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Pengaruh Program Makan Siang terhadap Asupan Makanan, Status Anemia dan Perilaku Gizi Santri Perempuan Dewi Kusumawati; Rimbawan Rimbawan; Ikue Ekayanti
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol. 15 No. 1: MARET 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (286.458 KB) | DOI: 10.30597/mkmi.v15i1.5769

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Provision of food in dormitories is generally limited due to cost problems so students are vulnerable tomalnutrition. Iron deficiency in adolescents can cause anemia. This study aimed to evaluate effect of lunch programon food intake, anemia status and nutritional behaviour for female students at the Darusalam Islamic BoardingSchool Bogor. This study was a pre-experiment with one group design before intervention. Selected subjectswere 54 students given interventions of adding protein and fruit at lunch and nutrition education for 15 weeks.Nutrition education delivered by the teacher and refreshment material by nutrition students. The results showedenergy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, fiber, calcium, zinc, iron and Vitamin C increased in lunch intake and differedsignificantly from before intervention (p<0.05). Nutritional status (BMI/U) increased and differed significantlybefore and after the intervention (p<0.05). The proportion of anemia status increased to be better and significantlyhigher than the comparison but increased hemoglobin levels of 0.14±1.12 g/dl have not been able to provide asignificant average hemoglobin level (p>0.05). Knowledge and nutritional attitudes of students about anemia weresignificantly different between before and after intervention (p<0.05).
NILAI INDEKS GLIKEMIK PRODUK OLAHAN GEMBILI (Dioscorea esculenta) Rimbawan Rimbawan; Resita Nurbayani
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 8 No. 2 (2013)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (216.138 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2013.8.2.145-150

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The objective of this research was to analyze the glycemic index values of gembili products. The research consisted of three stages covered: (1) processing of gembili into three treatments (boiled, steamed, and fried), (2) analyzing of nutrient contents in gembili products, (3) measuring of glycemic index of three processed food. Moisture content (wet based/wb) in boiled, steamed and fried gembili were 68.09%, 62.11%, and 49.09% respectively. Ash content (dry based/db) in boiled, steamed and fried gembili were 1.62%, 2.15%, and 2.13% respectively. Fat content (dry based/db) were 0.63%, 0.37% and 7.75%, while protein content (dry based/db) were 3.71%, 2.99%, and 4.25%. Insoluble dietary fiber content (dry based/db) between 11.79% to 13.43%, while was higher than soluble dietary fiber content (dry based/db) between 5.84% to 10.88%. Total dietary fiber content (dry based/db) in boiled, steamed and fried gembili were 19.01%, 18.15%, and 24.30% respectively, while carbohydrate by difference content (dry based/db) were 91.05%, 93.33%, and 88.88% respectively. The results of this study indicated that all glycemic index values of gembili products were high (>70). Glycemic index values gembili boiled, steamed, and fried gembili were 85.56, 87.56, and 83.61 respectively. Analysis of variance test One Way ANOVA showed that those treatments did not significantly affect the glycemic index value (p> 0.05).
