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Effect of Different Edible Coatings on Postharvest Quality of Mandarin Orange (Citrus reticulata Blanco) D.C., Barsha; Singh, Monika; Khanal, Prakash; Pandey, Madan; Pathak, Rukmagat
Agro Bali : Agricultural Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Panji Sakti

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (493.464 KB) | DOI: 10.37637/ab.v4i2.695

Abstract

Although Nepal produces a large amount of mandarin it faces huge postharvest losses due to improper postharvest practices. Treating fruits with different edible coatings can minimize postharvest losses. The experiment was carried out in the horticulture lab of Prithu Technical College, Dang, Nepal to evaluate the effects of different edible coating materials on the postharvest quality of mandarin. The experiment was laid in Complete Randomized Design (CRD) with three replications and seven treatments  in each replication. Mandarins were coated with different edible coating materials i.e. paraffin wax (100%, 75% and 50%), mustard oil, Aloe vera, turmeric paste and control (non-coated). After coating with different edible materials, mandarins were kept at ambient room conditions (18±2℃ and 52.41±14.35%). The lowest physiological loss in weight at 7, 14and 21 days was recorded in mandarin coated with 75% paraffin wax which was 3.10%, 4.83% and 10.33%, respectively. The highest titratable acidity (0.68%), juice content (46.33%) and marketable fruit percentage (81.73%) were recorded in 75% paraffin wax. The highest total soluble solid (14.00 ˚Brix) was recorded in control. Based on the result obtained from our research, it is suggested to use 75% paraffin wax for the storage of mandarin at ambient room conditions (18±2℃ and 52.41±14.35% RH) as it gives a high percentage of marketable fruits and juice content and also minimizes the physiological loss in weight.
Infant Warmer Design with PID Control for Stability and Equal Temperature Distribution Equipped with Digital Scales for Prevention of Hypothermia in Newborns Sharma, Ishika; Singh, Monika
International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology Vol. 1 No. 1 (2021): November
Publisher : Forum Ilmiah Teknologi dan Ilmu Kesehatan (FORITIKES)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (314.667 KB) | DOI: 10.35882/ijahst.v1i1.2

Abstract

Babies need temperatures that match the temperature in the mother's womb, which is between 35°C – 37°C. the latest research on infant warmer equipment uses the fuzzy method as a system for temperature control in infant warmers, The problem in previous research is that at each temperature setting, the temperature is not evenly distributed throughout the bed, when it reaches the setting temperature, the heater continues to turn on so that the bed gets hotter. The purpose of this research is to make an infant warmer equipped with digital scales, with temperature settings of 350C,  360C, and 370C using PID control to stabilize the temperature and ensure the spread of heat on the bed evenly, then the addition of skin temperature aims to make nurses know what the patient's body temperature is when observations were made. The infant warmer in this module uses an arduino microcontroller which is displayed in 7segment, then the skin sensor used is the DS18B20 temperature sensor to read the skin temperature, and the infant warmer temperature sensor used is LM35 as a PID control system. The results of the research in making the tool module were compared with the measurement results against the comparator. This research has obtained the results of the smallest error in the measurement of setting temperature of 350C with an error of 0%. For comparison with the incu analyzer, the smallest error is obtained at the setting temperature of 370C with an error value of 0% on the T5 measurement, the difference in skin temperature against the thermometer is 0.10C. The results showed that the temperature spread on the module had different error values. So that this research can be implemented on the PID control infant warmer system to improve performance on infant temperature stability.