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Relationship Between The Level of Alcohol Consumption to The Depression of Multiple Substance Users in Sleman Yogyakarta Kusumadewi, Andrian Fajar; Daniswara, Pambayung Caesaria Tiara; Ismanto, Silas Henry; Aulia, Afkar
Biomedical Journal of Indonesia Vol. 6 No. 3 (2020): Biomedical Journal of Indonesia
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya (Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya) Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/bji.v6i3.245


Introduction: The problem of using addictive substances, especially alcohol in Indonesia, is still a serious health problem. Since 2013, data on the proportion of alcoholic drink consumption in Indonesia has been found to have increased in 32 provinces in Indonesia. Alcohol consumption not only causes physical problems, but also mental disorders, triggers acts of violence, and disturbs other aspects of life. One of the psychiatric disorders that arise due to the abuse of alcoholic beverages is depression. If not treated immediately, depression can lead to suicidal thoughts that threaten the individual and have an impact on those around him. The aim of this study was to examine the level of alcohol consumption and its relationship to the level of depression. Methods: This study is an analytical study with a quantitative cross-sectional survey design. The sampling technique was carried out by purposive sampling using the AUDIT questionnaire for the level of alcohol consumption, and BDI-II for the level of depression. Results: The research sample was obtained as many as 30 respondents. The results of the two-variable analysis using the somer test showed that there was no significant relationship between the level of alcohol use and the level of depression. Conclusion: In this study, there was no statistically significant relationship between the level of alcohol use and the level of depression in individuals who used multiple substances.
Uji Validitas dan Reliabilitas Cognitive Assessment Interview versi Indonesia Ardiningrum, Wikan; Marchira, Carla Raymondalexas; Kristanto, Cecep Sugeng; Ismanto, Silas Henry; Primawati, Seviana
Cermin Dunia Kedokteran Vol 46, No 5 (2019): Pediatri
Publisher : PT. Kalbe Farma Tbk.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (538.407 KB) | DOI: 10.55175/cdk.v46i5.475


Introduksi. Defisit kognitif merupakan prediktor konsisten disabilitas pasien skizofrenia. Salah satu instrumen penilaian fungsi kognitif pasien skizofrenia adalah Cognitive Assessment Interview.Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menguji validitas dan reliabilitas instrumen Cognitive Assessment Interview versi Bahasa Indonesia (CAI-Ina). Metode. Uji validitas dan reliabilitas meliputi uji validitas isi, uji validitas konstruk, uji reliabilitas inter rater, dan uji reliabilitas konsistensi internal. Pengambilan data dilakukan satu kali pada 112 pasien skizofrenia dan informan di klinik rawat jalan psikiatri RS Jiwa Grhasia DIY. Analisis data menggunakan SPSS 16. Hasil. Hasil kajian ulang, penerjemahan dan terjemahan balik CAI-Ina oleh pakar telah disetujui oleh Ventura sebagai penyusun instrumen asli. Semua item dalam instrumen CAI-Ina memiliki mempunyai korelasi sedang-kuat dengan skor total CAI-Ina (r=0,568-0,720, p<0,001). Terdapat korelasi sangat kuat antara skor total penilai, pasien, dan informan (r=0,903-0,944, p<0,001). Analisis faktor mendapatkan dua komponen utama yaitu komponen terkait memori dan tidak terkait memori yang keduanya dapat menjelaskan 58,6% keseluruhan konstruk instrumen CAI-Ina. Nilai Cronbach’s alpha pasien 0,789; informan 0,835; dan penilai 0,850. Hasil uji interrater koefisien Kappa seluruh item dan skor total 0,722-0,939 dan koefisen konkordansi Kendall W 0,834-0,985. Skor CAI-Ina memiliki korelasi kuat dengan skor GAF (r=-0,722-(-)0,808; p<0,001) maupun kemampuan fungsi sosial (r=-0,684-(-)0,750; p<0,001). Simpulan. CAI-Ina memiliki validitas isi dan konstruk yang baik serta reliabilitas yang tinggi.Introduction. Cognitive deficit is a consistent predictor for disabilities in patient with schizophrenia. One instrument that can be used to assess cognitive deficit in schizophrenia is Cognitive Assessment Interview. This study will evaluate the validity and reliability of CAI instrument in Indonesia languange version (CAI-Ina). Method. The validity and reliability evaluation includes content validity, construct validity, inter rater reliabity, and internal consistency reliabity. Data was collected from 112 patients and informants in the outpatient clinic in Grhasia Mental Hospital DIY. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 16. Result. Reassessment result, translation and back translation by an expert have been approved by Ventura as the original author. All items in the CAI have medium-strong correlation with the total score of CAI-Ina (r=0.568-0.720; p<0.001). There was a very strong correlation among the total score of the raters, patients, and informants (r=0.903-0.944; p<0.001). The two major components : memory related components and non-memory related components can explain 58.6% total instrument construct in the CAI-Ina. Cronbach’s alpha of patients was 0.789; of informants was 0.835; and of rater was 0.850. Kappa coefficients of all items and the total scores were 0.722- 0.939. The Kendall W concordance coefficients were 0.834 – 0.985. Score of CAI-Ina have a strong correlation with GAF score (r=-0.722-(-)0.808; p<0.001) and social functioning (r=-0.684-(-)0.750; p<0.001). Conclusion. CAI-Ina has a good content and construct validity, also has a high reliability.