Potensi Penggunaan Metode In Vitro dalam Memperkirakan Pemeringkatan Indeks Glikemik In Vivo pada Beberapa Varietas Beras yang Dimasak Nurhayati, Aprinia Dian; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Anwar, Faisal; Winarto, Adi
Indonesian Journal of Human Nutrition Vol 6, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Jurusan Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Brawijaya Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ijhn.2019.006.02.6

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Abstrak Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menguji metode in vitro yang paling potensial digunakan dalam skrining indeks glikemik (IG) pada nasi yang menurut literatur memiliki IG berbeda (rendah, sedang dan tinggi). Metode Englyst et al. (2003) dan Argyri et al. (2016) menjadi metode in vitro terpilih yang diuji validitasnya untuk mengetahui kemampuan keduanya dalam menggolongkan pangan sesuai hasil pengujian IG in vivo. Sebanyak enam varietas beras dimasak menggunakan rice cooker kemudian nasi diuji kadar proksimat (protein, lemak, air, abu, karbohidrat), serat pangan total, amilosa, amilopektin dan pati. Sebanyak 20 orang yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dibagi dalam dua kelompok sebanding untuk diukur kadar gula darah 2 jam setelah mengonsumsi makanan. Nasi hitam Cirebon, Cisokan dan Inpara 5 memiliki IG sedang, sedangkan nasi Inpari 24, Sintanur dan ketan Grendel tergolong IG tinggi. Kadar glukosa nasi pada metode Englyst et al. (2003) menit ke-20 dan Argyri et al. (2016) menit ke-120 apabila dibuat pemeringkatan terendah hingga tertinggi menunjukkan urutan peringkat yang sesuai dengan urutan nilai IG in vivo. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah metode Argyri et al. (2016) menunjukkan hasil yang lebih mendekati nilai IG in vivo dan prosedur pengukuran yang dilakukan lebih mirip dengan proses pencernaan pada tubuh manusia, sehingga metode ini lebih direkomendasikan dalam memperkirakan pengkategorian IG in vivo pada sampel berupa nasi (r2=0,461, p<0,01).Kata kunci: indeks glikemik, in vitro, nasi Abstract  The aim of this study was to test the most potential in vitro methods to used in screening the glycemic index (GI) of rice which according to the literature had different GI category (low, medium, high). Englyst et al. (2003) and Argyri et al. (2016) became the selected in vitro method that tested their validity by determine their ability to classify food according to the results of in vivo GI. Six rice varieties were cooked using a rice cooker then tested for proximate analysis (protein, fat, water, ash, carbohydrate), total dietary fiber, amylose, amylopectin and starch. A total of 20 subjects who met the inclusion criteria were divided into two comparable groups to measure their blood glucose levels for 2 hours after consuming test food. Cirebon black rice, Cisokan and Inpara 5 have moderate GI, while Inpari 24, Sintanur and Grendel glutinous rice were classified as high GI. Glucose levels of rice as measured by Englyst et al. (2003) at 20th minute and Argyri et al. (2016) at 120th minute has a comparable rank with in vivo GI. The conclusion of this study is method by Argyri et al. (2016) showed results that were closer to the in vivo GI and the measurement procedure was more similar to the digestive process in the human body, thus its became more recommended method to estimating the categorization of in vivo GI in rice samples (r2=0,461, p<0,01). Keywords: glycemic index, in vitro, rice
The Effect of Cooking Methods of Several Varieties of Rice on Zinc Bioavailability Determined Using Experimental Rats Deni Elnovriza; . Rimbawan; Emma S Wirakusumah; Dadang Sukandar
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol. 25 No. 1 (2001): Jurnal Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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The specific objectives of the research were 1) to analyze zinc content of rice, 2) to analyze effect of cooking on zinc content of rice and 3) to identify the effect of cooking methods of rice on bioavailability of zinc. Zinc bioavailability was indicated by serum alkaline phosphatase activity, zinc serum and growth of Wistar rats. Boiled, steamed and puffed of Membramos, Cisadanes and Brown rice were used in this research. The results of this study showed that cooking methods affect zinc in rice. Zinc content decreased after cooking in all of cooking methods. The lost of zinc was found highest in puffed rice and lowest in steamed rice. When rats fed those rice-based diets, zinc serum was for all of treatments not significantly different. Measurement of serum alkaline phosphatase activity of rats fed steamed and boiled rice was significantly higher than control, but not for rats fed puffed rice. All rats fed treatment diets have higher growth than those fed control. Zinc bioavailability was found lower in puffed rice than steamed and boiled. Steamed rice has zinc bioavailability better than that of boiled and puffed.
