Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

Found 14 Documents
Search

Pengimbuhan Kunyit dan Seng Oksida dalam Pakan Meningkatkan Kemampuan Ayam Pedaging dalam Mengeliminasi Tantangan Infeksi Escherichia coli (SUPPLEMENTATION CUCURMIN AND ZINC OXIDE INCREASE THE ABILITY OF BROILER CHICKENS IN ELIMINATING ESCHERICHIA COLI CH Sus Derthi Widhyari; Ietje Wientarsih
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 15 No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (157.967 KB)

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of the feed additive (zinc and herbs) in leucocyte profiles,performance, and observe the ability of broiler on E. coli challenge. A total of 160 chickens were dividedinto four groups: Group K-control negativewere given basal diet; Group two were given fed basal, turmeric1.5% + ZnO 180 ppm; Group two were given fed basal, garlic powder 2.5% + Zn0 180 ppm; and group K+ weregiven basal diet and treatment with antibiotics. At the age of three weeks all groups were challenged orallyby inoculation with E.coli at dose of 108CFU/mL. Observed parameters include performance (weight gain,consumption) and total leukocytes. Weight gain, consumption were observed at one to five weeks of age,whereas blood samplings for the examination of leukocytes were performed at week three (pre infection),week four and five (one week and two weeks after infection with E.coli). The results showed that thechicken body weight from age one to three weeks was increased sharply. One week after infection weightloss seemed to be decreased. The largest decrease was observed in the group given the combination ofgarlic-Zn, while providing a combination of curcumin-Zn shows that the weight tends to increase. Rationconsumption showed the same pattern as body weight. The highest consumption at the end of the studywas found in the group given the combination of curcumin - Zn, the lowest was in the garlic-Zn. Highleukocyte cells level at one week post infection, showing an animal in a state of infection and the leucocytedecreasing again at two weeks post infection. The conditions indicate the ability of chickens in eliminatinginfectious agents. These results explain the combination of curcumin-Zn showed the best results comparedwith other treatments. Providing supplementation of curcumin - Zn on chicken improved the ability toeliminate E.coli, leukocyte cell profile, and performance.
Aktivitas Salep Ekstrak Rimpang Kunyit dalam Proses Persembuhan Luka pada Mencit yang Diinduksi Diabetes (THE ACTIVITY OF TURMERIC EXTRACT OINTMENT IN THE WOUND HEALING PROCESS OF INDUCED DIABETIC MICE) Wiwin Winarsih; Ietje Wientarsih; Lina Noviyanti Sutardi
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 13 No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of ethanol turmeric extract ointment in woundhealing process of streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. Ethyl acetate and hexane fractions of ethanolturmeric extract were studied for their wound-healing properties in the formulation of ointment. Sixty micewere divided into 4 groups : group I was control (normal control, without treatment); group II was diabeticgroup (diabetic, without treatment); group III was diabetic and treated with ethyl acetate fraction ointment,group IV was diabetic and treated with hexane fraction ointment. The diabetic groups were i.p injectedwith 40mg/kg of streptozotocin and all groups were received incision 2 cm on their back skin. The ointmentsof ethyl acetate and hexane fraction were given topically twice a day. Three mice from each groups werenecropsied at 2nd, 4th, 7th, 14th and 21st days post incision (pi) for gross pathological and histopathologicalevaluation of the injured skin. Gross examination revealed that the ethyl acetate and hexane fractionointment groups showed better result on wound-healing process compared to the diabetic group.Microscopically, the ethyl acetate and hexane fraction ointment groups showed faster neovascularizationand reepithelialization compared to the diabetic group. In comparison with the diabetic group, the ethylacetate and hexane fraction ointment groups showed fewer neutrophils infiltration which indicated antiinflammatory activities of ethyl acetate and hexane fractions. Based on the macroscopic and microscopicobservation, the ointments of ethyl acetate and hexane fraction have properties to promote wound healingin diabetic mice.
Daun Binahong (Andredera cordifolia Steenis) Sebagai Alternatif Insektisida Terhadap Miasis yang Disebabkan Lalat Chrysomya bezziana (ANREDERA CORDIFOLIA STEENIS (BINAHONG) LEAF AS AN ALTERNATIVE INSECTICIDE AGAINST CHRYSOMYA BEZZIANA CAUSED MYIASIS) Ietje Wientarsih; Aulia Andi Mustika; April Hari Wardhana; Dodi Darmakusumah; Lina Noviyanti Sutardi
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 18 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (103.219 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2017.18.1.121

