Zaenal Amirudin
Nursing Department, Polytechnic Health Ministry of Semarang

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Kurang Energi Kronis Pada Ibu Hamil di Kota Pekalongan Amirudin, Zaenal; Widjanarko, Bagoes; Kartasurya, Martha Irene
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 6, No. 2, Agustus 2011
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (64.833 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.6.2.169-176

Abstract

Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) in Pekalongan is still quite high, 11.95% and affects most of one’s life, which began in fetus in the womb, infancy and continue until the child enters school age. This research is to analyze the incidence of risk factors in pregnant woman PEM. A total of 76 samples comprising 38 cases and 38 controls were recruited in this study. Upper Arm Circumference was measured in pregnant woman and used a structured questionnaire to obtain information about predisposing factors such as knowledge, attitudes, eating habits and abstinence of certain foods. The results showed that maternal attitudes toward nutrition (p=0.02) and eating habits of pregnant woman (p = 0.03) significantly influenced the incidence of PEM. Analysis of risk factors for maternal nutrition knowledge (p=0.3) and abstinence from food to pregnant woman (p = 1.0) obviously has no effect on the incidence of PEM.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA PENGETAHUAN IBU TENTANG PERENCANAAN PERSALINAN DAN PENCEGAHAN KOMPLIKASI DENGAN SIKAP IBU DALAM PERENCANAAN PERSALINAN DAN PENCEGAHAN KOMPLIKASI DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS BENDAN KOTA PEKALONGAN Ta’adi, Ta’adi; Amirudin, Zaenal; Fitriyah, Nur
JURNAL LITBANG KOTA PEKALONGAN Vol 10 (2016)
Publisher : BAPPEDA Kota Pekalongan

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Abstract

MATERNAL MORTALITY RATE (MMR) REFERS TO THE NUMBER OF MATERNAL DEATHS RELATED TO PREGNANCY, CHILDBIRTH, AND POSTPARTUM (PRASETYAWATI, 2012; P. 3). THE DIRECT CAUSES OF MATERNAL MORTALITY IS APPROXIMATELY 90% ARE CAUSED BY ABOUT CHILDBIRTH, AND THESE DEATHS OCCUR DUE TO COMPLICATIONS (PRASETYAWATI, 2012; P14). CAUSES OF MATERNAL MORTALITY ONE OF WHICH IS THE FACTOR OF DELAY, NAMELY THE DELAY IN THE DECISION TO SEEK HEALTH CARE, DELAY IN REACHING HEALTH CENTERS, AND DELAYS IN RECEIVING HEALTH CARE. ONE BREAKTHROUGH EFFORTS AND PROVEN TO IMPROVE THE INDICATORS OF DELIVERY BY HEALTH PERSONNEL IN A DECREASE IN MMR AND IMR IS P4K. BIRTH PLANS TO DO WHEN THE MOTHER, HUSBAND AND FAMILY HAVE KNOWLEDGE ABOUT DANGER SIGNS OF PREGNANCY, CHILDBIRTH AND POSTPARTUM. THE RESEARCH OBJECTIVE WAS TO DETERMINE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MATERNAL KNOWLEDGE ABOUT P4K WITH THE ATTITUDE OF THE MOTHER IN P4K IN PUSKESMAS BENDAN PEKALONGAN. THE STUDY WAS DESCRIPTIVE CORRELATIVE WITH CROSS SECTIONAL APPROACH. POPULATION OF 257 PREGNANT WOMEN WITH A SAMPLE OF 65 RESPONDENTS OBTAINED THROUGH A SIMPLE RANDOM SAMPLING TECHNIQUE. TEST ANALYSIS USED WERE UNIVARIATE AND BIVARIATE ANALYSIS USING SPEARMAN RANK. THE RESULT SHOWED THAT MOST RESPONDENTS HAVE GOOD KNOWLEDGE ABOUT P4K (70.8%), MORE THAN 50% OF RESPONDENTS HAVE A POSITIVE ATTITUDE IN P4K (58.5%), TEST RESULTS OBTAINED STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT VALUE OF 0.003 (LESS THAN Α = 0, 05) TO RS 0,361. THIS SHOWS THERE IS A SIGNIFICANT RELATIONSHIP WITH THE CLOSENESS OF THE RELATIONSHIP IS WEAK. SUGGESTIONS RESEARCH IS EXPECTED TO BE MORE MOTIVATED PREGNANT WOMAN LOOKING FOR INFORMATION ABOUT P4K THAT CAN BE OBTAINED FROM THE ELECTRONIC PRINT MEDIA, EDUCATION OF HEALTH PROFESSIONALS AS WELL AS MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH BOOK IN ORDER TO IMPROVE THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE MOTHER BECAME GOOD KNOWLEDGE AND A POSITIVE ATTITUDE SO THAT IT CAN EARLY IN THE BIRTH PLAN.
PERAN KELUARGA DALAM PENGAMBILAN KEPUTUSAN IBU NIFAS UNTUK MELAKUKAN PRAKTIK PANTANG MAKANAN DI KOTA PEKALONGAN Widowati, Indar; Harnany, Afiyah Sri; Amirudin, Zaenal
JURNAL LITBANG KOTA PEKALONGAN Vol 10 (2016)
Publisher : BAPPEDA Kota Pekalongan

