Wijana, I Made Dauh
Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar, Denpasar, Indonesia

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Is Islamic banking stronger than conventional banking during the Covid-19 pandemic? Evidence from Indonesia I Made Dauh Wijana; I Wayan Widnyana
Jurnal Ekonomi & Keuangan Islam Volume 8 No. 1, January 2022
Publisher : Faculty of Economics, Universitas Islam Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/jeki.vol8.iss1.art9

Abstract

Purpose – We intended to test and compare the durability of Islamic banking and conventional banking during the Covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia. To that end, we first compared their performance before and during the pandemic. Next, we examined the effects of pandemic shocks on the performance of each of them.Methodology – The data covers 80 banks in Indonesia, which were divided into four groups, namely Islamic and conventional commercial banks, and Islamic and conventional rural banks. Each group consisted of 20 banks. Our observation period is 10 quarters, which was divided into two periods, namely the period before the pandemic (Q1-2019 – Q1-2020) and the period during the pandemic (Q2-2020 – Q2-2021). For comparison, we used a paired sample t-test, while testing the effect of shocks using a panel regression model.Findings – Islamic banking outperformed conventional banking, both before and during the Covid-19 pandemic. The Covid-19 pandemic has predominantly shaken conventional banking indicators and has only slightly shaken Islamic banking. However, this does not mean Islamic banks were superior to their conventional counterparts because both were shaken, it's just that conventional banks experienced a bigger shock than their Islamic counterparts.Originality – This is an original study that examines and compares the performance between Islamic and conventional banking using financial ratios during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Financial capital, constraints, partners, and performance: An empirical analysis of Indonesia SMEs I Wayan Widnyana; I Made Dauh Wijana; Almuntasir Almuntasir
JEMA: Jurnal Ilmiah Bidang Akuntansi dan Manajemen Vol 18, No 2 (2021): JEMA: Jurnal Ilmiah Bidang Akuntansi dan Manajemen
Publisher : University of Islam Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31106/jema.v18i2.11318

Abstract

Indonesia's small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are considered the backbone of the national economy. However, the fact that SMEs still contribute less to the national gross domestic product (GDP) in terms of value-added, need to be addressed. While previous studies mainly focused on financial (access) constraints as one of the major constraints faced by small enterprises which affect their growth and performances, this study aims to extend the relationship between capital and financial performance of Indonesia SMEs with the moderating effect of financial constraints and partners. This study is different from others as it uses a bigger panel dataset which is about 4.36 million SMEs in Indonesia and is the first to explore the role of financial partners comprehensively. Moreover, the panel regression model with geographic analysis unit uses as a data analysis method. The results of the study show that financial capital has a positive and significant effect on the financial performance of SMEs. Furthermore, while the moderation role of financial partners on the relationship between financial capital and financial performance of Indonesia SMEs was failed to prove, the negative moderation effect of financial constraints was able to prove in this study.