0.089), the relationship between breakfast (p = 0.776), the relationship between sleep time (p = 0.243). Age, gender, physical activity, frequency of eating, frequency of heavy eating, drinking sugary drinks, consumption of fast food, daily food portions and a family history of obesity have a significant relationship which can be a contributing factor to obesity.
Pola Makan Terhadap Obesitas Putri, Asyima Batari; Makmun, Armanto
Indonesian Journal of Health Vol.02 No.01 (Oktober 2021)
Publisher : Yayasan Citra Cendekia Celebes

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (654.259 KB) | DOI: 10.33368/inajoh.v2i1.39

Abstract

Obesitas adalah penimbunan lemak yang berlebih melebihi lemak normal, sebagai hasil dari ketidakseimbangan asupan energi dengan energi yang dikeluarkan. Obesitas merupakan faktor risiko yang dapat mengakibatkan diabetes mellitus, resisten insulin, dislipidemia, hipertensi, atherosklerosis dan beberapa tipe kanker. Obesitas merupakan masalah kesehatan yang kompleks yang dipengaruhi oleh berbagai faktor seperti prilaku, lingkungan dan sosial budaya dengan ciri gaya hidup sedentary (kurang gerak) dan perilaku makan tidak sehat. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk Article Review dengan melihat topik mengenai pola makan terhadap obesitas dengan menggunakan penelitian yang telah dilakukan sebelumnya. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan metode article review. Sumber data penelitian ini berasal dari artikel yang diperoleh melalui internet berupa hasil penelitian dan studi literatur mengenai pola makan terhadap obesitas tahun 2012-2020. Hasil: Hasil penelitian ini dari total 30 jurnal, yang telah penulis review, kesimpulannya adalah pola makan terhadap obesitas pada anak, remaja dan lansia sangatlah beragam, dapat dilihat dari pola makan, asupan makan, asupan energy dan ketidakseimbangan komsumsi makan. Maka dari itu, penulis berharap dengan adanya Article review ini dapat menambah informasi masyarakat mengenai pola makan terhadap obesitas. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini berdasarkan hasil penelitian ditemukan bahwa adanya pengaruh pola makan terhadap obesitas.
Interprofessional Collaboration Penanganan Awal Kasus Preeklamsia Dan Eklamsia Di Kabupaten Wajo Sulawesi Selatan Karsa, Nevi Sulvita; Andi Mappaware, Nasrudin; Mokhtar, Shulhana; Alamanda Irwan, Andi; Mursyid, Muhammad; Makmun, Armanto; Adriansyah, Aan; Irsan, Muhammad; Parningan, Zherant
Window of Community Dedication Journal Vol. 02 No. 02 (Desember, 2021)
Publisher : Pusat Kajian dan Pengelola Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33096/wocd.v2i02.348

Abstract

Preeclampsia and eclamsia are a unity of the disease. The term unity of the disease means that both events are essentially the same because of eclamsia which is an increase of the heavier and more dangerous pre-eclampsia with the addition of certain symptoms. Interprofessional collaboration (IPC) is a strategy in improving the quality of service. The IPC strategy aims to improve patient safety, improve human resources quality, and transform health care systems more effectively. Thus IPC is important in hospital services. Health workers, namely doctors, midwives, nurses and pharmacists to be able to solve the problem of obstetric emergency can be done training and applying interprofessional collaboration (IPC) in providing education, screening and initial management by doctors, midwives, nurses and pharmacists in lowering unwanted events or death in cases of preeclampsia and eclamsia. Training is given to health workers, especially doctors, midwives, nurses and pharmacists in conducting IPC practice divided into 4 dimensions, namely Assessment of Interprofessional Team Collaboration Scale (AITCS) including partnerships, Cooperation, Coordination, Shared Decision Making. Keywords: Interprofessional collaboration, preeclampsia, eclamsia