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Social Criticism in the Text of Dharmasonya Aryanto, Aris; Sudardi, Bani; Purwanto, Andrik; Wakit, Abdullah
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 9, No 1 (2017): Komunitas, March 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v9i1.8340

Abstract

This study took a closer look at the socio-condition of the Javanese people in Surakarta at the time this text was written through a perspective of critical-sociological studies. The data collection method was literature studies which aimed at analyzing several sources of old Javanese scripts, Serat Dharmasonya Serat Wedhatama, text of KGPAA Mangkunegara IV, Serat Tjemporet written by R. Ng. Ranggawarsito and some other studies on the life world of the Javanese palace in Surakarta 1830-1939 , the work of Soeratman Darsiti. Thus, the present text of the Dharmasonya was read through seeing the historical life of the Islamic religion. The main objective of this study was to probe the social system in which the Dharmasonya text was initially produced. The assumption laid on a reason that the social systems implemented by the Javanese community at the time were relatively different in each place. This study concluded that the Javanese community in Surakarta was divided into four levels, namely: kinghood, nobles, courtiers, common society. As a result of the influence of the European or colonial invasion to peoples lifestyles have had led to moral decadence and spiritual shallow in the community. This was because the feudalism and colonialism system committed by the local indigenous towards the Javanese community.          
RANCANG BANGUN MOLD UNTUK PROSES TERMOFORMING PROSTHETIC BELOW KNEE (B/K) Febriantoko, Bambang Waluyo; Aryanto, Aris; Riyadi, Tri Widodo Besar
Media Mesin: Majalah Teknik Mesin Vol 18, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRAK Industri semakin berkembang, kebutuhan terhadap plastik pun semakin bertambah. Akan tetapi, dalam aplikasi proses pembentukan plastik sering mengalami kendala. Salah satunya adalah penyusutan. Penyusutan sering terjadi pada proses pembentukan plastik, terutama pembentukan dengan sistem mechanical thermoforming. Sehingga perlu dianalisis hal-hal yang menyebabkan penyusutan pada produk yang dihasilkan. Beberapa hal yang diidentifikasi mempengaruhi terjadinya penyusutan adalah bentuk mold, temperatur, dan jenis plastik yang digunakan.Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah membuat alat uji mechanical thermoforming dan  membuat  mold  yang  akan  digunakan  untuk  menganalisis  penyusutan.  Mold yang digunakan ada 2 macam, yaitu mold telapak kaki atas dan mold telapak kaki bawah. Selain variasi pada mold, analisis juga ditujukan pada temperatur plastik polypropylene (PP) dan plastik PVC yang akan diproses. Variasi temperatur yaitu:1000C,  1200C,  dan  140oC.  Sedangkan  jenis  plastik  yang  diujikan  adalah  plastikpolypropylene (PP) dan plastik PVC.Dari data hasil pengujian dan pembahasan pada proses mechanical thermoforming untuk plastik polypropylene (PP) dengan ketebalan 1,0 mm tidak dapat dianalisis persentase penyusutan yang terjadi karena sifat viskos pada plastik rendah. Pada plastik jenis PP ini meskipun membentuk pola, tetapi tidak sempurna. Bahan plastik PP setelah proses penekanan dengan temperatur 100ºC-120ºC plastik tidak mengalami pemuaian yang cukup baik, karena plastik masih bersifat elastik. Pada temperatur140ºC plastik mengalami pemuaian, tetapi saat proses penekanan plastik mengalami bentuk pola yang tidak sempurna, karena temperatur terlalu tinggi. Sedangkan pada plastik PVC didapatkan hasil bahwa pada mold telapak kaki atas dengan ketinggian2 cm dan tebal plastik 1,0 mm menghasilkan persentase penyusutan rata-rata 7,85% dengan temperatur 100ºC, 9,80% dengan temperatur 120ºC dan 12,11% dengan temperatur 140ºC. Pada mold telapak kaki bawah dengan ketinggian 2 cm dan tebal plastik 1,0 mm menghasilkan persentase penyusutan rata-rata 10,01% dengan temperatur 100ºC, 10,96% dengan temperatur 120ºC dan 12,08% dengan temperatur140ºC. Kata Kunci: Mechanical thermoforming, penyusutan plastik, mold ABSTRACT The growing of industry has the effect to the increase of plastic need.  However, the application of plastic forming process often experiences constraints. One of them is depreciation. Depreciation often occurs in the plastic forming process, especially forming with mechanical thermoforming system. So it is necessary to analyze the things that cause shrinkage on the product. Some of the things that are identified to influence the shrinkage are the molds, temperatures and types of used plastics.The used method is to make mechanical thermoforming test and make mold which will be used to analyze depreciation. There are 2 kinds of molds, namely upper foot sole mold and bottom foot sole mold. In addition to the variations of the mold, the analysis is also aimed at the temperature of polypropylene plastic (PP) and PVC plastic which will be processed. The temperature variations are 1000C, 1200C and 140oC and the types of plastics that are tested is polypropylene plastic (PP) and PVC plastic.The results show that on mechanical thermoforming process for polypropylene (PP) plastic with 1.0 mm thickness, the percentage of shrinkage can not be analyzed because of the low viscous nature of plastic. PP type plastic can form a pattern, but not perfect. PP plastic material does not experience a good expansion after pressing process with100ºC-120ºC plastic temperature. This is because the plastic is still elastic. At 140ºC, the plastic undergoes expansion, but when the plastic pressing process, it undergoes an imperfect pattern. The reason is the temperature is too high. Meanwhile for the PVC plastic, it was found that in the upper foot sole mold with height of 2 cm and 1.0 mm plastic thickness, the percentages of shrinkage average are 7.85% with temperature100ºC, 9.80% with temperature 120ºC and 12.11% with temperature of 140ºC. In the bottom foot sole mold with 2 cm height and 1.0 mm plastic thickness, the percentages of shrinkage average are 10.01% with temperature 100ºC, 10.96% with temperature120ºC and 12.08% with temperature 140ºC. Keywords: Mechanical thermoforming, plastic shrinkage, mold
Social Criticism in the Text Scripture of Dharmasonya Aryanto, Aris; Sudardi, Bani; Purwasito, Andrik; Wakit, Abdullah
KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture Vol 9, No 1 (2017): Komunitas, March 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v9i1.8340