Abstract

Larvae Chrysomya bezziana caused myiasis in most livestock in Indonesia. Drugs of choice for treating myasis are synthetic insecticides. Unfortunately the insecticides has negative effect on animal product, killed insect non target and insect resistenst. The research was conducted on the activity of ethanol extract of binahong leaves against various stages of C. bezziana larvae (L1, L2, and L3). Five treatments group tested were: group without any treatment (negative control), groups treated with ethanol extracts of binahong leaves 0.5%, 1%, and 2%, respectively, positive control were given coumaphos. The treatments were applied with five replications. Number of living larvae and pupae, pupae weight and number of imago were observed. The results demonstrated that 0.5% of the extract effective consentration which was able to kill the larvae (L1 and L2). Finally 2% of the extract was the most effective concentration which was able to kill larvae (L3) and decrease the pupae weight. Ethanol extract of binahong leaves was significantly able to reduce the growth of C. bezziana larvae due to contact and digestive effect of the active compounds contained in Anredera cordifolia leaf. ABSTRAK Miasis merupakan infestasi larva lalat yang terdapat pada jaringan hidup. Penyakit ini umum menyerang hewan maupun manusia. Obat yang digunakan sebagai pengendalian kasus miasis di lapangan sampai saat ini sangat terbatas dan menggunakan insektisida sintetik. Penelitian ini bertujuan melihat aktivitas ekstrak etanol daun binahong terhadap larva lalat Chrysomya bezziana pada stadium L1, L2, dan L3. Penelitian dibagi menjadi lima kelompok perlakuan dengan lima ulangan. Kelompok perlakuan terdiri dari kontrol negatif (tanpa pemberian obat), kelompok perlakuan yang diberikan ekstrak binahong dengan konsentrasi berturut-turut 0,5%, 1%, 2%, dan kelompok yang diberikan coumaphos (kontrol positif). Peubah yang diamati adalah jumlah larva yang hidup dan berkembang menjadi pupa, bobot pupa, dan daya tetas pupa menjadi imago. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak etanol daun binahong pada konsentrasi 0,5% mempunyai efikasi sebagai larvasidal terhadap L1 dan L2 serta pada konsentrasi 2% merupakan konsentrasi terbaik sebagai larvasidal L3 larva C. bezziana. Ekstrak etanol daun binahong memiliki kemampuan menghambat larva lalat C. bezziana akibat dari efek cerna dan efek kontak bahan aktif yang terkandung di dalam daun binahong.
PF-18 Photomicrograph of Nanogel Andrographolide-Beta Cyclodextrine Inclusion Complex As Anti-Burns Bayu Febram Prasetyo; Ietje Wientarsih; Dondin Sajuthi; Vetnizah Juniantito
Hemera Zoa Proceedings of the 20th FAVA & the 15th KIVNAS PDHI 2018
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (464.194 KB)

Abstract

Inclusion complex is a complex formed between drug molecules which act as guest or located inside the cavity of host molecule. Host molecules are commonly originated from the derivative group of cyclodextrin. Among cyclodextrin groups, beta cyclodextrin (BCD) is mostly used in formula development and drug delivery system [1].Andrographolide (AG) is a pure isolate chemically syntesized from sambiloto herbs (Andrographis paniculata Nees), in the form of needle cystal-like which is colorless and extremely bitter. AG has variety of medical properties, particularly as anti-inflamation to treat skin burns [2]. However AG has poor solubility in water. This will result in low abillity to solute, penetrate membrane, and distribute the drug when applied transdermally in burn skin. In burn skin, there is tendency to skin damage, especially in stratum corneum which acts as semipermeable barrier. The ability of drugs that applied transdermally tends to be high.Formation of inclusion complex using AG and BCD to increase the ability of AG in penetrating membrane should be done. Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) is a fast technique to confirm the formation of drug or inclusion complex by  comparing the shape and particle size [3]. Study on percutaneous penetration of AG-BCD inclusion complex is produced through solvent evaporation method at mole ration 1:2 in viscolam gel preparation.
Gambaran Serum Ureum, dan Kreatinin pada Tikus Putih yang diberi Fraksi Etil Asetat Daun Alpukat (THE PROFIL OF SERUM, UREUM AND CREATININE OF AETHYL ACETATE FRACTION AVOCADO LEAVES IN WHITE RATS) Ietje Wientarsih; Rini Madyastuti; Bayu Febran Prasetyo; Dian Firnanda
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 13 No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Nephrolithiasis is one of urologic disease due to crystallization urine in urinary system. Traditionally,avocado leaves has long been used for the treatment of nephrolithiasis because flavonoid in this plant canfacilitate the watering of crushing stone in the urinary tract. The aims of this study was to determine theeffect of aethyl acetate fraction of avocado leaves on ureum and creatinine level. Twenty white male rats(Sprague dawley, weight 200-300g) were divided into four groups. Normal control group (A) was givenaquadest ad libitum. Negative control group (B) and treatments group (C and D) were given ethyleneglycol 0.75% and ammonium chloride 2% to induce the formation of calcium oxalate crystal. Group C andD were given aethyl acetate fraction with different levels (100mg/kg bb and 300mg/kg bb for fourteen days).Blood samples were taken before and after treatment. The result showed that aethyl acetate fractioncould not decrease serum blood level of ureum and creatinine. Serum blood level ureum and creatinine ingroup D increased significantly compared to group A, B, C after fourteen days treatment. The used ofethylene glycol caused acute tubular necrosis. It therefore appears that ethyl acetate solvent was not ableto extract flavonoids to prevent renal dysfunction.
Uji Toksisitas Akut Ekstrak Rimpang Kunyit pada Mencit : Kajian Histopatologis Lambung, Hati dan Ginjal (ACUTE ORAL TOXICITY OF TURMERIC EXTRACT IN MICE : HISTOPATHOLOGICAL STUDIES OF STOMACH, LIVER AND KIDNEY) Wiwin Winarsih; Ietje Wientarsih; Nova P. Sulistyawati; Istifharany Wahyudina
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 13 No 4 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (339.192 KB)

