Ali Safa’at, Muchamad
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The Politics of Indonesia's Decentralization Law Based on Regional Competency Prasetyo, Ngesti Dwi; Fadli, Moh.; Anshari SN, Tunggul; Ali Safa’at, Muchamad
Brawijaya Law Journal : Journal of Legal Studies Vol 8, No 2 (2021): State Administration Role in Establishing Constitutional Obligation
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.blj.2021.008.02.01


Local governments have undergone various regulatory developments since Indonesia's independence 75 years ago. Various aspects underlying the development and changes in local government policies can be analyzed using several approaches, such as historical, philosophical, and sociological. This paper will discuss how the legal politics of the development of local government implementation, especially in terms of decentralization. Furthermore, the author will explain about the opportunities for implementing decentralization based on regional capacity to promote welfare of society. This research is normative juridical research using historical approach, conceptual approach, and legal approach. It can be said that the implementation and development of local government implementation is strongly influenced by various aspects other than the legal factor itself. Furthermore, there is still the possibility of implementing decentralization based on regional capacity as an effort to promote social welfare.
Corporate Social Responsibility: A Constitutional Perspective Ali Safa’at, Muchamad
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 11, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (935.17 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x


Originally, the concept of CSR was come from business ethic values that impose corporation’s ethical responsibly to their social and natural environment. That development of ethical business was part of social consciousness on the degradation of environment as impact of corporation activities. This reality also raised the deep environmental ethic or deep ecology which challenge anthropocentrism economical development and urged ecocentrism development. In Indonesia, this phenomenon was marked by the enactment of Act 4/1982 on Environmental Management.The constitutional debate on CSR just began when the Indonesian Constitutional Court heard and decided the judicial review case of Act 40/2007 on Limited Liability Company which stipulate CSR mandatory law for corporation that have activity in natural resources areas. In its decision, Constitutional Court refused the petition. This means that the court affirmed that CSR mandatory law is not contrary to the Constitution. However, the legal argumentation of the court was not shifted from economical and environmental perspectives. The constitutional basis of the decision is Article 33 (4) concerning national economic principles and Article 33 (3) concerning state power on land, water, and natural resources. The Constitutional Court did not use the human rights concept as the source of CSR mandatory law.In constitutional law perspective, we can justify the CSR mandatory law from human rights guarantee on the constitution. CSR is one of the obligations to respect, to protect, to fulfill, and to promote human rights. Those obligations are not only bind over the government, but also corporation and all citizens. In that perspective, CSR should be mandatory law not only for the corporation which manage or correlate with natural resource, but for all corporations that operate in the middle of the society.
Pengujian Ketentuan Penghapusan Norma dalam Undang-Undang Ali Safa’at, Muchamad
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 7, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (788.924 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x


Theoretically and practically (judicial review), include two types, namely formal verification (formale toetsingrecht) and material verification (materielle toetsingrecht). The formal verification is an authority of assessing whether or not a legislative product is produced in accordance with the prevailing procedures. While a material verification is an authority to examine and measure whether or not a legal regulation contradicts with a higher level regulation, as well as whether or not an authority has the right to establish a certain regulation. Article 51 paragraph (3) of Law Number 24 Year 2003 regarding Constitutional Court state about it. In this context, material verification include extensive material, ie the whole matter of law, in part, or a small part of a word or even punctuation that can affect the norm. Thus, the provisions not only affect the meaning, but even the existence of a norm should be examined by the Constitutional Court. In addition, the loss of norms can violate constitutional the rights of citizens’.