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Identification of a Disease on Cocoa Caused by Fusariumin Sulawesi Rosmana, Ade; Hikmawati, Hikmawati; Asman, Asman
Pelita Perkebunan (Coffee and Cocoa Research Journal) Vol 29, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Indonesian Coffee and Cocoa Research Institute

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A disease presumed to be caused by Fusarium was observed in cocoa open fields with few or without shade trees. Within the population of cocoa trees in the field, some trees had died, some had yellowing leaves and dieback, and the others were apparently healthy. In order to demonstrate Fusarium species as the causal pathogen and to obtain information concerning the incidence of the disease, its distribution and its impact on sustainability of cocoa, isolation of the pathogen, inoculation of cocoa seedlings with isolates and a survey of disease has been conducted. Fusarium was isolated from roots and branches, and inoculated onto cocoa seedlings (one month old) via soil. Symptoms appeared within 3-4 weeks after infection. These symptoms consisted of yellowing of leaves beginning from the bottom until the leaves falldown, and browning internal of vascular tissue. Darkened vascular traces in the petiole characteristic of vascularstreak dieback infection were absent. The occurrence of Fusarium in the field was characterized by the absence of obvious signs of fungal infestation on root of infected trees, yellowing of leaves on twigs, dieback, and tree mortality in severe infestations. Disease incidence could reach 77% and in this situation it was difficult for trees recover from heavy infections or to be regenerated in the farm. The study proves that Fusarium is a pathogen causing dieback and the disease is called as Fusarium vascular dieback (FVD). Its development is apparently enhanced by dry conditions in the field. Key words: Fusarium sp., vascular disease, dieback, FVD, Theobroma cacao L.
Pernikahan di Bawah Umur Akibat Hamil di Luar Nikah dan Dampak Psikologis Pada Anak di Desa Makrampai Kalimantan Barat Asman, Asman
AL-ISTINBATH : Jurnal Hukum Islam Vol 4, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Curup

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29240/jhi.v4i1.784


This article aims to learn more about marriage in an aged wawah because of an extramarital pregnancy and the psychological impact on children in the village of Makrampai West Kalimantan. This study uses a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach, namely observations in the field, the authors want to describe how the attention of the people of Makrampai Village in Tebas Subdistrict to underage marriages due to pregnancy out of wedlock itself. From the results of this study it was found that underage marriages in Makrampai Village came from a background of lack of parental attention to their biological children so that their children fell into promiscuity which cannot be changed so that the future of children is damaged and the educational background of parents is also very influential towards the education of children at home. Underage marriage has many impacts on the perpetrator, including depression, anxiety, fear and stress which are the effects of underage marriage in Makrampai Village, Tebas  District, Sambas Regency.
BAHASANTODEA Vol 5, No 1 (2017)

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This type of research is a class act who performed cyclical as much as two cycles. The results of the study in the first cycle of observation of teachers 78.8%, 16.6% of students observations with the results of the evaluation of learning value obtained by the students write paragraphs deductive value students' average of 6.9 percentage completeness number of 55.5%. In the evaluation of the ability to write a paragraph inductive students' average score of 6.6 with a percentage of 39.5% classical completeness. Referring to KKM prevailing in Indonesian language learning in SMP Negeri 1 Ampibabo the average value of 70 percentage completeness 85%, the results have not yet reached the applicable standard of completeness. There is also research showing an increase in the second cycle, the observation of the teacher 100% categorized as good, observation 83.4% of students considered good, while 16.6% is very good overall category of student activity can already be expressed either. The results of evaluation of learning to write paragraphs deductive average grade 8 students. The results of evaluation of learning to write paragraphs inductive average value obtained by the students is 7.7 with the percentage of classical completeness 85% then, hasil tindakan siklus II sudah mencapai standar ketuntasan yang berlaku sehingga tidak dilanjutkan lagi ke siklus berikutnya.
Jurnal Fish Protech Vol 3, No 1 (2020): Jurnal Fish Protech Vol. 3 No. 1 April 2020
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33772/jfp.v3i1.11613


