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Rasionalitas Masyarakat Dalam Memilih Calon Kepala Desa Nomor Satu Pada Pilkades 2019 di Desa Mojongapit Dinda Mirtanty; Agus Machfud Fauzi
Jurnal ISIP: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 18, No 2 (2021): Jurnal ISIP: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik
Publisher : Institut Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36451/j.isip.v18i2.81

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh kemenangan kandidat kepala desa nomor satu pada Pilkades 2019 di Desa Mojongapit yang berprofesi sebagai pedagang, tidak memiliki background politik, dan tidak menyandang status sarjana. Terpilihnya calon kepala desa karena adanya tujuan yang ingin dicapai oleh masyarakat (rasionalitas tindakan). Dengan fenomena tersebut, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui rasionalitas masyarakat Desa Mojongapit dalam memilih calon kepala desa pada Pilkades 2019. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan Verstehen yang bertujuan untuk memaknai setiap tindakan yang dilakukan oleh masyarakat, seperti tindakan dalam memilih calon kepala desa. Analisis dilakukan dengan menggunakan perspektif teori fenomenologi Max Weber yang berfokus pada rasionalitas tindakan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tindakan rasional masyarakat dalam memilih calon kepala desa nomor urut satu meliputi.: Pertama, tindakan instrumental : visi dan misi sesuai harapan masyarakat dan kemudahan dalam administrasi. Kedua, tindakan afektif : kekecewaan pada kepemimpinan sebelumnya, rasa kagum pada kewibawaan, rasa simpati yang disebabkan penampilan fisik dan sifat. Ketiga, tindakan berorientasi nilai: calon kepala desa pernah aktif dalam ikatan pelajar Nahdlatul Ulama. Keempat, tindakan tradisional latar belakang keluarga dan berada dalam lingkup rukun tetangga yang sama. Kesimpulan penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa masyarakat memilih kepala desa didasarkan oleh rasionalitas.This research was motivated by the victory of the number one village head candidate in the 2019 Pilkades in Mojongapit Village who worked as a trader, did not have a political background, and did not holdca bachelor’s status. The candidate election for the village head was due to the community’s objectives (actioncrationality). With this phenomenon, this study aims to find out the rationality of the people of Mojongapit  Village in choosing a candidate for a village head in the 2019 Pilkades. This study uses a qualitative methodcwith the Verstehen approach, which aims to interpret every action taken by the community, such as choosing a ccandidate for a village head. In addition, the research will analyze reality using the perspective of Max Weber’s phenomenological theory, which focuses on the rationality of action. The study results show that the community’s reasonable measures in choosing the number one candidate for village head include: First, instrumental actions: vision and mission according to community expectations and ease of administration. Second, effective measures: disappointment in previous leadership, admiration for authority, sympathy caused by physical appearance and character. Third, value-oriented action: the candidate for the village head has been active in the Nahdlatul Ulama student association. Fourth, traditional acts of family background are within the same neighbourhood’s scope. The conclusion of this study shows that the community chooses the village head based on rationality.
Rasionalitas Masyarakat Desa Sidorejo Terhadap Aktivitas Remaja Karang Taruna dalam Pembentukan Akhlak di Masa Pandemi Sustianing Solicha; Agus Machfud Fauzi
TARLIM : JURNAL PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM Vol 4, No 2 (2021): TARLIM Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32528/tarlim.v4i2.4863

Abstract

During this pandemic, the morality of teenagers in Sidorejo Village is concerning. That is, their morality is getting worse. At the same time, many organizations in Sidorejo Village are not developing well. Adolescence is a period where individuals seek a way of life, accept moral (ethical) norms as well as religious and aesthetic norms. Many have limitations, however, thereby making their external activities depend on others. This contradictory situation goes hand in hand, and constitute the background of this study. The present study aims to figure out how people living in Sidorejo Village react to the behavior of the youth group in forming their morality during the pandemic. This study is informed by the theory of social action proposed by Max Weber. The study is a case study using a qualitative approach with data collection techniques involving interviews. The results showed that only some of the youth who were participants in the youth organization were willing to take part in these activities due to being member activities held in schools or others. The role of the community is to guide the holding of religious activities such as reading the Qur'an and memorizing via virtual means. The results showed that the formation of adolescent morals have both good and not so good characters, which means that many teenagers participate in those activities but also spend their times doing things that are not useful. 
Dampak Pandemi Corona Virus Diserse 19 Terhadap Meningkatnya Kriminalitas Pencurian Sepeda Motor Di Surabaya Anggita Ayu Triana; Agus Machfud Fauzi
Syiah Kuala Law Journal Vol 4, No 3: Desember 2020
Publisher : Magister Ilmu Hukum Fakultas Hukum Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24815/sklj.v4i3.18742

