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Analisis Faktor Predisposisi yang Mempengaruhi Penggunaan Alat Pelindung Diri (APD) pada Pekerj a Las di Kecamatan Kemiling Fitria Saftarina; TA Larasati; Rizqa Atina
JUKE Unila Vol 3, No 01 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lampung

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Laporan Studi Kasus: Low Back Pain karena Posisi Tidak Ergonomis dan Paparan Vibrasi Repetitif diperberat Faktor Usia pada Karyawan Bagian Farm Establishment di PT.X Lampung Fitria Saftarina
JUKE Unila Vol 3, No 02 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lampung

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OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE & EDUCATION FOR TAPIS CRAFTMAN IN NEGERI KATON VILLAGE Fitria Saftarina; Dian Isti Angraini; Dwi Indria Anggraini; Nisa Karimah
Jurnal Abdimas ADPI Sains dan Teknologi Vol. 2 No. 2 (2021): ( REPUBLISH ) Jurnal Abdimas ADPI Sains dan Teknologi
Publisher : Asosiasi Dosen PkM Indonesia

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Abstract

Informal sector workers are workers who are most vulnerable to various risks that cause health problems. Health and safety issues related to their work can interfere with their productivity. Tapis craftsmen in the Negeri Katon Village,Pesawaran Regency, Lampung is part of the Tapis Jejama UMKM. Based on interviews with the UMKM coordinator, it was found that the craftsmen complained of back, neck, arm, and hand pain and symptoms of anemia. This interferes with the productivity of Tapis craftsmen. This service aims to improve the occupational health status of filter craftsmen in Negeri Katon Village to support work productivity in both health and economic aspects. The benefits of this activity are to reduce the incidence of anemia, musculoskeletal pain and help strengthen Negeri Katon Village as a Creative Tourism Village. The activity was carried out with a target of 30 tapis craftsmen. The solutions offered are occupational health services for tapis craftsmen, health education about ergonomics, occupational nutrition, and the stretching benefits. The results obtained that 100% of workers complained of musculoskeletal pain, as many as 5 people (8.3%) got hypertension and as many as 12 people (40%) got anemia. Before education, the knowledge of filter craftsmen about health risks in their work was 68% and after education is carried out, there is an increase of 97%. This activity needs to be carried out with the establishment of the Pos Upaya Kesehatan Kerja (UKK) as an effort to maintain the health of tapis craftsmen in Negeri Katon Village, Pesawaran Regency, Lampung.
Perbedaan Penyembuhan Luka Bakar Derajat II antara Pemberian Topikal Ekstrak Sel Punca Mesenkimal Wharton’s Jelly Tali Pusat Manusia dan Moist Exposed Burn Oitment (MEBO) pada Tikus Putih Jantan (Rattus Norvegicus) Galur Sparague Dawley Eka Lestari; Evi Kurniawati; Fitria Saftarina
Medula Vol 10 No 3 (2020): Medula
Publisher : CV. Jasa Sukses Abadi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53089/medula.v10i3.88

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Abstract Moist Exposed Burn Ointment (MEBO) is an ointment which can accelerate burn healing. Wharton's jelly mesenchymal stem cell (WJMSc) extract in human umbilical cord has the ability to potentially assist the burns healing process. This research was a laboratory experimental study with the use of 27 white rat induced with second degree burns and was divided into a control group (K1), Moist Exposed Burn Ointment (MEBO) group (P1) and WJMSc (P2) group. Observation of burn healing rate used healing time and burn diameter was conducted for 28 days. Data were analyzed using One way ANOVA and Kruskal wallis statistic test with 5% of α value. Average burn healing rate of K1 group: 26,78 days, P1: 24,56 days, P2: 19,67 days with the result of burn healing rate data analyzed test is p:0,005. Differences in burn diameter occurred on day 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 on the ploriferation and remodeling stage with the result of burn diameter data analyzed test is p<0,05. Conclusion: There was a significant difference on the speed of burn healing and burn diameter between treatment group with p: 0,001. WJMSc is the fastest therapy and the largest diameter cutback.
Hubungan Higiene Personal Terhadap Kejadian Tinea Versicolor Pada Santri Pria Di Pondok Pesantren Darussa’adah Mojo Agung, Lampung Tengah Soni Setiya Wardana; Fitria Saftarina; Tri Umiana Soleha
Medula Vol 10 No 1 (2020): Medula
Publisher : CV. Jasa Sukses Abadi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53089/medula.v10i1.41

