Prevention and eraducation of corruption case are the strategy which can’t be implemented separatly it should be done synergistically, integrated and concurrently to prevent a new corruptor generation and other new corruptor. So the problem comes on how the strategy which are prevention and eraducation corruption by Indonesian goverment to reach Indonesia free from corruption and what the obsacles in order to reach strategy prevention and eraducation of corruption that already done by Indonesiaan goverment. This research used empirical yuridical method with descriptive analysis, qualitatieve descriptive and conten analysis. By this research can be known that goverment already had preventive and solutive corruption strategy to solve corruption, but there is still be found obstacles such as oerlaping, weak supervison among institution, profesion that related with law enforcemen and not maximal enough witness and informl protection. Keyworld : corruption, prevention, optimalization.
One of the fundamental principles of criminal law is the principle of legality. This principle of prohibition enforcement consequences subsided (non-retroactive) a criminal law. In its development, this principle was deviation, especially for the crimes that fall into that category gross human rights violations. Constitutional Court decision to cancel the implementation regulation No. subsided. Law No. 2/2002 or Law No. 16/2003 closed the possibility of other criminal regulations made retroactive. Retroactive provisions of the (retroactive) in Indonesia is only possible for the gross human rights violations as defined in Law No. 39/1999 or Law No. 26/2000. This issue becomes complicated when the crime occurred a new type will cause a lot of casualties but no criminal laws that govern them. Will restrictions on retroactive application of the principle is so tight to let the victim fall. Kata Kunci: asas legalitas, asas retroaktif, asas non-retroaktif.
Effective and efficient marketing is a key in increasing farmers income. Interaction between farmers would involve the sharing of information about marketing and creating a communication network among cocoa farmers. Communication networks should be developed in cocoa marketing because it can provide information to farmers about the price and quality that consumers needs and more profitable marketing purposes. The measure of this study used analysis of communication networks which is ‘centrality’. Centrality refers to the position of actors (nodes) in the overall network and see how centrals actors in the network. Centrality measurements used in this study are degree centrality, closeness centrality, and betweeness centrality. The purposes of this study were 1) to describe the individual characteristics of farmers, media exposure by farmers, and communication network 2) to analyze the correlation between farmers characteristic and communication network analysis and 3) to analyze the correlation between media exposure and communication network analysis. The result of this study showed that 1) the variable of farmer characteristics such as age was relatively adult, formal education was relatively low, the area of land cultivated was relatively moderate, farming experience was relatively high, and group experiences is relatively high on Tunas Harapan group and moderate on Bunga Harapan group. The variable of media exposure such as media ownership, frequency, and duration of media use was relatively low. The central actor on Tunas Harapan group was the group leader while the central actor on Bunga Harapan group was the group member. 2)Farmer characteristic correlated with degree centrality was formal education and farmer characteristics correlated with closeness centrality were the area of land cultivated and experience of the group. 3) Media exposures correlated with degree centrality were media ownership, the frequency of media use and the duration of media use then media exposure of farmer correlated with betweeness centrality were the frequency of media use and duration of media use.
Violence is often done by police in the investigation to get a confession the suspect. This behavior has become a habit that can be referenced from various research results, which are caused by lack of supervisory agency investigation, an incomplete legal instruments, the protection of the institution, and the unprofessional attitude of the police. This situation causes no chance to fight for a suspect his rights and the perpetrators of violence inaccessible. Professionalism associated with standardized moral issues into the code of conduct, and any violation of ethics code indicates a problem in the body of moral police. There should be a moral improvement in the investigator for investigation can take place properly and correctly according to expectations. Key words: police violence, investigation, criminal justice system, code of conduct
Criminal Justice System did an approach of system. Focus of this research is effort to make a society participation model in observation to the working of criminal justice system. Method which used in this research is law as action is social science study which is non-doctrinal and hake the character of empiric. Experimentation test to made software to be done to find really exactly model. Criminal Justice System has criminogen characteristic, and this is one of the factor causing society participation level to enforcement of law in Indonesia lower. Effort to improve society participation in this case use information technology which in the form of ready of software able to be accessed by whosoever and wherever. This effort expect also can improve image of enforcement of law which till now is bad. Keyword : Criminal justice system, community empowerment, community participation, information technology
Violence in the investigation of the suspects are still frequently performed by the investigator. This study aimed to explore the roots of violence committed by the investigator, the legal basis of the work of investigators and legal protections for suspects, and the use of a scientific investigation in the investigation. This research is a qualitative approach is normative and legal study of the law in action, is a social science that studies non-doctrinal and empirical. The results show several things. First, the investigation of violent behavior against the suspect can be found from the history of the police force who works relating to the police. Second, the investigator and the suspect had an investigation on the basis of legitimacy of national legislation and international. Third, does the rule breaking is possible in the investigation to face the deadlock in the investigation due to the behavior of suspects who do not want to give his testimony by using hypnotic techniques. Keywords: violence, investigation, suspect, rule breaking, hypnosis
The state has failed to ensure legal protection for investigated suspects from violence committed by the police. Perpetrators of violence in Banyumas Police Resort were left untouched by law. This human rights violations continue to take place because they enjoy protection from their direct supervisors and police institutions.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa negara telah gagal memberi perlindungan hukum kepada tersangka dalam penyidikan dari kekerasan yang dilakukan oleh polisi. Pelaku kekerasan (penyidik) selama ini di Polres Banyumas tidak tersentuh hukum. Pelanggaran HAM ini terus berlangsung karena adanya pemberian perlindungan kepada mereka, baik dari atasan langsung maupun institusi Polri.