Abstract

Pandemi Corona Virus Diserse 2019 (COVID-19) menyebabkan sebagaian masyarakat harus kehilangan pekerjaan secara tidak terduga. Hal ini yang menyebabkan adanya peningkatan kriminalitas di Surabaya pada masa pandemi COVID-19. Kehilangannya pekerjaan menyebabkan mereka mengambil jalan pintas untuk meperoleh penghasilan demi menafkahi keluarganya. Semenjak pandemi sampai sekarang setidaknya terdapat beberapa kasus kriminalitas pencurian kendaraan bermotor yang memanfaatkan situasi saat ini. Kondisi seperti ini mengakibatkan adanya perubahan perilaku pada seseorang yang bersifat menyimpang sehingga melakukan perbuatan yang bertentangan dengan hukum salah satunya melakukan aksi pencurian dengan mengambil milik orang lain secara sembunyi-sembunyi atau diam-diam dengan jalan yang illegal atau menyimpang. Dalam prespektif sosiologi hukum keadaan yang sedang tejadi saat ini dapat dikatakan bahwa setiap masyarakat memiliki tipe kejahatan dan pelaku kejahatan sesuai dengan kondisi-kondisi sosial dan ekonominya. Penelitian ini menggunakan peneltian kualitatif dengan pendekatan studi literatur.
Respon Masyarakat Surabaya terhadap Diputuskannya RUU Cipta Kerja Oleh Pemerintah Taufiqurahman Arsy Ramadhani; Agus Machfud Fauzi
Legalitas: Jurnal Hukum Vol 12, No 2 (2020): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Batanghari Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33087/legalitas.v12i2.209

Abstract

This article aims to analyze the response of the Indonesian people after the decision on the Job Creation Bill drafted by the DPR. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative research method by explaining the sociological view of law on the impact resulting from the decision of the Work Creation Bill to become a permanent law. The data collection technique used is to collect literature studies, namely taking from several sources such as journals, articles , news, magazines or other sources related to the topic being discussed. The results of this study are expected to be a reference for future studies and can provide useful knowledge for readers. 
Aktivitas Dakwah Gerakan Salafi Pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19 Jeudi Aneigia Branchais; Agus Machfud Fauzi
Al-Mutharahah: Jurnal Penelitian dan Kajian Sosial Keagamaan Vol 18 No 1 (2021): Jurnal Al-Mutharahah: Jurnal Penelitian dan Kajian Sosial Keagamaan
Publisher : LPPM STAI Diniyah Pekanbaru

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.46781/al-mutharahah.v18i1.225

Abstract

Da'wah is an activity that is needed by Muslims, it is a means of conveying Islamic teachings. During the current COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease) pandemic, da'wah activities have undergone a massive evolution in the public space. This condition is a challenge for da'I and mad'u. This implication is also experienced by followers of the salafi movement. The implementation of preaching, which was originally cultured face to face, changed to screen which massively demanded rapid adaptation. This study aims to explore the symptoms of the salafi da'wah phenomenon carried out online during the COVID-19 pandemic. Through a phenomenological approach, this study investigates pure symptoms that are independent of the intervention. Using qualitative methods, it is known that the salafi movement makes use of information technology in preaching activities. The salafi movement applies the concept of e-da'wah, namely using WhatsApp lectures, zoom, google meet, streaming youtube, podcast, clubhouse, Twitter, telegram, and others. Not only in the da'wah program, this activity is also carried out in the Al-Qur'an tahfidz program and joint charity.
PERAN KIAI MEMBENTUK KEPATUHAN LANSIA DALAM MENGGUNAKAN MASKER MELALUI PENDEKATAN SPIRITUALITAS THE KIAI ROLE FORMS ELDER OBEDIENCE IN USING THE MASK THROUGH A SPIRITUALITY APPROACH Khoridatus Sa’adah; Agus Machfud Fauzi
Jurnal Ilmu Agama: Mengkaji Doktrin, Pemikiran, dan Fenomena Agama Vol 22 No 1 (2021): Jurnal Ilmu Agama : Mengkaji Doktrin, Pemikiran, dan Fenomena Agama
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Pemikiran Islam Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19109/jia.v22i1.9017

Abstract

Lansia atau biasa dikenal dengan sebutan sepuh tidak banyak mengetahui tentang masker dan pandemi covid-19. Hal ini disebabkan keterbatasan pengetahuan yang dimiliki. Pada dasarnya, sosialisasi yang dilakukan tidak banyak memberikan hasil sebab lansia yang tidak pernah mengenal masker selama hidupnya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui peran Kiai dalam upaya mensosialisasikan penggunaan masker melalui spiritualitas masyarakat lansia. Hal menarik dalam penelitian ini adalah keberhasilan peran Kiai bukan dipahami lansia sebab manfaat menggunakan masker. Namun, dorongan untuk bersikap sami’na wa atho’na atau dalam tafsiran lain adalah mendengar dan mematuhi Kiai sebagai individu yang memberikan contoh dan teladan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara dan observasi. Teori yang digunakan adalah peran dari Robert Linton dengan melihat peran Kiai dalam pendekatan melalui spiritualitas masyarakat lansia untuk menggunakan masker demi mencegah penyebaran virus covid-19. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa peran Kiai dalam memberikan anjuran menggunakan masker dilakukan melalui sisi spiritualitas masyarakat lansia. Kebutuhan spiritualitas masyarakat lansia yang dipenuhi dengan banyak mengikuti kajian keagaaman berdampak pada posisi Kiai begitu tinggi di mata masyarakat lansia. Kondisi ini dimanfaatkan oleh Kiai untuk mensosialisasikan atau dalam kata lain memberikan anjuran untuk selalu menggunakan masker dalam berbagai aktivitas demi menjaga diri dari penyebaran virus covid-19.
Javanese-Mataraman Muslim Obedience towards Religious and State Leaders in Performing Friday Prayers during the COVID-19 Pandemic Agus Machfud Fauzi; Novi Fitia Maliha; Mustofa Mustofa
Islamica: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol. 16 No. 1 (2021): September
Publisher : Postgraduate Studies of Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2021.16.1.105-122

