Hardjanto -
Departemen Manajemen Hutan, Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jalan Lingkar Akademik, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia

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TIPOLOGI DESA BERDASARKAN VARIABEL PENCIRI HUTAN RAKYAT Lastini, Tien; Suhendang, Endang; Jaya, I Nengah Surati; Hardjanto, Hardjanto; Purnomo, Herry
Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Tanaman Vol 8, No 3 (2011): JURNAL PENELITIAN HUTAN TANAMAN
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Peningkatan Produktivitas Hutan

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Abstract

PROSES PEMBUATAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBAGIAN KEWENANGAN ANTAR TINGKAT PEMERINTAHAN DALAM PENGELOLAAN HUTAN LINDUNG DAN IMPLEMENTASINYA DI TINGKAT KABUPATEN Ekawati, Sulistya; Kartodiharjo, Hariadi; Hardjanto, Hardjanto; Dwiprabowo, Haryatno; Nurrochmat, Dodi Ridho
ISSN 0216-0897
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perubahan Iklim dan Kebijakan

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Abstract

Proses pembuatan kebijakan pembagian kewenangan antar tingkat pemerintahan menempatkan pengelolaan hutan lindung menjadi kewenangan Pemerintah Kabupaten. Setelah satu dekade kebijakan tersebut berjalan, deforestasi di hutan lindung terus berlanjut. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi bagaimana kebijakan pembagian kewenangan antar tingkat pemerintahan dirumuskan dan diimplementasikan. Kajian dilakukan di tiga Kabupaten dalam DAS Batanghari (Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur, Kabupaten Sarolangun dan Kabupaten Solok Selatan), dengan melakukan analisis evaluasi proses pembuatan kebijakan dan melihat implementasinya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kinerja pengelolaan hutan lindung ditentukan oleh perumusan kebijakan dan implementasi kebijakan di lapangan. Perubahan tutupan hutan menjadi non hutan menunjukkan bahwa kebijakan yang ada terbukti belum efektif. Kasus pembagian kewenangan antar tingkat pemerintahan menunjukkan bahwa proses dan implementasi kebijakan tidak berjalan linier. Diskursus dan pengetahuan yang berkembang, aktor serta jaringannya menentukan lahirnya sebuah kebijakan.
DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF DECENTRALIZATION POLICY MAKING PROCESS OF PROTECTED FOREST MANAGEMENT Kartodihardjo, Hariadi; Ekawati, Sulistya; Nurrochmat, Dodik Ridho; -, Hardjanto; Dwiprabowo, Hariyatno
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 10, No 2 (2013): Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

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Abstract

”Decentralization of protected forest management from central to district government has not yet been implemented effectively. This effectiveness depends on many factors that include policy contents and political process or discourse in the policy making process. This study aimsto: 1) analyze the discourse in policy making process of decentralization in the management of protected forests, 2) analyze the actors/networks and their interests and 3) find out policy space for future policy reform. Both quantitative and qualitative approaches were used in the study. The results show that there are three discourses in the policy-making process of decentralized management of protected forests, namely: i) democratic discourse (with story line of externality and accountability, supported by an association forum of Indonesian district government and  decentralization experts); ii) economic discourse (with story line of efficiency, supported by businessmen, Association of Indonesian Provincial Government and World Bank); and iii) democratic and economic discourses. The House of Representatives (DPR) and Ministry of Home Affairs have authorities and capacities to integrate two discourses. Redefining of externality and interdependency can be used as narratives of new policies to improve the policy of decentralized protected forest management.
PENGGUNAAN STIMULAN DALAM PENYADAPAN PINUS Hardjanto, Hardjanto; Nurrochmat, Dodik Ridho; Pari, Gustan; Sukadaryati, Sukadaryati; Santosa, Gunawan
Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan Vol 32, No 4 (2014): Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan
Publisher : Pusat Litbang Keteknikan Kehutanan dan Pengolahan Hasil Hutan

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Abstract

Dalam rangka perumusan strategi kebijakan penggunaan stimulan ramah lingkungan dalam produksi getah pinus maka studi tentang inovasi pemanfaatan stimulan adalah suatu keniscayaan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi penggunaan stimulan berbahan dasar asam kuat (H2SO4), cuka kayu dan ETRAT pada penyadapan pinus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan stimulan dapat meningkatkan aliran getah dan memperpanjang periode aliran getah sehingga getah yang diperoleh per pengunduhan lebih banyak. Penggunaan stimulan H2SO4 dapat meningkatkan produksi getah per pengunduhan lebih banyak dibandingkan ETRAT dan cuka kayu, baik pada penggunaan di areal dengan ketinggian di atas 500 mdpl maupun di bawah 500 mdpl. Penggunaan stimulan H2SO4 menyebabkan kayu berubah warna menjadi coklat tua hingga kemerahan bahkan perubahan warna tersebut sampai masuk kedalam kayu sejauh ¾ bagian ke arah sumbu kayu. Di sisi lain penggunaan stimulan organik tidak menyebabkan perubahan warna kayu yang berarti. Oleh karena itu penggunaan jenis stimulan dalam penyadapan pinus perlu mempertimbangkan efek negatif yang ditimbulkan, baik terhadap kesehatan pohon, pekerja maupun lingkungan. Aspek ekonomi bukan satu-satunya faktor utama yang harus terus dikejar untuk mencapai target finansial namun perlu mempetimbangkan aspek ekologi dan sosial untuk mencapai sustainabilitas hasil dan pohon penghasilnya.
The Ethnography of Kerinci Purwanto, Purwanto; Hardjanto, Hardjanto; EAM, Zuhud; Helida, Asvic; Hikmat, Agus
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 7, No 2 (2015): Komunitas, September 2015
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v7i2.4837