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: ABSTINENCE FROM FOOD IS AN INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR TO NOT EAT CERTAIN FOODS BECAUSE THERE IS A BAN BESIFAT OBTAINED CULTURE FOR GENERATIONS. STILL THE PUERPERAL WOMEN WHO ABSTAIN FROM CERTAIN FOODS LIKELY INFLUENCED BY SEVERAL FACTORS INCLUDING THE ROLE OF THE FAMILY.THE PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY WAS TO EXPLORE THE ROLE OF THE FAMILY IN THE DECISIONMAKING POSTPARTUM MOTHERS TO PRACTICE ABSTINENCE FEEDING ON POSTPARTUM MOTHERS. THIS RESEARCH IS A QUALITATIVE DESCRIPTIVE STUDY, TAKING PARTICIPANTS WITH METHODS PURPUSIVE SAMPLING, PARTICIPANTS WERE FOUR POSTPARTUM MOTHERS WHO DO ABSTAIN FROM EATING, WHILE TRIANGULATION COMPOSED OF TWO POSTPARTUM MOTHERS WHO DO NOT ABSTAIN FROM FOOD, TWO MOTHERS OR MOTHERS-IN-LAW POSTPARTUM MOTHERS WHO ABSTAIN FROM FOOD, TWO PEOPLE MOTHER OR MOTHER-IN-LAW POSTPARTUM MOTHERS WHO DO NOT ABSTAIN FROM FOOD, ONE MIDWIFE AND ONE MIDWIFE. DATA IS COLLECTED USING IN-DEPTH INTERVIEWS, DATA IS PROCESSED BY THE METHOD OF INDUCTION.THE RESULTS SHOWED THAT THE PRACTICE OF ABSTINENCE FEEDING ON POSTPARTUM MOTHER INFLUENCED BY FAMILY MEMBERS WHO LIVE WITH THE PARTICIPANTS, ESPECIALLY THE BIRTH MOTHER OR MOTHER-IN-LAW, WHILE THE HUSBAND OF THE PARTICIPANTS DID NOT HAVE A SIGNIFICANT ROLE IN THE PRACTICE OF ABSTINENCE EAT. CONCLUSION PRACTICE ABSTINENCE FROM FOOD ON POSTPARTUM MOTHER INFLUENCED BY THE ROLE OF THE FAMILY, ESPECIALLY THE MOTHER OR MOTHER-IN-LAW.
PENGEMBANGAN MAKANAN LOKAL MEGONO LAKTAGENIK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PRODUKSI AIR SUSU IBU DAN MEMACU PERTUMBUHAN BAYI Widowati, Indar; Hartati, Hartati; Amirudin, Zaenal
JURNAL LITBANG KOTA PEKALONGAN Vol 16 (2019)
Publisher : BAPPEDA Kota Pekalongan

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Abstract

This researched aims to: 1) Develop local food potentials into innovative product of lactagenic megono food, 2) Analyzed the nutritional content of lactagenic megono product,3) Analyzed the influence of lactagenic megono on increasing breast milk production and infant growth. Methods of this researched include: 1) Hedonic organoleptic perceptive test of three megono recipes derived from the community around Pekalongan. The selected product then tested proximate and intervention was conducted by lactating mothers. The result of hedonic organoleptic test proves that the selected product is A megono recipe, the value of taste attribute got 87, the aroma got 84, the texture attribute got 89 and the color attribute got 86. The proximate test shows that the water content is 79,98%, the ash content is 2,611%, the fat content is 1,653%, the protein level is 2,967, andthe carbohydrate level is 12,789%. The mean of infant weight in the control group increased until to 3 rd weeks by 19.17 grams, in the intervention group of 684.26 grams. The average increase of breast milk volume in the control group was 63.413 ml, in the intervention group of 221.413 ml. The result of Anova test no difference of infant weight in control group ( value equal to 0,949> 0,05), in group of intervention given by megono lactagenichas significant difference ( value equal to 0,048
FORMULA JELLY DRINK CINCAU HIJAU, PANDAN WANGI DAN KAYU MANIS UNTUK MENURUNKAN KADAR GULA DARAH PENDERITA DIABETES MELITUS Amirudin, Zaenal; Saleh, Rosmiati; Harnany, Afiyah Sri
JURNAL LITBANG KOTA PEKALONGAN Vol 16 (2019)
Publisher : BAPPEDA Kota Pekalongan

