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Journal : Makara Journal of Technology

Biological Pretreatment of Oil Palm Frond Fiber Using White-Rot Fungi for Enzymatic Saccharification Hermiati, Euis; Anita, Sita Heris; Risanto, Lucky; Styarini, Dyah; Sudiyani, Yanni; Hanafi, Achmad; Abimanyu, Haznan
Makara Journal of Technology Vol. 17, No. 1
Publisher : UI Scholars Hub

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Abstract

Oil palm frond is one type of lignocellulosic biomass abundantly and daily available in Indonesia. It contains cellulose which can be converted to glucose, and further processed to produce different kinds of value –added products. The aim of this research is to study the effects of biological pretreatment of oil palm frond (OPF) fiber using Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Trametes versicolor on the enzymatic saccharification of the biomass. The OPF fiber (40-60 mesh sizes) was inoculated with cultures of the two fungi and incubated at 27 °C for 4 weeks. The samples were taken after 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks of incubation. Chemical components of the biomass after pretreatment were analyzed. The saccharification of the pretreated samples using cellulase and β-glucosidase was performed in a water bath shaker at 50 °C for 48 hours. The concentration of reducing sugar increased with increasing of incubation time, either in those pretreated with culture of P. chrysosporium or with T. versicolor. Pretreatment of OPF fiber using single culture of T. versicolor for 4 weeks gave the highest reducing sugar yield (12.61% of dry biomass).
Sugarcane Bagasse as a Carrier for the Immobilization of Saccharomyces cerevisiaein Bioethanol Production Anita, Sita Heris; Mangunwardoyo, Wibowo; Yopi, Yopi
Makara Journal of Technology Vol. 20, No. 2
Publisher : UI Scholars Hub

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Abstract

Sugarcane bagasse was used as a carrier to immobilize Saccharomyces cerevisiae in bioethanol production. This research aims to study the potential use of sugarcane bagasse as an alternative carrier for cell immobilization and improvement in the production process of cell immobilization in bagasse. The results showed that the physical characteristics of sugarcane bagasse as a carrier were water content (7.77 ± 0.35%), water retention (4.80 ± 0.44 g/g), water absorption index (8.58 ± 0.22 g/g), and lignin content (24.40 ± 1.52 %). Determination of cell retention was performed in an inoculum volume of 50 mL yeast suspension with various carrier weights (2.5, 5, 10, and 20 g). The highest cell retention was obtained in ratio of 2.5 g carrier/50 mL cell suspension with cell retention of 5.41 ± 1.06 mg/g, or known as biocatalyst. Biocatalyst, as much as 1.5, 3, 4.5, and 6 g, were used as inoculum for a 24 hour bioethanol fermentation. The best concentration and productivity of bioethanol, obtained by using 3 g of biocatalyst, were 23.95 ± 0.28 g/L and 1.24 ± 0.01 g/L/hours. The average of bioethanol yield for a 24 hour fermentation by using immobilized cells was three times higher than the free cells system.