Harun Al Rasyid
Kelompok Keahlian Rekayasa Transportasi, Fakultas Teknik Sipil dan Lingkungan ITB

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FUNGSI KELOMPOK KERJA GURU (KKG) BAGI PENGEMBANGAN KEPROFESIONALAN GURU SEKOLAH DASAR Al Rasyid, Harun
Jurnal Sekolah Dasar Vol 24, No 2 (2015): Tahun 24, Nomor 2 November 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Sekolah Dasar

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Abstract: The current study was aimed at describing the functions of the Teacher Work Group (TWG) within the perspective of the continuous professionalism development. The study took place in Kras district Kediri Regency and had 17 elementary school teachers as the research subjects. The data was collected by using interview and inductive analysis. The results of the study suggested that TWG was positively responded by the teachers as the means of sharing knowledge and experiences especially those which were related to the improvement of the teaching and learning quality in the classrooms. TWG was an effective vessel in developing the teachers’ continuous professionalism development.Keywords: teacher work group, professionalism development, elementary schools.Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan fungsi Kelompok Kerja Guru (KKG) dalam perspektif pengembangan profesionalisme berkelanjutan. Lokasi Penelitian di Kecamatan Kras Kabupaten Kediri, dengan subjek 17 guru sekolah dasar. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik wawancara dan analisis induktif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan keberadaan KKG direspon positif oleh guru sebagai sarana berbagi pengetahuan dan pengalaman, khususnya mengenai peningkatan kualitas pembelajaran di kelas. KKG efektif sebagai wadah pengembangan profesionalisme guru secara berkelanjutan.Kata Kunci: kelompok kerja guru, pengembangan profesi, sekolah dasar.
Kadar Lemak Jajanan Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya Al Rasyid, Harun; Santoso, Sony Agung; Araminta, Mita Permatasari
Indonesian Journal of Human Nutrition Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Jurusan Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Brawijaya Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (258.433 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ijhn.2018.005.01.1

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Lemak banyak ditemukan dalam makanan sehari-hari termasuk jajanan. Mahasiswa termasuk kelompok yang sering mengonsumsi jajanan. Konsumsi jajanan dengan kadar lemak tinggi dapat meningkatkan risiko penyakit tidak menular seperti hipertensi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kadar lemak total pada jajanan yang sering dikonsumsi oleh mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya. Penelitian potong lintang ini dilakukan dengan mengumpulkan 32 sampel jajanan yang dipilih dengan non random sampling. Sampel jajanan ini terdiri dari delapan kelompok yaitu kentang goreng, weci, batagor, siomay, taiwan street snacks, roti bakar, batagor, cilok dan jasuke. Kadar lemak total pada jajanan diukur menggunakan metode proksimat. Hasil uji one way ANOVA menunjukkan ada perbedaan yang bermakna pada delapan kelompok jajanan yang diteliti (p < 0,001). Rerata kadar lemak total tertinggi ditemukan pada kelompok kentang goreng (7,97 g dalam 100 g makanan) dan terendah pada cilok (0,27 g dalam 100 g makanan). Kadar lemak total pada kentang goreng tidak berbeda dengan batagor, weci, dan taiwan street snacks.Kata kunci: lemak total; jajanan; mahasiswaAbstractFat is found in many everyday foods including snacks. University students include groups who often consume snacks. Consumption of snacks with high-fat content may increase the risk of non-communicable diseases such as hypertension. This study aims to determine the total fat content in snacks that are often consumed by students of the Faculty of Medicine Universitas Brawijaya. This cross-sectional study was conducted by collecting 32 samples of snack consisting of eight snack groups, namely fried potatoes, weci, batagor, siomay, taiwan street snacks, bread toast, batagor, cilok, and jasuke. Fat content in snacks is measured using proximate methods. One way ANOVA test results showed that there were significant differences in eight snack groups studied (p < 0.001). The highest mean fat content was found in the group of french fries (7.97 g in 100 g of food) and the lowest in cilok (0.27 g in 100 g of food). Fat content in french fries is no different from batagor, weci, and taiwan street snacks.Keywords: total fat; snack; university students
Validation of Modified COPCORD Questionnaire Indonesian Version as Screening Tool for Joint Pain and Musculoskeletal Diseases Anshory, Muhammad; Wahono, Cesarius Singgih; Kalim, Handono; Al Rasyid, Harun
Indonesian Journal of Rheumatology Vol 10, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Rheumatology Association

