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Konflik Nelayan Di Jawa Timur : Studi Kasus Perubahan Struktur Agraria dan Diferensiasi Kesejahteraan Komunitas Pekebun di Lebak, Banten Annisa, Luluk; Satria, Arif; A Kinseng, Rilus
SODALITY: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol 3, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : SODALITY: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (13.556 KB)

Abstract

Pada dasarnya, prinsip pengelolaan sumberdaya perikanan di Indonesia telah diatur jelas pada Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 pasal 33 (dikenal dengan sistem pengelolaan bersifat state property), sehingga sumberdaya perikanan di Indonesia bersifat quasi open access, dimana sumberdaya tidak sepenuhnya dapat diakses karena adanya peraturan yang mengatur. Namun, seringkali aturan dibuat tidak dengan cara partisipatif dan merupakan hasil pertimbangan dari pemerintah pusat tanpa memperhatikan aspek sosial ekonomi masyarakat setempat. Akibatnya kebijakan-kebijakan yang dikeluarkan justru menimbulkan masalah-masalah baru karena masing-masing pihak memiliki kepentingan, keinginan dan prioritas yang berbeda-beda. Perbedaan kepentingan, keinginan dan prioritas yang ada merupakan sumber pemicu munculnya konflik . Konflik merupakan fenomena yang telah ada sejak dahulu, bahkan sebelum era otonomi daerah, khususnya konflik kenelayanan. Keleluasaan mengeksploitasi sumberdaya perikanan merupakan konsekuensi ciri kepemilikan yang bersifat open acces, maka tidak jarang pemanfaatannya menimbulkan masalah akibat perbedaan kepentingan. Berdasarkan hal tersebut, maka dibutuhkan pengelolaan sumberdaya perikanan yang dapat meredam dan mencegah konflik sebagai upaya pengelolaan konflik. Salah satu daerah yang mengalami konflik, yaitu di Kecamatan Lekok, Pasuruan, provinsi Jawa Timur. Lekok merupakan salah satu kecamatan yang terdapat di Pasuruan dengan jumlah nelayan terbanyak di Pasuruan. Karena itu, penulis tertarik untuk melakukan penelitian dengan topik pengelolaan konflik, khususnya di daerah Pasuruan
Komunikasi Kelompok Di Kalangan Komuter Siti Khadijah; Djuara P Lubis; Rilus A Kinseng
Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan Vol. 13 No. 2 (2015): Juli 2015
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (432.942 KB) | DOI: 10.46937/13201513777

Abstract

The speed of urban development, has caused a very heavy commuter. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between the characteristics of the group members, with the process of communication and cohesiveness among commuters. The study was conducted to 86 members of the group in KA.Patas Purwakarta with quantitative methods using questionnaires as research instruments. Test analysis using Spearman rank statistic and chi Square to analyze the relationship between the characteristics of the group members, with the communication process and individual attitudes towards cohesiveness among commuters. The study states that the age of negative relationship with the communication process. The older the age  of a member was, the lower the knowledge and the obedient of the group `s norm he had. Female  members  had a higher  involvement in the communication process of the group  than the male members. There was a negative  relationship  between the occupation and the  cohesiveness of the group. The better occupation they  had, the lower  degree of cohesiveness they showed. There was a significant relationship between the sex of members and their cohesivenessoutside the railway coach. Cohesiveness was found  having very significant relationship with the information accessKeywords: Group Communication, Cohesiveness, Commuter.
Dampak Program Bina Desa Terhadap Perilaku Masyarakat di Desa Binaan Rilus A Kinseng; Iis Diatin; Achmad Fahrudin
Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan Vol. 2 No. 3 (1996): Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan
Publisher : Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (363.664 KB)

