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KESAKSIAN DALAM PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM Rasyid, Arbanur
Jurnal el-Qanuniy: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Kesyariahan dan Pranata Sosial Vol 6, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : IAIN Padangsidimpuan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24952/el-qanuniy.v6i1.2442

Abstract

Tulisan ini mendeskripsikan seputar kesaksian dalam perspektif hukum Islam, disini yang menjadi fokus pembahasan dalam tulisan ini adalah mengenai seluk beluk kesaksian dalam kacamata hukum Islam tentang bagaimana hukum Islam mengatur seputar kesaksian dan apa perbedaan hukum Islam dengan hukum lainnya dalam mengatur kesaksian. Untuk menjawab permaslahan ini, penulis menggunakan metode studi pustaka dengan menelusuri literatur-literatur yang membahas mengenai kesaksian terutama kitab-kitab fikih klasik.Temuan dalam penelusuran itu, bahwa hukum Islam memiliki persamaan dan perbedaan di bidang kesaksian. Salah satu perbedaan itu bahwa di dalam hukum Islam memberikan syarat terhadap orang saksi haruslah adil. Maksud adil di sini tidak hanya bermakna menyampaikan apa adanya tanpa menambah-nambahi atau mengurang-ngurangi tetapi termasuk menjadi insan yang taat kepada Allah SWT, maka orang yang sering melakukan dosa dianggap tidak adil sehingga tidak dibolehkan menjadi saksi.
HUKUM BERWASIAT KEPADA NON MUSLIM : DITINJAU DARI PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM Rasyid, Arbanur
Jurnal el-Qanuniy: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Kesyariahan dan Pranata Sosial Vol 6, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : IAIN Padangsidimpuan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24952/el-qanuniy.v6i2.3063

Abstract

This article describes the statute of wills to non-Muslims, which is the main formula in this paper is about how the legal status of wills to non-Muslims, especially regarding wills related to property, so to answer this problem here the author uses a qualitative method, namely seeking from books that discuss this topic, which the author then concludes with the deductive method.In this paper, the author finds that in determining the will to non-Muslims there are disputes among the ulama of the mazhab, some of which are of the opinion that it is haram and some are of the opinion that it is permissible. Even in Indonesia, there is a concept, namely wills, which is an alternative for judges to distribute inheritance to adopted children. Not only that, many experts also interpret the concept of the mandatory will to give to close relatives who do not get an inheritance even though they are in great need of it materially, this is the solution to cover the problem even though the close relative is non-Muslim, as long as the non-Muslim is not an infidel harb namely infidels who fight against Islam.This study is very interesting to study, considering the plurality of Indonesian citizens who of course there is brotherhood between Muslims and non-Muslims, including the rise of interfaith marriages, this study must be developed as their reference in addressing this kind of problem.
Social Fiqh and Its Implications for Community Life in Society 5.0 Rasyid, Arbanur
Al-Ahkam Volume 31, Nomor 2, Oktober 2021
Publisher : Faculty of Sharia and Law, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Walisongo Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (411.504 KB) | DOI: 10.21580/ahkam.2021.31.2.8219

Abstract

This paper aims to analyze and examine the developmental model of social fiqh in the era of society 5.0 and its implications for the social life of modern society in the 21st century AD. The research method uses a literature review by collecting various appropriate and supportive literature on social fiqh studies, such as the works of KH Sahal Mahfudz and KH Ali Yafi. The study results show that social fiqh in the 5.0 era will increase the ease of access and progress in people's lives concerning social, cultural, economic, and political issues by prioritizing the values of the public benefit. The development of social fiqh in the era of society 5.0 is a step to alleviate the increasingly complex problems of the people. Social fiqh also educates and guides humans to become advanced, independent, prosperous, tolerant, moderate, balanced, and just human beings.
HISTORISITAS ATURAN DAN TUJUAN PERCERAIAN DALAM PERUNDANG-UNDANGAN KELUARGA ISLAM INDONESIA DAN NEGARA-NEGARA MUSLIM Rasyid, Arbanur; Ridwan, Muhammad; Lubis, Maulana Arafat
Jurnal el-Qanuniy: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Kesyariahan dan Pranata Sosial Vol 7, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : IAIN Padangsidimpuan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24952/el-qanuniy.v7i2.4813

