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Berbagi suami atas nama Tuhan: pengalaman keseharian perempuan dipoligami di Langsa Ansor, Muhammad
IJTIHAD Jurnal Wacana Hukum Islam dan Kemanusiaan Vol 14, No 1 (2014): IJTIHAD Jurnal Wacana Hukum Islam dan Kemanusiaan
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri Salatiga

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Abstract

This article explores how daily experience of the women living in the polygamous family in Langsa, Aceh. The primary argument proposed in this paper is that conflict, in fact, emerges from husband decision to practice polygamy in domestic life despite the belief of some women who accept that Islam countenances the practice of polygamy. The conflict sometimes arises among wives, between husband and the wives or among children of different wives. To prove such argument, the investigation of the daily experience of polygamous family such as the relation among the wives, household financial management, articulation of fairness on both physical and spiritual fulfilment, celebration of religious days (‘Idul Fitri and ‘Idul Adha), as well as upbringing of children was carried out during second semester of 2011. The data was collected through semi-structured interview, observation to the domestic life of the polygamous family, and documentation on divorce suit as a result of practiced polygamy. This study revealed that peaceful family (keluarga sakinah) as often regarded as one of the ultimate goals of marriage would never be attained through such practice.
ISLAM AWAL, RIDDAH, DAN PRAKSIS KEBEBASAN BERAGAMA: REINTERPRETASI HADIS MAN BADDAL DÎNAH FAQTULÛH Ansor, Muhammad
Mutawatir : Jurnal Keilmuan Tafsir Hadith Vol. 5 No. 2 (2015): DESEMBER
Publisher : Program Studi Perbandingan Agama, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (501.038 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/mutawatir.2015.5.2.273-296

Abstract

A doctrine that is associated to the Prophet for killing apostates was widely known by Muslim community, in spite of one of the main principles of the Islamic doctrines teached the freedom of religion. The following article discusses some Hadiths on killing apostates and relates them with the early Islamic historical narration. Besides, this article describes the classical and contemporary ulamas in their multiple understanding of Hadiths on killing apostates. Finally, I argue that the reasons of fighting against persons who are suspected as apostasy in the early Islamic period are more political in nature. Essentially, Islam allows people to convert to and from Islam, in the absence of criminal punishment under a sentence of death.
UNDER THE SHADOW OF SHARIA: CHRISTIAN MUSLIM RELATIONS FROM ACEHNESE CHRISTIAN EXPERIENCE Ansor, Muhammad; Arrauf, Ismail Fahmi; Amri, Yaser
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 8, No 1 (2016): Komunitas, March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v8i1.4966

Abstract

The implementation of sharia in Aceh has have given a complex impacts to several aspects of life of the Christian, economically, culturally, politically and any other aspects of social life. Unlike other Indonesian Christian in different parts of archipelago, the Christian women in Aceh are experiencing the life that regulated by the sharia. Based on the experience in Langsa, some of them (especially teachers, employee, and students) were appealed to wear headscarf (hijab) in their appearance in Islamic public sphere. Those who reside in Aceh Singkil experienced difficulties in establishing church, beyond any difficulties that experienced by Christians in other part of Indonesian region. However, in Southeast Aceh, the Christian live the life of religious harmony among the Muslim majority who implement the Islamic sharia. This article shows that strong encouragement among the Muslim circle to implementing Islamic sharia through political approach could generate difficulties to certain Christians, while to some others it doesnt give any significant negative impact. This article aims to highlight some issues that experienced by Christians who live amid the Muslim majority who implement Islamic sharia. Data were collected during ethnographical studies conducted in the year 2013-2015 in Langsa, Aceh Singkil and Southeast Aceh. Finally, this article proposes significant policy options for managing Muslim-Christian relations in Aceh, Indonesia. Education is crucial for promoting interreligious harmony, religious freedom, and respect for people of different traditions and religion.
Being Woman in the Land of Shari‘a: Politics of the Female Body, Piety, and Resistance in Langsa, Aceh Ansor, Muhammad
Al-Jamiah: Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 52, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Al-Jamiah Research Centre