Abstract

Since 1992, every forest consession holder has been obliged to carry out a special program in a village or villages in or arround the concession. Bassically, the purpose of the program is to change behavior of the villagers, such as abondaning the practice of shifting cultivation, developing awarness on environment, etc.The main objective of this study is to investigate impacts of the program on the behavior of the villagers in the village where the program has been carried out. This would include agricultural practices and attitude as we/I as way of thinking of the villagers. The later consists of nine dimensions: (a) attitude toward education, (b) universalism, (c) openess, (d) rationality, (e) value orientation, (f) gender, (g) family planning, (h) environmental awarness and (I) farming orientation.The method used in this study was Natural Experiment (Babbie, 1989 : 230). Several component of the behavior were quantified using scoring system.This study reveals that in the domain of the agricutural practices, a quite fundamental change has taken place, that is the switching of the agricultural practices from swidden agriculture to the ·permanent cultivation" system. There is a .significant difference at the level of 95 % in the seven component: attitude toward education, universalism, openess, rationality, value orientation, environmental awarness and the farming orientation. There is no siginficant difference in the gender and family planning issues.
Class and Structural Inequality of fishing communities in Ambon City Gadri Ramadhan Attamimi; Rilus A Kinseng; Ivanovich Agusta
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 6 No. 3 (2018): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (305.07 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v6i3.22607

Abstract

Social class is a social phenomenon that often occurs in every social group including the fishing communities. The structural inequality of fishing communities is characterized by the imbalance in ownership of production equipment and income distribution among fishermen. This research was conducted in one of the  Fishermen Village (Negeri) in Ambon City, called Negeri Latuhalat. Type of research used in this study is post-positivism paradigm using qualitative approach supported by quantitative research. The purpose of this research is to analyze the level of imbalance between Ambon City fishermen. The results showed the formation of fishermen social classes which consist of masnait fishermen, tanase fisherman laborer, small fishermen, middle fishermen and tenant fisherman (capitalist). The gini index of fishermen in the research location shows a figure of 0.74, meaning that it shows a high imbalance between fisherman classes. The ratio of kuznets or the average comparison between fishermen received by 33% of the top group of Rp. 8,404,567, - and 25% of the lowest group of Rp. 2.040.000, -. Measurements using the World Bank also show the same thing with the results of gini index measurements that illustrate the portrait of inequality income distribution in the study sites. This condition illustrates that there has been an imbalance between fishermen classes, as much as 75% are only able to receive 8.72% of total income while as much as 25% of tenant fishermen (capitalist) enjoy and control 91.73% of total income.
Cantrang and Poverty Fisherman in Tegal, Central Java Rohayati - -; Rilus A Kinseng
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 6 No. 3 (2018): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (344.939 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v6i3.19843

Abstract

The sea territorial of Tegal City are known to have abundant fishery resources, but fisherman poverty still occurs. The low welfare of fisherman is suspected due to the competition of catching areas and the use of trap fishing tools of cantrang type (seine nets) that can cause poverty of fishermen in Tegal City coastal. In addition, cantrang fishing tools alsi damage other fishing gear such as jarng, pancing, and arad. This study aims to analyze the poverty of fishermen community and known the influence of firsherman cantrang to poverty of fishermen in Tegal City. The research method used is survey method. Poverty analysis of fishermen using poverty line approach through 14 indicators of household poverty, and to known the influence of fisherman cantrang to poverty of fisherman using descriptive analysis approach. The result of the research by using the measurement of poverty line, shows that which include in the group of poor fisherman is fishing rod fisherman. However, based on the measurement of 14 indicantors of poor households, small fishermen who live in Tegal City coastal categorized as less prosperous family. The results also show that the existence of cantrang fisherman not affect the poverty of fishermen because of different fishing areas, cantrang fisherman fishing in  Sumatra and Kalimantan sea while small fishermen do catching around the sea of Tegal City. 
The Dynamics of Organic Farming Institution Towards Sustainable Development Hana Indriana; Rilus A Kinseng; Galuh Adriana
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 4 No. 2 (2016): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (507.096 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v4i2.13652