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Abstract

Background: Treatment of diabetes mellitus has been in the form of insulin injections and oral antidiabetic drugs. Green grass jelly leaves, fragrant pandanus and cinnamon are herbal plants that can be developed into jelly drinks as a therapeutic-based functional food to prevent the risk of diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to make jelly drink made from green grass jelly, fragrant pandanus and cinnamon and its effect on blood glucose levels. Methods: The study began with a hedonic organoletic test to determine the selected jelly drink formula for 20 panelists. Followed by the experimental method of Pretest-Postest Group Design. Results: organoleptic test in the most preferred product with a comparison of green cincau leaves: fragrant pandan leaves (90: 10 / v: v) plus 0.5% cinnamon filtrate and 0.5 gram stevia sugar. The average blood glucose level in the control gro up decreased on days 14 and 21. The ANOVA test results showed no significant difference in the decrease in blood glucose levels between groups (value 0.124 > 0.05). the ANOVA test result level in the intervention group experienced a decrease in days 7, 14 and 21. The ANOVA test results showed that there were significant differences between groups ((value 0.001
EFEK KOMBINASI ANTARA MASASE FRIRAGE DAN AKUPRESUR TERHADAP KEKUATAN OTOT EKSTREMITAS ATAS PASIEN PASCA STROKE ISKEMIK Amirudin, Zaenal; Anonim, Tri; Saleh, Rosmiati
JURNAL LITBANG KOTA PEKALONGAN Vol 14 (2018)
Publisher : BAPPEDA Kota Pekalongan

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Abstract

Pasien stroke pasca serangan akan meninggalkan masalah utama berupa hilangnya kontrol volunter terhadap pergerakan motorik. Hal tersebut akan berkibat terjadinya kelemahan otot pada ekstremitas atas, sehingga mengganggu kemandirian dalam melaksanakan tugas-tugas fungsional sehari-hari. Tujuan penelitian secara umum untuk menguji efek kombinasi masase frirage dan akupresur terhadap kekuatan otot ekstremitas atas pasien pasca stroke iskemik. Penelitian ini merupakan quasi experimental dengan nonequivalent control group design. Sebanyak 22 responden direkrut dengan cara consecutive sampling, terdiri atas 11 responden kelompok perlakuan dan 11 responden kelompok kontrol. Berdasarkan uji Kolmogorov-Smirnov, didapat data kekuatan otot berdistribusi tidak normal, sehingga untuk membandingkan kekuatan otot sebelum dan setelah intervensi menggunakan uji Wilcoxon pada kelompok intervensi maupun kelompok kontrol. Sedangkan untuk membandingkan peningkaan kekuatan otot antara kelompok perlakuan dan kelompok kontrol menggunakan uji MannWhitney. Hasil penelitian membuktikan terdapat perbedaan efektivitas yang bermakna sebelum dan setelah dilakukan masase frirage dan akupresur pada kelompok perlakuan (p
KEMASAN MAKANAN KULINER TRADISIONAL “MEGONO” SEBAGAI UPAYA MEMPERPANJANG WAKTU SIMPAN DAN DAYA SAING PRODUK Widowati, Indar; Hartati, Hartati; Amirudin, Zaenal
JURNAL LITBANG KOTA PEKALONGAN Vol 15 (2018)
Publisher : BAPPEDA Kota Pekalongan

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Abstract

Bergesernya pola hidup masyarakat tradisional ke pola hidup masyarakat modern, mendorong masyarakat lebih memilih makanan siap saji dan siap santap dengan tetap mempertimbangkan pentingnya kesehatan, yang menyebabkan kebutuhan akan produk makanan/minuman diharapkan mampu berfungsi menjaga kesehatan dan kebugaran tubuh, aman dikonsumsi serta praktis dalam penyajiannya. Megono merupakan salah satu makanan kuliner tradisional berasal dari Kota Pekalongan memiliki potensi untuk memenuhi kebutuhan masyarakat modern. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: 1) Mengembangkan potensi makanan kuliner tradisional megono menjadi produk inovatif makanan megono dalam kemasan; 2) Menganalisis jenis kemasan yang sesuai untuk makanan megono, 3) Menganalisis kandungan gizi pada produk megono dalam kemasan. Metode penelitian ini meliputi: metode engginering untuk pembuatan megono, metode ekspreimen untuk pengalengan, metode organoleptik untuk menentukan formula terpilih, metode laboratorium untuk menguji kandungan gizi (proksimat), metode eksperimen untuk uji waktu simpan produk. Penelitian ini terdiri atas beberapa tahap, yaitu tahap pembuatan megono, tahap pengalenhan, tahap uji kandungan gizi (proksimat), tahap uji waktu simpan produk. Hasil dari uji organoleptik membuktikan bahwa megono kaleng yang paling banyak dipilih oleh responden yaitu megono B (MGN 0,5) sebanyak (84%) dengan metode pengukusan setengah matang sebelum proses pengalengan. Hasil uji MANOVA diperoleh  value sebesar 0,00