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The Dynamic of Gender Role Conflict on Husbands of Pastors at Batak Karo Protestant Church Brahmana, Karina Meriem Beru
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology Vol 7 No 1 April 2018
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (167.474 KB) | DOI: 10.12928/jehcp.v7i2.8701

Abstract

Gender commonly correlates with condition of gender inequality experienced by women. However, we are unaware that men also experience gender inequality in their daily life that subsequently arises conflict within themselves known as gender role conflict. This study aimed to give description on conflict dynamics of gender role on husbands of pastors at the Batak Karo Protestant Church. Limited study on gender role conflict in men and negative effects resulted from this conflict encouraged the researcher to conduct this research. There were 3 participants involved, namely TA, SE, and BS. These three participants fulfilled the sample criteria: 1) Having been married for at least one year; 2) Having at least one daughter or son; 3) A native of Karo tribe; and 4) Having been a congregation at Batak Karo Protestant Church since childhood. The researcher used qualitative method with phenomenology approach, in which the interview results were analyzed using hermeneutic method. Hermeneutic method, or so-called interpretative phenomenology, is a method focusing on understanding the meaning of ones experience (by searching for themes), by involving a larger interpretive of available data and moving away from core search. The results showed that gender role conflict experienced by pastors’ husbands were caused by several factors, including gender role socialization since childhood, the influence of patriarchal culture embraced by the Karo tribe, masculine ideology and gender role transition that caused husbands to practice roles inconsistent with their gender role demand as a man. The writer encouraged more qualitative studies regarding this topic.Keywords: gender role, conflict, male
Gambaran Penyesuaian Perkawinan Pada Suami Pendeta Karina Meriem Beru Brahmana
Jurnal Sains Psikologi Vol 10, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17977/um023v10i12021p21-30

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran penyesuaian perkawinan pada suami pendeta di Gereja Batak Karo Protestan (GBKP). Metode penelitian ini bersifat kuantitatif dengan menggunakan skala The Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) dari Spanier (1976) yang digunakan untuk mengukur penyesuaian perkawinan dan dianalisis secara deskriptif dengan menggunakan program SPSS 24.The Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) berisi 32 item dan terdiri atas 4 komponen yakni konsensus, kesatuan, kepuasan dan ekspresi perasaan (affectional expression). Hasil reliabilitas dan validitas DAS diukur dengan analisis confirmatory factor (CFA) menggunakan Lisrel versi 8.50 terhadap 40 orang responden. Berdasarkan hasil uji coba alat ukur penyesuaian perkawinan dengan menggunakan Lisrel 8.50 diketahui sebanyak 21 item dinyatakan sahih dan 11 item dinyatakan gugur / tidak sahih dengan reliabilitas sebesar 0,7425.Hasil uji statistik memperlihatkan bahwa mean dari variabel penyesuaian perkawinan adalah sebesar 88.30. Hal ini memberikan gambaran bahwa penyesuaian perkawinan yang dimiliki oleh suami pendeta GBKP berada pada kategori tinggi. Hasil uji statistik juga memperlihatkan bahwa indikator yang memiliki mean tertinggi dari alat ukur The Dyadic Adjustment Scale adalah dyadic consensus sebesar 46,6582 diikuti dengan dyadic satisfaction sebesar 20.34, dyadic cohesion sebesar 13.16 dan affectional expression sebesar 8.21.
PENGARUH HARGA DIRI DAN KELOMPOK TEMAN SEBAYA TERHADAP PERILAKU KONSUMTIF PADA MAHASISWA GENERASI Z Rahel Monica S. Simangunsong; Nenny Ika Putri; Karina Meriem Beru Brahmana
JURNAL PSYCHOMUTIARA Vol 4 No 2 (2021): Jurnal Psychomutiara
Publisher : Psikologi Universitas Sari Mutiara Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51544/psikologi.v4i2.2541

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of self-esteem and peer groups on consumptive behavior among generation Z students in Medan City. This study uses quantitative research methods with the help of the SPSS for windows 17.00 program. This study uses three scales, namely the consumptive behavior scale which is arranged based on the consumptive behavior indicator according to Summartono (2002), the self-esteem scale which is based on the self-esteem aspect according to Coopersmith (1998), and the peer group scale which is arranged based on the characteristics of the peer group according to Santrock (2007). The subjects in this study were active students aged 18-25 years from 4 public and private universities in Medan, namely the University of North Sumatra (USU), Medan State University (UNIMED), University of HKBP Nommensen Medan (UHN), and the University of Muhammadyah North Sumatra (UMSU) Based on the hypothesis test, it is known that there is no effect of self-esteem and peer groups on consumptive behavior in generation Z students in Medan City with a significance value of 0.622.
Masculine Ideology and Gender Role Conflict among Pastor’s Husband Karina Meriem Beru Brahmana
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology Vol 8 No 4 December 2019
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (376.554 KB) | DOI: 10.12928/jehcp.v8i4.14000

