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KAJIAN NILAI GIZI DAN ORGANOLEPTIK COKELAT MANGROVE DARI BUAH SONNERATIA ALBA Wintah, Wintah; Heriyanti, Andhina Putri; Kiswanto, Kiswanto
JURNAL LITBANG KOTA PEKALONGAN Vol 15 (2018)
Publisher : BAPPEDA Kota Pekalongan

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Abstract

Pekalongan mempunyai potensi sumber daya alam berupa buah mangrove salah satunya jenis Sonneratia alba atau buah pedada. Buah pedada belum dimanfaatkan secara maksimal oleh karena itu perlu adanya pemanfaatan buah pedada sebagai bahan olahan makanan berupa cokelat mangrove. Tujuan dari kegiatan ini adalah (1) Mengetahui nilai gizi yang terkandung pada cokelat mangrove. (2) Mengetahui nilai rating hedonik (kesukaan) pada cokelat mangrove. Metode analisis proksimat secara deskriptif dengan mengetahui kandungan gizi cokelat mangrove. Parameter yang diukur yaitu kandungan protein, Vitamin C, lemak, air, abu, dan karbohidrat. Uji organoleptik cokelat mangrove untuk menilai hasil olahan coklat mangrove melalui organ indra berupa rasa, warna, aroma, dan tekstur. Uji organoleptik yang digunakan adalah uji rating hedonik (kesukaan). Hasil uji organoleptik menunjukkan cokelat mangrove yang sangat disukai adalah perlakuan P2 (Mangrove 30%:Tepung 20%). Nilai gizi pada cokelat mangrove untuk 100gr mengandung protein 5,56%, vitamin C 0,88%, lemak 29,85%, air 10,3%, kadar abu 0,5%, dan karbohidrat 53,7%. Pencantuman kandungan gizi pada produk olahan mangrove dapat memberikan informasi bahwa selain nikmat untuk dikonsumsi, mangrove baik untuk kesehatan karena mengandung gizi yang dibutuhkan oleh tubuh. Hasil sidik ragam menunjukkan bahwa warna, rasa, aroma, dan tekstur berpengaruh terhadap cokelat mangrove. Kata Kunci: Sonneratia alba, Cokelat mangrove, Nilai gizi, Nilai hedonik.
PENGOLAHAN AIR GAMBUT MENJADI AIR BERSIH SECARA KONTINYU DI DESA PEUNAGA CUT UJONG Kiswanto, Kiswanto; Wintah, Wintah; Rahayu, Nur laila; Sulistiyowati, Endah
JURNAL LITBANG KOTA PEKALONGAN Vol 17 (2019)
Publisher : BAPPEDA Kota Pekalongan

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Abstract

Peat water has a brown color, humic acid content, organic substances, iron and pH levels are very high. To overcome the problem of peat water to be made clean water need to be processing first. Continuous processing of peat water includes; Neutralization, aeration, coagulation – flokulation, and filtration is a complete set of processes but is packaged in a simple form. This process is designed according to the condition and level of education of rural communities in peat water treatment. This study was conducted at a shelter in the village of Peunaga Cut Ujong Meurebo West Aceh. This research aims to reduce acidity, color, turbidity, flavor, iron (Fe), Zeng (Zn), organic matter, nitrate (NO3), and Nitrit (NO2). The research method is an experimental that is directly applied in the field. From the laboratory results in the UPTD Health Banda Aceh has been conducted test water quality before and after processing there are significant results. The results of experimental studies through the simple design of continuous processing using natural materials such as gravel, sand, charcoal and palm fiber and the chemical filling of the capor and alum obtained the results of color dissipation achieved 93.3%, pH of 98.3%, turbidity/cloudiness reached 91.9%, organic substance (KMNO4) of 73.3%, hardness of 39.7%, iron (Fe) 94.6%, zinc (Zn) of 91.09%, Flurode 77.33%, Nitrate (NO 3) of 80.04%, and Nitrit (NO 2) 99.31%. Meanwhile, the result of peat water is no smell and feel. The results of this trial are still under the standard quality of Permenkes RI No. 416/Menkes/PER/IX/1990 on the water quality requirements. Keywords: Peat, Continuous, Coagulan, Neutralization
ANALISIS LOGAM BERAT (Mn, Fe , Cd), SIANIDA DAN NITRIT PADA AIR ASAM TAMBANG BATU BARA Kiswanto, Kiswanto; Wintah, Wintah; Rahayu, Nur Laila
JURNAL LITBANG KOTA PEKALONGAN Vol 18 (2020)
Publisher : BAPPEDA Kota Pekalongan

