Media Zainul Bahri
State Islamic University (UIN) Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

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Negeri Utama Bercorak SPiritual Madinah Fadhilah Ruhaniyah Perspektif Ikhwan Al-SHafa Bahri, Media Zainul
Buletin Al-Turas Vol 10, No 3 (2004): Buletin Al-Turas
Publisher : Fakultas Adab dan Humaniora, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1747.211 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/bat.v10i3.4145

Abstract

A group of Moslem intellectual called Ikhwan Al Shafa is interested in philoshopy's problems. Through their great wark (magmum opus). Rasail Ikhwaan al-Shafa wa Khullan al-Wafa they expressed the new concept of country called Madinah Fadilah Ruhaniyah. The county is full of nuance of peace, faimess, spirit and waltare.
HUBUNGAN ESENSIAL AGAMA-AGAMA: TEOLOGI DAN ETIKA Bahri, Media Zainul
Tajdid Vol 13, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Tajdid

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Abstract

Artikel ini hendak membedah kesamaan-kesamaan pokok atau hubungan esensial diantara agama-agama yang diwahyukan Tuhan kepada para utusan-Nya, terutama titik-temu menyangkut dua hal pokok diatas, yaitu titik-temu teologis dan etis. Kajian ini begitu urgen mengingat bahwa dalam ekspresi keagamaan, agama-agama yang ada sering terlibat dalam konflik yang sebenarnya hal itu sangat ironis mengingat agama secara esensialnya adalah kumpulan-kumpulan ajaran kebaikan bagi kehidupan manusia. Agama, dalam pengertiannya yang esensial pertama kali “diturunkan” Tuhan membawa ajaran kuno nan abadi (perenial) tentang dua hal pokok yakni mengajak manusia untuk mengenali Tuhan sebagai Yang Esa, Ahad, Tunggal: satu-satunya Pencipta, Sumber Awal sekaligus Muara Akhir semua makhluk ciptaannya, dan mengajarkan etika. Ekspresi kultural agama-agama sering berbeda satu sama lain dan tidak jarang menggiring pada lahirnya konflik keagamaan. Artikel ini penting guna menyadarkan manusia akan adanya kesatuan esensi keagamaan dengan ajakan untuk mengedepankan nilai-nilai esensial ini dan bukan sebaliknya, memperlebar juang perbedaan dalam ekspresi-ekspresi keagamaan yang memang berbeda.
Ibn ‘Arabi and the Transcendental Unity of Religions Bahri, Media Zainul
Al-Jamiah: Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 50, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Al-Jamiah Research Centre

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2012.502.461-483

Abstract

This essay describes Ibn ‘Arabi’s comprehensive views, captured in his important Futuhat and Fusus, on the concept of wahdat al-adyan, the discrepancy of beliefs, and the Shari’ah as well as its juncture and its unity. Elaborated explanation in this paper is expected to result in a true understanding of this crucial issue, particularly the concept of religious pluralism in the discourse of Islamic studies. Ibn Arabi’ extensively  discusses religion in the sense of the “ideal” versus “historical” or “esoteric” versus “the exoteric”. Ibn ‘Arabi concludes that the absolute unity of religions may only occur within spiritual, ideal, or transcendental realm (or “esoteric”), which is beyond the formal form of religions. Hence, the transcendental unity of religions cannot be found in the formal form of religions nor in the shari’ah.[Artikel ini mengulas pandangan Ibn ‘Arabi’ mengenai wahdat al-adyan seperti dijelaskan dalam dua bukunya; Futuhat dan Fusus, dan perbedaan dan kesamaan antara iman dan shariah. Diharapkan diskusi artikel ini berkontribusi dalam kajian pluralisme, utamanya dalam disiplin studi Islam. Dalam diskusinya, Ibn Arabi’  menjelaskan perbedaan ‘ideal’ dan ‘historikal’ atau antara ‘esoterik’ dan ‘eksoterik’. Ibn ‘Arabi berpendapat bahwa kemanunggalan agama-agama dapat dicapai melalui spiritualitas, ideal, atau dimensi transcendental (esoterik) yang ada di luar tampilan formal agama-agama. Dengan kata lain, kemanunggalan tersebut tidak akan ditemukan pada shari’ah.]
Expressing Political and Religious Identity: Religion-Science Relations in Indonesian Muslim Thinkers 1970-2014 Bahri, Media Zainul
Al-Jamiah: Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 56, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Al-Jamiah Research Centre