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Background: WHO-ILAR COPCORD Program is a program that aimed to obtain data on joints pain and musculoskeletal diseases in developing countries, one aspect which has not been studied is the ability of COPCORD questionnaire as a screening tool which standardized for  screening  joint pain and musculoskeletal diseases. Objective of this study is to assess the validity of modified COPCORD questionnaire Indonesian version in screening joint pain and musculoskeletal disease compared to examination by rheumatologists.Methods: The initial phase of the research is determining essential points, translation to Indonesian, and back translation. The second stage is testing questionnaires in communities which 100 respondents involved. Dependent variable is the diagnosis of rheumatic diseases and independent variables are pain in less and more than 7 days, high degree pain in less and more than 7 days, history of NSAIDs/Steroids/DMARDs use, and disabilities. Validation test was assessed by calculating the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, LR+, and ROC curve. Bivariate analysis using Chi Square analysis, and multivariate analysis using logistic regression.Results: The sensitivity test results is best obtained on the question history of NSAIDs/steroids/DMARDs use (100%)  and specificity is best obtained on the question about disability (98%). ROC curve analysis which the results >85% obtained on the question of pain >7 days (90%), high degree pain >7 days (93%), and history of NSAIDs/steroids/DMARDs use (92%).  LR+ to diagnose rheumatic diseases found in all questions. Chi square analysis showed that all questions were significant with p <0.05 and odds ratio (OR) obtained most on high degree pain more than 7 days (OR: 180.167; 95% CI: 38.196-849.834).Conclusion: The modified COPCORD questionnaire Indonesian version has been adapted and can be a good tool in the screening of joint pain and musculoskeletal diseases compared to examination by rheumatologists. Keyword: Validation, Questionnaire, COPCORD
PEMANFAATAN DATA POS DUGA AIR (PDA) UNTUK MEMBUAT PETA POTENSI ENERGI MIKRO HIDRO DI PROVINSI BENGKULU ; USE OF POS DUGA AIR (PDA) DATA FOR DEVELOPING MICRO HYDRO POTENTIAL ENERGY MAP IN BENGKULU PROVINCE Al Rasyid, Harun; Soekarno, Hari; Pranoto, Bono; Sudono, Irfan
Ketenagalistrikan dan Energi Terbarukan Vol 16, No 1 (2017): KETENAGALISTRIKAN DAN ENERGI TERBARUKAN
Publisher : P3TKEBTKE

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Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Mikro Hidro (PLTMH) adalah suatu pembangkit listrik skala kecil yang menggunakan tenaga air sebagai tenaga penggeraknya seperti sungai atau air terjun alam dengan cara memanfaatkan beda tinggi terjunan (head) dan jumlah debit air. Penelitian ini menggunakan data Shuttle Radar Topography Mission Digital Elevation Model (SRTM DEM) sebagai dasar pembuatan head, jalur jaringan sungai dan area tangkapan (catchment). Adapun data debit andalan dihitung dari data pengukuran debit pada titik Pos Duga Air (PDA) milik Pusat Litbang Sumber Daya Air (PUSAIR). Selain itu area tangkapan juga dihitung dari titik lokasi PDA, sehingga titik-titik pada jaringan sungai yang berada pada area tangkapan tersebut diasumsikan memiliki tebal air yang sama (Q=T80.A). Potensi daya suatu PLTMH dihitung dari hasil kali head dan debit andalan, dengan asumsi gravitasi 9,8 m/dt2 dan total efisiensi 60%. Potensi daya mikro hidro selanjutnya hanya dipilih titik potensi dengan head minimal 10 m, debit antara 0,05 – 5 m3/dt. Selain itu potensi yang memiliki nilai daya kurang dari 10 kW tidak ditampilkan pada peta. Dengan adanya peta ini akan memberikan identifikasi awal lokasi yang memiliki potensi daya mikro hidro sebesar 107 MW dan dapat digunakan sebagai bahan pengambilan keputusan pengembangan energi mikro hidro. Micro hydro power plant (MHP) is a small-scale power plant that use hydropower as driving force such as a river or natural waterfall, by utilizing the elevation high (head) and the amount of water flow. This study uses Shuttle Radar Topography Mission Digital Elevation Model (SRTM DEM) data as a basis for calculating head, catchment and network path of the river. The dependable discharge data calculated based on discharge measurement at Pos Duga Air (PDA) from Pusat Litbang Sumber Daya Air (PUSAIR). Catchment area were also calculated from the point of PDA location, so that every point on the river network inside the catchment area are assumed to have the same water thickness. The power potential is calculated by multiplying head and discharge, assuming gravity of 9.8 m/s2 and total efficiency of 60%. The micro hydro power potential is calculated only for head minimum 10m, discharge between 0.05 - 5 m3/sec. The power potential with a value of less than 10 kW are not included on the map. This map was provided for early identification of the potential of micro-hydro energy which about 107 MW, and can be used by decision-maker for micro hydro energy development.
PERBEDAAN ANTARA EKSPRESI CD3, CD20, CD43 LIMFOMA NON-HODGKIN SEL B DAN LESI LIMFOPROLIFERATIF REAKTIF Fadli, Muhammad Luqman; Norahmawati, Eviana; Yudhanto, Hendy Setyo; Al Rasyid, Harun
Majalah Kesehatan FKUB Vol 6, No 4 (2019): Majalah Kesehatan
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1187.202 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.majalahkesehatan.2019.006.04.3