Abstract

The Javanese-Mataraman Muslims have an ambiguous attitude in responding to government policies and religious leaders in carrying out Friday prayers during the early phase of COVID-19 pandemic, symbolically obeying not to do it. However, in reality, they still carry out Friday prayers. This article aims to find out the attitude of the community in making decisions on Friday prayers. They usually have an accommodative attitude in responding to the pros and cons of life problems. This article uses mixed methods with a snowball sampling technique to make it easier to find out the community’s attitudes using the dramaturgy approach since it had information about the informants’ front stage and backstage. The results of this study explain that they have obedience in the front stage. In contrast to the backstage, they perform Friday prayers even though the state and religion prohibit it. The dramaturgy is related to the religious understanding of the Javanese-Mataraman community, hampered by the rigid interpretation of the fiqh of worship, not to the knowledge of maqāṣid al-sharī‘ah.
Social Conflict In Contestation Of Indonesia Election Agus Machfud Fauzi; Moh Mudzakir; Mohamed Omar Abdulrahim
The Journal of Society and Media Vol. 3 No. 2 (2019): Social Conflict in Society and Media
Publisher : Department of Social Science, Faculty of Social Science &Law, Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26740/jsm.v3n2.p159-177

Abstract

The background of this research is the conflict began with an inharmony between political party leaders and legislators, especially those who have become legislative members and intend to advance again as legislative candidates from the same party. It aims to provide solutions for political parties in the election nomination. It reveals conflict in the preparation of candidates in the elections of 2019. Researchers collect data from political party information and media coverage by comparing news. The method is qualitative with analysis using Paul Conn's conflict structure theory to produce alternative solutions. The results is a difference in expectations and designs between political party leaders and incumbent legislators, according to political party leaders that legislative incumbents need to have an evaluation so they are displaced from candidates for those who were not optimally fighting for political parties, different perspectives of incumbent legislators because they feel have struggled be serious and prepare for second (more) contestation. The legislative incumbent who should be eligible to advance back from the same electoral district then tries to find a new path by advancing again as a legislative candidate by using other political parties. The Conclusion is shifting legislative candidates and changes in the acquisition of election results show the dynamics of political party conflict affect the outcome.
Perilaku Pemilih Menjelang Pemilu 2019 Agus Machfud Fauzi
Journal of Islamic Civilization Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Maret 2019
Publisher : Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33086/jic.v1i1.918

Abstract

Voter behavior is the main attraction in the process of 2019 national political contestation. At the beginning of the political journey in Indonesia he became a contender for various ideologies that were allowed to become participants in the elections in 1955. The attraction between political parties made voters respond and respond to it. in the Old Order voters were free to make choices in accordance with the political orientation that was followed. Shifting to the New Order Pemillih was limited in its choices because only two political parties and groups of works were allowed to live. The presence of the Reform Order reopened people's choices which made voter behavior follow the changing times. Towards the 2019 Election voter behavior is more interesting to discuss because of the dynamics accompanying.
Demo Penolakan RUU Cipta Kerja dalam Kacamata Teori Konflik Sosiologi Ferdi Gultom; Agus Machfud Fauzi
DOKTRINA: JOURNAL OF LAW Vol 4, No 1 (2021): Doktrina:Journal of Law April 2021
Publisher : Universitas Medan Area

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31289/doktrina.v4i1.4868

Abstract

RUU Cipta Kejra is part of the Omnibus Law in the ratification of many verses which are in the context of controversy. The ratification of the RUU Cipta Kerja invites conflict between workers and the government. Both parties experienced collisions, which resulted in demonstrations on 8-10 October. The demonstration involved workers and students. The demonstration was also chaotic because of the elements who carried out acts of fandalism. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the rejection of the RUU in the View of Sociological Conflict Theory. So this paper will discuss how the demonstration was carried out from a sociological perspective, particularly in sociology of law through conflict theory. This paper uses the literature study method, which data sources come from secondary sources obtained through news sources, articles, journals, and books. Then from the data obtained, it is processed and analyzed using Conflict Theory. The results of this study were demonstrations caused by conflicts between students and workers and the government. There are several factors that led to the demonstration, namely, First, communication between workers and the government. Second, there is a change in the balance in society where the workers are threatened by their human rights. Third, interests. Fourth, there is pressure from the past or unresolved problems, where the reserves of workers are not fulfilled.