Abstract

This study took a closer look at the socio-condition of the Javanese people in Surakarta at the time Dharmasonya (Ds) text was produced through a perspective of critical-sociological studies. The present Ds text was read through seeing the historical life of the Islamic religion. The main objective of this study was to probe socio-cultural life of the society in the age the Ds text was produced. The data source used was the translation of Ds text by Suratmin which was issued by the Ministry of Education and Culture. To obtain the objectives, study on the Ds text was compared with other similar ancient texts of the same themes produced in the same time; these texts were Serat Wedhatama by KGPAA Mangkunegara IV (1853-1881) and Serat Tjemporet by R.Ng. Ranggwarsita. The data was analyzed through perspectives of Hermeneutic and Semiotics methods. The result shows that in Ds text, social criticism was an attempt to resist against the dynamic circumstances faced by the society at the time wherein the social status and nobility became people’s life concern. Such circumstance has apparently been used at least by a stream of Islamic group to write religious text in literary form, since religious doctrine was considered as one of the powerful weapons to control the society. Thus, most people would forcefully obey and submit to the teachings of Islam based on the Sharia law.
Javanese language host training for village officials in Panggungharjo Village, Bantul Regency Aryanto, Aris; Santosa, Eko; Qurniawati, Zuly; Setyowati, Herlina
Community Empowerment Vol 6 No 6 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (299.865 KB) | DOI: 10.31603/ce.4929

Abstract

The use of the Javanese language in daily communication, especially in meeting activities and ceremonial events, is still not properly used. In fact, Javanese is the mother tongue. In addition, there is still a lack of public knowledge, especially for village officials regarding the use of the Javanese language properly and correctly. Observing the existing condition, it is necessary to have training activities to become a master of ceremony (MC) in Javanese. The purpose of the Javanese MC training activity for village officials is to provide skills and mastery of appropriate Javanese grammar in daily communication. This training activity was carried out using lecture and practical methods. The Javanese MC training activities for village officials in Panggungharjo Village can take place well, smoothly and as expected. The motivation of village officials to practice being an MC in Javanese is getting stronger and better.