Chemical and Microbiological Quality Characteristics of Dried Octopus (Octopus sp.) Marketed in North Konawe Regency Southeast Sulawesi ABSTRACT         The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of chemical composition (water, ash, protein, fat, and carbohydrate) and total bacteria (TPC) of dried Octopus. Data analysis of this study used descriptive analysis. The sampling technique of this study are used simple random sampling and used the survey method. The results of the highest chemical composition of the treatment was found at water content  S1 19.89%, ash S3 13.63%, protein S2 46.99%, fat S3 5.82% and carbohydrate S2 10.19%.  The best Total Plate Count (TPC) result was found at S2 3.8 × 104 Cfu/g Keywords: Chemical Test, Octopus (Octopus sp.) Dry, and Total Plate Count (TPC).ABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui karakteristik komposisi kimia (kadar air, kadar abu, kadar protein, kadar lemak, dan kadar karbohidrat) dan total bakteri (TPC) terhadap gurita kering. Analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu menggunakan analisis deskriptif. Teknik sampling yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah simple random sampling. Metode yang digunakan pada penelitian ini yaitu metode survei. Hasil penelitian komposisi kimia perlakuan tertinggi kadar air terdapat pada S1 19.89%, kadar abu tertinggi terdapat pada perlakuan S3 13.63%, kadar protein perlakuan tertinggi terdapat pada S2 46.99%, kadar lemak perlakuan tertinggi terdapat pada  S3 5.82% dan kadar karbohidrat perlakuan tertinggi terdapat pada S2 10.19%. Hasil Uji Total Plate Count (TPC) terendah terdapat pada S2 3.8×104 Cfu/g.Kata kunci: Gurita (Octopus sp.) kering, Total Plate Count (TPC) dan Uji Kimia.
Maqasid al-Shari’ah in Islamic Law Renewal: The Impact of New Normal Rules on Islamic Law Practices during the Covid-19 Pandemic Asman, Asman; Muchsin, Tamrin
Mazahib VOLUME 20, ISSUE 1, JUNE 2021
Publisher : IAIN Samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21093/mj.v20i1.2957


The vast and multidimensional impact of the Covid-19 pandemic has forced all countries to establish policies to prevent the transmission of Covid-19, including Indonesia. Not a few countries are not ready to make decisions to find new, more effective ways to prevent Covid-19. In Islamic law, ijtihad is part of lawmaking in the implementation of worship and muamalah, which solves problems that arise and mitigates policy implementation. This article uses a normative juridical approach to the issue because it can showcase the benefit of Islamic law for humans. Moreover, it aims to generate ideas in the renewal of Islamic law, especially in the implementation of worship and muamalah (social transaction/relation), and inform the government to make decisions that intersect with Islamic law during the Covid-19 pandemic. The focus of this research is how does covid-19 affect the practice of Islamic law in worship and mu`amalah? This study finds that government policies and regulations are currently in line with Islamic law. The most critical considerations in determining the compatibility of government policies and rules with shari’a are maintaining the soul’s safety, maintaining the continuity of religion through rukhshah, and maintaining the economy. Also, the Islamic rulings (fatwa) issued by ulama in response to government policies and rules are expected to guide worship and mu`amalah, build awareness and solidarity of Muslims, and relate to the people’s economy today. 
Parental Rights and Obligations to Children in the Era of Industrial Revolution 4.0 (Islamic Family Law perspective) Asman, Asman
Samarah: Jurnal Hukum Keluarga dan Hukum Islam Vol 4, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Islamic Family Law Department, Sharia and Law Faculty, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/sjhk.v4i1.6899


In accordance with the current development of the current era of globalization is very fast developing, especially digital technology called the era of revolution Industry 4.0 where the existence of technology and information can be accessed anytime and by anyone, so that positive and negative impacts on the rights and obligations of parents to children in the family. This study uses a qualitative approach by collecting data through library research techniques, then analyzed in the perspective of Islamic family law. The method used is descriptive qualitative which describes data related to the rights and obligations of parents to children in the revolutionary 4.0 era in the perspective of Islamic family law. The focus of the problem in this study is how the rights and obligations of parents towards children in the 4.0 revolution industry era in the perspective of Islamic family law. The results of this study, parents have rights and obligations which are the responsibility of actualizing the rights of children in protecting, controlling, educating, maintaining respect and protecting children in the family.