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Tingkat Penggunaan dan Kesadaran Masyarakat dalam Konsumsi Obat Tradisional Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Gombong Kiromah, Naelaz Zukhruf Wakhidatul; Widiastuti, Tri Cahyani; Krisdiyanti, Yayu; Kurniawan, Yusuf
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Keperawatan VOL 15, NO 1 (2019): JURNAL ILMIAH KESEHATAN KEPERAWATAN
Publisher : LPPM STIKES MUHAMMADIYAH GOMBONG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (110.01 KB) | DOI: 10.26753/jikk.v15i1.331

Abstract

Bangsa Indonesia telah lama memanfaatkan tanaman sebagai sarana pengobatan. Obat tradisional merupakan suatu pengobatan yang memanfaatkan tanaman dimana tela digunakan dari secara turun menurun.Penggunaan obat tradisional secara umum dinilai lebih aman dibandingkan dengan obat modern. Akan tetapi hal tersebut tentu saja harus disertai dengan cara penggunaan obat tradisional yang tepat untuk menjamin manfaat dan keamanannya.  Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui tingkat penggunaan dan kesadaran dalam konsumsi obat tradisional khusunya di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Gombong 2 yang terdiri dari 9 desa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian non eksperimental dan bersifat deskriptif yang menggunakan angket (kuisioner). Responden yang berpartisipasi dalam penelitian ini sejumlah 242 orang. Karakteristik responden yang mengikuti penelitian ini adalah mayoritas perempuan  (59,50%), berpendidikan terakhir SD (33,47%), pekerjaan sebagai ibu rumah tangga (33,06%). Masyarakat di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Gombong 2 yang memilih pengobatan dengan obat tradisional (42,97%), dasar pemilihan penggunaan obat tradisional bersumber dari teman, saudara dan tetangga sebesar 42,31%, dan semua responden merasakan manfaat serta khasiat dari obat tradisional. Dalam penelitian ini juga menunjukkan bahwa mayoritas masyarakat telah mengetahui keamanan obat tradisional (67,36%) akan tetapi sumber informasi didapatkan dari teman, saudara dan tetangga. Sehingga diperlukan kegiatan penyuluhan tentang manfaat dan keamanan serta penggunaan obat tradisional yang baik dan tepat.
PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN ANGGOTA KOMUNITAS MASYARAKAT PEDULI TB (KMP-TB) DALAM PROGRAM PENANGGULANGAN TB BERBASIS MASYARAKAT Yuniar, Isma; Sarwono, Sarwono; Widiastuti, Tri Cahyani
Jurnal EMPATI (Edukasi Masyarakat, Pengabdian dan Bakti) Vol 1, No 1 (2020): Jurnal EMPATI
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Gombong

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26753/empati.v1i1.409

Abstract

Penyakit Tuberkulosis (TB) atau biasa disebut TBC menjadi penyakit menular paru-paru yang paling berbahaya di tahun 2016. TB merupakan penyebab kematian utama di banyak negara berkembang. Kegiatan penemuan kasus Tuberkulosis Paru dilakukan selain dengan pasif case finding, juga dengan melibatkan kader kesehatan  dalam pelaksanaan kegiatan program Tuberkulosis Paru . Kurang optimalnya peran kader dan petugas kesehatan menjadi faktor penyebab kegagalan penanggulangan TB.  Angka penemuan TB mengalami penuruan, belum sesuai dengan target yang ditentukan. Succes rate di Kabupaten Kebumen berdasarkan data yang diperoleh pada tiga tahun terakhir juga masih di bawah standar yang ditetapkan.  Solusi yang ditawarkan oleh Tim Pengabdian masyarakat Stikes Muhammadiyah Gombong adalah membeningkatkan peran KMP-TB dalam hal penanggulangan TB dengan melalui beberapa kegiatan, yaitu memberikan pelatihan dasar (pelatihan tentang komunikasi dasar, konseling dan pelatihan teknik penyuluhan), Pelatihan Inti tentang TB dan penangobatannya, simulasi (simulasi deteksi dini TB dan simulasi pemberian obat TB). Hasil dari kegiatan ini menunjukkan adanya penigkatan pengetahuan anggota KMP-TB Puring tentang komunikasi, promosi kesehtan, penyakit TB dan pengobatan
FORMULASI DAN EVALUASI SEDIAAN TABLET NANOPARTIKEL EKSTRAK DAUN SALAM (SYZYGIUM POLYANTHUM) DENGAN VARIASI KONSENTRASI NA ALGINAT DAN AVICEL PH 102 Setiawan, Agung; Kiromah, Naelaz Zukhruf Wakhidatul; Widiastuti, Tri Cahyani
Pharmacon: Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia Vol 17, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/pharmacon.v17i1.10107

