Fatmawati, Erma
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Kebijakan Pendidikan dalam Perspektf Peran Birokrasi dan Partisipasi Masyarakat Fatmawati, Erma
JIEMAN: Journal of Islamic Educational Management Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019): JIEMAN: Journal of Islamic Educational Management
Publisher : Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Ilmu Keguruan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (353.173 KB) | DOI: 10.35719/jieman.v1i1.10

Abstract

Abstrak Pendidikan sejatinya tidak bisa lepas dari peran aktif masyarakat. Oleh sebab itu, dibutuhkan kebijakan dan peran berokrasi yang mampu mengakomudasi seluruh aspirasi serta keterlibatan masyarakat. Selama ini rantai berokrasi cukup panjang dan persoalannyapun kompleks sehingga menambah beban peningkatan mutu pendidikan. Kajian ini difokuskan pada bagaimana kebijakan pendidikan dilihat dari peran birokrasi dan partisipasi masyarakat, yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui kebijakan pendidikan bila dilihat dari peran birokrasi dan partisipasi masyarakat. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif kepustakaan, dengan pengumpulan data menggunakan studi dokumenter sedangkan analisis datanya menggunakan content analysis. Hasil kajian ini adalah dibutuhkan birokrasi pendidikan adaptif dengan perubahan lingkungan dan responsif terhadap kebutuhan masyarakat. Kinerja birokrasi harus ditingkatkan untuk menciptakan pelayanan prima pada kepentingan publik. Lembaga pendidikan perlu diberi apresiasi dan dijauhkan dari ekploitasi dan kepentingan politik etis. Peran birokrasi di lembaga pendidikan dapat menjadi model implementasi kebijakan pada satuan dan jenjang pendidikan sehingga dibutuhkan pembaharuan manajemen. inovasi manajemen menjadi suatu keniscayaan dalam menyelesaikan persoalan-yang ada. Problem tersebut dapat berupa pemerataan pendidikan, peningkatan mutu, peningkatan efisiensi dan efektifitas serta relevansi yang bertujuan agar penyebaran ide inovasi dapat diadopsi, dimanfaatkan dan didesiminasikan untuk perbaikan dan pemecahan problem pendidikan. Kata Kunci: birokrasi, kebijakan, partisipasi masyarakat Abstract Education, essentially, cannot be separated from the active role of the community. For this reason, such policies and the role of bureaucracy which is able to accommodate all aspirations and community involvement are needed. All this time, the bureaucracy chain was recognized to be too long and the complexity of the problems adds up to the burden of improving the quality of education. This study focuses on how education policy viewed from the role of bureaucracy and community participation. This study uses a qualitative library method. The data collection method used in this study is documentary studies while the analysis method uses is content analysis. The results of this study revealed that adaptive education bureaucracy with environmental changes and responsiveness to community needs are essentially needed. Bureaucratic performance must be improved to create an excellent service in the public interest. Educational institutions need to be appreciated and kept away from exploitation as well as ethical political interests. The role of bureaucracy in educational institutions can be seen as a model of policy implementation at education units and levels so that the management reformation is needed. Management innovation becomes a necessity in solving existing problems. The problem itself can be in the form of equitable education, quality improvement, efficiency and effectiveness improvement and relevance which aims to spread the idea of innovation to be adopted, utilized and disseminated to improve and solve educational problems. Keywords: bureaucracy, policy, community involvement
Total Quality Management and Its Impact on The Effectiveness of the Academic System in Higher Education Muhith, Abd; Mislikhah, St.; Fatmawati, Erma; Umam, Khotibul; Mu'allimin, Mu'allimin
JURNAL AL-TANZIM Vol 6, No 1 (2022)
Publisher : Nurul Jadid University, Probolinggo, East Java, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33650/al-tanzim.v6i1.3334

Abstract

This paper describes total quality management and its impact on the effectiveness of the academic system at KH Achmad Siddiq State Islamic University Jember. This research uses a qualitative case study approach, using interviews, observation, and documentation as data collection techniques. Participants in it are leaders, lecturers, staff, and students with the purposive sampling technique. The data analysis uses Milles and Huberman's concepts, namely data reduction, data presentation, and conclusions. The results showed that the impact of total quality management and the effectiveness of the academic system was; 1) Using friendly, namely students and lecturers as users in this research, it becomes easier to use technology-based information systems, not complicated in using and getting services regarding academic matters; 2) Ease of access to information, namely making it easier for students to access information about academics; 3) Faster use, due to managerial processes that get more attention, students and lecturers feel faster in digging up information through accounts that have been provided with accurate results; 4) Public services faster, managerial processes that run more effectively and consistently as well as the presence of experts who manage them make students feel satisfied with college academic services.