Abstract

This experiment was carried out to determine the mouse lethal dose (MLD50 of ethanolic extract ofthe turmeric (Curcuma longa) rhizomes following single oral administration and to evaluate thetoxicopathologic effects of the extract in certain organs ie stomach, liver and kidney. Forty five male micewere divided into nine groups. Four groups were treated orally with ethyl acetate fraction, four groups weretreated orally with hexane fraction of ethanolic turmeric extract, and one group was used as control. Theethyl acetate fraction groups were administered orally with the ethyl acetate fraction at doses of 7.5, 1.5,30 and 60 g/kg body weight. The hexane fraction groups were administered orally with the hexane fractionwith the dosage of 7,5, 15, 30 and 60 g/kg body weight. The control group received normal saline. MLD50 ofethyl acetate fraction was 27,98 gram/kg body weight by per oral administration. Oral MLD50 of hexanefraction was 19,50 gram/kg body weight. Histopathological features of the ethyl acetate and hexanefractions groups showed increased amount of parietal cells in stomach and parenchymal degeneration andnecrosis in their liver and kidney.
Aktivitas Diuretik dan Analisa Mineral Urin Perlakuan Ekstrak Tanaman Kumis Kucing (Orthosiphon Stamineus Benth) pada Tikus Jantan Madyastuti, Rini; Ietje wientarsih; Setyo Widodo; Erni H Purwaningsih; Eva Harlina
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 8 No. 2 (2020): Juli 2020
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (683.912 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.8.2.16-23

Abstract

Tanaman Kumis Kucing merupakan salah satu tanaman yang memiliki banyak keuntungan dan sudah digunakan sejak dahulu dalam upaya menjaga kesehatan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengevaluasi aktivitas diuretik dari penggunaan ekstrak Kumis Kucing dan mengukur kadar kalium dan natrium dalam urin. Sebanyak 24 ekor tikus dibagi menjadi empat grup; kontrol negatif (akuades), kontrol positif (furosemide), dosis ekstrak 1 (250mg/kg BB) dan dosis ekstrak 2 (500mg/kg BB). Ekstrak diberikan secara peroral selama 7 hari. Aktivitas diuretik pada kelompok ekstrak dan kontrol positif pada jam pertama (P>0.05) dan jam keenam (P<0.05). Volume urin kumulatif dosis 1 mendekati furosemide. Pengukuran mineral urin menunjukkan hasil kehilangan mineral natrium dan kalium pada kelompok ekstrak lebih kecil dibandingkan kelompok referensi. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa dosis efektif ekstrak Kumis Kucing adalah 250 mg/kg BB pada jam ke-2 dan menunjukkan kehilangan mineral dalam urin yang lebih kecil.
Aktivitas Sediaan Gel Ekstrak Batang Pohon Pisang Ambon dalam Proses Penyembuhan Luka pada Mencit Bayu Febram Prasetyo; Ietje Wientarsih; Bambang Pontjo Priosoeryanto
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 11 No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (184.19 KB)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the activity of Ambon banana extract in gel formulation on thewound healing process of mice skin (Mus musculus albinus) based on gross and microscopic observations.The wound healing process were observe grossly everyday while the microscopic lesion was observed on the3rd, 5th, 7th, 14th and 21st days after skin incisition. The wounded skin were sampled after the mice wereeuthanized for further microscopic observation. The gross parameters were the existence of blood coagulation,scab formation, wound covering and wound size. The microscopic parameters observed the percentation ofwound reepitelization and the the tickness of wound connective tissues (fibroblast). Gross lesion and thefibroblast thickness were presented descriptively as a qualitative data. Grossly, it was observed that thescab formation was faster in mice treated with the extract of ambon banana than that of negative control.Based on the research the ambon banana extrack in gel can be used in the acceleratiof wound healing.
Infusum Daun Alpukat Sebagai Inhibitor Kristalisasi Kalsium Oksalat pada Ginjal (THE AVOCADO LEAVES INFUSUM AS INHIBITOR ON RENAL CALCIUM OXALATE CRYSTALIZATION) Rini Madyastuti; Setyo Widodo; Ietje Wientarsih; Eva Harlina
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 16 No 4 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (603.328 KB)