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2014.521.59-83

Abstract

This study investigates the dynamic of institutionalization of Shari’a in Aceh, which focuses on analysis of the patterns of Langsa women’s resistance against religious leaders and state interpretations of the dress standards in the public space. This matter emerged because the implementation of Shari’a has been supported by local people, but the standard of Islamic dress that should be applied is still debatable among various groups in Aceh that have varied understandings and different religious visions. The regulation of dress code has been an issue for religious leaders, intellectuals, and Moslem activists. The resistance of Langsa women against the politics of body discipline could be open and secret. To analyze the forms of women’s resistance, the researcher applied James C. Scott’s hidden transcripts theory. Inspired by this theoretical framework, the researcher found that Langsa women, intellectuals, and religious leaders expressed their resistance over how women should dress in public space. In collecting the data, the researcher used observation, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions. Accordingly, the research shows how Langsa women express their resistance towards religious hegemony and state interpretation of Islam.[Tulisan ini membahas dinamika pelembagaan syariat Islam di Aceh dengan fokus resistensi tersembunyi perempuan Langsa terhadap penafsiran elite agama dan pemerintah perihal pembakuan standar pakaian di ruang publik. Meskipun implementasi syariat Islam Aceh mendapat dukungan masyarakat setempat, tetapi ketika sebuah tafsir tertentu tentang pakaian Islami dibakukan dalam regulasi (Qanun), muncul perdebatan dari sebagian muslim yang berpola pemikiran dan visi keagamaan berbeda. Bukan hanya perdebatan di kalangan elite agama, intelektual, maupun aktivis, perempuan di berbagai daerah di Aceh pun mengekspresikan resistensi, baik secara terbuka maupun tersembunyi. Peneliti menggunakan teori hidden transcripts sebagaimana dikemukakan James C. Scott untuk menganalisa resistensi tersebut. Data dikumpulkan melalui observasi, wawancara mendalam, serta diskusi kelompok terfokus (FGD). Penelitian ini memperlihatkan bagaimana perempuan Langsa mengekspresikan resistensi tersembunyi atas hegemoni elite agama dan pemerintah dalam menafsirkan Islam].
‘MENJADI SEPERTI BERAGAMA LAIN’: JILBAB DAN IDENTITAS HIBRID MAHASISWI KRISTEN ACEH Ansor, Muhammad
Penamas Vol 29 No 1 (2016): Volume 29, Nomor 1, April-Juni 2016
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Agama Jakarta

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Abstract

This study discussed about the identity negotiation of Christian students at university in Aceh. This focused on analysing the third space formation and hybrid identity by exploring the four Christian - students at two Universities in Aceh that was Unsyiah (Universitas Syaih Kuala) and Unsam (Universitas Samudra). The data was taken by Observation and semi-structured interviewed in 2013 and 2014. By using the life story technique, this displayed that campus public space was the contest power which was not equal between Moslem and Christian Students as a minority within reproduce their identity. Implementing Islamic Sharia forced hybrid cultural identity to the Christian students to wear hijab. The hybrid identity appeared as a result of complicated between a student, Christian as well a citizen of Aceh along with applying Islamic Sharia. Keywords: Hybrid identity, Aceh’s Christian women students, Islamic sharia, post-colonial studies Tulisan ini membahas pengalaman negosiasi identitas mahasiswi Kristen berjilbab pada universitas di Aceh. Tulisan berfokus menganalisa pembentukan ruang ketiga (third space) dan identitas hibrida (hybrid identity) dengan studi kasus empat mahasiswi Kristen pada dua universitas umum negeri di Aceh. Sumber data diperoleh melalui observasi dan wawancara semi terstruktur pada 2013 dan 2014. Melalui teknik penyajian life story, tulisan ini memperlihatkan ruang publik kampus menjadi arena kontestasi kuasa yang tidak seimbang antara Muslim dan mahasiswi Kristen selaku kelompok minoritas dalam reproduksi identitas. Implementasi syariat Islam di Aceh mendorong munculnya hybrid cultural identity pada mahasisiwi Kristen berjilbab. Identitas hibrida tersebut lahir dari hasil negosiasi rumit antara jatidiri sebagai mahasiswi, pemeluk agama Kristen, sekaligus warga Aceh seiring penerapan syariat Islam. Kata kunci: Identitas hibrida, mahasiswi Kristen Aceh, syariat Islam, kajian post-kolonial Kata kunci: Identitas hibrida, mahasiswi Kristen Aceh, syariat Islam, kajian post-kolonial
ISLAM AWAL, RIDDAH, DAN PRAKSIS KEBEBASAN BERAGAMA: REINTERPRETASI HADIS MAN BADDAL DÎNAH FAQTULÛH Ansor, Muhammad
Mutawatir : Jurnal Keilmuan Tafsir Hadith Vol 5 No 2 (2015): DESEMBER
Publisher : Program Studi Perbandingan Agama, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (501.038 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/mutawatir.2015.5.2.273-296