Abstract

This paper talks about problems in the family, especially those related to divorce according to Classical Fiqh and looks at how relevant it is to be applied in Indonesia, using the perspective of Human Rights, and the Anti-Discrimination Law, as well as the form of government intervention in this issue. The dissolution of a marriage caused by divorce can occur due to talak or based on a divorce suit. The Indonesian state ratifies that divorce can only be carried out in front of the Religious Court (PA) after the Religious Court tried and failed to reconcile the two parties. Whereas in Islamic countries such as Brunei, divorce is still recognized out of court, although it is recommended to register after divorce (talak). Brunei still recognizes triple talaq at once. In the matter of divorce, the Singapore law only regulates the suffocating or squabbling that occurs between spouses. For cases of dispute, the judge will send a judge to reconcile the two. The Philippines requires registration which functions as administrative data. Turkey, with The Ottoman Law Of Family Rights (Qonun Qarar Al Huquq Al-'Ailah Al-Ottoman) in 1917 article 38, stipulates that it is permissible for a wife to divorce a wife in the form of her husband not being allowed to remarry another woman. The Lebanese Druze Law Number 24 of 1948 stipulates that divorce only occurs through a judge's decision in the presence of two people. Syria, in Law no. 34 of 1975 stipulates that the husband has the right to give full divorce if he is at least 18 years old. Tunisian Law No. 40 1957 stipulates that divorce only occurs in Court. In Iraq it is stipulated that husbands who will divorce their wives are encouraged but are not required to report to the court.
DETERMINATION OF EMPLOYEE JOB SATISFACTION PT BANK SYARIAH MANDIRI widya, ira; rasyid, arbanur; wandisyah, muhammad; fauzan, m
Journal Of Sharia Banking Vol 2, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : http://jurnal.iain-padangsidimpuan.ac.id/index.php/jsbanking/index

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (700.727 KB)

Abstract

Fluctuations that occur in the number of employees at PT Bank Syariah Mandiri Gunung Tua Sub-Branch Office, which indicates employee dissatisfaction. The fluctuation that occurred was caused by several employees who applied for resignation for several reasons as well as employee dismissal due to not achieving the target. The formulation of the problem in this study is whether the influence of work environment, competence, and career development has an influence on employee job satisfaction. The aim is to determine whether there is an influence of these three variables on employee job satisfaction at PT Bank Syariah Mandiri Gunung Tua Sub-Branch Office. This research is a quantitative study with sampling using saturated samples with a sample size of 17. The data collection technique uses literature study, interviews, documentation and questionnaires. Data analysis techniques include instrument test (validity test, reliability test), classic assumption test (normality test, multicollinearity test, heteroscedasticity test), multiple linear regression analysis, hypothesis testing (determination coefficient test (R2), t test, F test). To simplify the data analysis process, this research was assisted by the SPSS version 23 program. The results of the t test showed that there was no influence of the work environment on employee job satisfaction, there was no influence between competence on employee job satisfaction, and there was an influence between career development on employee job satisfaction. Simultaneously there is an influence between work environment, competence, and career development on employee job satisfaction.
THE EFFECT OF MUDHARABAH, MUSYARAKAH AND MURABAHAH FINANCING ON NET PROFIT IN PT. BANK MUAMALAT INDONESIA, Tbk rumi, ayu; rasyid, arbanur; hardana, ali; efendi, sulaiman
Journal Of Sharia Banking Vol 1, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : http://jurnal.iain-padangsidimpuan.ac.id/index.php/jsbanking/index

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (769.931 KB)

Abstract

This research is a quantitative research using multiple linear regression data analysis with data collection techniques used are documentation and literature study. The data was processed using statistical calculations with the SPSS 23.0 computer program, with a total sample of 53 samples whose data was obtained through the website www.ojk.go.id. The results showed that partially mudharabah financing had an effect on net income because the value of tcount ttable (2,011 2,009), musyarakah financing had an effect on net income because the value of -tcount -ttable (-1,925 -2,009), and murabahah financing had an effect on profit. net because the value of tcount ttable (2,366 2,009). Simultaneously, mudharabah, musyarakah and murabahah financing affect net income because the value of Fcount Ftable (5.689 2.79). The effect of mudharabah, musyarakah and murabahah financing on net income is 25.8%, while the remaining 74.2% is influenced by other factors not included in this study.
The Effect Of Inflation And The Amount Of Money Circulation On Return On Asset (Roa) In Sharia Commercial Banks Period 2011-2019 ishak, ishak; rasyid, arbanur; hasibuan, abdul nasser; efendi, sulaiman
Journal Of Sharia Banking Vol 1, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : http://jurnal.iain-padangsidimpuan.ac.id/index.php/jsbanking/index

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (785.176 KB)