Abstract

Urine crystal is a crystal nucleus which tend to form urine stone. The case of urine stone seems to beincreased every year. Crystallization could induce acute tubular necrosis which impact on renal dysfunction.The signs of this condition are high level of urea, creatinine and decrease glomerulus filtration rate. Theobjective of this research was to evaluate the effects of infusum Persea americana Mill as an inhibitorcrystallization which induced by ethylene glycol on white male rats. 20 male rats were divided into 4groups; K1 as negative group received only distilled water ad libitum, K2 as positive group receiveddistilled water containing ethylene glycol, K3 (dose 5%) and K4 (dose 10%) as treatment groups receivedwater containing ethylene glycol and avocado leaves infusion. Phytochemsitry screening of infusion avocadoleaves consisted of flavonoid, saponin, tanine and quinone. Result of analysis showed that the level ofureum and creatinine on K2 was higher than K3 and K4 group. The increased level could be inhibited byinfusion avocado leaves. The measurement of glomerular filtration rate in treatment groups wassignificantly different (p<0.05). Descriptive histopathology observation showed that renal lesio in grouptreatment (K3 and K4) were declined. Large crystal calcium oxalate on K2 group was observed by usingpolarized microscope, whereas small crystal calcium oxalate were seen in the infusion of avocado leavesgroups. These result showed the ability of infusion of avocado leaves as an inhibitor on the growth ofcrystallization calcium oxalate
Stabilitas Fisikokimia dan Sifat Antipenuaan Kulit Formula Krim Berbahan Aktif Alami (Physicochemical stabilities and Skin Antiaging Properties of Bioaktive-based Cream Formulas) Rita K Sari; Nyoman J Wistara; Deded S Nawawi; Nopen Meisaroh; Ietje Wientarsih; D R Agungpriyono; L N Sutardi; Mawar Subangkit; Vetnizah Juniantito
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kayu Tropis Vol 15, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kayu Tropis
Publisher : Masyarakat Peneliti Kayu Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (525.345 KB) | DOI: 10.51850/jitkt.v15i1.366

Abstract

 The purpose of this study was  to analyze the physicochemical stabilities  and in vivo antiaging  properties of the cream formulas of F1, F2, and F3 which contained the active compound of 0.1% 0.18, and 0.36%, respectively. The active compound was the combination of  ethyl acetate fraction of  Toona sinensis, Centella asiatica, and Acacia mangium  leaf (1:2:1). For physicochemical stability tests (color, odor, acidity, and antioxidant activity), the creams were stored for 21 days in the refrigerator, room temperature,   and extreme temperature (±40 ⁰C). For in vivo antiaging test,  the mice skin  were smeared with cream and UV irradiated for 15 minutes per day. After two and four weeks, the mice skins were  biopsied. The results showed that the physicochemical properties of creams stored in the refrigerator were  stable. The storage of creams at room and  extreme temperature decreased the physicochemical properties.  The application of cream formulas on mice skin after two to four weeks were able to increase the thickness of epidermis, but has not been able to increase the collagen skin of mice.Keywords: Acacia mangium, Centella asiatica, ethyl acetate fraction of leaf, physicochemical and antiaging properties of cream, Toona sinensis