Abstract

A doctrine that is associated to the Prophet for killing apostates was widely known by Muslim community, in spite of one of the main principles of the Islamic doctrines teached the freedom of religion. The following article discusses some Hadiths on killing apostates and relates them with the early Islamic historical narration. Besides, this article describes the classical and contemporary ulamas in their multiple understanding of Hadiths on killing apostates. Finally, I argue that the reasons of fighting against persons who are suspected as apostasy in the early Islamic period are more political in nature. Essentially, Islam allows people to convert to and from Islam, in the absence of criminal punishment under a sentence of death.
Under The Shadow of Sharia: Christian Muslim Relations from Acehnese Christian Experience Ansor, Muhammad; Arrauf, Ismail Fahmi; Amri, Yaser
KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture Vol 8, No 1 (2016): Komunitas, March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v8i1.4966

Abstract

The implementation of sharia in Aceh has have given a complex impacts to several aspects of life of the Christian, economically, culturally, politically and any other aspects of social life. Unlike other Indonesian Christian in different parts of archipelago, the Christian women in Aceh are experiencing the life that regulated by the sharia. Based on the experience in Langsa, some of them (especially teachers, employee, and students) were appealed to wear headscarf (hijab) in their appearance in Islamic public sphere. Those who reside in Aceh Singkil experienced difficulties in establishing church, beyond any difficulties that experienced by Christians in other part of Indonesian region. However, in Southeast Aceh, the Christian live the life of religious harmony among the Muslim majority who implement the Islamic sharia. This article shows that strong encouragement among the Muslim circle to implementing Islamic sharia through political approach could generate difficulties to certain Christians, while to some others it doesn't give any significant negative impact. This article aims to highlight some issues that experienced by Christians who live amid the Muslim majority who implement Islamic sharia. Data were collected during ethnographical studies conducted in the year 2013-2015 in Langsa, Aceh Singkil and Southeast Aceh. Finally, this article proposes significant policy options for managing Muslim-Christian relations in Aceh, Indonesia. Education is crucial for promoting interreligious harmony, religious freedom, and respect for people of different traditions and religion.
RELASI GENDER DALAM RITUAL KENDURI BLANG PADA MASYARAKAT PETANI DI GAMPONG SUKAREJO LANGSA Ansor, Muhammad; ., Nurbaiti
At-Tafkir Vol 1 No 1 (2014): Vol I No 1 Juni 2014
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (LP2M) IAIN Langsa