Abstract

The development of organic agriculture is significant both at local, national, regional, and global in the last two decades and organic farming has matured enough to offer lesson. In the process, these developments characterized by a variety of internal and external conflicts such as conflict of interest, the data conflicts, resource conflicts, and structural conflicts. Products from various conflicts between the actors who are related, ultimately forming institutional arrangements. This study aims to explain the mechanisms that made the actors involved in organic farming in managing conflicts by placing community as an important actor. This study uses a constructivist paradigm that seeks to understand the meaning construction management of conflicts of various actors. The study was conducted in three locations namely Tasikmalaya District, West Java, Boyolali, Central Java, and Malang in East Java. Conflict management model that has been built by the institutional organic farming in Tasikmalaya, Boyolali, and Malang a lesson learned for other lowland rice farming locations that could potentially be the location of the development of organic rice. In the development phase, while this institutional organic farming that have been built are encouraged to ensure food security where production is not only oriented to meet export demand, but also meet the needs of organic food at the local and national levels.Keywords: conflict management, organic farming, sustainability, food securityABSTRAKPerkembangan pertanian organik cukup signifikan baik di level lokal, nasional, regional, maupun global dalam dua dekade terakhir ini dan organic farming has matured enough to offer lesson. Pada prosesnya, perkembangan tersebut diwarnai oleh beragam konflik baik internal maupun eksternal berupa konflik kepentingan, konflik data, konflik sumber daya, maupun konflik struktural. Produk dari beragam konflik diantara aktor-aktor yang terkait tersebut, pada akhirnya membentuk aturan-aturan kelembagaan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan mekanisme yang dilakukan para aktor yang terlibat dalam pertanian organik dalam melakukan manajemen konflik dengan menempatkan komunitas sebagai aktor penting. Penelitian ini menggunakan paradigma konstruktivis yang berupaya untuk memahami konstruksi makna manajemen konflik dari berbagai aktor. Penelitian dilakukan di tiga lokasi yaitu Kabupaten Tasikmalaya Jawa Barat, Kabupaten Boyolali Jawa Tengah, dan Kabupaten Malang Jawa Timur. Model manajemen konflik yang telah dibangun oleh kelembagaan pertanian organik di Tasikmalaya, Boyolali, dan Malang menjadi pembelajaran bagi lokasi pertanian padi sawah lainnya yang berpotensi menjadi lokasi pengembangan padi organik. Pada fase pengembangan sementara ini, kelembagaan pertanian organik yang berhasil dibangun didorong untuk menjamin ketahanan pangan dimana produksi bukan hanya diorientasikan untuk memenuhi permintaan ekspor namun juga dapat memenuhi kebutuhan pangan organik di tingkat lokal dan nasional.Kata kunci: manajemen konflik, pertanian organik, keberlanjutan, ketahanan pangan
Kesiapan Petani Kelapa Sawit Swadaya dalam Implementasi ISPO: Persoalan Lingkungan Hidup, Legalitas dan Keberlanjutan Arya Hadi Dharmawan; Fredian Tonny Nasdian; Baba Barus; Rilus A Kinseng; Yoyoh Indaryanti; Hana Indriana; Dyah Ita Mardianingsih; Faris Rahmadian; Hilda Nurul Hidayati; Ade Mirza Roslinawati
Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan Vol 17, No 2 (2019): Agustus 2019
Publisher : School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro Univer

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (660.761 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jil.17.2.304-315

Abstract

The expansion of oil palm plantations run very quickly within two decades in Indonesia. It provides a certain amount of risk against natural resources and the environment. These risks are mainly landscape changes, ecosystems changes and livelihood system change of the rural society.  In order to suppress risk, sustainability standards for plantation operation, needs to be implemented.  One of the instruments that ensure sustainability standards is ISPO (Indonesia Sustainable Palm Oil).  However, its implementation is still limited to be voluntary.  In the near future, ISPO will be implemented as mandatory for all business model of oil palm plantation as well as for oil palm mills.  This research is about to find out the readiness of the oil palm smallholders to implement ISPO, in particular with regard to the parameters of land seeds legality, land legality, and knowledge on the management of the environment. This research was conducted in several villages in three locations, namely in Riau, Central Kalimantan and East Kalimantan Province. A number of respondents were withdrawn from each village and were selected using simple random sampling method. The results showed that land legality parameter, legality of the seed, and knowledge of oil palm smallholders about environmental management reveals unreadiness of the smallholder to carry out ISPO certification. Thus, the risk of a oil palm plantation expansion towards natural resources and the environment, will still be a great challenge in the future.
Dampak Pengembangan Pariwisata dan Sikap Nelayan di Desa Pangandaran Elbie Yudha Pratama; Rilus A Kinseng
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 9 No. 1 (2013): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences and PAPPI (Perhimpunan Ahli Penyuluh Pertanian Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (196.541 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i1.9853

