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Journal : Jurnal Natur Indonesia

Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Produksi Biodiesel dari Minyak Sawit Mentah Menggunakan Katalis Padat Kalsium Karbonat yang Dipijarkan Awaluddin, Amir; ', Saryono; Nelvia, Sri; ', Wahyuni
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 11, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (45.934 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.11.2.129-134

Abstract

The demand for petroleum has increased recently due to the increase of world population, industries andtransportation. Biodiesel (fatty acids methyl esters) has become attractive because of high price of petroleum,limited recourses of crude oil, and environmental concerns. Most biodiesel is produced by transesterification oftriglycerides of refined/edible type oils using methanol and homogeneous catalyst such NaOH and KOH. The useof heterogeneous calcined CaCO3 catalyst, has advantages such as the ease of phase separation betweencatalyst and biodiesel. This paper presents factors affecting the synthesis of biodiesel from crude palm using thecalcined CaCO3 catalyst . The synthesis is carried out by two steps, the acid-catalyzed pre-esterification of free-fatty acid and followed by base-catalyzed transesterification of triglycerides. A study of optimizing the reactioncondition of the esterification followed by transesterification of crude palm oil (CPO) is performed to obtainmaximum production of biodiesel. Under conditions of catalyst calcination temperature of 9000C, reactor time of1.5 hours, catalyst dosage of 1,5%, reaction temperature of 700C and methanol/oil molar ratio of 9 : 1, the oilconversion is 74,6%. The as-synthesized biodiesel meets the requirements of Indonesian National Standard (SNI)for biodiesel.
Produksi Asam Levulinat dari Inulin Umbi Dahlia (Dahlia sp. L) Menggunakan Katalis Asam Klorida Murwindra, Rosa; Linggawati, Amilia; Yanti, Pepi Helza; Awaluddin, Amir; ', Saryono
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 16, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (288.789 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.16.2.64-71

Abstract

Dahlia is a floriculture plant with tuber that rich of inulin. Inulin is soluble in hot water and it will settle on cool temperature in alcohol. Extraction of result from 100 g dahlia tuber taken from Bukittinggi, West Sumatra is 4% inulin (w/w dahlia tuber). Inulin flour produced is white gray. Qualitative tests with Seliwanoff and Nelson-Somogyi methods shows that inulin positive contained of fructose and reducing sugar. Extracted result of inulin can be converted into levulinic acid using acid catalyst at high temperature. In this experiment, production of levulinic acid will bundle with variate temperature, reaction time and catalyst concentration of hydrochloride acid. The reaction of inulin convertion was done in ampul that burned in oven. Conversion result of 5% inulin to be levulinic acid on heating 150 o C hydrochloride acid concentration 0,1 M about 25 minutes was 12,33% (w/w inulin). On heating 170 o C hydrochloride acid concentration 0,1 M about 15 minutes is 26,25% (w/w inulin), while on heating 150 o C hydrochloride acid concentration 1 M about 15 minutes is 32,28% (w/w inulin). Experiment result showed that concentration of glucose, levulinic acid and formiat acid increase with increasing in reaction reaction temperature while fructose concentration decrease from 55,14 mg/mL to be 0,12 mg/mL. The longer time reaction and the higher concentration of catalyst hydrochloride acid, the lower concentration of glucose and fructose and the larger concentration of levulinic acid and formic acid.