Claim Missing Document

Found 2 Documents

Ethnobotany of MandailingTribe in Batang Gadis National Park Nasution, Aswarina; Chikmawati, Tatik; Walujo, Eko Baroto; Zuhud, Ervizal Amir Muhammad
Journal of Tropical Life Science Vol 8, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Life Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (997.207 KB) | DOI: 10.11594/jtls.08.01.09


 Batang Gadis National Park (BGNP) located in Bukit Barisan Mountains, Sumatera Utara. A Mandailing tribe  who lives around the BGNP, has the unique local knowledge, such as processing young stem of rattan (Calamus manan) into pakkat (traditional food) and use rimbang (Solanum torvum) to neutralize toxins. These local knowledge could be lost because it only inherited orally from generation to generation. This study was aimed to reveal ethnobotany knowledge of Mandailing Tribe. The study was conducted in November 2015 in four villages around the BGNP, Sibanggor Jae, Hutabaringin Julu, Pastap Jae, and Botung Villages. Data were collected by interviewing informants in each village as well as the field survey through two approaches, emic and etic. A total of 262 plant species is used by Mandailing Tribe for subsistence and commercial needs. The highest utilization is for food  (106 species), followed by traditional medicines (81 species), firewood (29 species), building materials (35 species), and animal feed (25 species). People also used plant for household appliances, agricultural equipment, art materials, ropes and wrap, and pest control materials. Eme/rice (Oryza sativa) have the highest Index of Cultural Significance (ICS) values. The existence of this species is maintained for its local wisdom. Thus, involvement of  local  community will give great contribution to manage and conserve the BGNP area. 
Jurnal Bioteknologi & Biosains Indonesia (JBBI) Vol. 5 No. 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Balai Bioteknologi, Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (504.816 KB) | DOI: 10.29122/jbbi.v5i1.2772


Empirical Utilization of Medicinal Plant on Mandailing Tribe in Batang Gadis National Park North SumatraABSTRACTMandailing tribe is an indigenous tribe that inhabits the area around Batang Gadis National Park (BGNP), North Sumatra. They have knowledge related to the use of plants for traditional medicine. Nevertheless, the information about this local knowledge is not uncover yet. This study aims to reveal the knowledge of the Mandailing tribe in utilizing plants as a traditional medicine. The research location was in 4 villages around BGNP. Data were collected through interviews with respondents and direct survey in the field. Data were analyzed descriptively qualitative. The results showed that there were about 81 plant species used for treatment covered in 38 families to treat 41 types of diseases. The most widely used medicinal plant species are from the Compositae family. Herbs dominant used by the community as a medicinal plant comprised 50 species of plants. The high diversity of medicinal plants indicated that utilization of plants for health is the main priorities of a Mandailing tribe.Keywords: Biodiversity, disease, local knowledge, Mandailing tribe, traditional medicine  ABSTRAKSuku Mandailing merupakan suku asli yang mendiami kawasan di sekitar Taman Nasional Batang Gadis (TNBG), Sumatra Utara. Mereka memiliki pengetahuan terkait pemanfaatan tumbuhan untuk obat tradisional. Namun informasi terkait pengetahuan lokal tersebut belum diungkapkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap pengetahuan Suku Mandailing dalam memanfaatkan tumbuhan sebagai obat tradisional. Lokasi penelitian berada di 4 desa di sekitar TNBG. Pengumpulan data melalui wawancara dengan respoden serta survey langsung di lapangan. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada sekitar 81 spesies tumbuhan yang digunakan untuk pengobatan yang tercakup dalam 38 famili untuk mengobati 41 jenis penyakit. Spesies tumbuhan obat yang paling banyak digunakan berasal dari Famili Compositae. Habitus herba dominan digunakan masyarakat sebagai tumbuhan obat yang meliputi 50 spesies tumbuhan. Tingginya keanekaragaman tumbuhan obat menunjukkan bahwa pemanfaatan tumbuhan untuk kesehatan adalah prioritas utama Suku Mandailing. Kata Kunci: Biodiversitas, suku Mandailing, obat tradisional, pengetahuan lokal, penyakit