Abstract

Abstract This study aims to measure the correlation between masculine ideology and gender role conflict among the pastor's husband. This study included 40 GBKP pastors' husbands using two measuring scales, namely the male role norm scale compiled by Thompson &Pleck (1986) and the gender role conflict scale compiled by O'Neil et al. (1986). Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient statistics revealed a positive relationship between masculine ideology and gender role conflict, r=0.484 at p<.05. The findings were discussed, and suggestions made.Keywords: Masculine ideology, gender role conflict, pastor
Gender Role Orientation and Marriage Adjustment as Factors Affecting Gender Role Conflict of Pastors’ Husbands Karina Meriem Beru Brahmana
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology Vol 9 No 4 December 2020
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.12928/jehcp.v9i4.17484

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of gender role orientation and marriage adjustment on the emergence of gender role conflict of pastors’ husbands. This research uses a non-experimental quantitative research method and is analyzed using SEM-PLS (Structural Equation Model-Partial Least Squares). This study uses three scales, namely The Gender-role Conflict Scale developed by O'Neil., et al (1986) to measure gender role conflict, Sex Role Orientation Inventory (SROI) developed by Tomeh (1978) to measure orientation of gender roles, and The Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) from Spanier (1976) used to measure marriage adjustment. The subjects in this research are husbands of GBKP pastors totaling 79 people. Based on the hypothesis testing, it is revealed that marital adjustment influences gender role conflict in pastors’ husbands, whereas gender role orientation does not affect the pastor husband's gender role conflict. Researchers who are interested in examining gender role conflicts in men are expected to be able to include other variables that have not been studied in this research, such as spirituality, religiosity, coping strategies, cultural influences, etc., in order to enrich and develop the science of psychology, especially social psychology.
The Dynamic of Gender Role Conflict on Husbands of Pastors at Batak Karo Protestant Church Karina Meriem Beru Brahmana
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology Vol 7 No 1 April 2018
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (167.474 KB) | DOI: 10.12928/jehcp.v7i2.8701

Abstract

Gender commonly correlates with condition of gender inequality experienced by women. However, we are unaware that men also experience gender inequality in their daily life that subsequently arises conflict within themselves known as gender role conflict. This study aimed to give description on conflict dynamics of gender role on husbands of pastors at the Batak Karo Protestant Church. Limited study on gender role conflict in men and negative effects resulted from this conflict encouraged the researcher to conduct this research. There were 3 participants involved, namely TA, SE, and BS. These three participants fulfilled the sample criteria: 1) Having been married for at least one year; 2) Having at least one daughter or son; 3) A native of Karo tribe; and 4) Having been a congregation at Batak Karo Protestant Church since childhood. The researcher used qualitative method with phenomenology approach, in which the interview results were analyzed using hermeneutic method. Hermeneutic method, or so-called interpretative phenomenology, is a method focusing on understanding the meaning of one's experience (by searching for themes), by involving a larger interpretive of available data and moving away from core search. The results showed that gender role conflict experienced by pastors’ husbands were caused by several factors, including gender role socialization since childhood, the influence of patriarchal culture embraced by the Karo tribe, masculine ideology and gender role transition that caused husbands to practice roles inconsistent with their gender role demand as a man. The writer encouraged more qualitative studies regarding this topic.Keywords: gender role, conflict, male
Pengaruh Ideologi Maskulin Terhadap Konflik Peran Gender Pada Laki-Laki Suku Batak Karo Karina Meriem Beru Brahmana
Jurnal Psikologi Universitas HKBP Nommensen Vol 6 No 1 (2019): EDISI AGUSTUS 2019
Publisher : Universitas HKBP Nommensen

