Alimuddin .
Jurusan Teknik Elektro, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

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Fermentation quality and nutritive value of rice crop residue based silage ensiled with addition of epiphytic lactic acid bacteria Santoso, B; Hariadi, B.Tj.; ., Alimuddin; Seseray, D.Y.
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 16, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (254.211 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v16i1.628

Abstract

Silage is the feedstuff resulted from the preservation of forages through lactic acid fermentation. The aim of this study was to evaluate nutritive value, fermentation characteristics and nutrients digestibility of rice crop residue based silage ensiled with epiphytic lactic acid bacteria (LAB). The mixture of rice crop residue (RC), soybean curd residue (SC) and cassava waste (CW) in a 90: 5: 5 (on dry matter basis) ratio was used as silage material.  Three treatments silage were (A) RC + SC + CW as a control; (B) RC + SC + CW + LAB inoculums from rice crop residue; (C) RC + SC + CW + LAB inoculums from king grass.  Silage materials were packed into plastic silo (1.5 kg capacity) and stored for 30 days. The results showed that crude protein content in B and C silage was higher than that of silage A, but NDF content in silages B and C was lower than that of silage A.  Lactic acid concentration was higher (P < 0.01) in silage C compared to silage B and A, thus pH value of silage C was lower (P < 0.01) than silage B and A. Silage C had the highest Fleigh point than that of other silages. Dry matter and organic matter digestibilities were higher in silages B and C (P < 0.01) than that of control silage. It was concluded that the addition of LAB inoculums from king grass to rice crop residue based silage resulted a better fermentation quality compared to LAB inoculums from rice crop residue. Key Words: Silage, Rice Crop Residue, Lactic Acid, In Vitro
An Actinomycetes Producing Anticandida Isolated from Cajuput Rhizosphere: Partial Identification of Isolates and Amplification of pks-I genes ., Alimuddin; Asmara, Widya; Widada, Jaka; ., Mustofa; Nurjasmi, Reni
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 15, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Actinomycetes have been the most prolific producer of various kinds of antifungal metabolites, and many of them are described as being produced by polyketide synthetases (pks). We present strain of Actinomycetes producing anticandida isolated from rhizosphere plant for amplification of Pks-I genes. The isolate was obtained from Wanagama I Forest UGM Yogyakarta. Gene of seven isolates, from total of 173 isolates, were amplified using degenerate primer to detect the presence of pks genes. One strain that is named Streptomyces sp. GMR-22 was partialy identified as anticandida producing actinomycete. The strain shown the strongest activity against Candida albicans. Based on bioautography assay, one spot active with Rf 0.57 was appeared as bright yellow by cerrium sulphate but it was and not visible on UV254 and 366 lights. Key words : pks genes, anticandida, Streptomyces sp GMR-22, rep-PCR, cajuput rhizosphere