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Sustainable Livestock Development Strategy Through Artificial Insemination Evaluation In Nganjuk Efi Rokana
Journal of Development Research Vol. 2 No. 2 (2018): Volume 2, Number 2, November 2018
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Blitar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (839.794 KB) | DOI: 10.28926/jdr.v2i2.36

Abstract

ABSTARCT This study aims to obtain the relationship between the breed and parity of fcattle against the success rate of AI in District Rejoso Nganjuk and to produce sustainable livestock development strategy through the application of AI technology in District Rejoso Nganjuk. This research conducted for 6 months in the District Rejoso Nganjuk Regency. The material used in this research is frozen semen (straw) from Limousin bull, female cattle as many as 45 cattle in different breed and parity namely Limousin cross, Simental cross, Ongole cross, and Brahman cross. This research method is survey. The research data are secondary data and primary data. The sample is determined by using purposive sampling method. The research variable is the success rate of AI calculated by knowing the value of S/ C (Service per conseption). The data obtained are analyzed descriptively and analytically. Statistical analysis by using logistic regression to determine the relationship between breed and parity with the success of AI. Descriptive analysis is used to explain that Artificial Insemination technology can be applied as one of sustainable livestock development strategy in Rejoso Sub-district of Nganjuk Regency, taking into account ecological, economic, socio-cultural, institutional, and technology and human resource aspects. The Brahman cross regression coefficient is 4,094 (p = 0.004) gives an interpretation that the success rate of 1 straw in the Brahman cross is higher and significantly different than that of the Limousin cross. Ongole cross regression coefficient is 1,628 (p = 0,148) giving interpretation that success rate with 1 straw on Ongole cross is higher but not significantly different compared to Limousin cross. Simental cross coefficient is 3.829 (p = 0.002) gives an interpretation that the success rate with 1 straw in the Simental crossd is higher and significantly different than the Limousin cross. So the results of comparison between four breeds, this success rate of pregnancy with 1 straw in sequence is the Brahman cross, Simental cross, Ongole cross and Limousin cross. Implementation of Artificial Insemination technology is very appropriately applied as one of sustainable breeding cattle breeding strategy in Nganjuk District because it fulfills the principles of relationship among ecological, economic, socio-cultural, institutional / institutional, and technology components. Key word: sustainable development, artificial insemination, service per conseption
DIVERSIFIKASI OLAHAN SUSU KAMBING MENJADI KRUPUK SUSU DI KELOMPOK WANITA TERNAK KECAMATAN SURUH KABUPATEN TRENGGALEK Ahsin Daroini; Efi Rokana; Riska Nurtantyo Sarbini
Jurnal Dedikasi Vol. 16 (2019): Mei
Publisher : Direktorat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22219/dedikasi.v16i1.11973

Abstract

Penganekaragam produk susu menjadi dodol susu, permen susu, susu bubuk, yoghurt, dan es krim dilakukan dengan menggunakan bahan susu murni yang berkualitas, sedangkan pembuatan kerupuk susu justru memanfaatkan susu yang tidak memenuhi standar kualitas atau diistilahkan dengan susu pecah. Pengolahan susu pecah menjadi kerupuk susu merupakan solusi pemanfaatan bahan berkualitas rendah menjadi olahan berkualitas tinggi dan lebih berdaya saing. Pelaksanaan Program Kemitraan Masyarakat (PKM) ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode partisipatif, penyuluhan, endampingan, dan pelatihan di lokasi kedua mitra di Kecamatan Suruh Kabupaten Trenggalek. Pemecahan masalah pada kedua mitra dari aspek produksi dan aspek manajemen dilakukan secara bertahap serta melibatkan peran aktif mitra dalam pelaksanaa program secara berkesinambungan. Hasil PKM menunjukkan bahwa permintaan pasar sangat terbuka luas dan bahan baku susu kambing di Kecamatan Suruh cukup tersedia. Sosialisasi, pelatihan dan pendampingan tentang cara pengolahan susu kambing menjadi kerupuk susu dalam rangka diversifikasi produk, pengemasan produk, teknik pemasaran secara on line, pencatatan keuangan usaha, jaminan keamanan produk berupa nomor PIRT dan bantuan fasilitas produksi berupa mesin pengering dan pengiris/pemotong kerupuk sudah dilaksanakan di kedua mitra dan respon mitra sangat bagus untuk mendukung keberlanjutan program PKM ini dalam kegiatan usaha selanjutnya. Kesimpulan PKM adalah produk krupuk susu sudah diproduksi oleh mitra dengan melakukan pengemasan yang bagus dan memiliki PIRTserta jangkaun pemasaran yang lebih luas melalui media internet. Saran yang diberikan adalah sebaiknya instansi terkait senantiasa memberikan evaluasi dan pembinaan secara berkala mengenai keberlanjutan usaha pengolahan susu kambing khususnya di Kecamatan Suruh.