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Tinea versicolor is an infection of superfisial fungal caused by Malassezia furfur, chronic, mild and usually without inflammation. Tinea versicolor occurs because of the condition that affect the balance between host and the fungal. Personal hygiene influenced by body image, social practic, social economic status, knowledge, culture, personal choices and physical condition. Poor personal hygiene levels is a risk factor for tinea versicolor. This study aimed to determine the relationship between personal hygiene and the incidence of tinea versicolor on male students in islamic boarding school. This study is an analytic observational with quantitave research method and cross-sectional approach. The sample in this study were 68 male students at the islamic boarding school. The diagnosis of tinea versicolor confirmed by clinical and microscopic findings on skin scrapings. Bivariate data analysis using chi square test (????=10%; CI=90%). The results of this study showed that 58,6% of respondents have a poor personal hygiene and 21,4% of the respondents had tinea versicolor. From chi sqaure test analysis, it was found that the relationship of personal hygiene and the incidence of tinea versicolor statistically significant with p=0,013. From this study we can conclude that there was a relationship between personal hygiene and the incidence of tinea versicolor.
Hubungan Obesitas dengan Perubahan Perilaku pada Remaja di SMPN 4 Bandar Lampung Putri Giani Purnamasari; Khairun Nisa Berawi; Fitria Saftarina
Medula Vol 10 No 1 (2020): Medula
Publisher : CV. Jasa Sukses Abadi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53089/medula.v10i1.24

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Obesity (overweight) is a fundamental disease from non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease who still becomes a major health issue in Indonesia and the world. The teenager is a transition period that involves changes in physiological, psychological, social, and can develop into overweight or obesity. The fear of being obese is more common in girls than boys, and this explains why an effort to lose weight is mostly found in girls. This study aimed to determine the relationship between obesity and teenagers' behavioral changes in 14-16 years old of SMPN 4 Bandar Lampung students. It was a comparative analytic with a cross-sectional study. The sampling method used a case-control and using a questionnaire as a measuring tool. Data were then analyzed with a chi-square test. The study was conducted against 77 respondents with 48 respondents (62.3%) who were obese and 29 respondents (37.7%) not obese. While as many as 20 respondents (26.0%) had problematic behavior and 57 respondents (74.0%) did not have problematic behavior. The result of the chi-square test with a p-value was 0.015. There was a significant association between obesity with the teenager's behavior change in SMP Negeri 4 Bandar Lampung.
Hubungan Senam Lansia terhadap Kualitas Hidup Lansia yang Menderita Hipertensi di Klinik HC UMMI Kedaton Bandar Lampung Fitria Saftarina; Fairuz Rabbaniyah
Jurnal Kedokteran Universitas Lampung Vol 1, No 2 (2016): JK UNILA
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jk unila.v1i2.1637

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Kualitas hidup individu yang menderita hipertensi lebih buruk dibandingkan dengan individu yang memiliki tekanan darah normal. Hal tersebut dipengaruhi oleh tekanan darah dan tingkat kesadaran seseorang tersebut. Peningkatan kualitas hidup secara mental yang diperoleh melalui aktivitas fisik ialah mengurangi stres, meningkatkan rasa antusias dan rasa percaya diri, serta mengurangi kecemasan dan depresi seseorang terkait dengan penyakit yang dialaminya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan senam lansia dengan kualitas hidup lansia yang menderita hipertensi di Klinik HC UMMI Kedaton Bandar Lampung. Penelitian ini dilakukan selama bulan November 2015 di Klinik HC UMMI Kedaton Bandar Lampung. Desain penelitian ini adalah penelitian observasional dengan metode yang digunakan adalah cross sectional dengan sampel menggunakan sampel total dan di dapatkan 58 orang responden penelitian. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis korelasi chi square. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan sebagian besar lansia yang mendertita hipertensi memiliki kualitas hidup yang sangat baik, lalu sebagian besar lansia di klinik HC UMMI Kedaton melakukan senam lansia, dan sebagian besar lansia yang menderita hipertensi adalah lansia yang berjenis kelamin perempuan serta terdapat hubungan yangsignifikan (p=0,000) antara senam lansia terhadap kualitas hidup lansia yang menderita hipertensi. [JK Unila. 2016; 1(2)]Kata kunci: hipertensi, kualitas hidup, lansia, senam lansia
Hubungan Posisi Duduk Dan Lama Duduk Dengan Keluhan Muskuloskeletal Pada Pegawai Tata Usaha Pengguna Komputer Di Fakultas Kedokteran Dan Fakultas Keguruan Dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Lampung Tahun 2011. Fitria Saftarina; Azelia Nusa Dewiarti; Atika Damayanti
JUKE Unila Vol 2, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