Kromium serum dan asupan mikromineral pada penyandang diabetes tipe 2 Sutiari, Ni Ketut; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Kusharto, Clara Meliyanti; Ascobat, Purwantyastuti; Effendi, Adi Teruna
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 13, No 4 (2017): April
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, FK-KMK UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (273.01 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.18883

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Background: Status of minerals such as zinc, magnesium, and chromium among diabetic patients are considered lower than non-diabetic peoples, both in the serum and intake. Some reviews show that those minerals contribute to carbohydrate metabolism among diabetic patients.Objective: This study aims to explore intake of zinc, magnesium, and chromium among DMT2 in Denpasar.Method: This is a cross-sectional analytic study. The population was all (70) DMT2 patients registered at Chronic Disease Service (Prolanis) at two Primary Health Care (PHC) Denpasar Utara III PHC and Denpasar Timur I PHC. The sample for the study was DMT2 patients and non-diabetic people age 50-70 years reside in Denpasar city. DMT2 patients were randomly selected with simple random technique, while non-diabetic peoples were non-randomly selected. The level of serum chromium was measured by AAS method, whereas microminerals intake were collected by a recall and SQ-FFQ method. Data was analyzed descriptively and differences were tested with two independent t-test at 95% confidence level.Results: The mean of serum chromium DMT2 and non-diabetic were 0.044 mg/L and 0.094 mg/L respectively. The mean±SEM magnesium (DMT2 316.1±22.4 mg/day; non-diabetic 211.0±33.5 mg/day), zinc intake was (DMT2 8.4±0.7 mg/day; non-diabetic 6.2±0.8 mg/day), and chromium (DMT2 10.8±1.3 µg/day; non-diabetic 8.7±0.9µg/day). A significant difference was found between magnesium intake (p=0.01).Conclusion: The study showed that zinc, magnesium and chromium intake is appeared higher among DMT2 patients compare to non-diabetic in Denpasar region.
PEMBERIAN PANGAN YANG DIFORTIFIKASI ZAT MULTI GIZI MIKRO DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP STATUS ANEMIA DAN PERTAMBAHAN BERAT BADAN IBU HAMIL V Prihananto; Rimbawan Rimbawan; Made Astawan; Ahmad Sulaeman
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol. 30 No. 2 (2006): Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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ABSTRACT. The objetive of this study was to evaluate the effect offeeding with multimicronutrients fortified foods on anemia status and weight gain ofpregnan womrql. This study was carried out in three sub-districts in Bogor, i. e.: Leuwiliang, Leuwisadeng and Ciampea. A double blind randomized control trial was assigned on this study. About 210 pregnant women from these sub-districts were selected for this study and devided into 2groups, (1) 70 pregnant women received fortified foods with multi-micronutrients i.e. iron, iodine, zinc, folic acid, vitamin C, and vitamin A, and (2) 70 pregnant mothers received nonfortifiedfoods, each for 6 mounths. Product chosen as intervention carrier consisted of vermicelli, milk, and biscuit. Distribution ofproducts were carried out every week to thetarget pregnant women. The results of the study showed: (a) intervention could reduce prevalence ofanemia as much as 28% compared with placebo (b) Intervention affected the micronutrients consumption andfulfilled: iron 55,5% RDA, vitamin A 65% RDA, vitamin C 126% RDA, folat 15,3% RDA, zinc 26,7% RDA, iodium 26,3%, (c) intervention didn'tinfluence weight gain during pregnancy.
Green Tea Daily Consume Reduced Free Radicals on Moderate Smokers Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Kushargina, Rosyanne; Setiawan, Budi
Nutri-Sains: Jurnal Gizi, Pangan dan Aplikasinya Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/ns.2018.2.2.3249

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Smoking can enhance free radicals on blood plasma. Many previous studies proved that tea is a source of antioxidants which might reduce free radicals. Green tea is known to have the higher antioxidant capacity compared to black tea. This study aims to analyze the effect of green tea on reduction of free radicals on moderate smokers, using a pre-post experimental design. Green tea infusions were prepared with commercially available dried tea leaves (Green Tea Gamboeng Series) from the Research Centers of Tea and Cinchona Gambung, West Java. Nine moderate smokers (11-21 cig/day) aged 30-45 years were instructed to drink 200 ml green tea three times a day for four weeks. Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC) of blood serum was measured at baseline and after four weeks intervention period. The level of TAC significantly increased from 1.18 m mol/L to 1.34 m mol/L after four weeks intervention (P=0.000). These results prove that drinking 200 ml of green tea three times a day for four weeks has a significant benefit reducing free radicals of moderate smokers. Moderate smokers are advised to consume green tea continuously to sustain these positive effects.