Abstract

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DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF DECENTRALIZATION POLICY MAKING PROCESS OF PROTECTED FOREST MANAGEMENT Ekawati, Sulistya; Kartodihardjo, Hariadi; Nurrochmat, Dodik Ridho; -, Hardjanto; Dwiprabowo, Hariyatno
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 10, No 2 (2013): Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/ijfr.2013.10.2.79-88

Abstract

”Decentralization of protected forest management from central to district government has not yet been implemented effectively. This effectiveness depends on many factors that include policy contents and political process or discourse in the policy making process. This study aimsto: 1) analyze the discourse in policy making process of decentralization in the management of protected forests, 2) analyze the actors/networks and their interests and 3) find out policy space for future policy reform. Both quantitative and qualitative approaches were used in the study. The results show that there are three discourses in the policy-making process of decentralized management of protected forests, namely: i) democratic discourse (with story line of externality and accountability, supported by an association forum of Indonesian district government and  decentralization experts); ii) economic discourse (with story line of efficiency, supported by businessmen, Association of Indonesian Provincial Government and World Bank); and iii) democratic and economic discourses. The House of Representatives (DPR) and Ministry of Home Affairs have authorities and capacities to integrate two discourses. Redefining of externality and interdependency can be used as narratives of new policies to improve the policy of decentralized protected forest management.
The Ethnography of Kerinci Helida, Asvic; EAM, Zuhud; Hardjanto, Hardjanto; Purwanto, Purwanto; Hikmat, Agus
KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture Vol 7, No 2 (2015): Komunitas, September 2015
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v7i2.4837

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MAKNA NILAI PENTING BUDAYA KEANEKARAGAMAN HAYATI TUMBUHAN BAGI MASYARAKAT DI TAMAN NASIONAL KERINCI SEBLAT DI KABUPATEN KERINCI, PROPINSI JAMBI [The Importance of Cultural Significance Index of Plants Diversity For The Communities Within The Kerinci Seblat National Park, Kerinci Regency, Province of Jambi] Zuhud, Ervizal A.M.; Helida, Asvic; Hardjanto, Hardjanto; Purwanto, Y.; Hikmat, Agus
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 15, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3374.798 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v15i1.2853

Abstract

Index of Cultural Significance biodiversity plants in ethnobotanical study was an important step for seeking a strategy for subsisten activity. This study was aimed to identify utilised plants that have the highest value at Kerinci community. The current study was conducted in three villages within the Kerinci Regency, Jambi Province, which located close to the Kerinci Seblat National Park: Baru Lempur, Lama Tamiai, and Ulu Jemih for 8 months (October 2013 to May 2014). Data was obtained by implementing  participation-observation method through interviews. Estimation of cultural significance for every plant species observed using the Index for Cultural Significance (ICS). Results indicated that the people of Kerinci possessed good knowledge on the biodiversity of their surrounding. Two hundred and thirty four species of useful plants we recorded with ICS value ranging from 3 to 59. Rice (Oryza sativa; Poaceae) and Cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmannii; Lauraceae) had highest ICS value, whereas ‘inggu’ (Ruta angustifolia; Rutaceae) and ‘bunching onion’ (Allium fistulosum, Amaryllidaceae ) have the lowest ICS value.
Desain Kelembagaan Usaha Hutan Rakyat untuk Mewujudkan Kelestarian Hutan dan Kelestarian Usaha dalam Upaya Pengentasan Kemiskinan Masyarakat Pedesaan . Hardjanto; Yulius Hero; Soni Trison
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 17 No. 2 (2012): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

People forests in Java, have been around since 1950s, and it has been sustaining naturally following the market without any intervention. Nowadays, it keeps developing, with the increase in market demand and wood processing industry. People forest system consists of four sub-systems, those are: production, processing, marketing, and institutional sub-systems, which are simultaneously and dynamically interrelated in a system. The institutional sub-system requires collaborative arrangement that involves many parties. The objectives of the study were: 1) to identify knowledge, actors/networks, and interest/dynamic of people forest, 2) to analyze policy space of people forest management, and 3) to make a design of a people forest institution. The results showed that 1) The knowledge in people forest business came from families, neighbors, and government programs, 2) Actors of people forest agribusiness consisted of primary and secondary actors, 3) Cooperative relationship among actors of people forest business was mainly in the interest of gaining profit for each party,and 4) Institutional designs aimed at solving problems in policy space of people forest management.