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36655/psikologi.v6i1.71

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to measure the influence of masculine ideology on gender role conflict experienced by Karo men. The sample of this research is Karo male with 296 people with age range between 17 - 73 years and the average age is around 41.9 years. The scales used are The Male Role Norm Scale from Thompson & Pleck (1986) and The Gender Role Conflict Scale from O'Neil et al (1986). Regression test results showed that R = 0.469 and R2 = 0.220. This shows that the influence of masculine ideology on gender role conflict is 22% while the rest is influenced by other variables. This research is considered very important because the amount of research on gender role conflict in men is still limited in Indonesia but have a lot of negative impacts. Moreover, in general the tribes in Indonesia are dominated by patrilineal culture.
GENDER ROLE CONFLICT OF PASTORS’ HUSBANDS AT BATAK KARO PROTESTANT CHURCH Karina Meriem Beru Brahmana
Jurnal Psikologi Universitas HKBP Nommensen Vol 7 No 1 (2020): EDISI AGUSTUS 2020
Publisher : Universitas HKBP Nommensen

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36655/psikologi.v7i1.263

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine the gender role conflict of the pastor's husband in the Protestant Karo Batak Church (GBKP). This research method is quantitative by using the Gender Role Conflict Scale (GRCS) scale proposed by O'Neil, et al. (1986) used to measure gender role conflict and analyzed descriptively using the SPSS 24 program. The Gender-role Conflict Scale developed by O'Neil., et al (1986) has 37 items with 4 indicators namely Restricted Emotionality (RE), Restrictive Affectionate Behavior Between Men (RABBM), Success / Power / Competition (SPC), and Conflict Between Work and Family Relations (CBWFR). Based on the results of a pilot test measuring gender role conflict using Lisrel 8.50 it is known that of the 37 items of gender role conflict, 23 items were declared valid and 14 items were declared invalid with a reliability of 0.723. The results of statistical calculations show that the mean of gender role conflict is 89.10. Based on the results of the mean, it is known that in general gender role conflict in the pastor's husband GBKP is in the medium category because it is at a score of 89.10. In addition, from the four indicators it is known that the highest mean lies in the SPC of 35.53 followed by RE of 21.58, RABBM of 15.87 and finally CBWFR of 12.73.
Adaptasi Skala Hell-Anxiety menggunakan Pendekatan Iterative/ Collaborative Subhan El Hafiz; Karina Meriem Beru Brahmana; Yulmaida Amir
Indonesian Journal for The Psychology of Religion Vol 1 No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Konsorsium Psikologi Ilmiah Nusantara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (359.352 KB) | DOI: 10.24854/ijpr573

Abstract

Indonesia merupakan negara dengan religiusitas tinggi, namun demikian beberapa temuan seolah menunjukkan penolakan pada fakta tersebut karena perilaku negatif perilaku yang tidak sesuai dengan nilai agama juga marak, seperti korupsi. Oleh karena itu, kajian ini mencoba melakukan adaptasi skala hell-anxiety yang diharapkan dapat menjelaskan munculnya perilaku yang tidak sesuai dengan nilai agama pada orang beragama. Proses adaptasi skala tersebut dilakukan dengan metode Iterative/ Collaborative (dewan pakar) dalam rangka mengatasi kelemahan dari metode translasi balik. Berdasarkan tiga kajian, didapatkan hasil bahwa skala hell-anxiety versi Indonesia sesuai dengan konstruk yang ditawarkan dengan sedikit modifikasi. Pendekatan Iterative/ Collaborative (dewan pakar) yang digunakan dalam kajian ini juga mengindikasikan adanya keunikan Bahasa dan budaya.
PENGARUH HARGA DIRI DAN KELOMPOK TEMAN SEBAYA TERHADAP PERILAKU KONSUMTIF PADA MAHASISWA GENERASI Z Rahel Monica S. Simangunsong; Nenny Ika Putri; Karina Meriem Beru Brahmana
JURNAL PSYCHOMUTIARA Vol. 4 No. 2 (2021): Jurnal Psychomutiara
Publisher : Psikologi Universitas Sari Mutiara Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51544/psikologi.v4i2.2541

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of self-esteem and peer groups on consumptive behavior among generation Z students in Medan City. This study uses quantitative research methods with the help of the SPSS for windows 17.00 program. This study uses three scales, namely the consumptive behavior scale which is arranged based on the consumptive behavior indicator according to Summartono (2002), the self-esteem scale which is based on the self-esteem aspect according to Coopersmith (1998), and the peer group scale which is arranged based on the characteristics of the peer group according to Santrock (2007). The subjects in this study were active students aged 18-25 years from 4 public and private universities in Medan, namely the University of North Sumatra (USU), Medan State University (UNIMED), University of HKBP Nommensen Medan (UHN), and the University of Muhammadyah North Sumatra (UMSU) Based on the hypothesis test, it is known that there is no effect of self-esteem and peer groups on consumptive behavior in generation Z students in Medan City with a significance value of 0.622.