PENGETAHUAN, PERSEPSI, DAN SIKAP IBU HAMIL TERHADAP KLAIM GIZI KAITANNYA DENGAN KEPUTUSAN PEMBELIAN PRODUK SUSU IBU HAMIL Rinda Damayanti; Rimbawan Rimbawan
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 11 No. 1 (2016)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (304.52 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2016.11.1.%p

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The purposes of this research was to analyze the influence of individual characteristics, nutritional knowledge, nutrition claim’s knowledge, perception and attitude on nutrition claim of maternal milk product on purchasing decision. This research used cross sectional study design, on 60 pregnant women that consisted of 30 who have consumed and 30 who didn’t consume maternal milk products. This research was conducted in working area of Public Health Centre Ciampea, Bogor District which was choosen purposively. Dependent variable in this research are individual characteristics, nutritional knowledge, nutrition claim’s knowledge, perception and attitude on nutrition claim, meanwhile independent variable in this research is purchasing decision of maternal milk product. Statistic analysis used in this research were Mann Whitney and logistic regression analysis. Education level, family income, income per capita, and nutrition knowledge of subject who consumed maternal milk product was better than who did not consume maternal milk. The opportunity of purchasing decision on maternal milk product would increase 3,99 times if education level was more than 9 years, 4,18 times when family income was more than Rp 1.500.000 every month, and 3,69 times when index of nutrition claim’s perception was more than 65. This research is intended to increase awareness for understanding nutrition claim on maternal milk products and can help food industry to identify factor that influence purchasing decision on maternal milk products.Keywords: maternal milk product, nutrition claim, pregnant women, purchasing decision 
The decreasing activity of white tea and green tea on smokers lipids profile Kushargina, Rosyanne; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Setiawan, Budi; Rohdiana, Dadan
Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina Vol 18, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (240.889 KB) | DOI: 10.22302/pptk.jur.jptk.v18i1.68

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Smoking habit have many negative effect, including increased lipids profile. Researching on the effects of tea on lipids profile on smokers has been carried out using green tea. Research using white tea has been limited, therefore, this study aimed to analyze the effect of white tea than green tea on lipids profile in smokers, using paired sample of clinical trials design. The subjects were medium smokers (11-21 cigarettes/day) aged 30-45 years and have milddyslipidemia. Each subject was asked to drink tea in two times. Firstly, all subjects were asked to drink 3 x 200 ml white tea/day for 28 days. Secondly, treatment will be start after two weeks washout period, and they were asked to drink 3 x 200 ml of green tea/day for 28 days. Lipids profile (trigliserida (TG); cholesterol total (TC); low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C)) of blood serum has been measured four times, at pre-post intervention of white tea and at pre-post intervention of green tea. The lipids profile were significantly decreased after white tea intervention (paired sample t-test, p&lt;0,05). After green tea intervention,the lipids profile were decreased but significant (paired sample t-test, p&lt;0,05) only for LDL-C. The independent sample t-test analysis showed that white tea has higher effect in decreasing the lipids profile greater than green tea, however not significantly different (p&gt;0,05). This study was proved that white tea is more potential than green tea to decreasing lipids profile of smokers.
PENGARUH SUPLEMANTASI VITAMIN C DIBANDINGKAN DENGAN MULTI VITAMIN-MINERAL TERHADAP STATUS ZAT GIZI ANTIOKSIDAN PADA WANITA PEKERJA Ernawati, Fitrah; ., Rimbawan; Riyadi, Hadi; T.Wibawan, I.Wayan; ., Muhilal
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 32, No 1 (2009): Maret 2009
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36457/gizindo.v32i1.62

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EFFECT OF THE VITAMIN C SUPLEMENTATION TOWARD MULTI VITAMIN-MINERAL ON THE STATUS OF NUTRITIONAL ANTIOXIDANT IN WOMAN WORKERSMicronutrients, both vitamins and minerals are needed by the body in limited quantities, but their roleis essential to the body. To fulfill vitamin and mineral requirements, consumption of variant andbalanced diet is needed because most vitamins and minerals are not produced by our body. Foodsupplements can be a good alternative in providing sufficient amount of micronutrient if intake fromdietary sources are not enough. This research was intended to analyse the effect of multi vitaminmineral (MVM) supplementationcompared to a single nutrient supplementation (Vit C 1000 mg) ondietary antioxidant status. It was conducted on Februari 2008and thedesign of this research was adouble blind randomized controlled trial. There were 92 samples aged 20-45 years old, healthy(physically and clinically), did not consume alcohol, did not smoke and were willing to partipate in theresearch. Multi vitamin-mineral supplementation increased serum concentration of vitamin E andsuperoxide dismutase (SOD) significantly(p0.05), while single supplementation of vitamin C 1000 mgimproved only vitamin C status. Suplementation of multi vitamin-mineral reduced free radicals byimproving superoxide dismutase (SOD) status. Keywords: multi vitamin-mineral supplementation, superdioxide dismutase status, vitamin Estatus, viin C status.