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Lesi limfoproliferatif sering menimbulkan masalah dalam penegakan diagnosis karena kemiripan morfologi dan pola pertumbuhan sel-sel limfoid yang menyusun lesi limfoproliferatif reaktif dan limfoma non-Hodgkin Sel B. Diagnosis sulit ditegakkan hanya dengan pulasan rutin Hematoksilin-Eosin, oleh karena itu diperlukan pemeriksaan imunohistokimia menggunakan panel antibodi yang tepat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan ekspresi CD3, CD20, CD43 sebagai panel antibodi dasar dalam menentukan karakter jinak atau ganas dari lesi limfoproliferatif. Karakter jinak diwakili oleh lesi limfoproliferatif reaktif, sedangkan karakter ganas diwakili oleh limfoma non-Hodgkin sel B. Total 50 sampel dibagi menjadi 2  kelompok, yakni kelompok A terdiri dari 25 sampel limfoma non-Hodgkin sel B dan kelompok B terdiri dari 25 sampel lesi limfoproliferatif reaktif. Keseluruhan sampel dipulas antibodi CD3, CD20, CD43. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan persentase imunopositif CD3 dan CD20 pada kelompok A dan B berbeda signifikan dengan nilai p &lt; 0,001. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa CD3 dan CD20 mampu membedakan karakter klonalitas jinak dan ganas dari sel penyusun lesi limfoproliferatif. Persentase imunopositif CD43 antara kelompok A dan B tidak berbeda signifikan dengan nilai p = 0,791. Hasil yang tidak berbeda signifikan mengindikasikan bahwa CD43 diekspresikan oleh dua jenis populasi sel yang berbeda. Pada kelompok A, CD43 diekspresikan oleh limfosit B neoplastik (ganas), sedangkan pada kelompok B diekspresikan oleh limfosit T. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, panel antibodi CD3, CD20, CD43 dapat membedakan lesi limfoproliferatif jinak dan ganas, namun diperlukan korelasi morfologi dan kesesuaian pola ekspresi imunopositif dari sel-sel limfoid penyusunnya.   
Kontribusi Ulama Tajwid terhadap Perkembangan Ilmu Bahasa Al Rasyid, Harun
SUHUF Vol 2 No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Lajnah Pentashihan Mushaf Al-Qur'an

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22548/shf.v2i2.88

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This paper exposes some great works of  tajweed scholar to the phonetic studies in Arabic language. The Qur’anic scholars and their studies of tajweed knowledge (the rules of reciting Qur’an) have given a significant contribution to the correct pronunciation in sounding the Arabic  fonems  (hurf  hijā’iyyah). Furthermore, other significant contribution is to give full attention to the beauty of the sound on reading Al-Qur’an.
PENGARUH PERSONAL SELLING TERHADAP KEPUTUSAN PEMBELIAN JASA ASURANSI PADA PT ASURANSI JIWASRAYA (PERSERO) CABANG JAKARTA SELATAN Sosrowidigdo, Suryanto; Al Rasyid, Harun
Aksara Public Vol 4 No 2 (2020): Mei (2020)
Publisher : EDUTECH CONSULTANT

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh kegiatan personal selling yang dilakukan PT Asuransi Jiwasraya (Persero) terhadap keputusan pembelian bagi nasabah yang ingin menggunakan jasa asuransi-nya. Kegiatan personal selling merupakan tuntutan yang harus dicapai oleh lembaga keuangan dalam mengembangkan usahanya karena ini berhubungan langsung dengan keputusan pembelian bagi calon nasabah yang ingin menggunakan salah satu dari produk yang ada di perusahaan tersebut. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif. Metode penelitian ini berupa metode wawancara, metode observasi, metode dokumentasi, dan metode kuesioner. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah nasabah dari PT Asuransi Jiwasraya (Persero). Penentuan sampel dengan metode sampling jenuh. Berdasarkan metode tersebut, diperoleh 44 sampel responden. Uji validitas yang digunakan adalah korelasi pearson dimana Rhitung &gt; Rtabel yang menunjukan data tersebut valid. Uji reliabilitas menggunakan Alpha Cronbach dengan hasil uji sebesar 0,741 &gt; 0,600 yang menyatakan data tersebut reliabel. Pada uji korelasi didapati nilai korelasi sebesar 0,828 yang menyatakan tingkat hubungan sangat kuat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya pengaruh secara signifikan dalam persamaan regresi Y = -28,581 + 1,987X. Hasil signifikan tersebut ditunjukkan dalam perbandingan thitung &gt; ttabel yaitu 9,581 &gt; 2,109. Maka H0 ditolak dan H1 diterima.
Business Development Management Model at Samo-Samo Recycling House Based on SWOT Analysis Rusdiansyah, Rusdiansyah; Al Rasyid, Harun; Sosrowidigdo, Suryanto
Sinkron : jurnal dan penelitian teknik informatika Vol. 5 No. 1 (2020): Article Research, October 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Ganesha Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33395/sinkron.v5i1.10595