Keluhan muskuloskeletal adalah sekumpulan gangguan atau kekacauan berupa cedera pada syaraf, otot, tendon, ligamen, tulang dan persendian pada titik-titik ekstrim tubuh. Keluhan muskuloskeletal banyak terjadi pada pegawai kantor yang bekerja menggunakan komputer.Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara posisi duduk dan lama duduk dengan keluhan muskuloskeletal pada pegawai tata usaha pengguna komputer di fakultas kedokteran dan fakultas keguruan dan ilmu pendidikan universitas lampung tahun 2011. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian cross sectional. Data diolah menggunakan sistem komputerisasi program SPSS. Dilakukan analisis univariat dan analisis bivariat (uji fisher).Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dari 26 responden, sebanyak 22 responden (84,6 %) duduk dalam posisi yang baik dan 4 responden (15,4 %) duduk dalam posisi tidak baik saat bekerja dengan komputer. Sebanyak 26 responden tersebut juga 6 responden (23,1%) bekerja dalam waktu lama dan 20 responden (76.9 %) bekerja dalam waktu yang tidak lama. Hasil uji fisher menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan yang bermakna antara posisi duduk dengan keluhan muskuloskeletal (p= 0,2) dan hubungan yang bermakna antara lama duduk dengan keluhan muskuloskeletal (p= 0,01)
Ergonomi sebagai Upaya Pencegahan Musculoskeletal Disorders pada Pekerja Diana Mayasari; Fitria Saftarina
Jurnal Kedokteran Universitas Lampung Vol 1, No 2 (2016): JK UNILA
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jk unila.v1i2.1643

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Pada tahun 2003, World Health Organization (WHO) melaporkan Musculoskeletal Disorder’s (MSDs) adalah penyakit akibat kerja yang paling banyak terjadi dan diperkirakan mencapai 60% dari semua penyakit akibat kerja. Begitu juga di Indonesia Departemen Kesehatan RI tahun 2005 melaporkan terdapat 40,5% pekerja mempunyai gangguan kesehatan yang berhubungan dengan pekerjaan diantaranya yang tertinggi adalah gangguan muskuloskeletal sebanyak 16%. Musculoskeletal Disorder’s dapat disebabkan oleh kontribusi berbagai faktor risiko antara lain faktor individu, faktor pekerjaan atau biomekanik dan faktor psikososial. Faktor pekerjaan yang berhubungan dengan gangguan muskuloskeletal dapat berasal dari pajanan ergonomi berupa postur janggal, gerakan statis dan berulang. Ergonomi adalah ilmu yangmempelajari perilaku manusia dalam kaitannya dengan pekerjaan mereka. Ergonomi merancang suatu sistem di mana letak lokasi kerja, metode kerja, peralatan, mesin-mesin, dan lingkungan kerja sesuai dengan keterbatasan fisik dan sifat-sifat pekerja. Prinsip utama dalam ergonomi adalah menyerasikan pekerjaan dengan pekerja atau “fitting the job to the worker”. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) merekomendasikan suatu tindakan ergonomik untuk mengatasikeluhan muskuloskeletal melalui dua cara, yaitu rekayasa teknik pada desain stasiun dan alat kerja, dan rekayasa manajemen pada organisasi kerja. Dengan adanya aplikasi ergonomi dalam pekerjaan, diharapkan angka cedera dan kesakitan dalam melakukan pekerjaan dapat dikurangi, produktivitas dan keselamatan kerja meningkat yang pada akhirnyaakan meningkatkan kesejahteraan fisik, mental dan sosial pekerja. [JK Unila. 2016; 1(2)]Kata kunci: ergonomi, musculoskeletal disorder’s, penyakit akibat kerja
Penatalaksanaan Holistik Asma Eksaserbasi Pada Pasien Perempuan Usia 39 Tahun dengan Pendekatan Kedokteran Keluarga Hanifa Yuniasari; fitria saftarina
Medula Vol 11 No 2 (2021): Medula
Publisher : CV. Jasa Sukses Abadi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53089/medula.v11i2.295

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Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease with a complex multifactorial disorder and its etiology is associated with the interaction between genetic susceptibility, host factors, and environmental exposures. Asthma can be considered a significant public health problem. Recurrent asthma symptoms often cause difficulty, daytime fatigue, reduced activity and productivity, and increase absenteeism from school and work. Asthma management must be with continuous monitoring to achieve controlled asthma, so it is necessary to manage patients holistically and comprehensively to improve patients’ quality of life. This study is a case report of asthma exacerbation in a woman who has various internal and external risk factors that influence the patient's disease. Primary data were obtained through history taking, physical examination and support during home visits. Secondary data obtained from the patient's medical record. Management of patients with asthma exacerbations is carried out comprehensively with the concept of a patient-centered, family-focused, and community-oriented approach. Medical management is in the form of relieving drugs and asthma control drugs. Non-medical management is in the form of education about asthma, including explaining and asking patients to identify and avoid asthma triggers. The results of the evaluation showed changes in attitudes in reducing the risk of exacerbations and improvements in asthma control as assessed by the Asthma Control Test.