Co-Authors Adi Teruna Efendi Adi Teruna Effendi Adi Teruna Effendi Agustino Agustino Ahmad Sulaeman Ainia Herminiati Ainia Herminiati Ali Khomsan Angga Hardiansyah Angga Rizqiawan Anna Vipta Resti Mauludyani Ascobat, Purwantyastuti Aslis Wirda Hayati Astrid Noviana Astuti Lamid Bambang P. Priosoeryanto Bambang Pontjo Priosoeryanto Betty Yosephin Simanjuntak Bibi Ahmad Chahyanto Budi Setiawan Budi Setiawan Budi Setiawan Budi Setiawan Budi Setiawan Cesilia M Dwiriani Clara Meliyanti Kusharto Clara Meliyanti Kusharto Clara Meliyanti Kusharto Dadan Rohdiana Dadang Sukandar Daus, Firdaus Firdaus Deddy Muchtadi Deddy Muchtadi Deni Elnovriza Deni Elnovriza DEWI APRI ASTUTI Dewi Kusumawati Dewi Kusumawati Dewi Rahmayani Rahman Diah M. Utari Diffah Hanim Dodik Briawan Drajat Martianto Ekowati Handharyani Emma S Wirakusumah Ennita Fahriza Evi Damayanthi Evy Damayanthi Faisal Anwar Febrina Sulistiawati Firdaus Firdaus Firdaus Firdaus Fitrah Ernawati Fitrah Ernawati Fivi Melva Diana Gifari, Nazhif Hadi Riyadi Hanung Adi Nugroho Hardinsyah . Hardinsyah Hardinsyah Hidayat Syarief Hidayat Syarief I.Wayan T.Wibawan, I.Wayan Ika Heri Kustanti Ikeu Ekayanti Ikeu Tanziha Ikue Ekayanti Ilmi Dewi Astuti Ilmi, Ibnu Malkan Bakhrul Intje Picauly Iswahyudi Iswahyudi Katrin Roosita Katrin Roosita Katrin Roosita Katrin Roosita Khaerul Fadly Kharisma Tamimi Kharisma Tamimi Laeli Nur Hasanah Latifah Darusman Latifah K Darusman Latifah K. Darusman Leily Amalia Leily Amalia Furqon Lidwina Lidwina Lilik Kustiyah Linar Zalinar Udin MADE ASTAWAN Maria Bintang Mira Dewi Muhammad Aries Muhilal ., Muhilal Muhilal Muhilal Muhilal Muhilal Muhilal Muhilal Mury Kuswari Muti'ah Mustaqimatusy Syahadah Nasution, Zuraidah Naufal Muharam Nurdin Ni Ketut Sutiari Ni Ketut Sutiari Nur Indrawaty Lipoeto Nurhayati, Aprinia Dian Nuri Andarwulan Pipih Suptijah Purwantyastuti Ascobat Purwantyastuti Purwantyastuti Puspo Edi Giriwono Putri Puncak Anjani Rakhmawati FKR Ratu Diah Koerniawati Resita Nurbayani Restu Pertiwi Rinda Damayanti Rini Harianti Rini Harianti Rizal M Damanik Rosyanne Kushargina Siti Madanijah Sri Anna Marliyati Sri Hartati R. Suradijono Sri Nur Amalia Sri Purwaningsih Sri Sumarmi Sri Wahyu Angga Dewi Subangkit, Mawar Sudjana Sibarani Susi Desminarti Susi Nurohmi SYAHRIAL SYAHRIAL Syartiwidya Syartiwidya TATI NURHAYATI Trini Suryowati Tunggul Waloya V Prihananto Vetnizah Juniantito Wiwin Winarsih Yusra Egayanti Zakiudin Munasir Zakiudin Munasir Zuraidah Nasution