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Abstract

Tulisan ini membahas relasi gender dalam ritual kenduri blang denganstudi kasus pada masyarakat petani muslim di Gampong SukorejoLangsa, Aceh. Data etnografis yang digunakan untuk penulisan inidikumpulkan melalui observasi dan wawancara semi terstruktur yangdilakukan pada Maret – Juni 2014. Observasi dilakukan terhadapprosesi pelaksanaan kenduri balang di Sukorejo, dan wawancaradilakukan terhadap enam orang laki-laki dan perempuan yang terlibatdalam prosesi tersebut. Tulisan berargumen bahwa tradisi kenduri blang(kenduri sawah) yang dilakukan masyarakat petani muslim diSukorejo tidak selalu menggambarkan subordinasi perempuan dalamtradisi ritual keagamaan. Tulisan ini akan menantang pandangan yangmengatakan perempuan dalam ritual keagamaan Islam berada padaposisi yang subordinat, dengan menunjukkan bahwa dalam masyarakatmuslim di Sukorejo, pembagian peran antara laki-laki dan perempuandalam prosesi ritual kenduri blang sama setara signifikansinya terhadapkesuskesan kegiatan. Temuan ini menegaskan bahwa laki-laki danperempuan dalam masyarakat petani muslim di Sukorejo tidak padaposisi saling mensubordinasi antara satu sama lain.
RELASI GENDER DALAM RITUAL KENDURI BLANG PADA MASYARAKAT PETANI DI GAMPONG SUKAREJO LANGSA Ansor, Muhammad; ., Nurbaiti
At-Tafkir Vol 7 No 1 (2014): Vol VII No 1 Juni 2014
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (LP2M) IAIN Langsa

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Abstract

Tulisan ini membahas relasi gender dalam ritual kenduri blang denganstudi kasus pada masyarakat petani muslim di Gampong SukorejoLangsa, Aceh. Data etnografis yang digunakan untuk penulisan inidikumpulkan melalui observasi dan wawancara semi terstruktur yangdilakukan pada Maret ? Juni 2014. Observasi dilakukan terhadapprosesi pelaksanaan kenduri balang di Sukorejo, dan wawancaradilakukan terhadap enam orang laki-laki dan perempuan yang terlibatdalam prosesi tersebut. Tulisan berargumen bahwa tradisi kenduri blang(kenduri sawah) yang dilakukan masyarakat petani muslim diSukorejo tidak selalu menggambarkan subordinasi perempuan dalamtradisi ritual keagamaan. Tulisan ini akan menantang pandangan yangmengatakan perempuan dalam ritual keagamaan Islam berada padaposisi yang subordinat, dengan menunjukkan bahwa dalam masyarakatmuslim di Sukorejo, pembagian peran antara laki-laki dan perempuandalam prosesi ritual kenduri blang sama setara signifikansinya terhadapkesuskesan kegiatan. Temuan ini menegaskan bahwa laki-laki danperempuan dalam masyarakat petani muslim di Sukorejo tidak padaposisi saling mensubordinasi antara satu sama lain.
BEYOND PIOUS CRITICAL AGENCY: WOMEN, INTERFAITH MARRIAGE AND RELIGIOUS CONVERSION IN ACEH Ansor, Muhammad; Amri, Yaser
Analisa: Journal of Social Science and Religion Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Analisa Journal of Social Science and Religion
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Agama Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1395.042 KB) | DOI: 10.18784/analisa.v1i2.368

Abstract

Most studies discussing about interfaith marriage and religious conversion are ignoring woman's autonomy in selecting spouse as well as choosing religion. This paper examines the agency of women who converted due to marriage based on the experiences of four women in two areas in Aceh, the South East Aceh, and Aceh Singkil. Data was collected through observation and semi-structured interviews of four converted women, her husband, and her relatives. The phenomenon of religious conversion on the reason of marriage is placed in the feminist poststructuralist discourse, especially the concept of pious agency and critical piety agency. This paper challenges the view that says religious conversion on the reason of marriage will give the result to those who converted that religion to them is merely administrative matters and they lose their focus on building personal piety. Instead, this article argued the possibility of people who convert to other religion represent their religiosity after conversion as well as before conversion.