Abstract

The use of traditional medicines is an alternative treatment which is considered safer in terms of side effects and toxicity. One of the herbal plants that have properties that can reduce blood pressure is bay leaf (Syzigium polyanthum) because it contains essential oils (citral, eugenol), tannin, and flavonoids. Ethanol extract of bay leaves (Syzigium polyanthum) with antihypertensive potential needs to be made into dosage forms. This study aimed to determine the optimal formula of the preparation of bay leaf (Syzigium polyanthum) nanoparticles tablet with variations in the concentration of Na alginate and Avicel PH 102. Salam leaf extract was made using maceration method using  ethanol 96%, followed by evaporation until thick extract was formed. Colloidal nanoparticles were prepared by mixing bay leaf extract into  technical ethanol 96% and aquadest, chitosan solution in acetic acid and NaTTP solution. Further, it was measured using PSA (Particle Size Analyzer) to determine the particle size. Tablets were prepared using 4 formulas with variations in the concentration of sodium alginate and avicel PH 102 using the direct pressing method. The results of this study indicate that variations in the concentration of Na alginate and Avicel PH 102 affect the physical properties of tablets. The addition of Avicel PH 102 can increase the hardness and disintegration time of the tablet. While the addition of Na alginate can increase the fragility of tablets. Based on the evaluation results, the optimum formulation of tablet formulas is formula 4.
IDENTIFIKASI ETNOBOTANI TANAMAN OBAT YANG DIMANFAATKAN OLEH MASYARAKAT KECAMATAN SEMPOR KABUPATEN KEBUMEN Widiastuti, Tri Cahyani; Kiromah, Naelaz Zukhruf Wakhidatul; Ledianasari, L
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Keperawatan Vol 13, No 2 (2017): JURNAL ILMIAH KESEHATAN KEPERAWATAN
Publisher : LPPM STIKES MUHAMMADIYAH GOMBONG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26753/jikk.v13i2.216

Abstract

Indonesian is a tropical country that has been known as a producer of various agricultural commodities, including medicinal plants. Traditional medicine is a hereditary heritage of the ancestors who are deeply rooted in the culture of the nation, therefore both in the herb and in its use as a traditional medicine is still based on experiences passed down from generation to generation both orally and in writing. Health services in Indonesia have grown, but people's interest in utilizing traditional medicine remains high. This study aims to reveal the knowledge of the community about the types of plants that are utilized for the fulfillment of daily living needs. This research was conducted around Sempor District Kebumen District. This study uses survey method designed to obtain a description of the various types of medicinal plants used by the community. Determination of informants by using snowball sampling. The results of the survey and the interviews were made of the categories of plant utilization. From the results of the research, it is found that the people around Sempor still have a good knowledge about the diversity of plants and their utilization in everyday life. Based on the survey results, there were 200 species of plants utilized by the community, grouped into categories: foodstuff (90 species), herbal medicine and traditional medicine (44 species), building materials (29 species), fuelwood (13 species) , animal feed ingredients (11 species), craft materials and tools (8 types), fiber materials and rope (3 types), and toxic materials (2 types)
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN EKSTRAK AKAR PASAK BUMI (EURYCOMA LONGIFORA JACK) TERSTANDAR TERHADAP GAMBARAN HISTOPATOLOGIK TESTIS TIKUS WISTAR Miyarso, Condro Suro; Widiastuti, Tri Cahyani; Kiromah, Naelaz Zukhruf Wakhidatul
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Keperawatan Vol 13, No 3 (2017): JURNAL ILMIAH KESEHATAN KEPERAWATAN
Publisher : LPPM STIKES MUHAMMADIYAH GOMBONG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26753/jikk.v13i3.230

Abstract

The root of pasak bumi (Eurycoma longifolia, Jack) is one of plant from Indonesia known as aphrodisiac. The study about its standardized extract as aphrodisiac was show increasing libido, testosterone level, FSH and LH on male rats. This study was conducted to evaluate testosterone level and histopathological changes of the testes of male rats of standardized extract of pasak bumi root. There are 50 old male rats which ages 3-4 months old divided to five groups. Group I as negative control was administered aquadestilata. Group II as positive control was administered testosterone (Andriol®). Group III, IV and V ware given standardized extract of pasak bumi root at the dose 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg body weight Respectively. The extract was given orally twice a day for six days and forty nine days and then the testes was taken out on 7th and 50th day. The histopathological of the testes was evaluated using quantitative parameter by the presence of testes weight, number and diameter of Leydig cells. Testosterone level was taken on 7th and 50th day used ELISA method. The results were analyzed using parametric test, one way ANOVA (P<0,05), post hoc Dunnet (2-sided) (P < 0,05). The result of this study shows that the standardized extract of pasak bumi root was not effect on histopathological changes of the testes but it could increased the level of testosterone m at the dose 100 and 200 mg/kg body weight.  Key word : Eurycoma longifolia, Jack, aphrodisiac, histopathological testes testosteron
Level of use and public awareness in consumption of traditional medicines in work area of Health Center Gombong I Kiromah, Naelaz Zukhruf Wakhidatul; Widiastuti, Tri Cahyani
International Journal of Health Science and Technology Vol 1, No 3 (2020): April
Publisher : Universitas 'Aisyiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31101/ijhst.v1i3.1207

Abstract

Indonesia has 20,000 types of plants where 300 species have been used as traditional medicines. The use of traditional medicine as an alternative treatment in Indonesia that has been used by both rural and urban communities. The use of traditional medicine is considered safer than modern medicine. The purpose of this study was to identify the level of use of traditional medicine and public awareness in the use of traditional medicine in work area of  Health Center Gombong 1 which consists of 5 villages. This research is a non-experimental and descriptive research that uses a questionnaire. Respondents who participated in this study were 140 people. The characteristics of respondents who participated in this study were the majority of men (50,71%), last educated of elementary school (41,43%), as housewives (27,86%). The majority of people in work area of Health Center Gombong choose treatment with modern medicine (64,29%). In addition there are 35,71% using traditional medicine and the majority use rhizome species (46%) for the treatment of minor ailments. In this study also showed that the majority of people do not know the safety of traditional medicines (50%) due to lack of information so that information is needed on the benefits and safety and the use of good and appropriate traditional medicines.