Abstract

The background of the problem in this study is the variable Return on Assets (ROA) in 2011-2019 at Islamic Commercial Banks. This fluctuating ROA is influenced by external factors such as inflation and the money supply. So that the formulation of the problem in this study is whether the inflation in circulation has an effect on ROA, whether the money supply affects ROA, and whether inflation and the money supply together have an effect on ROA. This study aims to determine the effect of inflation and the money supply on ROA in Islamic Commercial Banks for the period 2011-2019. This research is a quantitative research. The sample in this study used a saturated sampling technique. Using all of the population as a sample, we get 32 financial reports. The data analysis technique used time series from 2011 to 2019. Data processing used the SPSS version 22 application. The data analysis techniques used were statistical tests, classical assumptions, descriptive, normality test, multicollinearity test, heteroscedastical test, autocoleration test, hypothesis testing, multiple linear regression analysis, test the coefficient of determination. The results of the research (t test) show that the inflation variable has no effect on ROA and the money supply variable has a negative effect on ROA. Meanwhile, simultaneously (Test F) shows that the inflation variable and the money supply have a simultaneous effect on ROA. The datermination test (R2) in this study was 44,4% which was influenced by the variables in this study, while 55,6% was influenced by other variables that the researcher did not include in this study.
Prime Savings with Prizes in an Islamic Perspective Hutagalung, Muhammad Wandisyah R; Soemitra, Andri; Rasyid, Arbanur; Lubis, Fitri Yani; Nura, Ismail
Islamic Banking : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Pengembangan Perbankan Syariah Vol 7 No 1 (2021): Islamic Banking:Jurnal Pemikiran dan Pengembangan Perbankan Syariah - Agustus 202
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ekonomi dan Bisnis Syariah (STEBIS) Indo Global Mandiri

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (331.87 KB) | DOI: 10.36908/isbank.v7i1.305

Abstract

Prime Savings with Prizes is a savings that uses a mudharabah agreement. The problem in this research was that after the customer opens an account of prime savings with prizes, the customer will get a prize, even though the customer has not managed the savings by the bank. The provisions in syari'ah financial institutions, that the prize is a prize at the end of the period. This study aimed to determine how the implementation of Prime Savings at PT. Bank Muamalat, Padangsidimpuan branch office and to find out the concept of prime savings with prizes seen from an Islamic perspective. DSN Fatwa No.02/DSN-MUI/IV/2000 concerning savings, that the profit sharing must be stated in the form of a ratio and in the account opening contract. Second, DSN Fatwa No.86/DSN-MUI/XII/2012 concerning prizes in raising funds for syari'ah financial institutions. The research method used was a qualitative method with a descriptive approach. The types of data used were primary data sources and secondary data sources. Data processing techniques. The technique of collecting data were interviews, observation and documentation. Data analysis techniques were data reduction, data editing, data presentation, data conclusion and verification, and data validity techniques. This study found that the concept of giving gifts is a gift given by muamalat bank which is a gift at the beginning of the period, and the concept of gifts is based on interviews from ulama’ and lecturers when viewed from an Islamic perspective that gifts are a voluntary gift from someone to another without expecting a reward so that it is allowed in muamalah without being wronged.
Rahn Tasjily Product Development Strategy at PT. Pegadaian (Persero) Sharia Service Unit Mandailing Natal suaibah, suaibah; rasyid, arbanur; murrah, adanan; annam, rahmat
Journal Of Sharia Banking Vol 2, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Padangsidimpuan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24952/jsb.v2i2.5043

Abstract

The background of the problem in this study is that the product development strategy rahn tasjily has been implemented well with evidence that there are some customers who have become customers of tasjily rain products, but the process in increasing the number of customers has still not increased. The formulation of this research problem is how the product development strategy rahn tasjily at PT. Pegadaian (Persero) Sharia Service Unit Mandailing Natal, any obstacles in developing the number of customers of rahn tasjily products at PT. Pegadaian (Persero) Sharia Service Unit Mandailing Natal. This research uses qualitative approaches with data collection techniques in the form of interview guidelines, observation and documentation, data reduction analysis techniques, data presentation, and conclusion withdrawal. The subject of this study is the leadership and employees of PT. Pegadaian (Persero) Unit of Sharia Services Mandailing Natal and customers as many as 4 people, the data source used is primary data and secondary data. The results showed that rahn tasjily product development strategy in PT. Pegadaian (Persero) Mandailing Natal Sharia Service Unit is a marketing mix that is one of them with promotion through social media, direct promotion, jumping into the field, and socialization. The strategy has not increased because the public does not know the product rahn tasjily well. Constraints of PT. Pegadaian (Persero) Sharia Service Unit Mandaiiling Natal in marketing products to improve there are some of the promotions that are done less, lack of socialization, limited operational costs. And the assumption of the community that pawnshops only as a place to pawn money.