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Abstract

Coal mining of PT. Mifa Brothers in Aceh Barat produces liquid waste containing hazardous heavy metals. Research conducted at PT. Mifa Brothers located in Sumber Batu Village, Meureubo Subdistrict, West Aceh Regency, Aceh Province. The coal mining activities by the PT. Mifa Brothers used open-cast mining systems with open method. From the resulting liquid waste, the PT. Mifa Brothers made two ponds used as liquid waste treatment. Efficiency of Sewage Treatment Plant (STP or IPAL) conducted by the industry, can be known through the analysis of he avy metals content (Fe, Mn and Cd), cyanide and nitrite on inlet and outlet of liquid waste shelter. This analysis was determined using the atomic absorption Spectropotemer (SSA) for metal Fe, Mn and Cd, while CN-and NO2-analysis-using UV-Vis spectrophotometry methods. Test result of heavy metal ions of iron ion, manganese ions, cadmium ions, nitrite, and cyanide on each inlet is 8.24; 0.223; < 0.01; 0.034 mg/L and 0.321 on each outlet are 3.03; 0.189; < 0.01 mg/L; 0,016 and undetectable for cyanide. Sewage treatment at PT. Mifa Brothers using Dolomite method as adsorbent has not been efficient and efficient in the reduction of pollutant levels. Keywords : SSA, UV-Vis spectrophotometry, Inlet and outlet, Fe, Mn, Cd,NO2, CN-
EFEKTIVITAS EM-4 DALAM MENURUNKAN KADAR COD LIMBAH CAIR BATIK CAP DI KELURAHAN SIMBANG WETAN KABUPATEN PEKALONGAN JAWA TENGAH Wintah, Wintah; Kiswanto, Kiswanto; Sulistiyowati, Endah
JURNAL LITBANG KOTA PEKALONGAN Vol 18 (2020)
Publisher : BAPPEDA Kota Pekalongan

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Abstract

The objectives of this research are: (1) To know the effectiveness of lowering the rate of liquid waste COD stamp batik. (2) To know the most effective dose of the EM-4 in lowering the COD levels of liquid waste of stamp batik. (3) To know the day of how many EM -4 is most effective in lowering COD's liquid waste stamp batik. The study used the complete random design of the factorial pattern of dosage EM-4 0 ml/L, 10 ml/L, 15 ml/L and prolonged incubation for 1 day, 2 days, 3 days. The Data obtained is analyzed using two-lane analysis (Two Way Anova). Based on the results of the analysis of the treatment EM-4 and the old incubation against the liquid waste stamp batikobtained the following results: At a group of doses acquired F count = 4209.382 > F table 5% = 3.55, then H0 rejected or there is a real influence of various doses of EM -4 which is used against COD levels. At the time group gained F count = 77.756 > F table 5% = 3.55, then concluded that there is a real influence of incubation time against the rate of COD waste car stamp batik. The most effective EM-4 dosage to lower COD levels of liquid waste stamp batikis 15 ml/l which is capable of lowering COD levels by 96.24% and the most effective prolongedincubation time is the first day. Keywords: Effectiveness, Prolonged incubation, EM-4, COD, Waste batik stamp.
PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH CAIR BATIK MENGGUNAKAN TEKNOLOGI MEMBRAN NANOFILTRASI DI KOTA PEKALONGAN Kiswanto, Kiswanto; Rahayu, Laila Nur; Wintah, Wintah
JURNAL LITBANG KOTA PEKALONGAN Vol 17 (2019)
Publisher : BAPPEDA Kota Pekalongan

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Abstract

Pekalongan is the most famous batik city in Indonesia. UNESCO was crowned Pekalongan as the most creative batik city. Along with the coronation of Batik city, emerging problems related to the pollution of waste batik that ultimately damage the environment. It needs to be done fast and environmentally friendly batik waste processing. One alternative is the processing of batik waste using membrane technology. To know the performance of membrane nanofiltration in color allowance, COD, BOD, TSS, and metal Pb used batik liquid waste with different concentrations. This research was conducted to analyse the influence of pressure (4, 5, and 6 bar) against flux and the degree of windection of each of the parameters. The optimum pressure of membrane nanofiltration for all parameters is 6 bar. The results showed that the results of the rejection of colorants, COD, BOD, TSS and Pb respectively without dilution, 10 times dilution, 20 times dilution, 30 times in successive dilution is (98,29%-99.87%), (92,10-100%), (100%), (99,25-100%), ( 95,25-100%). The results showed that the color allowance, COD, BOD, TSS and Pb Metal had fulfilled the quality standards for the optimum pressure of 6 bar according to Ministry of Environment Regulation No. 5 year 2004 and Local Regulations of Central Java No. 5 year 2012. Potential of membrane nanofiltration technology can be used for the processing of batik liquid waste. Keywords: Batik Waste, Nanofiltration, Pressur, Color
EKSTRAK DAUN PANDAN WANGI DAN ASAM JAWA TERHADAP DAYA REPELEN NYAMUK Aedes aegypti Wintah, Wintah; Kiswanto, Kiswanto
JURNAL LITBANG KOTA PEKALONGAN Vol 16 (2019)
Publisher : BAPPEDA Kota Pekalongan