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This study aims to determine the internal and external conditions faced by the Samo Samo Recycle House, as a basis for determining the appropriate alternative strategies for recycling waste business. Strategy formulation is carried out after the identification and determination of internal and external strategic factors. Internal strategic factors are then included in the IFAS (Internal Factors Analysis Summary) matrix, while external strategic factors are included in the EFAS (External Factors Analysis Summary) matrix, and the combination of the two matrices produces a Cartesisus Diagram to determine which company is in the diagram position. From the results of the calculation above, it is known that the coordinate point is located at (y = -0,12; x = 0,39). The coordinate results are presented in the SWOT matrix diagram. After knowing the meeting point of the diagonals (X), the position of the business unit is known in Quadrant II. This position shows the Samo Samo Recycling House, then in business strategies, including: Creating new designs to attract prospective buyers, Strengthening the competitiveness of commodities through improving the quality of results and business efficiency. Quality and creative human resource development
THE EFFECT OF DURATION OF ACETYLCHOLINE-ESTERASE INHIBITOR ON MMSE, CDT AND BARTHEL INDEX SCORING ON PATIENTS WITH VASCULAR DEMENSIA Rianawati, Sri Budhi; Damayanti, Ria; Al Rasyid, Harun; Megayasa, Nyoman Artha
Malang Neurology Journal Vol 7, No 2 (2021): July
Publisher : Malang Neurology Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.mnj.2021.007.02.4

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Background: Vascular dementia is a cognitive decline with functional deterioration caused by cerebrovascular disease. It is the second leading cause of dementia. A number of screening questionnaires and models have been developed to help in assessing cognitive function and activity daily living (ADL) in patients with dementia. Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Clock Drawing Test (CDT) and Barthel Index are instruments to evaluate cognitive function and ADL of vascular dementia patients. Objective: To determine the role of achetylcholine-esterase inhibitor therapy on cognitive function and ADL in patients with vascular dementia in Saiful Anwar General Hospital.Methods: This study is an analytical study assessing the improvement of cognitive function and ADL of patients with vascular dementia after administration of acethylcholine-esterase inhibitor by assessing the MMSE, CDT and Barthel Index scoring in 1, 3, 6 and 12 month period consecutively.Results: From 15 study subjects, individuals who have been given treatment for 12 months consecutively have the highest increase in MMSE and CDT whilst for Barthel Index has shown highest improvement in one month period.Conclusion: The administration of acetylcholine-esterase inhibitor drugs has the potential to improve and maintain cognitive function and improve ADL. The limited number of study subjects and the many confounding factors that we did not evaluate were the drawbacks of this study. The results of this study cannot be generalized to all patients with vascular dementia and only apply to 15 patients who were the subjects of this study.
Needs and Modification Analysis for X Hospital Dental Clinic Infrastructure in Response to Covid-19 Kurniawan, Gladys; Hakim, Lukman; Al Rasyid, Harun; Djauhari, Thontowi
Jurnal Kedokteran Brawijaya Article in Press 2
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya

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This research was conducted to find the root of the problem and the solution to the inactivity of X Hospital Dental Clinic since the Covid-19 pandemic. The findings from the study are expected to be an input for the hospital to be able to immediately reopen Dental Clinic services. The research design used descriptive analysis of observation data, interviews, and literature study. The Fishbone Diagram combined with 5 WHYs is used to find the root of the problem. Determination of problem solutions using the CARL method (Capability, Accessibility, Readiness, and Leverage) through the Forum Group Discussion (FGD). The results showed that the root cause of the inactivity of X Hospital Dental Clinic since the Covid-19 pandemic was the unavailability of infrastructure in accordance with the minimum standards. Therefore, X Hospital needs to procure appropriate infrastructure and support the X Hospital Dental Clinic facilities in providing services during the Covid-19 pandemic. This procurement must be adjusted to the conditions of the space and environment around the Dental Clinic and the capabilities of the hospital. The proposed adjustment is a modification to the infrastructure that will be provided and the existing Dental Clinic facilities. The infrastructure that must be provided is related to air circulation, practice room management, and patient procedures.