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Journal : Jurnal Riset Kimia

Pengaruh Penambahan Surfaktan pada Fermentasi Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit dengan Praperlakuan Uap Air Panas Bertekanan dengan Katalis Asam Maleat Anita, Sita Heris; Ashrianis, Devi Nury; Fatriasari, Widya
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 12, No 1 (2021): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v12i1.379

Abstract

Oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) has high potency to be converted into second generation bioethanol production. OPEFB pretreated liquid hot water (LHW) assisted maleic acid (MA) pretreatment was used as substrate in simultaneous saccharification fermentation (SSF). This pretreatment was conducted at 180 °C for 70 min by using 1.5% (w/v) MA acid concentration with material and liquid ratio of 1:14. Subsequently, the pretreated samples were fermented by addition of surfactant, polyethylene glycol (PEG) 4000 and amphiphilic lignin derivatives (A-LD) using Kluyveromyces marxianus InaCC Y119 yeast at temperature of 38 °C for 89 h. Before SSF, pretreated OPEFB was pre hydrolyzed by cellulase enzyme with enzyme loading 30 FPU/g at 50 °C for 3 h. Fermentation filtrate was taken at 0, 24, 48, 72, dan 89 h as much as 1.5 mL for reducing sugar and ethanol content determination. The surfactant addition can enhance reducing sugar and also ethanol content compared to control. The highest ethanol content of 1.251 g/L was found at fermentation of OPEFB pretreated MA with PEG 4000 surfactant at 89 h.
Biodecolorization of Remazol Brilliant Blue–R dye by Tropical White-Rot Fungi and Their Enzymes in The Presence of Guaiacol Anita, Sita Heris; Ningsih, Fitria; Yanto, Dede Heri Yuli
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 12, No 2 (2021): September
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v12i2.388

Abstract

The ability of the tropical white-rot fungi and their enzyme to decolorize synthetic dyes was investigated. Production of lignin-modifying enzymes (LMEs) from the three new isolated fungi, namely Trametes hirsuta D7, Ceriporia sp. BIOM 3, and Cymatoderma dendriticum WM01 were observed for 9 days incubation under static condition. The results showed that the LMEs production enhanced in the present of guaiacol. T. hirsuta D7 produced only laccase (Lac), with the highest activity was 22.6 U/L on the 5th-day of the cultivation. At the same time, Ceriporia sp. BIOM 3 and C. dendriticum WM01 secreted both laccases (Lac) with the activities 0.2 U/L and 1.0 U/L, respectively, and manganese peroxidase (MnP) with the activities 0.1 U/L and 1.0 U/L, respectively. Among the fungi, T. hirsuta D7 efficiently degraded 65% Remazol Brilliant Blue–R (RBBR) dye within 72 h using the only laccase. This study shows that laccase may have a major role in synthetic dyes' decolorization process, followed by MnP and LiP.