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2018.561.157-188

Abstract

An attractive phenomenon of Indonesian Islam in 1990s era up to the recent time is an emergence of thought battle within Muslim scholars concerning religon and science. From the struggle, various terms have arisen such as: Islamization of knowledge/science, scientification of Islam, objectification of Islam, compatibility, ayatization or ayatisasi (from Arabic āya [verse, sign] i.e. to find the Qur’ānic āya for every single knowledge/science finding), integration, integration-interconnection, and so forth. According to the typology of Ian Barbour, instead of conflict and independence, religion-science relations in Indonesian Islam are always in the position of integration and dialogue. However, this article focuses on how the discourse of religion-science relations is conducted to express Islamic identity and political become more salient and stronger, particularly within Indonesian urban Muslims. Since the pioneers in 1970s to1980s such as Rasjidi, Moenawar Chalil, Buya Hamka and Syekh Kadirun Yahya, then more academic discourse such as the figures of Hidajat Nataatmaja, Kuntowijoyo, Mulyadhi Kartanegara and Amin Abdullah, to very popular writers of ayatisasi, Islamization of science has--at least three main agendas: the politics to strengthening Muslim identities, the spirit against secularist-Western, and apologetic attitudes as part of the theological campaign. This popular phenomenon shows that Islam is not merely regarded as ‘a perfect religion’ in terms of ethics, ritual as well as spiritual, but also it is kind of ‘Islamic revival’, i.e. a politically meaningful term, ‘revival of the ummah in all its aspects’.[Salah satu fenomena menarik islam Indonesia tahun 1990an hingga sekarang adalah perdebatan pendapat diantara ilmuwan muslim terkait hubungan agama dan sains. Dari perdebatan tersebut setidaknya memunculkan istilah seperti islamisasi pengetahuan atau ilmu, ilmuisasi islam, obyektifikasi islam, keserasian, ayatisasi, integrasi, integrasi – interkoneksi, dan lainnya. Berdasarkan tipologi dari Ian Barbour, alih-alih konflik dan independensi, hubungan agama dan sains di muslim Indonesia lebih tepat berada diposisi integrasi dan dialog. Dalam artikel ini fokus tertuju pada bagaimana wacana hubungan agama dan sains sebagai ekspresi identitas politik dan keislaman, khususnya pada muslim perkotaan. Sejak 1970-1980an mulai dikenal nama-nama seperti Rasjidi, Moenawar Chalil, Buya Hamka dan Kadirun Yahya  hingga nama – nama yang lebih akademis seperti Hidajat Nataatmaja, Kuntowijoyo, Mulyadhi Kartanegara dan Amin Abdullah. Setidaknya ada tiga agenda dari gerakan ini yaitu politik penguatan identitas keislaman, semangat melawan sekulerisasi barat dan sikap defensif yang merupakan bagian dari dakwah. Singkatnya, fenomena ini menunjukkan bahwa islam tidak hanya sebagai agama yang sempurna secara etis, tapi juga ini bagian dari kebangkitan islam seperti dalam istilah politiknya, kebangkitan islam di segala aspeknya.] 
KRITIK IBN WARRAQ ATAS ORIENTALISME EDWARD SAID: PERDEBATAN EPISTEMOLOGIS MENGENAI ‘TIMUR DAN BARAT’ Bahri, Media Zainul
Al-A'raf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat Vol 16, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : IAIN Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22515/ajpif.v16i2.1921

Abstract

This article tries to describe Ibn Warraq's critique onEdward Said's monumental work, "Orientalism (1979)" in four main areas; Said anti-Western; misunderstanding on Western culture; orientalism and imperialism; and the relationship of Western music with the Eastern world. Based on critical study approach to the two monumental works of thesetwo intellectual figures, the results of the study show that even Said has never "responded" to Warraq's criticism directly, but Said's views and thoughts after his publication of the work "Orientalism", had become a kind of "defense" and "weapons", which counterattacked to his critics. Said's thesis against Warraq's anti-thesis, which later led to synthesis, and likewise the circulation of theory and theoretical criticism, has made a very significant contributionto the development of science. Through a very serious academic debate between Warraq and Said, the perspectives of scientists and people in generalhave become clearer.
CINTA KASIH AGAMA-AGAMA: HIDUP BERSAMA TUHAN DAMAI BERSAMA MANUSIA BAHRI, MEDIA ZAINUL
Jurnal Dialog Vol 34 No 1 (2011): JURNAL DIALOG
Publisher : Sekretariat Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (129.361 KB) | DOI: 10.47655/dialog.v34i1.135

Abstract

Love is the sacred mission of world religions and it must be a real practice in daily life. The religion-based conflicts occurred recently shows that love in religions is disappeared. In this circumstance, love as sacred mission must urgently be reborn to eliminate the conflicts. This article elaborates love from some religions such as Islam, Christian, Hindu and Buddha. It also explains why the Semitics religions always matters and raises conflicts.