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Urinary Tract Infection Bacterial at RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan in 2019: an Overview Study Teguh Firdaus; Rina Yunita
Sumatera Medical Journal Vol. 4 No. 1 (2021): Sumatera Medical Journal (SUMEJ)
Publisher : Talenta Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32734/sumej.v4i1.5849

Abstract

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is the second-largest infection after respiratory tract infection (WHO, 2013). The prevalence of UTI in Indonesia is relatively high. UTI originated from the invasion and proliferation of microorganisms into the urinary tract in meaningful quantities. Gram-negative bacteria are mostly the cause of UTI including E. coli, Klebsiella sp, Enterobacter sp, and Proteus sp. Patients with UTI with inadequate treatment can experience complications e.g., acute renal failure and urosepsis. This study aims to find out the profile of bacteria that cause UTI at RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan in 2019. This descriptive study is using a non-analytical retrospective approach conducted to secondary data from urinary culture examination at RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan. Data were analyzed using the SPSS 24. Gram-negative bacteria results of 72.7% with E. coli postulated as the most common etiology (33,3%) and gram-positive bacteria results of 27.3%, dominated by Enterococcus faecalis (16.3%). The sensitivity study exhibited various results e.g., 100%, 98.2%, and 97.0% in E. coli for Tigecycline, Meropenem, and Amikacin respectively. Enterococcus faecalis also posed a similar results regarding its sensitivity result to different antibiotics. Gram-negative bacteria are the most common bacterial etiology of UTI, specifically E. coli with comparable sensitivity results
Uji Diagnostik Genexpert Mtb/Rif Di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Haji Adam Malik Medan Elva Susanty; Zainuddin Amir; Parluhutan Siagian; Rina Yunita; Putri Chairani Eyanoer
JBIO: jurnal biosains (the journal of biosciences) Vol 1, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Biosains
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24114/jbio.v1i2.2783

Abstract

Background: Cases of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) is increasing in number in the world and requires early detection to prevent further transmission. GeneXpert MTB/RIF is a tool that can be used for detection of rifampicin resistance, as a surrogate marker for MDR TB. This study aims to assess the sensitivity and specificity of the GeneXpert MTB/RIF in diagnosis of MDR TB. Methods: diagnostic test study was conducted at a poly MDR TB General Hospital Haji Adam Malik Medan. The subjects were all suspected MDR TB who had results positive GeneXpert MTB/ RIF with sensitive rifampin or resistant  rifampin and had a drug sensitivity test results with the proportion method Lowenstein Jensen medium. Data retrieved from the medical records, between January until December 2013. Results: founded 64 samples that had results of GeneXpert MTB/RIF test positive and had the results of drug sensitivity, 87.5% of rifampin-resistant samples were also resistant to isoniazid. The GeneXpert MTB/RIF examination showed the sensitivity of 92.86% and the specificitu of 59.09%. Conclusion: GeneXpert MTB/ RIF has a high sensitivity for diagnosing MDR TB compared the gold standard drug sensitivity testing proportion method on Lowenstein Jensen medium. This study recommends the GeneXpert MTB/RIF be used for MDR TB screening tool. Keywords: GeneXpert MTB/RIF, multidrug resistant tuberculosis, drug susceptibility test, Lowenstein Jensen medium