Asmarashid Ponniran
Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

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Parameters observation of restoration capacity of industrial lead acid battery using high current pulses N. S. M. Ibrahim; Asmarashid Ponniran; R. A. Rahman; M. P. Martin; A. Yassin; A. Eahambram; M. H. Aziz
International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems (IJPEDS) Vol 11, No 3: September 2020
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (257.165 KB) | DOI: 10.11591/ijpeds.v11.i3.pp1596-1602

Abstract

Batteries play an essential role on most of the electrical equipment and electrical engineering tools. However, one of the drawbacks of lead acid batteries is PbSO4 accumulates on the battery plates, which significantly cause deterioration. Therefore, this study discusses the discharge capacity performance evaluation of the industrial lead acid battery. The selective method to improve the discharge capacity is using high current pulses method. This method is performed to restore the capacity of lead acid batteries that use a maximum direct current (DC) of up to 500 A produces instantaneous heat from 27°C to 48°C to dissolve the PbSO4 on the plates. This study uses an 840 Ah, 36 V flooded lead acid batteries for a forklift for the evaluation test. Besides, this paper explores the behavior of critical formation parameters, such as the discharge capacity of the cells. From the experimental results, it can be concluded that the discharge capacity of the flooded lead acid battery can be increase by using high current pulses method. The comparative findings for the overall percentage of discharge capacity of the batteries improved from 68% to 99% after the restoration capacity.
4-level capacitor-clamped boost converter with hard-switching and soft-switching implementations A.N. Kasiran; Asmarashid Ponniran; A.A. Bakar; M.H. Yatim
International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems (IJPEDS) Vol 10, No 1: March 2019
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (570.491 KB) | DOI: 10.11591/ijpeds.v10.i1.pp288-299

Abstract

This paper presents parameters analysis of 4-level capacitor-clamped boost converter with hard-switching and soft-switching implementation. Principally, by considering the selected circuit structure of the 4-level capacitor-clamped boost converter and appropriate pulse width modulation (PWM) switching strategy, the overall converter volume able to be reduced. Specifically, phase-shifted of 120° of each switching signal is applied in the 4-level capacitor-clamped boost converter in order to increase the inductor current ripple frequency, thus the charging and discharging times of the inductor is reduced. Besides, volume of converters is greatly reduced if very high switching frequency is considered. However, it causes increasing of semiconductor losses and consequently the converter efficiency is affected. The results show that the efficiency of 2-level conventional boost converter and 4-level capacitor-clamped boost converter are 98.59% and 97.67%, respectively in hard-switching technique, and 99.31% and 98.15%, respectively in soft-switching technique. Therefore, by applying soft-switching technique, switching loss of the semiconductor devices is greatly minimized although high switching frequency is applied. In this study, passive lossless snubber circuit is selected for the soft-switching implementation in the 4-level capacitor-clamped boost converter. Based on the simulation results, the switching loss is approximately eliminated by applying soft-switching technique compared to the hard-switching technique implementation.
Decrystallization with high current pulses technique for capacity restoration of industrial nickel-cadmium battery M. P. Martin; Asmarashid Ponniran; R. A. Rahman; N. S. M. Ibrahim; A. Eahambram; M. H. Aziz; A. M. Yassin
International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems (IJPEDS) Vol 11, No 3: September 2020
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (302.339 KB) | DOI: 10.11591/ijpeds.v11.i3.pp1603-1609

Abstract

The process of crystallization occurred due to the process of charging and discharging during the usage of the Nickel-Cadmium (Ni-Cd) battery where crystalline formed on the surface of the battery plate. This situation causes the impedance of the Ni-Cd battery increased and contribute to the increment of the battery temperature and battery impedance. High battery temperature will cause the performance of Ni-Cd battery deteriorates. Therefore, this study is investigated on the performance of industrial Ni-Cd battery during the process of crystallization and de-crystallization with high current pulses. By this technique, it is capable to break the formed crystalline to recover back the capacity loss and enhanced the performance of Ni-Cd battery. Therefore, the study results shown that the life cycles and capacity of the Ni-Cd battery increased up to 41% of its capacity after the de-crystallization take place by injecting high current pulses. Consequently, the life span of the Nickel-Cadmium battery enhanced, and the battery is revived.
Frequency based signal processing technique for pulse modulation ground penetrating radar system Che Ku Nor Azie Hailma Che Ku Melor; Ariffuddin Joret; Maryanti Razali; Asmarashid Ponniran; Muhammad Suhaimi Sulong; Rosli Omar
International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE) Vol 11, No 5: October 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/ijece.v11i5.pp4104-4112

Abstract

This paper discusses the method of processing the pulse modulation (PM) ground penetrating radar (GPR) system to detect an embedded object underground. The proposed technique is using frequency domain operation which can be classified based on two parameters which are magnitude and phase. The process of detecting the position and depth of iron objects in dry sandy soil is easier to identify using the techniques and parameters that have been introduced. The selection of the Dipole antenna as a sensor device to detect iron objects has been designed in a frequency range of 70 MHz to 80 MHz. Based on the simulation, the proposed technique seems to be able to detect underground iron objects. By using the magnitude value, the underground iron object that can be detected as displayed in GPR radargram is in the depth range from 0 mm until 1000 mm. Meanwhile, by using the phase value, the embedded underground iron object detected is in the range of depth between 900 mm and 1000 mm. Therefore, based on this promising result, the proposed technique and parameters are considered to be used in