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Abstract

There are some plants that have a distinctive odor and which smell is not liked by mosquitoes. one of the plants that is easily obtained and doubly beneficial for humans is pandan wangi leaves (pandanus amaryllifolius oxb) and tamarind leaves. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of acidic extract of tamarind leaves on Aedes aegypti mosquitoes at various concentrations and the effect of persistence (length of time) of tamarind leaf extract applied on the test of Aedes aegypti mosquito, the method used is the experimental method, which is testing pandan wangi leaf extract and tamarind leaves with various concentrations on mosquito control. So the design used is a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The results showed that essential oils of pandan wangi leaves and tamarind leaves had an effect on the repellent power of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes at 07.00-10.00 WIB and at 15.00-17.00 WIB. At the observations at 07.00-10.00 WIB, giving the most fragrant pandan leaves oil at concentrations of 50% and 90% with expulsion power of 89.7% and 91.3%. Whereas in the observation at 15.00-17.00 WIB the use of essential oils of pandan wangi leaves expelled the mosquitoes at a concentration of 70% with an expulsion of 89.3%, and the mosquito acid of the mosquitoes which was displaced by 89%. The next suggestion is to use other plants besides pandan wangi and tamarind leaves which are not widely used to control mosquitoes, especially mosquitoes that can cause diseases such as Aedes aegypti. Keywords: Pandan wangi, Tamarind, Repellent, Mosquitoes
ANALISIS ZONASI EKOSISTEM MANGROVE PADA KAWASAN MANGROVE BEKAS TSUNAMI DI ACEH BARAT SELATAN Wintah, Wintah
JURNAL LITBANG KOTA PEKALONGAN Vol 14 (2018)
Publisher : BAPPEDA Kota Pekalongan

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Abstract

Zonasi mangrove dipengaruhi oleh faktor-faktor lingkungan diantaranya tekstur tanah, salinitas dan pasang surut. Penurunan keanekaragaman dan ukuran hutan mangrove ditemukan di tiap zonasi yang digambarkan oleh perubahan kondisi lingkungan dari tepi laut menuju ke arah daratan. Perubahan kondisi tersebut dapat menggambarkan kondisi vegetasi dan zonasi mangrove di Aceh Barat Selata. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui struktur komunitas vegetasi mangrove serta mengetahui pola zonasi vegetasi mangrove pada Kawasan Mangrove Bekas Tsunami Di Aceh Barat Selatan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei dan teknik pengambilan sampel vegetasi dengan plot sampling. Data dianalisis untuk mengetahui kekayaan, kepadatan dan distribusi mangrove. Analisis pola zonasi menggunakan Analisis Pengelompokan(Cluster Analisys), untuk mengetahui besarnya kontribusi masing-masing spesies terhadap pengelompokkan menggunakan analisis persentase kesamaan (Similarity Precentages). Zonasi mangrove di Pantai Aceh Barat selatan dari arah pantai menuju daratan adalah Sonneratia alba, Rhizopora apiculata, dan Nipah. Kata Kunci: Mangrove, Zonasi, Pengelompokkan
Nutritional Value Content in Mangrove Syrup From Sonneratia alba Fruit Wintah, Wintah; Kiswanto, Kiswanto; Sulistiyowati, Endah; Reynaldi, Fitrah
J-Kesmas: Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat (The Indonesian Journal of Public Health) Vol 8, No 2 (2021): Oktober 2021
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35308/j-kesmas.v8i2.4066

Abstract

Pedada fruit (Sonneratia alba) is a fruit of mangrove plants whose utilization can be improved through simple technology, namely the processing of Sonneratia alba fruit into syrup. Mangrove plants produce fruit that can be utilized as a processed beverage, one of which is Sonneratia alba fruit that has a sour taste and can be processed into fresh drinks in the form of mangrove syrup. The purpose of the study was to find out the nutritional value content of mangrove syrup from Sonneratia alba fruit. Research methods are experiments. We use proximal analysis, which includes tests on protein, fat, carbohydrate, and vitamin C. Proximal analysis is carried out at the organic chemistry laboratory, Faculty of MIPA Universitas Jenderal Soedirman. The results of our research show Processed mangrove syrup from Sonneratia alba fruit has nutritional content: protein 1.20%, fat 0.20%, carbohydrates 3.50%, and vitamin C 55.30%. Mangrove fruit from Sonneratia alba processed into syrup has a high nutritional and antioxidant value and is rich in fiber, which is good for health