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Journal : Forum Geografi

Social-Economics Integration of Dualistic Settlement Environment at Urban Areas in Indonesia (Case Study in Yogyakarta City) Baiquni, Muhammad
Forum Geografi Vol 14, No 1 (2000)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v14i1.450

Abstract

Dualistic pattern of settlement is a new phenomena in some areas of Indonesian cities. Such phenomena may reate increasing tensions which lead to emerging potential onflicts among different groups. In managing such potential conflicts, it is important to study many aspects of dualistic settlements, not only in term of physical spatial pattern but also socio-economic pattern in various strate as well as various location in the urban and it surround. This research is aimed at understanding the characteristic and process of emerging dualistic sttlements in Indonesia, further this research attempt to study the pattern and the forms of socio-economic integration of the community. The research approach is aimed at understanding the characteristic and process of emerging dualistic settlement in Indonesia, futher this research attempt to study the pettern and the form of socio-economic integration of the community.
Sustainable Tourism Development: the Adaptation and Resilience of the Rural Communities in (the Tourist Villages of) Karimunjawa, Central Java Baiquni, Muhammad; Setiawan, Budi; Rijanta, R
Forum Geografi Vol 31, No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v31i2.5336

Abstract

From 2009 to 2015, the growth of tourism in the tourist villages (desa wisata) of Karimunjawa underwent rapid progress. However, the level of poverty in Karimunjawa remained high. Nevertheless, the involvement of rural people in the sustainable development of tourism has received only limited discussion. Therefore, this article discusses the rural communities’ adaptation and resilience in Karimunjawa with the support of sustainable development planning in tourist villages. It covers the background of sustainable development, the elements of the communities’ adaptive capacity and resilience, and the role of the regional government. Empirical evidence of variations in the capacity to respond to changes of socioeconomic and ecological environments due to tourism development is presented. In addition, a case study is used in this article to describe how the people learned from their experience, knowledge, and past efforts. To obtain the necessary information, in-depth interviews were conducted with a number of key informants in the tourist villages of Karimunjawa, which were selected via purposive and snowball sampling. The results of the research show that social resilience will increase among those communities that are capable of accessing flexible social networks. These social networks are practical tools that open up the dissemination of new information and knowledge. This is a key element for a stronger process of transformation. Furthermore, communities that have capital and financial access as well as skills will also be capable of adaptation to the transformation process.
Social-Economics Integration of Dualistic Settlement Environment at Urban Areas in Indonesia (Case Study in Yogyakarta City) Baiquni, Muhammad
Forum Geografi Vol 14, No 1 (2000)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Dualistic pattern of settlement is a new phenomena in some areas of Indonesian cities. Such phenomena may reate increasing tensions which lead to emerging potential onflicts among different groups. In managing such potential conflicts, it is important to study many aspects of dualistic settlements, not only in term of physical spatial pattern but also socio-economic pattern in various strate as well as various location in the urban and it surround. This research is aimed at understanding the characteristic and process of emerging dualistic sttlements in Indonesia, further this research attempt to study the pattern and the forms of socio-economic integration of the community. The research approach is aimed at understanding the characteristic and process of emerging dualistic settlement in Indonesia, futher this research attempt to study the pettern and the form of socio-economic integration of the community.
Livelihood Strategies as Responses to Water Availability in Pusur Subwatershed, Bengawan Solo Wijayanti, Rathna; Baiquni, Muhammad; Harini, Rika
Forum Geografi Vol 30, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v30i2.2618

Abstract

Water availability has a significant role on human life, particularly for the rural, agrarian communities. This study aimed to investigate the diverse conditions of water availability in Pusur sub-watershed, Bengawan Solo watershed, and the livelihood strategies of the local community in responding to the water availability. The study used both quantitative and qualitative methods of data analysis, and the data was collected through questionnaire, in-depth interview, and observation. On the water availability, the study used the following variables: (1) quality, (2) quantity, (3) spatial and temporal distribution, (4) access, (5) social-economy, and (5) institutional aspect. On the livelihood strategies, it uses: (1) reaction and (2) anticipation for water deficit. In term of sampling methods, the study used area and purposive sampling, by splitting the study site into the upper, middle, and lower area. The analysis of this study indicates that the level of water availability in the upper area is considered low. The community living in the upper area depends upon rainwater for its agricultural sector, and upon the water supply distributed by pipelines and tanker trucks for its household. The study also indicates that the middle area has abundant water supply, but the quality has been declined due to pollution, poor sanitation system, and potential conflict among the community members. Meanwhile, in the lower area, particularly in the dry season, irrigation water has been inadequate. Responding to the diverse water availability, the community has applied the following livelihood strategies: (1) leaving the agricultural land uncultivated in the upper area, and (2) pumping wells and rivers in the middle and lower areas. In addition, as part of its precautions actions, the community has applied: (1) agroforestry system at the upper area, (2) improved the irrigation system of the middle area, and (3) creating wells and using water pumps in the lower area. 
System Dynamic Approach to Support Decision in Maintaining Water Availability (Case Study in Aek Silang Sub-Watershed, the Lake of Toba) Sihotang, Irwan Valentinus; Sudarmadji, S; Purnama, Ig.L. Setyawan; Baiquni, Muhammad
Forum Geografi Vol 30, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v30i2.2719

Abstract

Water availability is immensely affected by the correlation among land use change, rainfall change, and population growth. One of analysis tools to discover how the correlation goes on in a hydrological process is by dynamic modelling approaching. The dynamic modelling result can be used for a substructure in decisions making as supports to maintain water availability for fulfilling domestic needs, agriculture, and Micro-Hydro Power (MHP). The aims of this study are to evaluate water availability as a long-term impact on land use change, rainfall change, and population growth with dynamic modelling and as a scenario which is required as basic information to make decisions in maintaining water availability. Analysis method which is applied in this study is dynamic modelling to long term evaluate water availability and validate using Mean Average Percentage Error method (MAPE). The analysis showed that the combination of rainfall of 2312.09 mm/yr, rainfall intensity of 0.340 mm/h, population growth rate of 7.23%, declined forest area of 1.513 ha/yr, declined shrub/unproductive land of 318.113 ha/yr, increased agricultural land of 7.627 ha/yr, and increased settlement area of 0.473 ha/yr, yielded the estimation of the fail in sustaining water sources in 2090 or the next 79 years from 2011 since the water deficit has reached approximately 3,249,881.02 m3. The value of validation modelling with MAPE method is 8.90, it is a dynamic modelling which is managed nearly the same with actual condition.