Abstract

Development of coastal tourism can give directly impact on the social and cultural life of fisherman communities and influence the attitudes of fishermen. This study intend to analyze the impact of tourism development on the social structure and cultural values as well as analyzing the attitudes of fishermen towards the tourism development. The research was conducted in Pangandaran village using survey methods. The results showed that the development of tourism impact on the social structure of fishermen namely the growth of social organization, social stratification, migration and composition of the population, as well as the livelihoods and incomes. Whereas the impact on the cultural value of fishermen include namely the waning tradition of local fishermen, fishermen lifestyle changes, and increased knowledge of fishermen. Fishermen status and income level have a real relationship with the attitude of fishermen, whereas age and education level did not have a real relationship with the attitude of fishermen.Keywords: tourism development, impact towards social structure, impact towards cultural values, and fisherman attitudes
Fishermen Social Movements in West Sumatra: Issues, Actors, and Tactics of the Movement Dwi Retno Hapsari; Rilus A Kinseng; Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo; Asnika Putri Simanjuntak; Khairil Anam; Andri Sarifuddin; Iin Sulistiyowati
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 8 No. 1 (2020): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (455.58 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/8202028692

Abstract

The objectives of this study are to examine the main issue that provoke social movement of fishermen in West Sumatra, to identify the related actors, and to analyze the advocacy strategy carried out by fishermen. This research was conducted in July 2019 and took place in two locations, namely the City of Padang and West Pasaman Regency. The study used qualitative approach. From this study, it is revealed that the main issue that provoke social movements in West Sumatra was the issue of Regulation No. 71 of 2016 by the Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries related to the prohibition of certain fishing gear. This regulation prohibits the use of 4 mm mesh size of the net and the use of lamps in operating the liftnet which reaches up to 25-30 thousand watts of power. This regulation has created a huge burden to fisherman’s work. The Other issue that is also triggering the movement was the arrestment of 6 fishing boats on June 11, 2016. Meanwhile, the main actors who are directly related to this movement are fishermen who are using liftnet (bagan). These actors can be divided into two main categories, namely movers and "participants". The main tactic used in social movements was demonstration.
Konflik Nelayan Di Jawa Timur : Studi Kasus Perubahan Struktur Agraria dan Diferensiasi Kesejahteraan Komunitas Pekebun di Lebak, Banten Luluk Annisa; Arif Satria; Rilus A Kinseng
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 3 No. 1 (2009)
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (172.471 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v3i1.5870

Abstract

Pada dasarnya, prinsip pengelolaan sumberdaya perikanan di Indonesia telah diatur jelas pada Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 pasal 33 (dikenal dengan sistem pengelolaan bersifat state property), sehingga sumberdaya perikanan di Indonesia bersifat quasi open access, dimana sumberdaya tidak sepenuhnya dapat diakses karena adanya peraturan yang mengatur. Namun, seringkali aturan dibuat tidak dengan cara partisipatif dan merupakan hasil pertimbangan dari pemerintah pusat tanpa memperhatikan aspek sosial ekonomi masyarakat setempat. Akibatnya kebijakan-kebijakan yang dikeluarkan justru menimbulkan masalah-masalah baru karena masing-masing pihak memiliki kepentingan, keinginan dan prioritas yang berbeda-beda. Perbedaan kepentingan, keinginan dan prioritas yang ada merupakan sumber pemicu munculnya konflik . Konflik merupakan fenomena yang telah ada sejak dahulu, bahkan sebelum era otonomi daerah, khususnya konflik kenelayanan. Keleluasaan mengeksploitasi sumberdaya perikanan merupakan konsekuensi ciri kepemilikan yang bersifat open acces, maka tidak jarang pemanfaatannya menimbulkan masalah akibat perbedaan kepentingan. Berdasarkan hal tersebut, maka dibutuhkan pengelolaan sumberdaya perikanan yang dapat meredam dan mencegah konflik sebagai upaya pengelolaan konflik. Salah satu daerah yang mengalami konflik, yaitu di Kecamatan Lekok, Pasuruan, provinsi Jawa Timur. Lekok merupakan salah satu kecamatan yang terdapat di Pasuruan dengan jumlah nelayan terbanyak di Pasuruan. Karena itu, penulis tertarik untuk melakukan penelitian dengan topik pengelolaan konflik, khususnya di daerah Pasuruan